Theoretical Chemistry

Theoretical Chemistry

  • Somaye Ghasemi added an answer:
    How can I obtain B in calculations of frequency-dependent hyperpolarizability from its tensors?

    I am using cam-b3lyp/6-31g(d) POLAR cphf=rdfreq in gaussian 09 to
    calculate the frequency-dependent hyperpolarizability. Finally I got 18 beta tensor elements.
    Do you know exactly what these 18 tensors are?
    and how i can obtain B(-2w,w,w) from these 18 tensor?
    thank you very much

    Somaye Ghasemi · Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz

    thank you very much dr Clabo

  • Nikhil Aggarwal added an answer:
    Does anyone know of software that can automatically determine the term symbol of a molecule?

    Is there any way to predict a term symbol for bigger molecules in both ground and excited states using software?

    Nikhil Aggarwal · Indian Institute of Technology Madras

    Ohh ! so here is a correction: I am looking for the symmetry of Molecular orbitals which are generally reported as - 1Ag ,  3Ag , 1Au , 1Bg , 1Bu and many others.

  • Ravi Kumar Venkatraman added an answer:
    Does anyone here know how to generate Frank-Condon spectrum in GaussView?

    I use the 3 step approach and the error happens in the third one.The frequencies and checkpoints for the initial and final states are well generated but an error happens in the third step. 

    Sometimes generating the Frank-Condon spectrum starts and after a few lines the error happens and in most of the cases it does dot even start.

    I wonder if it happens because of a problem in entering the commands or there's a problem with checkpoints. A command sample that has properly worked is appreciated.

    Thank you in advance for your help and suggestions.


    Ravi Kumar Venkatraman · Indian Institute of Science


         Yep. You can stop the run. Please send us the output file then we will be able to figure it out. Did you check the frequencies in gs and es were real? Did you use nosymm in your keywords?

    Thank you

  • What is the significance and implication of having a small difference of HOMO-LUMO gap?

    I am wondering what will happen to the molecule if it's HOMO-LUMO gap will approach to zero.

    Juan-Sebastián Gómez-Jeria · University of Chile

    For a single molecule and if you are using a good population analysis (NOT Mulliken's PA) you may go deeper into the analysis by calculating the "local atomic hardness".

    Please, see

    These indices are not the projected ones!!!!!


  • Ritika Joshi added an answer:
    Why does the lifetime of a probe decrease with increase in polarity and proticity of the solvent especially upto MeOH??

    This is the situation with one of the molecules I am studying. The decay curve is biexponential and fits the best for presence of two lifetimes.The molecule is showing geometrical relaxation to planarity as well as ICT in the excited state.

    While the lifetime is showing a sudden increase in water after MeOH.

    Thanks in advance

    Ritika Joshi · Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology

    Hello Dr. Peter,

    Yes, you are very correct, the energy levels of various ES of my molecule changes with polarity of solvent.

    The LE or the non planar ICT state is showing an increase in lifetime from hexane to water (the percentage contribution being around 98-99% from hexane to MeOH while it being 15% in water)

    While, the planar ICT state is showing a lifetime decrease with increasing polarity n proticity of solvents   ie upto MeOH( percentage contribution being 1 or <1%). But the same species turns out to have 86% contribution in water with a sudden increase in lifetime.

  • Paul Jerabek added an answer:
    Can I get the same transition state for the different products of the same reactants?

    I have a SN2 reaction which may give two different products from the same reactants. Is it possible to get the same transition state structure for both of these reactions?

    Please let me know if I am thinking in the wrong way..

    Thanks and Regards

    Paul Jerabek · Philipps University of Marburg

    Hello Anjali,

    you have to perform an IRC calculation in order to "prove" that your found TS connects the reactants with your product. After you followed the IRC path forwards and backwards for several points (10-20 should be sufficient) you optimize the geometries and observe where the structures are going. In the best case you get your reactants and your product and you're done. If not, you have to find another TS and try again.

