Advantages and limitations of the PANDA Model.

Advantages and limitations of the PANDA Model.

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Permanent deformation is one of the dominant asphalt concrete damages. Significant progress has been made to realistically predict the damage. In the last decade, the mechanistic approach has been the focus of research, and the fundamental theories of viscoelasticity, viscoplasticity, continuum mechanics, and micromechanics are applied to develop t...

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Context 1
... the PANDA approach is still at a research stage, it is evident that advantages as well as limitations can be listed. In Table 3, some of the merits and limitations of the PANDA are described. The calibration of PANDA models used uniaxial creep, uniaxial constant stress creep-recovery, the crosshead strain rate test, and multiple stress creep tests, etc. ...