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# Close-up view of a single magnetic line of force. The electrons are shown in red and the positrons are shown in black. The double helix is rotating about its axis with a circumferential speed in the order of the speed of light, and the rotation axis represents the magnetic field vector H. [3]

Source publication

The Coriolis force is a consequence of Newton's first law of motion and it can be observed in a radial force field as a transverse deflection of the radial component of the motion by an amount required to conserve angular momentum. It is a physical reality most commonly associated with atmospheric cyclones, but it can also be observed deflecting th...

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We propose a novel force‐field‐parametrization procedure that fits the parameters of potential functions in a manner that the pair distribution function (DF) of molecules derived from candidate parameters can reproduce the given target DF. Conventionally, approaches to minimize the difference between the candidate and target DFs employ radial DFs (...

## Citations

... This slack is the fundamental essence of kinetic energy and its magnitude depends on the mutual speed. It is the fundamental basis of the inertial forces, the magnetic convective force F = qv×B, and Lenz's law [9]. As the mutual speed between the two particles increases, a threshold will be reached whereby the net tension will become a net pressure. ...

Electromagnetic radiation in deep space, such as starlight, constitutes a propagated disturbance in the prevailing background magnetic field. EM waves can therefore either be directed along the magnetic lines of force, or perpendicular to them, or at any angle in between. With reference to the double helix theory of the magnetic field [1], the common denominator as between perpendicular radiation and parallel radiation will be established.

... The presence of this dense sea of electron-positron dipoles throughout all of space, not only acts as the medium for the propagation of light, but it also causes a compound centrifugal force to act upon all bodies in motion [10], [11], and this is what gives rise to Newton's first law of motion and the inertial path. The inertial forces on the large scale are a product of the inertial path and not, as is wrongly taught in the modern literature, a product of making observations from a rotating frame of reference. ...

In the year 1855, German physicists Wilhelm Weber and Rudolf Kohlrausch performed an experiment involving the discharge of a Leyden jar, from which they established the ratio between electrostatic and electrodynamic units of charge. This ratio became known as Weber’s constant and it is numerically equal to c√2, where c is very close to the speed of light. In 1857, another German physicist, Gustav Kirchhoff, used Weber’s constant to conclude that electric signals travel along a wire at the speed of light. A few years later in 1861, Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell was working on the physical medium responsible for magnetic lines of force and he established a linkage between its transverse elasticity and Weber’s constant. On converting electrodynamic units to electromagnetic units, Maxwell exposed the speed of light directly and he connected it to the transverse elasticity of the luminiferous medium. This paper sets out to establish the fundamental origins of the speed of light.

... If the source or sink is then induced to move through the field, at right angles to the magnetic axis, the flow will be broken on one side only, hence causing a centrifugal pressure differential at right angles to the direction of motion. This will cause a deflection expressed by the equation F = qv×B [11]. The deflection will be in one direction for sinks and in the opposite direction for sources. ...

The magnetic field is solenoidal, yet the Biot-Savart Law which is the textbook equation for the magnetic field, indicates the existence of a singularity owing to the fact that it involves an inverse square law in distance. This dilemma is solved within the context that an individual magnetic line of force constitutes a double helix of sinks and sources closed on itself to form a toroidal ring vortex.

... The two transverse acceleration terms in orbital theory correspond respectively to the time varying term and the convective term in electromagnetic induction, the latter which is closely connected to Coriolis force [10]. In a Keplerian orbit there is no net angular acceleration and so the two terms cancel, therefore any radiation being emitted within the orbit is recycled into the internal motion and it does not escape. ...

This article follows on from the double helix theory of the magnetic field. A closer look will be taken at the relationship between electromagnetic radiation on the one hand and a magnetic field on the other.

... If the source particle, or sink particle, is then induced to move translationally through the field, at right angles to the magnetic axis, the flow will be broken on one side only, hence causing a centrifugal pressure differential at right angles to the direction of motion. This will cause a deflection expressed by the equation F = qv×B, [11]. The deflection will be in one direction for sink particles, but in the opposite direction for source particles. ...

This article takes a closer look at the bonding and stability mechanisms within the electron-positron dipole sea and how these result in the double helix theory of the magnetic field. The physical connection between the inertial forces and magnetic repulsion will be further investigated.

... The Coriolis force has a mathematical structure that is similar to that of the magnetic force F = qv×B, especially bearing in mind that Maxwell linked the magnetic force intensity to angular velocity. [1], [2] Despite the conventional wisdom that a Coriolis force is merely an artefact of making observations from a rotating frame of reference, it will now be proposed that the Coriolis force is a real transverse force which follows from Newton's laws of motion in an inertial frame of reference. A common example occurs where a person sits on a rotating stool with outstretched arms. ...

