• Piotr Szwed added an answer:
    Social media: Downvoting and degrading in social networks – What are the reasons? - What are the reactions?
    We have recently seen a lot of down-votings in some threads. We also saw different kinds of reactions on this phenomenon. I would like to ask a question about these reactions.

    First I assume that there are several possible reasons for downvotings: dissent – misunderstandings – misuse of buttons without knowing it– a social scientist who writes a paper about the reactions – a test carried out by RG – some technical problem, etc.

    I would like to have a discussion about the reactions on the part of researchers. We have seen calls to ban down-voters or to cancel their anonymity. Elections in democracies are anonymous and there are good reasons for this. I think most of us agree about some basic traits of democracy, the right to stay anonymous is among them. What about these basics in social media?
    Piotr Szwed · AGH University of Science and Technology in Kraków

    Social media is a graph consisting of participants, links, published content and scores. With a certain probability (that may be distributed according to scores) new elements appear: new participants join the portal, new content is published, new links are established.

    Moreover, the evolution of the graph is controlled (influences) by several mechanisms: messages, alerts, scores, endorsments, votes.

    It is a matter of design, whether such graph shoul evolve in a monotonic way: i.e. more links, more endorsments, more answers, RG scores flying high.

    I think, such unconstrainted evolution would be dangerous for the portal itself. Anonymous downvoting is a stabilizing mechanism analogous to presence of a predator in an ecosystem. That prevents from publishing unwanted content, which would have negative impact on particpants activity in the future.

    Personally, I haven't seen many downvotes and I have never used them.
    In spite of the danger that the mechanism is misused, it has generally a positive effect on a quality of the content.

    To compare, consider a conference, where only positive reviews are possible?

  • Johnsi Priya asked a question:
    Technology and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    what are the web 2.0 technologies available for children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder? and how those technologies can make their learning more comprehending?

  • Marco Bardus asked a question:
    Smartphones and Web 2.0 interventions for weight management - ongoing literature review

    I am currently working on a systematic review of the literature about smartphones and Web 2.0-based interventions for weight management. I would be interested in receiving existing yet unpublished papers (accepted on refereed journals), or approved research protocols dealing with the subject. You can contact me by email at: m.bardus [at] exeter.ac.uk Thank you for your help!

  • Asmat Ali added an answer:
    Non-payment culture – will it shrink the economy?
    Jaron Lanier, in his new book “Who owns the future?” (2013) proposes the thesis, that the non-payment culture of free information and reduced transaction costs provided by the internet will shrink our economy. What is your opinion?
    Asmat Ali · PMAS - Arid Agriculture University

    I concur with all the above contributors. It does depend on the semantic of "economy". If it is only think in the terms of money then definitely YES, Non-payment culture – will  shrink the money oriented economy.

    On the other hand, if economy is seen in the context of knowledge only, then Non-payment culture – will never shrink the economy, I think so.

  • What is the size (ratio) of unstructured data (text) on the web?
    I am wondering if there is a research paper that considers the ratio of unstructured text over the web and whether it is the cause for rapid increasing in data on the web? What is the responsible data resource for the rapid in increasing in web data? Is this the unstructured data (text)? Is there research paper talking about this issue?
    Thank you very much.
    Mohammad Ali Hajizadeh Gashti · Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

    Please take look  to :


    and also this hand book:


    May be not so related but can help you

  • Liliana Moldovan added an answer:
    Can someone suggest some free resources by and about Henriette Avram?
    I wish to write an essay about Henriette Avram, the mother of MARC cataloging technique.
    Can someone help me with suggestions on free e-books or free resources about this topic?
    Liliana Moldovan · Editor in chief - the on-line news agency „Aşii Români” (Romanian Aces): www.asiiromani.eu

    Dear Marilyn,

    What a helpful article. Thank you.

    Your story  about the University Florida Libray is very nice.  You really have talent in writing.

    Indeed, in the old times libaries were like a quiet  sancutaries of books. In our days they are designed as social spaces.

    The library where I work is 101 years old and combines the traditional with modern perspectiv.

