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Ceremonial centres: Chogha Zanbil, or Dur Untash, the ziggurat built by king Untash-Napirisha, 13 th century BC: (1) A large square building with 100 metre-long Sides; (2) Four monumental stars providing access to the temple located at the top; (3) The perimeter wall of the ziggurat (Source: National Geographic).  

Ceremonial centres: Chogha Zanbil, or Dur Untash, the ziggurat built by king Untash-Napirisha, 13 th century BC: (1) A large square building with 100 metre-long Sides; (2) Four monumental stars providing access to the temple located at the top; (3) The perimeter wall of the ziggurat (Source: National Geographic).  

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In the earliest civilizations of the Ancient World, sun worship developed in parallel with an understanding of the movement of the stars. That was the origin of an architecture that expressed a number of religious and cosmological beliefs. Studies of ancient archaeological remains have revealed that astronomical orientations strongly influenced the...

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... primitive Scandinavian villages, a great solar disc was worshiped; this is known from drawings found on rocks that date from the Bronze Age. significance: according to some authors, the Sumerians conceived them as cosmic axes that provided a vertical connection between the earth and the heavens ( Figure 2). ...

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