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Basic weave types: (a) plain weave, (b) twill weave, and (c) eight-harness satin weave [22]. 

Basic weave types: (a) plain weave, (b) twill weave, and (c) eight-harness satin weave [22]. 

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... Due to their excellent performance, the interlock textile composites are becoming more and more widely used in different areas [1][2][3]. These materials offer a number of attractive properties: the high capacity to conform to complicated contours, suitable for manufacturing components with complex shapes, and greater flexibility in processing options compared to metals. ...
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... Various three-dimensional (3D) woven textile structures have started to receive serious attention for structural composites due to better structural integrity, high delamination resistance, etc. The modern low-cost manufacturing methods of single and multilayer non crimp woven preform have created research interest in these new reinforcement structures [1][2][3][4][5][6]. Modern preform manufacturing technology The manufacturing possibilities of woven spacers with woven cross-links have been reported by several researchers. ...
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... Figure 6 shows the schematic diagram of the tensile test specimen. The edgewise compression experiment was carried out according to the reference standard ASTM D3410 [19]. For the edgewise compression performance test, five different specifications were selected from groups A, B, C, D, and E. Two specimens from each group of samples were selected for the weft compression test. ...
... Two specimens selected from each of these four groups of samples to test the weft tensile properties, three specimens were selected from sample group A to test the warp tensile performa Figure 6 shows the schematic diagram of the tensile test specimen. The edgewise compression experiment was carried out according to the refer standard ASTM D3410 [19]. For the edgewise compression performance test, five diffe specifications were selected from groups A, B, C, D, and E. Two specimens from group of samples were selected for the weft compression test. ...
... This experiment was carried out under standard atmospheric condition constant temperature and humidity (temperature 23 °C, relative humidity 50%). Be the experiment, the cut-up fabric samples were placed in a laboratory with constant The edgewise compression experiment was carried out according to the reference standard ASTM D3410 [19]. For the edgewise compression performance test, five different specifications were selected from groups A, B, C, D, and E. Two specimens from each group of samples were selected for the weft compression test. ...
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... removal of contaminants, water and fuel purification) [28][29][30][31] and textiles for reinforcement of composites. 32 The use of natural plant fibres in fibre-reinforced composites has some advantages compared with their synthetic counterparts, such as low cost; good environmental impact, as they are renewable and biodegradable; and their natural uneven and rough surface, which provides good adhesion to the resin in a composite material. 33 However, a problem associated with the usefulness of natural fibres for composites is their hydrophilic nature due to the free hydroxy (-OH) functional group, resulting in cracking and delamination of the composite. ...
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... : sels d'aluminium pour les fibres d'alumine) [10]. [14]. [15]. ...
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