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Bregmaceros nectabanus, SMF 34987, 7.2 cm SL, Jizan, Saudi Arabia. 

Bregmaceros nectabanus, SMF 34987, 7.2 cm SL, Jizan, Saudi Arabia. 

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During a survey of demersal fishes of the southern Red Sea coast of Saudi Arabia off Jizan, 98 species were collected by trawling. Five of these represent new records for the Red Sea: Saurida longimanus, Dactyloptena gilberti, Jaydia novaeguineae, Pomadasys maculatus and Parapercis maculata. Additionally a specimen of the rare moray Gymnothorax ret...

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... study is needed to determine whether the Red Sea population represents an undescribed species or if they belong to the widespread B. nectabanus. Color of fresh specimen is shown in Figure 4. Six trawled specimens were collected from a depth of 55 m. ...

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... Its native range encompasses tropical and temperate waters in the Indian Ocean, the south-western Atlantic, the eastern Atlantic from Morocco to Namibia, and the Red Sea (Froese and Pauly 2019). Its distribution in the Red Sea is uncertain, due to possible confusion with other species of the same genus (Bogorodsky et al. 2014). ...
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... FAO Yearbook of Fishery Statistics reports a range of yearly catch of around 64 800 ton of lizardfishes were captured for 1995 in Western Central Pacific [4]. Fishermen from Saudi Arabia also exploit the fish resources for commercial purpose since it can be found easily in Red Sea area [5]. It was further informed that the average annual catch of lizardfishes from the Saudi coast of the Red Sea was 172.45 ± 31.6 ton during the last two decades (fishing seasons from 1994 to 2013) [6]. ...
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Despite extensive studies on the taxonomy of fossil otoliths, the diversity of late Quaternary to Recent sea bottom otolith assemblages remains largely unexplored. Otolith assemblages from bottom sediments of the North-eastern Atlantic (NE Atlantic), central Mediterranean, and Red Sea were described based on a dataset of 9696 identifiable otoliths. Diversity estimators were computed and taxonomic compositions were compared against geographical site and depth gradient. Several species from the Red Sea show previously unnoticed range extensions or ancient occurrences, suggesting that the otolith assemblage requires further exploration in this region. The diversity is high in the NE Atlantic and central Mediterranean, whereas Red Sea assemblages are dominated by few taxa. We find that, departing from Modern fish communities, the richness of otolith taxa peaks at mid-water depths (500–1500 m) and decreases at depths > 2000 m. The lower diversity at shallow water suggests environments not favorable for otolith preservation. The assemblages are geographically distinct, due to unique combinations of mesopelagic taxa specific to each sample area, though areas in the central Mediterranean and middle-latitude NE Atlantic share many taxa. Depth does not seem to structure otolith assemblages in the central Mediterranean because the otolith composition in this region is highly variable at depths < 500 m but poorly variable at greater depths. The discrepancies between otolith thanatocoenoses and fossil assemblages and the potential application for reconstructing ancient fish communities are discussed. Illustrating otoliths that are rarely found in the literature, this study is the first descriptive and comparative diversity analysis on Recent otolith assemblages for the regions of interest.
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