Software Engineering

Software Engineering

  • Hasan Kahtan added an answer:
    What are the arguments both in favor and against this technique when it is applied to security rather than dependability?


    Hasan Kahtan · National University of Malaysia

    The terms “dependability”‎ and “security”‎ have been used interchangeably to describe the properties of secure and trusted software.

    However, the extant literature shows that dependability attributes are considered as the cure for security threats, abnormal behavior and untrustworthy issues in a software system.

    A system is considered dependable when it can be depended on to produce the consequences for which it was designed, with no adverse effect in its intended environment. Dependability comprises several attributes that imply availability, confidentiality, integrity, reliability, safety, and maintainability.

    Methods and tools to attain the dependability attributes have been discussed in details in my previous publications.

    I hope this can help you. Good luck.

  • Hossein Doroud added an answer:
    How can I extract basic and derived features from network traffic data captured using TCPdump?

    After capturing network traffic using TCPDUMP, how can the basic and derived features e.g protocol type, src_bytes, dst_bytes be extracted.

    Hossein Doroud · University Carlos III de Madrid

    I usually netmat for these purpose but if you are looking for packet inter arrival time, packet length and packet size then you can also use TIE:

  • Zeljko Stojanov added an answer:
    Which is the best area in which empirical software engineering can be applied ?

    Dear All,

    What is area in which empirical software engineering be applied? Can be used in evaluating UML diagrams ?

    Zeljko Stojanov · University of Novi Sad

    Dear Nakul,
    empirical methods can be used in any are of software engineering. Choosing the most appropriate method depends on your research goal and research design. You can start with reading some general articles about empirical software engineering, like

    Barbara A. Kitchenham, Shari Lawrence Pfleeger, Lesley M. Pickard, Peter W. Jones, David C. Hoaglin, Khaled El Emam, Jarrett Rosenberg, "Preliminary Guidelines for Empirical Research in Software Engineering," IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 721-734, Aug. 2002, doi:10.1109/TSE.2002.1027796.

    Timothy C. Lethbridge, Susan Elliott Sim, and Janice Singer. 2005. Studying Software Engineers: Data Collection Techniques for Software Field Studies. Empirical Software Engineering, Volume 10, Issue 3, July 2005, pp. 311-341. DOI: 10.1007/s10664-005-1290-x.

    The best approach is to conduct the research in the area you are the most interested. Read as much as you can about research methods in order to get better insight in available options, and read empirical studies in the most influential software engineering journals to see how other conduct and report empirical research.

    Good luck.

  • Alok Mishra added an answer:
    Which type of testing technique covers all coverage like code, path, statement etc., in a better way?

    There are many type of testing techniques available, whether all techniques covers code, boundary, statement coverage?

    Alok Mishra · Atilim University

    I think Basis path testing approach can take care mentioned issues. 

  • Persis Pratap added an answer:
    Is there any automatic/manual procedure/tools to generate a petri net model from a source code?
    Persis Pratap · Madras Christian College

    yes, Please try WOPED , a free open source software available

  • Birol Aygün added an answer:
    What is the most commonly used standard for software engineering life cycle ?

    And is there a popular standard for testing and maintenance specifically.  

    Birol Aygün · Yeditepe University

    It would be good education for the questioner if he downloaded the (300+page) Swebok 3 tome and browsed through it.  He would find a lot of potentially useful information, but not the answer to his specific question. Further, there is nothing in Swebok invalidating my recommendation under the conditions I specified.

  • Hanan Aqilan added an answer:
    Do you know any papers on verification of dependency injection modules/IOC containers?

    Dependency injection (DI) is a great pattern/principle to make code better configurable and testable. 

    Using a framework (in Java) such as Guice (or any other JSR 330 implementation), or some other so called "inversion of control (IOC) container", really simplifies using DI. But even the most simple usages are often problematic. E.g. (with an JSR330 annotation with field injection):

    class C {  @Inject X x; }

    This class must not be created via new in normal client code, because then x cannot be injected. Also, assuming X is an interface, there needs to be a configuration (binding) for X.

    I'm wondering if there exist any work on verifying these kind of situations. Are there any IDEs or tools implementing such verification (e.g., creating at least a warning if, given the example above, C is created via new or if no binding for X is detected)? Of course there are many more problems, such as DI cycles etc. 

    Do yo know any research addressing these and other issues?