    In my understanding it should not be possible to have the exactly same TS for two different products. However, it could be that two TS are very similar in appearance and energy.

  • Bartosz Trzaskowski added an answer:
    How can one study confinement using a defined external potential in gaussain09 or any other software?

    J. Chem. Theory Comput.2013, 9, 3463−3472 like in this they studied the confinement using external potential

    Bartosz Trzaskowski · University of Warsaw

    You could also try something different (depending on what you really want to study). We did once a study of reaction pathway in gas phase and then compared it to the same reaction taking place inside a nanotube. This was using a very simple model: we used 2-layer ONIOM in Gaussian and the entire nanotube was modelled at the MM level: so the only effect of the nanotube was the confinement, but no electronic effects originating from the nanotube-reactants were taken into account.

    It's probably too simple for many applications, but the implementation in Gaussian (or any software with ONIOM or QM/MM capabilities) is straightforward.

  • Atul Sharma added an answer:
    What solution will I get adding 75:15 mm of EDC and NHS respectively in water?

    N-hydroxysuccinimide(NHS) and EDC(1-Ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide) are expected to be water soluble.But my solution gave semi-ester form with  two immiscible portion of solid and water.If anyone is working with this system, please describe me the final form solution.

    Atul Sharma · BITS Pilani, K K Birla Goa

    There is no role of temperature. You can thiolate your metal surface and afterward use the EDC:NHS. But make sure do not keep it for longer time. One precaution you can use, keep it in desiccator after adding EDC: NHS mixture.

  • Maria Javaid added an answer:
    Can anyone help with an error message (convergence failure) in Gaussian 09?
    I'm working in Zr cluster system using DFT B3LYP calculation in Gaussian 09. I get an error message convergence failure. I tried simple basis set sto-3g basis set calculation checkpoint file moving to larger basis set DFT B3LYP but also get the same error. Any suggestions?
    Maria Javaid · RMIT University

    Hi Noor....

    I am facing problem with a gaussian09 convergence failure. I am trying to run monolayer MoS2 to see its energy gap with BHandHLYP/LANL2DZ. I got convergence up to 48 atoms but I want to get this for bigger systems like for 75 atoms, energy is not converging and I want to go to several hundred of atoms.

    I tried couple of things like scf=qc, fermi, conver=5, maxcycle=512. I tried to change initial guess= core, huckel. I distorted geometry a bit. I also tried scf=NoIncFock. None of them is working. Can you suggest anything please?


  • Martin Schwarzer added an answer:
    Why does my IRC Calculation in G09 only produces 1 point in the reverse direction but produces 9 points in the forward direction?

    My input file is as follows:

    # B3LYP/cc-pVTZ irc=(CalcFC, maxpoints=10,stepsize=8) geom=allcheck

    Transition One IRC

    0 1

    The output file produces 9 points in the forward direction and only 1 in the reverse direction instead of 9. Any ideas why?

    Martin Schwarzer · Ibaraki University

    Without more information it is not easy to pinpoint to the real problem here. Depending on surrounding area on the potential energy hyper-surface this might just be what is supposed to happen. Here are some clues, what you can try.

    First of all reoptimize your transition state, using a finer grid and tighter cutoffs:



        #B3LYP/cc-pVTZ geom=allcheck guess=read opt(TS,calcfc,tight) int(ultrafinegrid)

    Then you should verify, that your transition state is actually the one you are looking for. Run a pure frequency calculation:



        #B3LYP/cc-pVTZ FREQ geom=allcheck guess=read int(ultrafinegrid)

    Uncouple your IRC calculations, run one in forward and one in reverse direction, read in the force constants from the previous calculation. Use more points, more cycles, and set a different stepsize (see below):



        #B3LYP/cc-pVTZ IRC(RCFC, Maxpoints=30, MaxCycle=300, StepSize=XXX, forward) geom=allcheck guess=read int(ultrafinegrid)

    You might want to try a stepsize quite small, like 3-5 for a very steep PES. If you have a very flat PES you have to increase this value, try 20 or 30. You might have to do this a couple of times until you find enough points to continue. (Usually it's a good guess to start with a small n.)