The counterintuitive gravity defying behaviour that is exhibited by a pivoted gyroscope suggests the involvement of an active spin-induced force, similar in nature to the magnetic force, F = qv×B. The phenomenon of gyroscopic stability exhibits a strong spin-induced reactance which cannot be accounted for by the moment of inertia alone. The physical connection between the inertial forces and magnetic repulsion will be investigated.

... The presence of this dense sea of electron-positron dipoles throughout all of space, not only acts as the medium for the propagation of light, but it also causes a compound centrifugal force to act upon all bodies in motion [10], [11], and this is what gives rise to Newton's first law of motion and the inertial path. The inertial forces on the large scale are a product of the inertial path and not, as is wrongly taught in the modern literature, a product of making observations from a rotating frame of reference. ...

In the year 1855, German physicists Wilhelm Weber and Rudolf Kohlrausch performed an experiment involving the discharge of a Leyden jar, from which they established the ratio between electrostatic and electrodynamic units of charge. This ratio became known as Weber’s constant and it is numerically equal to c√2, where c is very close to the speed of light. In 1857, another German physicist, Gustav Kirchhoff, used Weber’s constant to conclude that electric signals travel along a wire at the speed of light. A few years later in 1861, Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell was working on the physical medium responsible for magnetic lines of force and he established a linkage between its transverse elasticity and Weber’s constant. On converting electrodynamic units to electromagnetic units, Maxwell exposed the speed of light directly and he connected it to the transverse elasticity of the luminiferous medium. This paper sets out to establish the fundamental origins of the speed of light.

... where H is vorticity, A is the momentum per unit volume of aether, and A.v is the centrifugal potential energy. See " The Coriolis Force in Maxwell's Equations " .[3] In the radial field of a planetary orbit, the gravitational tail on the far side of the planet ensures that no inward centrifugal pressure acts on that side. ...

When a body moves through an elastic medium so as to cause a differential transverse stress on either side of the body, a force will be induced at right angles to the direction of motion. This induced force which is observed to be acting on the planets in orbit, on electric currents in a magnetic field, and on aeroplanes in flight, can be traced to centrifugal force acting between the vortices of the elastic medium. I. The classical planetary orbital equation indicates that centrifugal force is a radial inverse cube law repulsive force which is a function of transverse motion. It follows therefore that centrifugal force in this respect must be an electromagnetic effect arising in a sea of electric dipoles. This conclusion follows from the fact that electric dipoles are associated with an inverse cube law force field. It means that what is in fact a significant physical force is being masked out of view in terrestrial situations under the guise of Euclidean geometry. Maxwell proposed that space is filled with a solenoidally aligned sea of molecular vortices. He demonstrated that it is differential centrifugal pressure in this sea of molecular vortices which causes the force that acts on a current carrying wire. This is explained on page 172 in part I of his 1861 paper 'On Physical Lines of Force'.(1) As such we can conclude that space is densely packed with rotating electron-positron dipoles in which the electrons act as aether sources, and the positrons act as aether sinks. These dipoles will be solenoidally aligned in a double helix fashion such that the alternate stacking of the electrons and the positrons gives rise to magnetic lines of force and the associated tension along those lines.(2) The Coriolis force which occurs due to the centrifugal barrier in the transverse direction in a planetary orbit exhibits the relationship H = 2ω where H is vorticity and ω is angular speed. This means that the electron- positron sea must be a rigid solid. This solid will be permeated with an

... The Coriolis force has a mathematical structure that is similar to that of the magnetic force F = qv×B, especially bearing in mind that Maxwell linked the magnetic force intensity to angular velocity. [1], [2] Despite the conventional wisdom that a Coriolis force is merely an artefact of making observations from a rotating frame of reference, it will now be proposed that the Coriolis force is a real transverse force which follows from Newton's laws of motion in an inertial frame of reference. A common example occurs where a person sits on a rotating stool with outstretched arms. ...

James Clerk-Maxwell suggested that magnetic repulsion is caused by centrifugal force acting between tiny molecular vortices that fill all space. In this article, Maxwell's molecular vortices are considered more accurately to constitute rotating electron-positron dipoles, and the electromagnetic wave equation is derived from the angular momentum of such a dipole without using Faraday's law, electric charge, or Maxwell's displacement current. The derivation involves a magnetic field vector H which takes an inverse power law of unity from the standard expression for the curl of a velocity. This is in contradiction to the standard Biot-Savart law which uses an inverse square law, but the discrepancy is accounted for by the usage of 'displacement' instead of electric charge. It is then suggested that magnetic repulsion closely follows the inverse cube law of centrifugal force.