• Jerald Hughes added an answer:
    What is the best definition of scientists’ information interaction on the Web 2?
    Information interaction is one of the most important issues in web 2. But it does not have a precise definition. From your perspective; define scientists’ information interaction in Web 2.
    Jerald Hughes · University of Texas - Pan American

    Among the physical scientists, one of the major phenomena already observed is the rise in prominence of "Pre-print archives", which store research that has not yet been published in peer-reviewed journals of the discipline. There are likely interesting questions to answer about the differential in perceived value of such archives between different disciplines, and between different stakeholders within individual disciplines.

  • Hanno Krieger added an answer:
    Social media: Downvoting and degrading in social networks – What are the reasons? - What are the reactions?
    We have recently seen a lot of down-votings in some threads. We also saw different kinds of reactions on this phenomenon. I would like to ask a question about these reactions.

    First I assume that there are several possible reasons for downvotings: dissent – misunderstandings – misuse of buttons without knowing it– a social scientist who writes a paper about the reactions – a test carried out by RG – some technical problem, etc.

    I would like to have a discussion about the reactions on the part of researchers. We have seen calls to ban down-voters or to cancel their anonymity. Elections in democracies are anonymous and there are good reasons for this. I think most of us agree about some basic traits of democracy, the right to stay anonymous is among them. What about these basics in social media?
    Hanno Krieger · retired from Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen

    Dear Hashem,

    I agree to your statement about the tasks of RG, but I think that "difference of opinion" is not healthy, as you can ascertain, when reading the actual two partner dialogue.

    But in an open team differences in opinion can be helpful and necessary. So please dear disputers, stop the personal consternations and your beeing offended.

  • Patricia Grace-Farfaglia added an answer:
    Can anyone help me find research into the use of online communities, gamification, or any web 2.0 principle in aiding smoking cessation?

    I'm very interested in the idea of combining online social networks, communities and other web 2.0 elements with the classic support group or 12-step program ideologies. 

    Has there been any research done into this? I know StopSmokingCenter.net and their parent company are doing a lot of research into it, and there are a few other sites like IntheRooms.com, as well as Facebook Groups full of people helping each other quit.

    Just looking for more information, want to use the web as an option to combat addiction and dependence. 

    Patricia Grace-Farfaglia · University of Connecticut

    Graham, A. L., Cha, S., Papandonatos, G. D., Cobb, N. K., Mushro, A., Fang, Y., . . . Abrams, D. B. (2013). Improving adherence to web-based cessation programs: a randomized controlled trial study protocol. Trials, 14, 48. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-14-48

    Cobb, N. K., Graham, A. L., Byron, M. J., Niaura, R. S., & Abrams, D. B. (2011). Online social networks and smoking cessation: a scientific research agenda. J Med Internet Res, 13(4), e119. doi: 10.2196/jmir.1911

    Lindsay, S., Smith, S., Bellaby, P., & Baker, R. (2009). The health impact of an online heart disease support group: a comparison of moderated versus unmoderated support. Health Educ Res, 24(4), 646-654. doi: 10.1093/her/cyp001

    Vambheim, S. M., Wangberg, S. C., Johnsen, J. A., & Wynn, R. (2013). Language use in an internet support group for smoking cessation: development of sense of community. Inform Health Soc Care, 38(1), 67-78. doi: 10.3109/17538157.2012.710685

    Adams, S. A. (2010). Use of "serious health games" in health care: a review. Stud Health Technol Inform, 157, 160-166.

    DeSmet, A., Van Ryckeghem, D., Compernolle, S., Baranowski, T., Thompson, D., Crombez, G., . . . De Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2014). A meta-analysis of serious digital games for healthy lifestyle promotion. Prev Med. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.08.026

    Rodriguez, D. M., Teesson, M., & Newton, N. C. (2014). A systematic review of computerised serious educational games about alcohol and other drugs for adolescents. Drug Alcohol Rev, 33(2), 129-135. doi: 10.1111/dar.12102

    Thompson, D. (2012). Designing serious video games for health behavior change: current status and future directions. J Diabetes Sci Technol, 6(4), 807-811.