    You can set the convergence criteria with IOP(1/7=n). n=200-300 is reasonable. Smaller numbers mean tighter criteria. Tight criteria might be necessary for a shallow PES.

    If it still fails, try the old optimiser IRC(GS2). 

    Doing IRC calculations usually needs a lot of hand on work and experience. This is not straight out of the box. Practise it with small molecules to get a feeling.


    The procedure %oldchk copies the checkpoint file to the new location specified in %chk, You do not have to do this manually, thus avoiding possible errors.


    A note on your input. When you invoke geom=allcheck, you should not specify title and the charge/spin sections. They will be ignored anyway. If you invoke geom=check then you must specify these lines. This is a safer bet, since you exactly specify what is being done.


    I have included a link, that helped me, as it gathered the most important keywords for these kind of calculations.

  • Britney Stewart added an answer:
    Why does my IRC calculation in G09 only outputs 1 step in the forward and reverse direction?

    My input file is as follows:

    # B3LYP/cc-pVTZ irc=(CalcFC, maxpoints=100,stepsize=10) geom=allcheck

    Transition One IRC

    0 1

    From my understanding, the default maxpoints is 10 and so is the step size. So I initially set the maxpoints at 10 with a stepsize of 1, however, it still only produced one step in both directions. Changing the maxpoints to 100 and the stepsize to 10, there was the same result. Is there something I may be doing wrong?

    Thanks in Advance

    Britney Stewart · Coastal Carolina University

    I changed the maxpoints=10 stepsize=8. It now produces points in the forward direction but only outputs 1 point in the reverse. Any ideas why?

  • Martin Schwarzer added an answer:
    How can I fix the convergence failure error in gaussian calculation in using PBEPBE set?

    Hi all,

    I tried to run a calculation on Gaussian with the PBEPBE basic set as follow:


    # PBEPBE/6-31g opt=(calcfc,noeigen) freq scf=(qc,tight,maxcyc=200)


    It's okay I can optimize the radical with no problem. However, if I continue to run as follow:

    # ROPBEPBE/6-311++G(d,p) guess=read geom=allcheck scf=(tight,maxcyc=20


    I have a convergence failure problem as follow:


    Annihilation of the first spin contaminant:
    S**2 before annihilation 0.7500, after 0.7500
    Convergence failure -- run terminated.
    Error termination via Lnk1e in C:\G09W\l502.exe at Sat Jan 31 07:45:38 2015.


    Please tell me how to fix this? Thanks in advanced.

    Martin Schwarzer · Ibaraki University

    The mentioned BMK, M06, PBEPBE, HSEH1PBE, and TPSSTPSS are density functionals and not basis sets. The basis sets you are using are Pople's basis sets 6-31G, etc. 

    Not all density functionals perform the same and there are different levels of accuracy. PBEPBE (or short PBE) is a pure functional, while M06 is a meta-hybrid functional. I can recommend the book "A Chemist's Guide to Density Functional Theory"
    by Wolfram Koch, Max C Holthausen to get a deeper insight to what that actually means. 

    Sometimes calculations fail because the electronic structure is very complicated, sometimes they succeed, but are meaningless. It is important to check orbitals and occupancy and see if different methods give different results.

    I do not know what happens in the code of Gaussian, so I really cannot tell you what went wrong at what point. I also do not know enough about your system to make any predictions.

  • Ramesh Chitumalla added an answer:
    Can someone help me in finding transition state?

