Social and Cultural Anthropology

Social and Cultural Anthropology

  • Charles Emlet added an answer:
    Courtesy stigma on family members with kin sick of tuberculosis. Is this feasible?
    I am working with my thesis and the area that I am very interested about is active tuberculosis courtesy stigma and its impact on the family members. I chose this topic because TB here in the Philippines is still a major health problem and one contributing factor that I observe restricts full TB control is that family, which suppose to be a good form of social support, is less studied and less regarded on anti-TB campaigns.
    Charles Emlet · University of Washington Tacoma
    There is , as you might know a strong TB-HIV co-infection issue around the world. You can find quite a bit of my stigma work on ResearchGate.
  • Shawna Buchholz added an answer:
    I would like to dialogue with individuals currently involved in CBPR with indigenous populations.
    I'll be looking more at social and historical determinants of health disparities, but I am even more specifically interested in looking at "upstream" issues (to coin John Snow!) that are perhaps more rooted in history and culture, resulting in what is today an abysmal situation for Native Americans.
    Shawna Buchholz · BC Centre for Disease Control
    I have a little background paper for you, vague but I think you will get most points. I am not certain how much you may already know about this history, so you may know some.
  • Robert Levy added an answer:
    Can anyone recommend any article/ book about ethnographic research of public transport in urban context?
    I am trying to formulate my phd proposal about racism in public spaces, and it seems that public transport is a quite neglected area, from anthropologists' point of view.
    Two books by Marc Auge: "In the Metro" and - very important - Non places.
  • Paola Villani added an answer:
    How can we explain the role of ideology in theorizing built environment or urban design?
    I am exploring the role of ideology in theorizing built environment. It means that in monotheistic religions that involve a large part of the world population (Christians, Muslims, Jews) have same faith unlike differences.

    It is possible that a built environment theory can be produced according to these similarities?
    Paola Villani · World Road Association
    Churches, places of worship and religious buildings come in all shapes and
    sizes; they are often united by superb architecture employed in homage to the
    deities and beliefs worshipped within. In the centuries in which religion has a significant weight, the mosque, the Church, places of worship, are large and majestic. In eras where there starts to atheism, public buildings and private buildings will be beautiful as a place of worship. In Italy from the Communes (10th century) came the first sign: from the steeples of churches has that first single, after became twofold, indicating the Administrative power and the power of the Church. But in Genoa, St. Lawrence Cathedral, the Church tower was built higher.
  • Farzad Navabakhsh added an answer:
    How can we relate morality and law ?
    Explaining law or its formation based upon morality
    Farzad Navabakhsh · University of Latvia
    Here are all the responses and views on religion and the law is written, read it carefully.
    Here's an important point neglected
    And it is written in the point of view of religion is a modern look, And also look at religion in a modern society is so different about the traditional concepts of religion and the law is not rational.
    While religion has traditionally belonged to the world, so when you say religion is in fact referring to the fact that the traditional world of the invention is to organize social relations.
    From this angle, the function of religion in the traditional world of crystals by physical laws, and these are the origin of sin and transgression
    But the man-made abuses by majority of people and it is a crime, not guilt. Ground and not the sky. The law is flexible and strong, but religion is absolute and unchangeable.
    And very different from other religions to convert a traditional community development block.
    There is also an obstacle oriented and rule of law is so synonymous with tradition and religious backwardness and modernity are compatible with the rule of law. Traditional society against the resistance.

    Ethics and Humanity is on the clothes of religion, society and totalitarianism and backwardness imposed on society and seriously hamper the development of any changes.
    But the law needs to be changed and Antbaq any society, whether it is developed or whatever.
    Ethics and Humanity is on the clothes of religion, society and totalitarianism and backwardness imposed on society and seriously hamper the development of any changes.
    But the law needs to be changed and Antbaq any society, whether it is developed or whatever.Ethics and Humanity is on the clothes of religion, society and totalitarianism and backwardness imposed on society and seriously hamper the development of any changes.
