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1 A: Training stimuli followed by a sufficient recovery period leads to supercompensation and increased physical capacity/health. B: Insufficient recovery or excessive loads can lead to negative adaptations. These maladaptations can cause an athlete to have a reduced capacity/health to withstand training loads, and an increased risk of injury. (This figure was taken and adjusted from figures 1 and 2 in Soligard et al. (2016) and figure 2.1 in Meeusen and de Pauw (2013)).
Training loads are monitored in sports as part of a process which aims to enhance performance whilst simultaneously reducing the risk of injury. Although physiological loads have been investigated extensively, biomechanical loading is still poorly quantified and, therefore, largely unexplored. Ground reaction force (GRF) is a well-established measu...