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Chimney at the Francisco Isla winery, Villarta de San Juan (Ciudad Real) built by Atilano Millas in 1952. (Photo: author)

Chimney at the Francisco Isla winery, Villarta de San Juan (Ciudad Real) built by Atilano Millas in 1952. (Photo: author)

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The industrial chimney has been the symbol of the Industrial Revolution par excellence. Transcending both regionalism and traditional forms of construction, some specimens found in Spain, dating mainly from the early twentieth century, follow unique schools of construction with regard to the mastery with which the brick is handled. All this was ach...

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Context 1
... his home town of Mora (in Toledo), the builder Atilano Millas used curved moulded bricks for the circular chimney of the soap works situated in the current Yegros Street (built in the 1940s) and, later, also at the Francisco Isla winery in Villarta de San Juan (Ciudad Real, 1952). (Fig. 7) In both cases, the base, like the shaft, was circular in plan and used the same moulded bricks to form small arches that are featured in the wall of the factory, the cornices in both the base of the chimney and the crown, both of which are built upon a serrated course of bricks placed vertically. The same feature is used to upper ...
Context 2
... entrance of the town of Alzira. (Fig. 16) The feature that unites this chimney, and that at Layana factory, is the use of bull-nose header bricks in the circular portion of the corners detail. At the paper factory these bricks have a number of angled grooves which, when viewed continuously upwards, give this corner the appearance of a thick rope (Fig. 17), and in this case simplifies the surface while keeping it completely smooth The base, which serves as a podium, is octagonal like the shaft, so there is no need of a transition surface between the two. The dark colour of the mouldings in the cornice of the base highlights the junction and contrasts with the alternating red and green in ...