    But the law needs to be changed and Antbaq any society, whether it is developed or whatever.
  • Gavin Daker-White added an answer:
    What do you believe the main impact of the internet has been upon the production and publication of socio-cultural academic research?
    Ideally aimed towards researchers who have been published both before and after 'Web 2.0', but open to everyone. I would love to gain an understanding into any major differences in research/publication practices that have come about as a result of the internet, as well as your opinion on how resources like ResearchGate have impacted on you as a researcher. Any personal accounts/anecdotes welcome!
  • M. Smith-Dalton added an answer:
    Societal belief in the supernatural
    I am looking for either theoretical work, or fieldwork, or both, in any culture.
    I have found the books of Catherine L. Albanese very helpful; she is Professor of Religious Studies and J.F. Rowny Endowed Chair in Comparative Religions at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Her recent publications include A Republic of Mind and Spirit: A Cultural History of American Metaphysical Religion (Yale University Press, 2007) and Reconsidering Nature Religion (Trinity Press International, 2002). I consulted her books in writing my own latest book, A History of Spiritualism and the Occult in Salem, just published by the History Press.
  • Colin Mercer added an answer:
    How?
    How to benefit from anthropology and sociology in the analysis of literary text?
    I'd recommend Franco Moretti's work, especially his 'Signs Taken for Wonders'.
  • Linda Ashley added an answer:
    Hi...Is it possible to combine ethnography and grounded research?
    I’ve done my research with ethnography and found several themes. From those themes, I want to construct a substantive theory. Then the next step was to process ethnography data used grounded research. I still hesitate....Is it possible? is anyone has suchlike experience?
    Hi Atiek. I find your research area fascinating and perhaps my doctorate inquiry may be of relevance to you. I ran an ethnographic investigation using GT to analyse and interpret the data I collected. The thesis is entitled "Teaching dance form contextual perspectives in the New Zealand Curriculum..." Also the cultural/spatial aspects of your topic may have some small overlaps with mine. You can find the thesis on
    http://www.library.auckland.ac.nz
    I also endorse the advice given by the other commentators above and am really enjoying this exchange with people scattered around the globe.
    Other dance research using GT for data analysis can be found in these journals if helpful:
    Bannon, F. (2004). Towards creative practice in research in dance education. Research in Dance Education, 5(1), 25–43.
    Wilson, M. (2009). Dance pedagogy case studies: A grounded theory approach to analysing qualitative data. Research in Dance Education, 10(1), 3–16.
    Well we seem to have given you plenty to think about. My website, if you wish to contact me further is
    http://www.lindaashleyphd.com
    Best with your studies!
  • Shalome Kim Felder added an answer:
    How do environments influence intelligence and coping in regard to attaining good mental health for all races
    I am studying mental health with the open university and i am presently looking at racial discrimination and how it has affected non-english people in england. Racist views in the past have discussed such offensive things such as less intelligence and other hurtful opinions. I am looking for evidence to substantiate my belief that all people are created equal and that any inability to cope is purely individual.
    Shalome Kim Felder · Howard University
    Take a look at trauma in the context of urban poverty. There is a white paper titled Understanding how trauma and poverty impact family systems.
  • Sayedul Islam Montu asked a question:
    Why the people specially the politicians of Bangladesh influenced by the mystic's?
    The Influence of the mystic's on the peoples specially the politicians of Bangladesh is well documented. Politicians visit mystics regularly in regards to personal guidance as well as to improve current socio-political conditions.
  • Flavia Chevez added an answer:
    Any one else study geomythology ?
    Stugy of Mths that relate to natural events
    Flavia Chevez · Fundación Salvadoreña para la Salud y el Desarrollo Humano FUSAL
    There's a myth called The " Arbolarias" for a windy storms and they (Las Arbolarias) are responsible for take a lagoon from the original place and put it inside a volcano crater. They carried the lagoon inside a egg shell. I don't remember well but I can do a little research.