    So far, I have only found a single paper [HH13], but this paper only scratches the surface. It defines two constraints which are to be satisfied: Compatibility (a binding T to an injected type D must be a subtype: T<:D) and completeness (for all D: exists binding T). Unfortunately, the paper does not handle cases such as scoping, multiple modules etc. And even the simple case of new constructor call as shown in the example is not handled.

    [HH13] Hudli, Shrinidhi R. ; Hudli, Raghu V.: A Verification Strategy for Dependency Injection. DOI 10.7763/LNSE.2013.V1.16. In: Lecture Notes on Software Engineering 1 (2013), Nr. 1, S. 71–74

    Hanan Aqilan · University of Jordan

    Check this out: 

  • Rupert Schlick added an answer:
    How can I measure coverage by fault injection?

    In software testing, fault injection is a technique for improving the coverage of a test by introducing faults to test code paths, in particular error handling code paths, that might otherwise rarely be followed.

    let's take this scenario:

    I inject '25' faults in the code and implement two techniques(A, B). suppose 'A' discovers 10 faults and 'B' discovers 15 faults. So as a result B technique is better than A or coverage area of B is better than A.

    So is there any mathematical term to find the coverage? Or how to define it in a formal way? 

    Can i calculate like this,

    coverage of A is (10/25)*100 = 40%

    coverage of B is (15/25)*100 = 60%

    As a result, difference between coverage area of B over A is 20%.

    Rupert Schlick · AIT Austrian Institute of Technology

    Dear Muhammad,

    it is not fully clear to me if what you have in mind is related to mutation testing, as Stefan mentioned, or if you are actually trying to test fault handling mechanisms (like storing information redundantly in two places, to recognize bit-flips in memory - which is not easily done without changing the code itself to emulate those faults).

    Independent of that, if you want to compare test design methods, achieving a high coverage (by whatever coverage metric ever), you will always want to look at what is the "shared" coverage between two methods. So if the 10 "items" covered by your Method A are included in the 15 of your Method B, you could suggest dropping the use of Method A as not gaining anything (B clearly better than A). If none of the covered items of Method A are  included in the ones from Method B, you would apply both methods and gain 100% coverage. In this case none of the single methods is really better than the other.

    And of course, coverage evaluations need to be done on a larger set of systems under test. What works well in one instance might be less than satisfying in the other.



  • Dr-Ahmed Serwa added an answer:
    How can I apply generalized learning vector quantization (GLVQ) for cluster unlabel data?

    How to applied generalized learning vector quantizatio (GLVQ) for cluster unlabel data? Do you have any ideas or suggestions? please help me!

    Dr-Ahmed Serwa · Helwan University

    I Developed SW that applies most of AI clustering methods contact me if you interested

  • Maya Daneva added an answer:
    What are the best excel templates available online for effort estimation of software development projects using use case point model?

    What are the best excel templates available online for effort estimation of software development projects using use case point model?

  • Khaled Osama Darwish added an answer:
    Are any tools available for simulating the authentication part in Mobile Cloud Computing?

    I am looking for a tool to simulate the authentication in MCC environment.

    I just need to know how to test the security level of communication channels during the session in the mobile cloud environment.

    Khaled Osama Darwish · Ain Shams University

    Sure, you can take a look for SONORA, MobiCloud, and CloudSim Projects. Also, if you have some of those resources please let me know 

  • Peter T Breuer added an answer:
    Question in simulations - do people feel better when md5 ziped treearchs would be able to exeed maximal path length in os ?

    Is there a possibility as engineer to comprimise treedepth to an md5 hash sum path description - yes - so template engineering but - if people could use databases with hierarchies they would easily like to describe this own frameformat in the treeview itselve. Isn't it ?

    Peter T Breuer · Birmingham City University

    "you would surely only give me reason with it if i give - while that so ?? is". What? Is there a problem there? I don't speak german, despite my name, and that isn't german! What is that? Lower Saxon? I could manage high german if you prefer to write that. Perhaps that would help? Vieleicht willst Du gerner was Du meinst auf (Hoch)Deutsch schreiben?

  • Arooj Fatima added an answer:
    What is the most important consideration in the initial planning of software solutions(or packages) development?

    * Example solution : healthcare solution(eg. EHR,EMR), financial solution, EPM Solution,...

    Arooj Fatima · Anglia Ruskin University

    In my opinion the most important consideration is the target audience and then the requirement specification which includes project objectives, scope and persona users.  