  • Jerald Hughes added an answer:
    Is there any theory related to effective communication in E-government?
    I am assessing the effectiveness of communication by E-governments using Web 2.0 tools to communicate with their citizens. Could anybody assist with any relevant theoretical background for this topic?
    Jerald Hughes · University of Texas - Pan American

    This is not strictly theoretical, but it does provide a methodology for e-government website effectiveness: http://www.inderscience.com/info/inarticle.php?artid=51273

  • Carlos Guerrero added an answer:
    What is the role of social networks interaction on learning progress?
    As everybody probably already knows, social interaction according to" Vygotsky" may improve learning ability, however, there are still many steps toward this phenomenon to be adapted with new emerging tools including social networks. Which aspect of web 2.0 tools is the most important part to be evolved in this way?
    Carlos Guerrero · University of the Balearic Islands

    We published our experience of using social networks to increase students' participation. The study is published here: http://sic.ici.ro/sic2014_2/index.html

    Carlos GUERRERO, Antoni JAUME-I-CAPÓ, Use of Social Networks to Motivate Computer-Engineering Students to Participate in Self-assessment Activities, Studies in Informatics and Control, ISSN 1220-1766, vol. 23 (2), pp. 197-206, 2014.

    The study presents a quantitative research study comparing the participation of the students when social tools are used with times with other types of motivations.

  • Lionel Amarakoon added an answer:
    What is your opinion on use of social media in libraries to market library services?
    Social media is an effective tool in today's environment to market any product. Library can also use these tools to connect to the readers. Through this medium, personalized service are possible to every user. As students are techno savvy and most of them have smartphones, we can market the library products and services through this medium.

    Dear Vinita,

    As revealed my recent study on Social media usage in Academic libraries in Sri Lanka revealed strongly librarians' perception towards the use of social media for promoting library resources and services were positive. They strongly agreed that through the use of Facebook they are in a position to promote resources, services, usage, events to be organized by the respective libraries from time to time, news updates and press releases etc of the library. But apart from potential plus points there are also numerous problems associated with managing a Facebook page for their respective libraries. Concerned about the confidentiality of student's information. Some library authorities do not allow library staff to access Facebook during library hours.  Cheers Lionel   ^_^

  • Johnsi Priya asked a question:
    Technology and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    what are the web 2.0 technologies available for children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder? and how those technologies can make their learning more comprehending?

  • Marco Bardus asked a question:
    Smartphones and Web 2.0 interventions for weight management - ongoing literature review

    I am currently working on a systematic review of the literature about smartphones and Web 2.0-based interventions for weight management. I would be interested in receiving existing yet unpublished papers (accepted on refereed journals), or approved research protocols dealing with the subject. You can contact me by email at: m.bardus [at] exeter.ac.uk Thank you for your help!

  • Asmat Ali added an answer:
    Non-payment culture – will it shrink the economy?
    Jaron Lanier, in his new book “Who owns the future?” (2013) proposes the thesis, that the non-payment culture of free information and reduced transaction costs provided by the internet will shrink our economy. What is your opinion?
    Asmat Ali · PMAS - Arid Agriculture University

    I concur with all the above contributors. It does depend on the semantic of "economy". If it is only think in the terms of money then definitely YES, Non-payment culture – will  shrink the money oriented economy.

    On the other hand, if economy is seen in the context of knowledge only, then Non-payment culture – will never shrink the economy, I think so.

  • What is the size (ratio) of unstructured data (text) on the web?
    I am wondering if there is a research paper that considers the ratio of unstructured text over the web and whether it is the cause for rapid increasing in data on the web? What is the responsible data resource for the rapid in increasing in web data? Is this the unstructured data (text)? Is there research paper talking about this issue?
    Thank you very much.
    Mohammad Ali Hajizadeh Gashti · Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

    Please take look  to :


    and also this hand book:


    May be not so related but can help you

  • Liliana Moldovan added an answer:
    Can someone suggest some free resources by and about Henriette Avram?
    I wish to write an essay about Henriette Avram, the mother of MARC cataloging technique.
    Can someone help me with suggestions on free e-books or free resources about this topic?
    Liliana Moldovan · Editor in chief - the on-line news agency „Aşii Români” (Romanian Aces): www.asiiromani.eu

    Dear Marilyn,

    What a helpful article. Thank you.

    Your story  about the University Florida Libray is very nice.  You really have talent in writing.

    Indeed, in the old times libaries were like a quiet  sancutaries of books. In our days they are designed as social spaces.

    The library where I work is 101 years old and combines the traditional with modern perspectiv.