    I'm performing a calculation of transition states for a free radical chain reaction (self accelerating reaction) . The chain reaction consists of 8 steps. I have calculated transition states for 6 steps using QST3 method in G09. But I’m not able to find the transition states for 1st and 8th steps. These two steps are of high activation energy, according to the literature. The first step (initialization reaction) is about breaking a peroxide bond of an aromatic hydro peroxide, thus forming a hydroxyl radical and aryloxy radical. Second step is release of methyl radical from the aryloxy radical so as to produce a stable closed shell product. Second step is a exothermic reaction with very less activation energy (6 kj/mol). The aromatic hydro peroxide has six rotamers, and this is creating problem in finding the transition state. whatever the initial guess I’m providing, most of the time output is a transition state regarding the conversion of one rotamer to another. I have also tried relaxed potential energy surface scan of peroxy bond and took initial guess from this scan for qst3. Then the resulting transition state is about release of a methyl radical along with hydroxyl radical. I tried freezing the bonds, but could not get the required transition state.
    So my questions are:
    1) Is the transition state for first step is very week, and that’s why im not able to find it?
    2) Is low activation energy, and high exothermicity of second step reason for why I’m not able to find the transition state for first step?
    Any help would be greatly appreciated.
    Thanks in advance.

    Ramesh Chitumalla · Pusan National University

    Thank you Dear Prof. Peter Daminan Jarowski 

  • Adela E. Croce added an answer:
    Is it possible to break chemical bonds in a cl2 molecule using photolysis?

    if we search about bond energy of cl2 reach to 243 kJ/mol ( and by convert unit and mathematical calculation and convert to nm of light ( find the 493 nm and this wavelength is Related "bluish green" (493–498 nm) light. 
    if this light radiate to the cl2 gas what react is predictable for this conditions .

    Adela E. Croce · National University of La Plata

    Please look up into the book Photochemistry by J.G. Calvert and J.N. Pitts Jr. for detailed information on molecular chlorine photolysis.

  • Lucas Fagundes Esteves added an answer:
    Has anybody had problems with IRC calculations within a PCM model?

    Dear Coleagues,

    I am investigating the hydrolysis process of phosphate esters using PCM model to simulate the surroundings of the reactive system. The process is completely described in gas phase, however in aqueous phase I have had some problems with the Intrinsic Coordinate Reaction (IRC) analysis. The behaviour of the curve was not normal and two main problems were observed:
    1 – When I try to obtain the IRC in two outputs, by specifying the forward and reverse keywords in the calculation line, what I get is the same path, i.e., the reactants reach the transition state (in the forward calculation) and after that the transition state reach the reactants once again (in the reverse calculation).
    2 – After this problem I tried to change the IRC parameters and I put a different stepsize and a diferent maxpoints. In this situation the change of step size were not regular and in one extremity of the curve the IRC points accumulate in the same region, where the stepsize remained practically unchanged.
    The set of keywords were:
    # irc=(calcfc,maxpoints=60,forward,stepsize=20,maxcyc=200) scf=(maxcycle=200) b3lyp/gen gfinput pseudo=read scrf=(pcm,read)
    At the end of input:
    Has anybody here had a similar problem in IRC calculations using the continuum approach?
    I really appreciate any help you can provide.

    Lucas Fagundes Esteves · Federal University of Juiz de Fora

    Dear Mihai, thank you for your suggestions. I spend the weekend analizing my structures and your intuition was right, the IRC for normal mechanism is wrong. The TS is right but the IRC was conducted assuming the gas phase as the surroundings, and the TS strucutre was obtained within the continuum media. So I remake the calculations using now the IRC in aqueous phase:

    # irc=(calcfc,maxpoints=60,forward,stepsize=20,maxcyc=200) scf=(maxcycle=200) b3lyp/gen gfinput pseudo=read scrf=(pcm,read)

    The problems with points accumulating in the extremity of the curve has appeared again, but the calculation is still running. I will wait until it finishes to comment about the results. 

    Once again thanks for the helpful assistance

    Dear Prerna, unfortunately i did not find any solution until now, but I am working hard to understanding what is happening with IRC calculations using PCM. I saw a comment in Joaquim Barroso's Blog about an incompatibility between IRC and PCM in Gaussian 03 (though I'm using G09), but he says that it is not true for Gaussian 09, where there is a new algorithm for PCM calculations.

    Blog link:

    I am looking for similar problems in CCL, but I did not find anything similar until now. 