  • Ivo Grigorov added an answer:
    Which online tools do you use for open science?
    Do you share your research ideas openly with others? Do you make your research process transparent? Do you make your research findings accessible?
    If so, which online tools are useful?
    Ivo Grigorov · Technical University of Denmark

    A great collection of working examples for Open Notebook Science http://inmemoriamjcb.wikispaces.com/Jean-Claude+Bradley+Memorial+Symposium to support building a high impact research profile.

    The page will include a vision paper (in draft) on ONS and how to engage the younger research generation.

  • Simon Penny added an answer:
    Does anyone know of a cyber-based artist or (even better) a collective that curates and/or creates work specifically for an online audience?
    I am conducting research on the cultural impact of Web 2.0, related to the "Cult of the Amateur" as argued by Andrew Keen, and would like to do an ethnography of an online art community. I know that some artists participate in virtual platforms such as Second Life, but I'm looking for exposition for a broader audience (preferably ongoing work).
    Simon Penny · University of California, Irvine

    Hi Horst!

    Micaela, per Horsts's advice, your question now has an extended historical dimension. Much poineerring work in this area was done in the 90s. If you want to go to the motherlode, I suggest you go to the Nettime archives , and also read their volume README.

    But it goes back to pre web and  pre internet days when this practise was called telematic art. Loiok for the work of Bob Adrian X, Roy Ascott, et al

  • Krzysztof Flasinski asked a question:
    Can you recommend a service that will provide detailed data on the activity of pages in social media, especially on Facebook?

    I am researching the communication of brands in social media. I start a new project. I will analyze the 350 pages on Facebook (more than 1 million fans). Can you recommend a service that will provide the data: number of fans, number of posts, comments, like, share, most popular posts, etc.? I know Socialbakers. Do you have any experience with them or with another company?

  • Peter Kokol added an answer:
    Would anyone like to participate in a survey about Virtual Community (ResearchGate) usage?
    I am trying to carry out a survey on Professional Virtual Community (ResearchGate) usage.
    It is 43 (choose from the list) questions which will take you about 10 minutes to complete, but it is vital for completing my research.
    Although the participation is voluntary, I would be grateful if you help me to do this survey. All of your information and answers would be strongly confidential.
    Please press following link to submit your responses:
    Peter Kokol · University of Maribor
    I will be glad to

    Peter Kokol peter.kokol@um.si
  • Ronald A. Yaros added an answer:
    What is the role of social networks interaction on learning progress?
    As everybody probably already knows, social interaction according to" Vygotsky" may improve learning ability, however, there are still many steps toward this phenomenon to be adapted with new emerging tools including social networks. Which aspect of web 2.0 tools is the most important part to be evolved in this way?
  • Tunde Ajayi added an answer:
    Which attributes can evaluate the performance of content available from a university website from a user perspective?
    Which attributes can evaluate the performance of content available from a university website from a user perspective?
    Here, users can be prospective students or parents of students, or can be a employee who wants to join the organization.
    Tunde Ajayi · International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
    Firstly I would suggest you carry out a user research, an easy way to achieve this is to conduct an online survey, just so you can have an understanding of what the users want . After providing contents that meets users need, you can use web analytics program that will provide you with information about how people engage with the contents. If you have social media integrated, check out what people are saying about your contents.
  • Nader Ale Ebrahim added an answer:
    Why some ResearchGate questions get a huge following and many answers and other questions just don't take off?
    I mean the situation when the questions appear to be similar in their level and/or subject domain and yet some are hugely popular while the others remain essentially unnoticed.

    What do you think? Please share your opinions.
    Nader Ale Ebrahim · University of Malaya
    @Artur selecting a right group has the most influence on attracting the followers. for any question.
  • Rhonda Lynne Wilson added an answer:
    Interested in commentary about social media use by nurses?
    Here is a blog link to commentary by Mathers about a recent Wilson et al publication.
    Rhonda Lynne Wilson · University of New England (Australia)
    social media and nurses - special issue of Collegian
  • Martin Davies added an answer:
    What future types of learning could be?
    Have you ever thought about upcoming changes that may be happened in the context of learning especially in the time of information in which the amount of knowledge would be twice just in every 20 months? What types of changes do you expect to see in learning as future trends?
    Martin Davies · University of Melbourne
    I gave my view on "future learning" in a thread about MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses). I repeat it here.