  • Ivo Grigorov added an answer:
    Which online tools do you use for open science?
    Do you share your research ideas openly with others? Do you make your research process transparent? Do you make your research findings accessible?
    If so, which online tools are useful?
    Ivo Grigorov · Technical University of Denmark

    A great collection of working examples for Open Notebook Science http://inmemoriamjcb.wikispaces.com/Jean-Claude+Bradley+Memorial+Symposium to support building a high impact research profile.

    The page will include a vision paper (in draft) on ONS and how to engage the younger research generation.

  • Simon Penny added an answer:
    Does anyone know of a cyber-based artist or (even better) a collective that curates and/or creates work specifically for an online audience?
    I am conducting research on the cultural impact of Web 2.0, related to the "Cult of the Amateur" as argued by Andrew Keen, and would like to do an ethnography of an online art community. I know that some artists participate in virtual platforms such as Second Life, but I'm looking for exposition for a broader audience (preferably ongoing work).
    Simon Penny · University of California, Irvine

    Hi Horst!

    Micaela, per Horsts's advice, your question now has an extended historical dimension. Much poineerring work in this area was done in the 90s. If you want to go to the motherlode, I suggest you go to the Nettime archives , and also read their volume README.

    But it goes back to pre web and  pre internet days when this practise was called telematic art. Loiok for the work of Bob Adrian X, Roy Ascott, et al

  • Krzysztof Flasinski asked a question:
    Can you recommend a service that will provide detailed data on the activity of pages in social media, especially on Facebook?

    I am researching the communication of brands in social media. I start a new project. I will analyze the 350 pages on Facebook (more than 1 million fans). Can you recommend a service that will provide the data: number of fans, number of posts, comments, like, share, most popular posts, etc.? I know Socialbakers. Do you have any experience with them or with another company?

  • Peter Kokol added an answer:
    Would anyone like to participate in a survey about Virtual Community (ResearchGate) usage?
    I am trying to carry out a survey on Professional Virtual Community (ResearchGate) usage.
    It is 43 (choose from the list) questions which will take you about 10 minutes to complete, but it is vital for completing my research.
    Although the participation is voluntary, I would be grateful if you help me to do this survey. All of your information and answers would be strongly confidential.
    Please press following link to submit your responses:
    Peter Kokol · University of Maribor
    I will be glad to

    Peter Kokol peter.kokol@um.si
  • Tunde Ajayi added an answer:
    Which attributes can evaluate the performance of content available from a university website from a user perspective?
    Which attributes can evaluate the performance of content available from a university website from a user perspective?
    Here, users can be prospective students or parents of students, or can be a employee who wants to join the organization.
    Tunde Ajayi · International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
    Firstly I would suggest you carry out a user research, an easy way to achieve this is to conduct an online survey, just so you can have an understanding of what the users want . After providing contents that meets users need, you can use web analytics program that will provide you with information about how people engage with the contents. If you have social media integrated, check out what people are saying about your contents.
  • Nader Ale Ebrahim added an answer:
    Why some ResearchGate questions get a huge following and many answers and other questions just don't take off?
    I mean the situation when the questions appear to be similar in their level and/or subject domain and yet some are hugely popular while the others remain essentially unnoticed.

    What do you think? Please share your opinions.
    Nader Ale Ebrahim · University of Malaya
    @Artur selecting a right group has the most influence on attracting the followers. for any question.
  • Rhonda Lynne Wilson added an answer:
    Interested in commentary about social media use by nurses?
    Here is a blog link to commentary by Mathers about a recent Wilson et al publication.
    Rhonda Lynne Wilson · University of New England (Australia)
    social media and nurses - special issue of Collegian
  • Martin Davies added an answer:
    What future types of learning could be?
    Have you ever thought about upcoming changes that may be happened in the context of learning especially in the time of information in which the amount of knowledge would be twice just in every 20 months? What types of changes do you expect to see in learning as future trends?
    Martin Davies · University of Melbourne
    I gave my view on "future learning" in a thread about MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses). I repeat it here.


    Let's imagine a future where MOOCs are ubiquitous, and parasitic businesses exist to curate educational content and provide support services (for a fee). This would, I feel, effectively bypass traditional universities -- although not in the immediate term.

    Example: someone wants to study Visual Arts. One MOOC provides a solid grounding in Chinese ceramics, taught by a world expert from Beijing; another provides content in the renaissance painting taught by a world expert from Harvard, etc. This content is free, or largely free, and assessed in examination centres around the world so that one's identity could be verified -- something like how Microsoft engineering courses are presently administered.