  • Can anyone tell me what is the best basis set to run polycarbonate samples?

    I am working on the polycarbonate compound. I would like to know which basis set will give me good data closer experimental values of frequency, geometrical parameters, reactivity details and other related values.

    Juan José Gamboa-Carballo · Instituto Superior de Tecnologías y Ciencias Aplicadas

    You should try with a TZV Pople's basis set, some times they are more accurate and lighter than Dunning's. I sugest not to use MP2 if you want termodinamics, rather use CCSD(T)

  • Robert J Paruch added an answer:
    How do you output the trajectory file in MD simulation?

    Sorry about the confusing title. 

    I am talking about the output frequency to write the trajectory file. Normally, the time-step in MD simulation is 1 or 2fs. And I am using 1ps/frame to output the trajectory file. The file size is big. And when I analysis these files. I choose 10ps/frame. I found it's hard to find difference to analyze the file between 1ps/frame and 10ps/frame. So should I change the frequency to write the trajectory file to 10ps/frame to save space? 

    How often do you guys store the trajectory files?

    Robert J Paruch · Pennsylvania State University

    One can also think of a variable output frequency if this is appropriate for the system and kind of simulation. For example, output frequency has to be high during the high energy stage of the simulated proces, when particles move quickly. Then, as the system equilibrates, the output frequency can be reduced. It helps to decrees the size of the output file, keeping the relevant information.

  • Ron Shepard added an answer:
    How do we calculate energies with multireference configuration interaction method in Gaussian 09?

    I try to calculate the energy with multireference configuration interaction method of certain system using gaussian 09 packet, but I do not know what is the keyword.

    Ron Shepard · Argonne National Laboratory

    COLUMBUS does MRCI, and it is also free.

  • Eric B. J. Harris added an answer:
    Why carboxyl group is inactive in Diels-Alder reaction?

    Are there any examples of Diels-Alder reaction in which carboxyl group (in acids or esters) acts as a part of a dien or a dienophile? What are the reasons of its inactivity in this reaction?

    Eric B. J. Harris · Australian National University

    Yes, there are examples of methylene barbituric acid derivatives and methylene meldrum's acid derivatives undergoing hetero Diels Alder reactions as a diene component. These systems are strongly electronically activated and sterically fixed in cisoid conformation.

    Cinnamates and similar systems have also been used but often require an electron rich dienophile and sometimes occur via step-wise rather than concerted process.

    The major limitation for the use of esters and carboxyl groups is that they are not electrophilic enough to make good dienophiles and possess poor orbital overlap on the carbon atom in addition to suffering from higher steric requirements.

  • Partha Sarathi Sengupta asked a question:
    By which methods can we get data on Fe(II) -C bonds in [Fe(CN)6](4-), and whether it is longer than that in [Fe(CN)6](3-).

    Fe(II) -C bonds in [Fe(CN)6](4-) is longer than that in [Fe(CN)6](3-). By which methods we get these data?

  • Sai Siddhardha R. S. added an answer:
    How can I do proton adsorption studies on Metal nanoparticles in Materials Studio software?

    Can you please give me the details of the  parameters involved in it....

    Sai Siddhardha R. S. · Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning

    Thanks Saeed Kazemiabnavi, I'm studying electrochemical reduction of  proton by applying a cathodic reduction potential.(Hydrogen eveolution reaction)

    I would like to study the proton adsorption energy on different nano particle surface computationally, before going on to do a real experiment.

    This helps me to nail down the right system for the reaction.

    Can you please suggest me in this regard on how to screen the materials for Hydrogen evolution reaction using Materials studio Software.

    What kinda parameters involved in  it?

  • How do I evaluate the behavior of ring structure of a polymer?

    Dear all,

    I am running a MD simulation of polystyrene with AMBER. It looks the benzene ring on the backbone distribute evenly. My advisor asked me to find a way to evaluate the behavior of the change of ring structure on the polymer. Does anyone have any idea about this? 


    X Sun.