    Let's imagine a future where MOOCs are ubiquitous, and parasitic businesses exist to curate educational content and provide support services (for a fee). This would, I feel, effectively bypass traditional universities -- although not in the immediate term.

    Example: someone wants to study Visual Arts. One MOOC provides a solid grounding in Chinese ceramics, taught by a world expert from Beijing; another provides content in the renaissance painting taught by a world expert from Harvard, etc. This content is free, or largely free, and assessed in examination centres around the world so that one's identity could be verified -- something like how Microsoft engineering courses are presently administered.

    With the money saved from not attending one university for 3- 4 years (and in the future -- thanks to MOOCs -- there WILL be no reason to remain on one campus for the duration of a degree ) participating students fly to Florence and Beijing to see Chinese ceramics and renaissance painting in the flesh with their guide/curator. They meet the world experts and discuss things with them related to their field of expertise, in-situ where the object of discussion is the material taught via the MOOC in the privacy of their own home.

    Another example, a student wants to study Finance. Again, the content is taught by world experts via MOOCs, assessed in examination centres--perhaps with some (paid for) tutorial discussions in various locations near students’ homes if desired (by qualified tutors). Again, students fly to Wall Street and see how American commerce operates, and Beijing to see how it works in Asia, or Russia, or wherever. They visit major companies and learn their trade in-situ with real companies dealing with real finance problems. There might be employment spin-offs. MOOCs are already liaising with major companies to allow dovetailing of employment for 'graduates' after qualifying from their courses.

    Free content, accreditation, possible employment, real-world experience in-situ with world experts.

    My question is: why would this not a preferable means of higher education to that we currently have on offer?

