Advantages and disadvantages of natural human hair wigs versus synthetic hair wigs.

Advantages and disadvantages of natural human hair wigs versus synthetic hair wigs.

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Hair is venerated, cherished, and desired in societies throughout the world. Both women and men express their individual identities through their hairstyles. Healthy hair contributes to successful social assimilation, employment, and overall quality of life. Therefore, hair loss can have detrimental effects on almost every aspect of a person’s life...

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... alopecia in these cases was initially nonscarring but may lead to scarring or permanent alopecia. Table 1 summarizes and compares the advan- tages and disadvantages of different types of wigs. ...

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Two relatively new modalities, follicular unit extraction (FUE) and scalp micropigmentation have changed the treatment of hair loss, to reduce the number of procedures and the total costs of the hair restoration process. These 2 modalities augment each other when treating patients with thinning hair and balding. The explosion of FUE procedures (whi...

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... Wigs are utilized in the management of both scarring and nonscarring alopecias and can improve patients' [3]. Although wigs can be used as a positive coping mechanism for patients with alopecia, they also have the potential to add to the psychosocial burden of hair loss, with many participants in our study fearing others' perceptions of their hair as being fake [4]. ...
... Hair is often associated with an individual's identity and it has psychological, social and sometimes spiritual meaning. 31 Long thick black lustrous hair with time bound changes still are considered as a mark of beautification especially among the women. Women usually use their hair to establish a group identity. ...
... The duration of this procedure is 1 to 2 years, while micropigmentation lasts for 3 to 4 years. Other areas of medicine also use micropigmentation, like reconstructive breast surgery to reconstruct the areola, in dermatology to give a uniform color in diseases such as vitiligo or scars, or for hair restoration in alopecia, and there is even a reported case of nail bed restoration due to bilateral loss 1,[6][7][8][9][10] . For the oculoplastic surgeon, it can be considered as a complementary treatment to cosmetic or reconstructive surgeries, and can be performed on the lips, eyebrows, and eyelids to modify or correct minor scars and balance facial features. ...
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Introducción: La micropigmentación consiste en la implantación de partículas de pigmento en la epidermis y la dermis superficial con un dermógrafo. Se utiliza como una alternativa cosmética estable o como tratamiento complementario a cirugías estéticas o reconstructivas. Se puede realizar en labios, cejas o párpados para corregir cicatrices menores o equilibrar rasgos faciales. Objetivo: Describir las patologías tratadas con micropigmentación, las características demográficas de la población tratada y las complicaciones presentadas, y revisar la literatura existente. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo y observacional en el departamento de oculoplástica del Instituto de Oftalmología Conde de Valenciana, de 2016 a 2019. Las variables estudiadas fueron edad, sexo, motivo de la micropigmentación, procedimientos coadyuvantes, satisfacción del paciente y complicaciones. Resultados: Se realizó el procedimiento en 20 pacientes, 34 cejas y 16 párpados. El 100% de las pacientes eran de sexo femenino. La edad promedio fue de 54.25 años (rango: 21-82). La principal razón por la que se realizó la micropigmentación fue por estética (55%), alopecia de cejas (35%) y cicatrices (10%). En el 35% de los casos se realizaron procedimientos coadyuvantes, como blefaroplastias o toxina botulínica. Todas las pacientes estuvieron satisfechas con el resultado. No se reportaron complicaciones. Conclusiones: La micropigmentación del área periocular es una herramienta útil en el arsenal del cirujano oculoplástico para realzar la estética periocular y enaltecer los resultados quirúrgicos de los pacientes. Es un procedimiento técnicamente sencillo y en nuestro estudio se reportó sin complicaciones.
... The hair follicle (HF) is a multifunctional mammalian skin appendage, providing a physical barrier against external insults, facilitating thermoregulation, and transmitting tactile sense (Stenn and Paus, 2001;Schneider et al., 2009;Nagao et al., 2012;Zimmerman et al., 2014). In the case of humans, hairstyles greatly influence one's appearance and therefore vast demand exists for the treatment of hair loss disorders (Saed et al., 2017;Ohyama, 2019). Establishment of a methodology to experimentally regenerate human HFs is of major significance in the management of hair loss conditions as a way of preparing therapeutic materials for hair transplantation and supplying an experimental platform for drug discovery (Ohyama, 2019). ...
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... Similarly, scalp alopecia (total or partial) or scalp scars can be camouflaged with a stippling pattern of pigments that mimic the hair follicles. Due to the specificity of SPM and PMU, colorants should not fade easily as the head and face area are exposed daily to sunlight [21,22]. ...
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... 1,2 This condition represents not only a cosmetic problem but it could frequently cause impairment in patients' quality of life, representing a high-risk factor for depression, anxiety, and even suicide. 3,4 The aim of treatment in case of AGA is to inhibit hair miniaturization and stabilize hair loss. 5,6 Although minoxidil 7 and finasteride 8 represent the only two US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)approved medications for hair loss treatment, other non-surgical therapies have been used, including dutasteride, spironolactone, platelet-rich plasma (PRP), microneedling (MN) and low-level laser therapy (LLLT). ...
