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Battery voltage versus SOD, at temperatures of (top to bottom) 45 C, 34 C, 23 C, 10 C, 0 C, 010 C, and 020 C. The discharge rate is 0.7 A.  

Battery voltage versus SOD, at temperatures of (top to bottom) 45 C, 34 C, 23 C, 10 C, 0 C, 010 C, and 020 C. The discharge rate is 0.7 A.  

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Presents here a complete dynamic model of a lithium ion battery that is suitable for virtual-prototyping of portable battery-powered systems. The model accounts for nonlinear equilibrium potentials, rate- and temperature-dependencies, thermal effects and response to transient power demand. The model is based on publicly available data such as the m...

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