    Aldo Fabrizzio Combariza Montañez · Universidad de Sucre

    Check this out, you will find this paper useful:

    The FF is not a problem, AMBER is optimized for Hydrocarbons, so your pretty safe using this FF. 

  • Veliyana Londong Allo added an answer:
    Can someone help me solve the reason for why I'm getting negative frequencies?
    I'm calculating a Fischer Tropsch process metals involved but I do not like the cluster as the unit cell is repeated. I get nine negative frequency values with the value of 90 cm-1 - 400 cm-1. I am using Gaussian 09.
    Veliyana Londong Allo · Bandung Institute of Technology

    thanks for help...

  • Karl Sohlberg added an answer:
    What is the spectroscopic technique used to differentiate between sp2 and sp3 bondning of carbon?

    The production from carbon arc plasma produce a mixture of carbon nanostructure including nanorods, nanofiber, nanotube, graphene,diamondlike carbon etc,so how to differentiate between the product of sp2 and sp3 bonding carbon?

    Karl Sohlberg · Drexel University

    EELS will give chemical identification, and with the right instrument can be done with atomic resolution. Here are some references from a forthcoming review:

    • Browning, N.D., Chisholm, M.F., & Pennycook, S.J., Atomic-resolution chemical analysis using a scanning transmission electron microscope. Nature 366 (6451), 143-146 (1993)
    • Allen, L.J., Findlay, S.D., Lupini, A.R., Oxley, M.P., & Pennycook, S.J., Atomic-Resolution Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy Imaging in Aberration Corrected Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy. Physical Review Letters 91 (10), 105503 (2003)
    • Pennycook, T.J., Beck, M.J., Varga, K., Varela, M., Pennycook, S.J., & Pantelides, S.T., Origin of Colossal Ionic Conductivity in Oxide Multilayers: Interface Induced Sublattice Disorder. Physical Review Letters 104 (11), 4.
    • 10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.115901
    • Pennycook, T.J., Oxley, M.P., Garcia-Barriocanal, J., Bruno, F.Y., Leon, C., Santamaria, J., Pantelides, S.T., Varela, M., & Pennycook, S.J., Seeing oxygen disorder in YSZ/SrTiO3 colossal ionic conductor heterostructures using EELS. Eur. Phys. J.-Appl. Phys 54 (3), 11 (2011).
    • 10.1051/epjap/2011100413
    • Garcia-Barriocanal, J., Rivera-Calzada, A., Varela, M., Sefrioui, Z., Iborra, E., Leon, C., Pennycook, S.J., & Santamaria, J., Colossal ionic conductivity at interfaces of epitaxial ZrO2: Y2O3/SrTiO3 heterostructures. Science 321 (5889), 676-680 (2008).
    • Varela, M., Findlay, S.D., Lupini, A.R., Christen, H.M., Borisevich, A.Y., Dellby, N., Krivanek, O.L., Nellist, P.D., Oxley, M.P., Allen, L.J., & Pennycook, S.J., Spectroscopic imaging of single atoms within a bulk solid. Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 095502 (2004)
    • Varela, M., Gazquez, J., & Pennycook, S.J., STEM-EELS imaging of complex oxides and interfaces. MRS Bulletin 37 (1), 29 (2012)

  • Naiwrit Karmodak added an answer:
    How can I calculate magic numbers (Au nanoparticles) for Cubic, Icosahedron, cubo-octahedron Truncated octahedron clusters?

    I want to know magic numbers and its outer diameter, (1 nm to 3 nm) surface area. 

    Naiwrit Karmodak · Indian Institute of Science

    Behind this concept of magic numbers for clusters, can you give some logic from electronic structures or molecular orbitals.  

  • Jose Jimenez added an answer:
    What might cause persistently inflated (>1.1) values of r-hat in a community occupancy analysis?

