Alexander III route from Tyre to the Battle of Gaugamela site, and from there to Babylon. Of special interest in this paper is the section of the route from the Gaugamela site to around Kirkuk. It goes through the Little Zab River by the site of the newly found settlement by Lake Dukan. The exact Battle of Gaugamela site is still not known, but thought to be close to present day Mosul (which is on the Tigris River). Mosul is suggested by this author to be the major Alexander founded city, called by this author Northern Alexandria on the Tigris in reference [1.3]. A second (Southern) Alexandria on the Tigris has also been suggested by this author to have been founded either by Alexander or his successor Seleucus I Nicator (ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΣ Α' ΝΙΚΑΤΩΡ) on an Alexander designated site there (by the vicinity of current day Bagdad). Source of diagram: reference [3.4].
The paper analyzes the macro economic, demographic and geographic attributes of a recently discovered early Hellenistic, Alexander III Era settlement by Lake Dukan in Northern Iraq. It uses the settlement's economic, architectural and city planning aggregates to infer the presence of a claimed by this author (and others) city founded by Alexander I...
Contexts in source publication
... importantly, for the purpose of this paper, it is the route to Babylon from Gaugamela Alexander III took at the aftermath of that historic Battle. That entire path is shown in Figure 3. To fully place the apparently (since the city's Demographics are still unclear and largely unknown) small in scale just discovered settlement on the Little (or Lower) Zab River within its proper context, one needs to examine the hierarchical network of cities Alexander III and the geographers, architects and planners in his staff must had planned, designed and implemented in the process of founding (and establishing -a distinction extensively addressed by this author in reference [1.3]) cities to populate, effectively service, organize, manage and set up as the backbones of his then emerging empire. ...
... pass to the East was only one of the two key transport routes going through this specific (newly discovered) settlement. The other route was a transport link towards current day Kirkuk and Lower Mesopotamia, see Figure 3. A single route would demote this Hellenistic settlement to a fourth level town in the imperial regional hierarchy, and force it to exist at the margins of the two hierarchies (the Mesopotamian regional and Imperial hierarchy of cities). ...
It reviews the smart city plans for the 20 cities selected in the first stage in India. . The implications of preparing the plan without giving due consideration to demographic and socio-economic context of the cities/towns is analysed.