    It strikes me that many of the present "objections" to MOOCs are misplaced and don't look long-term. I note that one can study jazz drumming via one MOOC taught by a major figure in modern jazz.. If this is possible, anything is.
  • Veronica Bender Haydu added an answer:
    Do you use social media to communicate your science? If so, how?
    I'm currently compiling case studies of scientists using social media and blogs effectively to communicate about their science to the general public.
    Veronica Bender Haydu · Universidade Estadual de Londrina
    I agree that RG and Academia are great tools, but also think that we must interact with the general public. It is very important that our scientific productions are communicated in an accessible language to the public in general. I have a blog where I post short texts on different subjects of behavior analysis that can assist people in their daily lives. I also contribute to a blog that a student recently developed where we publish texts that discuss actions for sustainability of our planet.
  • Nader Ale Ebrahim added an answer:
    What are the recent trends in increasing research impact and improving the Citation frequency?
    I have written an article entitled "Effective Strategies for Increasing Citation Frequency" (available online http://ssrn.com/abstract=2344585). This article by reviewing the relevant papers, extracts 33 different ways for increasing the research impact and citations. I would like to find more strategy to improve citations.
    Nader Ale Ebrahim · University of Malaya
    Hi Janos Toth, I have already published the paper. However, I will check with http://scholarlyoa.com/publishers/ list before sending any new paper. Thanks for your advice.
  • Ljubomir Jacić added an answer:
    Which ResearchGate tips and tricks do you know?
    Let's share here useful and non-obvious tips and tricks to improve our RG user experience. Happy New Year!
    Ljubomir Jacić · Technical College Požarevac
    Dear @Artur, I have no idea why these downvotes!? I like your links, good tips!
  • Philip Meyer asked a question:
    Have you ever combined a service-learning teaching approach with the use of digital media?
    I'm looking for fellow teachers and researchers to share best (and worst) practices.
  • Marta Du Vall added an answer:
    What is the impact of social media in modern elections?
    I think social media will be (is) a key factor for modern elections. When we consider new generation they spend much time in social media networks.
    Marta Du Vall · Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski Krakow University
    New media irreversibly changed the nature of the relationship between politicians, citizens and journalists. They gave also the possibility for a candidates who hold limited funds, they just thanks to the Internet can expand their operations in the political reality.
  • Mahfuz Judeh added an answer:
    What is the difference between the Internet and the Web?
    Many people consider them not to differ.
    Mahfuz Judeh · Applied Science Private University
    The Internet is a large network that connects millions of computers together, whereas the web is an avenue for transmitting data over the Internet. Internet connects computers, while web connects people.
  • Michael Groll added an answer:
    Does the use of the web 2.0 change the methods in your area of research?
    Tools of the web 2.0 lead to faster access to any and more information. This rules as well for scientific information. But is the impact big enough to lead to a change in the methods you use in your scientific work?
    Michael Groll · Philipps-Universität Marburg
    I can certainly see some potential here - mostly in staying in contact with your project partners and improved team communication (e.g. through a facebook group), but in the area of the actual research (data collection, analysis and interpretation) I have my doubt that the web2.0 can have a big impact. One exception I can think of would be a data base which is freely available online where the users can add data and use it for their analyses - but for one there would be the problem of ensuring the quality of the added data and I am not sure if those shared data bases would qualify as being web2.0.
  • Joanna Richardson added an answer:
    Do you know of any scientific research which looks at social networks use in universities?
    Joanna Richardson · Griffith University
    At Griffith University, several of us did a study of 2 different types of Yammer communities, which was reported at the THETA 2013 conference in Australia. The full paper is available at http://hdl.handle.net/10072/52202
  • John K. Marco Pima added an answer:
    What infrastructure is required for collaborative web technologies to support blended learning?
    As we move to the use of collaborative web technologies (social networks, blogs, podcasts, Wikis, RSS, mashups), what infrastructure is needed to make sure that students learn from anywhere, anytime using mobile phones, smartphones, laptops or PCs especially in developing nations?
    John K. Marco Pima · Institute of Accountancy Arusha
    Currently in developing countries, there is a fast adoption of the use of Collaborative Web Technologies (CWT) in social, business, education, and general social services provision. This is motivated by the the presence of increasing reliable internet connection, now up to 4G, and the wide spread of Fibre Optic Network. The presence of and increasing use of PDAs, smart phones and pagers, as well as mobile phones is another motivating factor. Additionally there is a positive attitude towards the use and acceptability of mobile devices for a wide range of applications in the society. Now does this and other factors guarantee the use of CWTs for learning and teaching in developing countries include the Eastern African, Western, Southern, and Central Africa., and the Asian-Pacific?
  • Michael B. Duignan added an answer:
    Does anyone know of an academic paper that has used social media as a methodological tool (in various ways)?
    I am working on my PhD methodology, and writing a paper around using social media as a way of securing key informant gatekeepers to access local business communities.
    Michael B. Duignan · Anglia Ruskin University
    There are also some very interesting insights by Prof Martin Weller and Dr Tony Hirst (Open University) here for 'Art of Guerilla Research' - http://nogoodreason.typepad.co.uk/no_good_reason/2014/03/art-of-guerrilla-research-workshop.html
  • Naeema H Jabur added an answer:
    What are the best advantages and disadvantages of social network?
    I am interested to know the best advantages and disadvantages of social networks. I use them in my thesis.
    Naeema H Jabur · Sultan Qaboos University
    No discussion about it SN will Facilitates open communication and allows for discussing ideas as well as posting solutions and answers to ambiguity ,it leads to enhanced information finding and accessing. In the business areas, SN offers more opportunities to open bussiness contacts and advertisements targetting a wide audience, leads to effective market research and directs people to scure sited relevant to their interest
    Regardless of the above advantages, SN facilitates the possibility for spam and virus attacks. Opens up the opportunity to submitt negetive comments and offensive reflections.
  • Reemiah Alotaibi added an answer:
    Is there any theory related to effective communication in E-government?
    I am assessing the effectiveness of communication by E-governments using Web 2.0 tools to communicate with their citizens. Could anybody assist with any relevant theoretical background for this topic?
    Reemiah Alotaibi · Leeds Metropolitan University
    It is helpful, many thanks.

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