    Hi all, I'm trying to fit a couple of community occupancy models and am noticing that r-hat values for certain parameters are well above 1.1 (in the 1.3 - 1.6 range) even with fairly long runs (like, 200,000 iterations w/ 100,000 burn-in).  The model structure includes Bernoulli inclusion parameters associated with all beta parameters.  At any rate, the problematic r-hat values are consistently associated with the precision hyper-parameters for the betas.  Covariates with essentially no model support seem to converge slightly better (or at least have lower r-hats for the precision hyperparameter) than covariates with some support.   Strangely, these r-hat values also seem to stabilize pretty quickly (like, the difference between 15,000 iterations and 50,000 iterations is minimal). I'm curious to hear if anybody else has encountered this.  My kind of desperate explanations are

    1. The model just needs to be run out longer.
    2. I should increase the thinning rate (the trace-plots indicate that the tau chains will occasionally make pretty massive leaps that might be inconsequential if culled by thinning).
    3. This is related to the Bernoulli inclusion parameters turning the betas on and off, and r-hat wouldn't be expected to approach convergent values unless the inclusion probability were very close to 0 or 1.
    4. This is related to tau hyper-parameters themselves, which might not be expected to be distributed roughly normally.
    5.  The taus are derived nodes based upon stochastic sigma hyperparameters, and I should be tracing the latter instead.

    Sorry for the book.  Thanks for any help!

    Jose Jimenez · Spanish National Research Council

    Hi John:

    - Did you use covariates? Did you scaled them?
    - Consider changing the parametrizacion. Sometimes you can improve the convergence .
    - What's the magnitude of p? As you know, with very low p values, the results would be inconsistent.


  • Eugene F Kislyakov added an answer:
    What is the spin only and spin plus orbital magnetic moment of (CrCl6)3- ?

    What is the spin only and spin plus orbital magnetic moment of (CrCl6)3- ?

    Eugene F Kislyakov · Belarusian State University

    Orbital magnetic moment exists only for sphericaly symmetric systems, dear Atul.

  • Pardis Td added an answer:
    What does the error "Warning -- assumption of classical behavior for rotation may cause significant error" in Gaussian mean?

    this statement is included in the log file when I do frequency calculations by gaussian 09

    this warning can be neglected ?????
    what this mean about the accuracy of enthalpy and other parameter ?????
    the output is :

    Atom 25 has atomic number 17 and mass 34.96885
    Molecular mass: 698.55788 amu.
    Principal axes and moments of inertia in atomic units:
    1 2 3
    Eigenvalues -- ******************************
    X 0.99976 0.00000 -0.02175
    Y 0.00000 1.00000 0.00000
    Z 0.02175 0.00000 0.99976
    This molecule is an asymmetric top.
    Rotational symmetry number 1.
    Warning -- assumption of classical behavior for rotation
    may cause significant error
    Rotational temperatures (Kelvin) 0.00639 0.00417 0.00340
    Rotational constants (GHZ): 0.13324 0.08698 0.07086
    Zero-point vibrational energy 369763.0 (Joules/Mol)
    88.37547 (Kcal/Mol)
    Warning -- explicit consideration of 33 degrees of freedom as
    vibrations may cause significant error

    Thank you 

  • Milagros Avendaño added an answer:
    How can we prove the mechanism of DA reactions with Gaussian?

    I have Gaussian output data and I want to prove mechanism of Diels Alder 

    Milagros Avendaño · Central University of Venezuela

    If you have experimental data from your reaction you can run the simulation to find the transition state, compute the theorethical values and see how close the proposed mechanism is from the real one.

  • Saba Niaz added an answer:
    What is the work function and electron affinity of FeS2 and FeSiS4?

    Does any one has any data about work function and electron affinity of FeS2 and FeSiS4

    Saba Niaz · University of Kashmir

    u can get the electron affinity from quantum mechanical descriptors try reading a theoretical paper and use koopmans theorm . plus if u r well versed with gaussian 03 . then get the molecule optimised and from the results of the output u will get ur electron affinity.

About Theoretical Chemistry

The use of mathematical and computational methods to build theories explaining observations of chemical reactions, such as quantum chemistry.

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