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... Hair is often associated with identity, and its significance goes beyond the surface. It has psychological, social, and sometimes spiritual meaning [2]. ...
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span>Scalp problems may occur due to the miscellaneous factor, which includes genetics, stress, abuse and hair products. The conventional technique for scalp and hair treatment involves high operational cost and complicated diagnosis. Besides, it is becoming progressively important for the payer to investigate the value of new treatment selection in the management of a specific scalp problem. As they are generally expensive and inconvenient, there is an increasing need for an affordable and convenient way of monitoring scalp conditions. Thus, this paper presents a study of pre-trained classification of scalp conditions using image processing techniques. Initially, the scalp image went through the pre-processing such as image enhancement and greyscale conversion. Next, three features of color, texture, and shape were extracted from each input image, and stored in a Region of Interest (ROI) table. The knowledge of the values of the pre-trained features is used as a reference in the classification process subsequently. A technique of Support Vector Machine (SVM) is employed to classify the three types of scalp conditions which are alopecia areata (AA), dandruff and normal. A total of 120 images of the scalp conditions were tested. The classification of scalp conditions indicated a good performance of 85% accuracy. It is expected that the outcome of this study may automatically classify the scalp condition, and may assist the user on a selection of suitable treatment available.</span
... The limitation of this camouflage material that requires daily use and water activities can distort the camuflage. 14,24 Some diffuse AGA patients prefer to use a wig. Wigs can be washed and styled and can cover baldness with natural-looking. ...
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Female pattern hair loss (FPHL) is the most common hair loss in post-puberty female. Prevalence of this nonscarring alopecia increases with age. The etiology of FPHL is still unclear, but hormonal and genetic factors are associated with pathogenesis of FPHL. Hormonal factor in FPHL is not as strong as in male pattern hair loss (MPHL). Clinical manifestations of FPHL are characterized by nonscarring baldness with shortening anagen phases and miniaturization of hair follicles, predominantly occur at the vertex, middle, and frontal regions. Hair shedding occurs progressively. The diagnosis of FPHL is established based on clinically. Classification of FPHL is according to Ludwig's criteria. Current FDA-approved FPHL therapy is topical minoxidil 2%, hair transplantation, and low level laser therapy (LLLT). Anti-androgen therapy still needs to be investigated further. The prognosis of FPHL is poor because the progressiveness continues with age. Long term treatment required for FPHL because it is a chronic residif disease. The treatment only prevents the progression of hair loss and does not cure.
... Micropigmentation is using a tattoo to cover the visible skin between the hairs of the scalp [29] . Successful Micropigmentation results for androgenetic alopecia treatment reported by Park et al. ...
... Men are using different pigmented powders, sprays or lotions as concealers for skin between hairs for the scalp. Although used for androgenetic alopecia, it still a useful option for enhancing the beard [29,30] . A drawback is that it is a temporary option and removed when exposed to shampoo [29] . ...
... Although used for androgenetic alopecia, it still a useful option for enhancing the beard [29,30] . A drawback is that it is a temporary option and removed when exposed to shampoo [29] . These quick methods can meet the need of men for special occasions. ...
... [13] During recent years, motivations include personal symbolism, expression of shared values within a subculture, quest for individuality, enhancing attractiveness, rebellion, fashion, using the body as a canvas for art, peer pressure and impulsive tattooing under the influence of alcohol and drugs. [6,9,11,[13][14][15][16][17] The motivation also varies with social circumstances and education. [6,9,14] Less than 10% of tattoos are now initiated under the influence of alcohol or drugs, and in this group those with only a high-school education are disproportionately represented. ...
... Application of tattoos for medical reasons is widespread and dates as far back as 3 300 BC. [24] These include positional tattoos as reference points for radiation therapy; nipple-areola complex reconstruction after breast cancer or reduction; endoscopic tattooing for surveillance; camouflage for corneal injury, burns, surgical or traumatic hypochromic scars or vitiligo; dermatography for portwine stains; scarring or persistent alopecia; after hair restoration procedures and brow-lift surgery; and lip contouring and colour change. [16,25,26] Tattoos have also been used as a form of medical alert identification during emergency situations, although this is discouraged in minors and often not trusted by physicians. [25,27,28] In forensic pathology, tattoos are increasingly being used to identify and collate personal history of deceased individuals. ...
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Tattoos are becoming increasingly common. They have an impact on many aspects of clinician-patient interaction. Therefore, it is necessary for clinicians to have a basic knowledge of pertinent issues relating to tattoos. We provide a brief overview aimed at pointing the practising clinician who interacts with a tattooed person in the right direction. We discuss types of tattoos; their evolving epidemiology; the process of tattooing and variety of pigments used; medical application and relevance of tattoos; complications of tattooing; methods of removing tattoos, the efficacy of these methods and their associated complications; legislative framework guiding tattooing in South Africa and recent significant developments in the industry.