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False colour plot of temperature anomalies relative to the 1956-2012 seasonally-corrected mean and standard deviation (from the Line P time series), as observed by Argo floats near Station Papa (P26: 50 o N, 145 o W); red-above average, blue-below average with darker colours corresponding to larger anomalies. The black lines highlight regions with anomalies that are 3 and 4 standard deviations above the mean. Source: Ross and Robert, section 7.

False colour plot of temperature anomalies relative to the 1956-2012 seasonally-corrected mean and standard deviation (from the Line P time series), as observed by Argo floats near Station Papa (P26: 50 o N, 145 o W); red-above average, blue-below average with darker colours corresponding to larger anomalies. The black lines highlight regions with anomalies that are 3 and 4 standard deviations above the mean. Source: Ross and Robert, section 7.

Source publication
Technical Report
Full-text available
As part of the marine protected area (MPA) network planning process in the Northern Shelf Bioregion of B.C. (NSB), the MPA technical team is reviewing 114 existing and 1 proposed marine protected areas to evaluate the degree to which each protected area meets ecological objectives for the network. • Because protected areas vary in their degree of p...

Contexts in source publication

Context 1
... sources of data are used to describe changes in the temperature and salinity conditions in the Strait of Georgia (east of Vancouver Island) and Juan de Fuca Strait (south of Vancouver Island) in 2017. The first is profile data collected with a SeaBird 911 CTD during the Strait of Georgia water properties survey (Figure 33-1). In 2017 surveys were carried out in mid-April, mid- June, and early October. ...
Context 2
... of temperature and salinity made in 2017 are compared to the 1999-2017 averages and shown as anomalies in The interannual variations in Nanoose temperatures (Figure 33-4, upper panel) show depth averaged temperatures in 2017 at levels consistent with the long term average, and cooler than those in recent years. Comparing the 9 o C isotherm it can be seen that 2017 resembles the temperature profiles observed in [2003][2004][2005][2006][2007]. ...
Context 3
... influence of the Fraser River discharge is particularly evident in the salinity of the surface waters of the central and southern Strait of Georgia. While the 2017 annual discharge of the Fraser River (as measured at Hope, B.C., see Figure 33-5) was near the 100 year average there was a higher than average discharge in June that was observed as negative surface salinity anomalies (Figure 33-3). significant discharge in June of 2017 the median discharge occurred later than normal due to the above normal discharge in October and November. ...
Context 4
... influence of the Fraser River discharge is particularly evident in the salinity of the surface waters of the central and southern Strait of Georgia. While the 2017 annual discharge of the Fraser River (as measured at Hope, B.C., see Figure 33-5) was near the 100 year average there was a higher than average discharge in June that was observed as negative surface salinity anomalies (Figure 33-3). significant discharge in June of 2017 the median discharge occurred later than normal due to the above normal discharge in October and November. ...

Citations

... Incorporating the known stressors of the relevant conservation priorities during design and monitoring can increase the efficacy of MPA networks (Mach et al. 2017). Following CSAS guidance (DFO 2019), the potential cumulative impacts of allowed activities on each species or habitat within each site are assessed and the contribution of each MPA towards meeting each ecological conservation target is scaled accordingly, in an analysis termed the conservation gaps analysis (CGA) (Martone et al. 2018;Martone et al. in prep. 5 ). ...
... 5 ). Through the CGA, species richness can be assessed at a site or network scale and can be parsed out using attributes of the proposed MPAs, such as protection level or designation type, or characteristics of the ecological features, such as functional group or conservation status (Martone et al. 2018). For example, the representation and richness of habitat classes from the Pacific Marine Ecological Classification System (PMECS; Rubidge et al. 2016) or identified EBSAs can be assessed independently. ...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Canada has committed to developing effective and representative marine conservation networks. Guidance for the development of these networks focuses on core design features, including the incorporation of ecologically and biologically significant areas, ecological representation, replication, connectivity, and adequacy/viability. Network planning using these design features is currently underway in five priority bioregions: the Gulf of St. Lawrence, the Scotian Shelf, the Newfoundland-Labrador Shelves, the Western Arctic, and the Pacific Northern Shelf. To ensure these networks achieve their biodiversity protection goals and objectives, the extent to which the design features are being achieved must be evaluated and monitored over time. Practical advice on how to monitor and evaluate Marine Protected Area (MPA) networks is critical for identifying the key elements of (future) successful management plans. This paper focuses on approaches for evaluating and monitoring the core design features of the Canadian MPA Network. We describe the importance of these design features and detail tools and approaches relevant for evaluation and monitoring at the network level. We then present a detailed case study to show how marine conservation network planning in the Northern Shelf Bioregion (NSB) has incorporated the design features in evaluations of draft network designs and how those methods can direct future monitoring within the NSB and more broadly in the Canadian MPA Network.