  • Muhammad Iqbal Hossain added an answer:
    How do I measure FAN-OUT/FAN-IN?

    Fan-in is a measure of the number of functions or methods that call some other function or method (say X). Fan-out is the number of functions that are called by function X. It is used as a call graph based metrics. My question is how to measure fan-in/out from a call graph and where we can use this metrics?

    A sample call graph is given as follows.

    Muhammad Iqbal Hossain · Kyungpook National University

    Thanks Maya Daneva for your reply.
    I am trying to calculate fan in-out to measure dependency between functions. I am wondering if it is possible to evaluate my testing technique with this.

  • Jamil Ahmad added an answer:
    Is there any suggested literature on continuous systems simulation?
    I am interested in the study of continuous systems. Can anyone provide me with materials/links that deal extensively with the subject?
    Jamil Ahmad · National University of Science and Technology

    If you are familiar with computational models like automata, then you could also use continuous petri nets and the tool snoopy for simulation.

  • Maya Daneva added an answer:
    How can I measure size of software system by number of functions?

    In Procedural Programming structure a problem is divided into smaller sub-problems or sub-procedures which can be called as function. A software can be small, medium, large, extra large, ultra large etc. Is there any standard to measure the size of a system by number of functions? Can anyone give me some reference of surveys on it? For example 5-10 function(small), 10-50 functions(medium), 200+ function(extra large).

  • Stanimir Kabaivanov added an answer:
    What are the known issues for CAN Bus development with Infineon Dave3 for the XMC 4000 series?

    We are currently developing a 1Mbit CAN Bus Interface with the XMC 4500 chips for analog and digital car related sensors (RPM, Gyroscope, Pedals, Temperature). What are the known issues that have come up during the development of similar systems that one should be aware of and prepare for in advance?

    Stanimir Kabaivanov · Plovdiv University "Paisii Hilendarski"

    Well, honestly it is not that easy to provide a definite answer. I can try to answer it based on my experience but with the remark that this answer is still a kind of "speculative" :) one.

    In general to keep up the "responsiveness" of the bus and the nodes one should not have more than 30% bus load. If you go to 60-70% then you risk on loosing data (but of course this all depends a bit on the nodes too).

    I would recommend to use a calculator, like the one here:

  • Paul Anthony Dennis added an answer:
    How can I calculate intraclass correlations for a hierarchical data with binary outcomes?

    My modeled process has binary outcomes and site and region grouping. I am modeling it with a generalized linear mixed model (using GLIMMIX) and a diagonalized covariance structure. Typically I see covariance component based formulas for ICC calculation in the literature. GLIMMIX gives me the covariance of the site indicator and the region indicator variables but not the error variance I need to fill out the formulas. I have seen a suggestion to use 3.29 (pi**2/3) as the error variance when the dispersion is near 1.0, but am not sure this is right.

    Paul Anthony Dennis · Durham VA Medical Center, Durham, United States

    Instead of using a 'random intercept' statement, try modeling the R-side residuals with 'random _residual_'. This option can be used if dispersion is not equal to 1. Here's the support documentation:

    Hope that helps!

  • Wishnu Prasetya added an answer:
    How can I create state model representation in Model based testing?

    Model based testing is a derivative of Unified Modeling Language (UML) concepts. Usually state machine diagram, interaction diagram etc are used to represent the behavior of system. ATM, Elevator, Vending machines are popular examples for deriving these diagrams. I think these examples are easy to represent in UML diagrams because they contain states and transition. What about other examples which doesn't have explicit state or transition? Like triangle program, sorting problem or search program etc. How can I represent them with state machine?

    Wishnu Prasetya · Universiteit Utrecht

    Well, the Triangle program, or a sorting program, behave more like mathematical functions.  These things do not have a concept of state; so a state machine is not a sensical way to model their behavior. Indeed, they may have internal state (e.g. the value of some local variables at some point in their statement), but their progress from one internal state to another is not something you can control from its interface; to point out that a state machine is not an appropriate way to drive their testing. 

  • Guido Governatori added an answer:
    Are there catalogs with examples of commonsense inference (plausible inference)?

    I am interested in assessing how well certain probabilistic logic languages such as Problog2 implement plausible reasoning, an example of which is "explaining away".

    There are only a few references within AI/Math (see below) which describe patterns of plausible reasoning which are part of human commonsense. My interest is specifically causal plausible (plausal?) inference.

