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An aerial view of Badawa informal settlement with surrounding area (Source: Directorate of Erbil Municipality). 

An aerial view of Badawa informal settlement with surrounding area (Source: Directorate of Erbil Municipality). 

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This paper examines the effect of spatial characteristics of streets and alleyways pattern on the upgrading process in informal settlements of Erbil city.The pattern of movement in settlements related intensely to the configuration of the street grid, Much research has found that the spatial configuration of streets shows an effective role in shapi...