    With the money saved from not attending one university for 3- 4 years (and in the future -- thanks to MOOCs -- there WILL be no reason to remain on one campus for the duration of a degree ) participating students fly to Florence and Beijing to see Chinese ceramics and renaissance painting in the flesh with their guide/curator. They meet the world experts and discuss things with them related to their field of expertise, in-situ where the object of discussion is the material taught via the MOOC in the privacy of their own home.

    Another example, a student wants to study Finance. Again, the content is taught by world experts via MOOCs, assessed in examination centres--perhaps with some (paid for) tutorial discussions in various locations near students’ homes if desired (by qualified tutors). Again, students fly to Wall Street and see how American commerce operates, and Beijing to see how it works in Asia, or Russia, or wherever. They visit major companies and learn their trade in-situ with real companies dealing with real finance problems. There might be employment spin-offs. MOOCs are already liaising with major companies to allow dovetailing of employment for 'graduates' after qualifying from their courses.

    Free content, accreditation, possible employment, real-world experience in-situ with world experts.

    My question is: why would this not a preferable means of higher education to that we currently have on offer?

    It strikes me that many of the present "objections" to MOOCs are misplaced and don't look long-term. I note that one can study jazz drumming via one MOOC taught by a major figure in modern jazz.. If this is possible, anything is.
  • Veronica Bender Haydu added an answer:
    Do you use social media to communicate your science? If so, how?
    I'm currently compiling case studies of scientists using social media and blogs effectively to communicate about their science to the general public.
    Veronica Bender Haydu · Universidade Estadual de Londrina
    I agree that RG and Academia are great tools, but also think that we must interact with the general public. It is very important that our scientific productions are communicated in an accessible language to the public in general. I have a blog where I post short texts on different subjects of behavior analysis that can assist people in their daily lives. I also contribute to a blog that a student recently developed where we publish texts that discuss actions for sustainability of our planet.
  • Nader Ale Ebrahim added an answer:
    What are the recent trends in increasing research impact and improving the Citation frequency?
    I have written an article entitled "Effective Strategies for Increasing Citation Frequency" (available online http://ssrn.com/abstract=2344585). This article by reviewing the relevant papers, extracts 33 different ways for increasing the research impact and citations. I would like to find more strategy to improve citations.
    Nader Ale Ebrahim · University of Malaya
    Hi Janos Toth, I have already published the paper. However, I will check with http://scholarlyoa.com/publishers/ list before sending any new paper. Thanks for your advice.
  • Ljubomir Jacić added an answer:
    Which ResearchGate tips and tricks do you know?
    Let's share here useful and non-obvious tips and tricks to improve our RG user experience. Happy New Year!
    Ljubomir Jacić · Technical College Požarevac
    Dear @Artur, I have no idea why these downvotes!? I like your links, good tips!
  • Philip Meyer asked a question:
    Have you ever combined a service-learning teaching approach with the use of digital media?
    I'm looking for fellow teachers and researchers to share best (and worst) practices.
  • Marta Du Vall added an answer:
    What is the impact of social media in modern elections?
    I think social media will be (is) a key factor for modern elections. When we consider new generation they spend much time in social media networks.
    Marta Du Vall · Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski Krakow University
    New media irreversibly changed the nature of the relationship between politicians, citizens and journalists. They gave also the possibility for a candidates who hold limited funds, they just thanks to the Internet can expand their operations in the political reality.
  • Mahfuz Judeh added an answer:
    What is the difference between the Internet and the Web?
    Many people consider them not to differ.
    Mahfuz Judeh · Applied Science Private University
    The Internet is a large network that connects millions of computers together, whereas the web is an avenue for transmitting data over the Internet. Internet connects computers, while web connects people.
  • Michael Groll added an answer:
    Does the use of the web 2.0 change the methods in your area of research?
    Tools of the web 2.0 lead to faster access to any and more information. This rules as well for scientific information. But is the impact big enough to lead to a change in the methods you use in your scientific work?
    Michael Groll · Philipps-Universität Marburg
    I can certainly see some potential here - mostly in staying in contact with your project partners and improved team communication (e.g. through a facebook group), but in the area of the actual research (data collection, analysis and interpretation) I have my doubt that the web2.0 can have a big impact. One exception I can think of would be a data base which is freely available online where the users can add data and use it for their analyses - but for one there would be the problem of ensuring the quality of the added data and I am not sure if those shared data bases would qualify as being web2.0.

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