    Are you aware of any philosophy or psychology scholars that I might consult to find references within those domains? Ideally I want extensive catalogs of commonsense reasoning patterns, or plausible reasoning patterns, with examples.

    Patterns of Plausible Reasoning References

    V. Lifschitz, “Benchmark problems for formal nonmonotonic reasoning,” Non-Monotonic Reason., no. June 1988, pp. 202–219, 1989.

    Polya, George, George Pólya, and George Pólya. Patterns of plausible inference. Vol. 968. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1968.

    Guido Governatori · National ICT Australia Ltd

    A good collection of common sense problems is maintained by Leora Morgensten at 

  • Juha-pekka Tolvanen added an answer:
    Any advice on designing a graphical diagram system to develop accounting software?

    in this i mainly targeting on identify drag and drop components to the interface creation and getting use of oop cocept and use of design pattern go to the gui and auto generating part so that still.i haven,t no idea i can climb this me a path?in this accounting mean that programme out the reports that need for accounting i want to create a tool that help to people that haven't knowledge about programming they never touch on the language part .help me to enter this it ok with go though database or gui.

    Juha-pekka Tolvanen · MetaCase

    If your interest is to specify - as far as I understood – GUI elements then most likely domain-specific languages like IFML will do the job. Your users woudl then model with ’sceen’, ’button’, ’navigation’ concepts and not programming concepts like classes, inheritance etc of UML.

    If you interest is to go beyind GUI and addess also business logic of accounting and ask users to specify them I woudl then provide a domain-specific language for them. That language would most likely model ’data’, ’transction’, or be even specific for accounting including ’banking day’ etc. as language constructs.

    For case of this approach see:

  • Bekk Okk added an answer:
    Can we embed sql with php or any other markup-language?

    can I use sql with php , javascript , css , html? 

    Bekk Okk · Abou Bakr Belkaid University of Tlemcen

    if you mean mysql (by sql) y can do it using querries:

    now in javascript you can't do that --> you need to use ajax

    html and css are for web page creation and design only u must use php (<?php ..... ?>.

  • Jayani Palansooriya added an answer:
    Is anyone familiar with developing a part of speech tagger?

    I am trying to develop a Sinhala (my mother-tongue) grammar checker using a POS tagger. Please let me know how I can start to develop the POS tagger.

    Thank you.

    Jayani Palansooriya · Uva Wellassa University

    I could  load the website Mr.Antoon .

  • Wishnu Prasetya added an answer:
    Can anyone suggest an application domain that I can use for a case study that contains complex data?

    I am trying to model an application domain in UML that I can use as case study for my research. I will disclose details if necessary.

    Wishnu Prasetya · Universiteit Utrecht

    How about software that parse XML documents? (XML validator, XML transformer, XML query,...) 

  • Wishnu Prasetya added an answer:
    What are interaction related error in software testing and how to define them?

    In software testing we solve different kind of errors. What are interaction related error in software testing? Interaction means relationship between functions, module or components.
    How can we formally define an error?

    Wishnu Prasetya · Universiteit Utrecht

    It's an error that occurs when you compose modules f and g together, because one turns out to use the other outside the latter's assumed context.

  • Cheonsu Jeong added an answer:
    What is the impact of project management in the software engineering business?
    Project management
    Cheonsu Jeong · Samsung

    There are four variables: cost, time, quality and scope.
    I think that scope definition is very important.
    Because the project is proceeding as requirements increase.

  • Tim A. Majchrzak added an answer:
    Is there anyone who can advise about those case studies of failure in Agile adoption?

    Although there are many case studies to propose success factors of Agile adoption, less reports have been published regarding real failure factors and their importance.

  • Stefan Gruner added an answer:
    When I do software quality assurance plan, in metrics section is there any methodology to choose the metrics?

    It's hard to chose a quality metric for each phase in software engineering life cycle is there a procedure to chose from them, also is there quality metric specifically to mobile phone application ?

    Stefan Gruner · University of Pretoria

    A number of years ago I co-authored a related paper: Though it is not (strictly speaking) about a choice-aid for metrics, it is (more generally) about a choice-aid for software development workflow models --- whereby, obviously, the choice of metrics cannot be made independently from the workflow models into which all possible metrics are somehow 'embedded'. You can find the old paper by following the link given below.


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Software engineering and the application of knowledge-based, simulation-based, data-driven, human-centred and automated approaches.

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