    (El Salvador)
  • Lucas Melo added an answer:
    What's the best theory to research on leisure, spaces of sociability in an urban city?
    I'm doing some research on spaces of sociability like sporting clubs. And I chose to investigate the foundation, the peak and the decline of these spaces. But what theory is the more approchable to explain that?
    Lucas Melo · Universidade Federal de Sergipe
    thanks Alfredo!
  • Larry Carlson added an answer:
    How have anthropologists studied 'struggles' (be it social, political or economic) of communities they engage with?
    Anthropological query into the whole matter of 'struggles'of people (be it social, economic or political) is quite different from that of other social sciences disciplines. With approaches like ethnography and participant observation, anthropologists seem to understand people and their everyday lives better.
    Larry Carlson · United Tribes Technical College
    Perhaps the phrase "might makes right" is ironic, not only because it shows that morality is only defined by those biased few who are in power, but because those in power are so often in the wrong. Though justice is supposed to be blind, it often ends up turning a blind eye on the injustices perpetrated by powerful Sophists and focusing instead upon the pecadillos of a few underlings. Not to be too political, but a quick case in point is the three strikes law here in the U.S. when applied in a world where fraudulent CEO's get off with a slap on the wrist with wet spaghetti: Leandro Andrade, some 30 years later, received two consecutive 25 year sentences in California after stealing 9 videotapes from two different K-Mart stores in a two week period, or the life sentence going to a shoddy repairman in the case of Rummel v. Estelle, cases upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court.
  • Larry Carlson added an answer:
    What role, if any, did other religions (Mithraism, Zoroastrianism, the cults of Osiris, Dionysius, Adonis) have in the development of Christianity?
    This question bears on the anthropology of religion
    Larry Carlson · United Tribes Technical College
    It is difficult to know what is speculative and what might reasonably accepted as fact. Freud claimed Moses was influenced by the monotheism of the Egyptian pharoah Akhenaten, but there is apparently no archeological evidence that Jews were even in Egypt or moved into Canaan (under the leadership of Joshua). Apparently there is evidence t mhat David existed but not kingdom. There is evidence that Solomon existed, but not that he orchestrated the building of the temple.. Also, he would have worshiped other gods besides Yahweh, so he wasn't even monotheistic. Anyway, the Zoroastrian of the Persians, who overran Babylon and released the Jews, encouraged a more dualistic approach to their religious thinking, as far as I can tell.
  • Dammar Lohorung asked a question:
    Social psychology in a contemporary societal context
    Group psychology is something which shapes a society in its progression. So, explanation to its (psychological) phenomena is a must for the future shaping of a society. Therefore, to know the societal context and its functioning becomes a must.
  • Raj Ratna Goswami added an answer:
    Looking for destruction myths that can be easily paired with creation myths – both well documented from oral tradition
    My name is Yaniv Messinger and I'm a PhD student in the Jewish and Comparative Folklore Program at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. I'm writing a dissertation titled "Creation Myths and Destruction Myth – Classification and Possible Connections" and I'm trying to build a corpus of stories to use in the research.
    By "destruction myths" I mean authoritative stories relating the past destruction of humanity, the world, or a significant part of either. So eschatological stories, for example, don't qualify. The biblical flood story is a good example, but the means of destruction doesn't have to be water.
    By "creation myths" I mean any story telling about the beginning – not necessarily a story with an active conscious creator, not even necessarily a story in which the world comes into existence from nothing or from a small nucleus.
    By "easily paired" I ideally mean two stories that were told by the same teller to the same recorder at the same session or sequence of sessions, but I would settle for any two stories that can be shown to have authority in the same community at the same time. If the same story relates both the beginning of the world and its (or humanity's) destruction – that's great, too.
    That part – the paring – is the trickiest. There are many sources for creation myths and for flood myths, and even a few places one can look for other destruction myths, but finding a creation myth and a destruction myth told by the same teller, or at least belonging to the same community, is more complicated – and that's why I'm looking for your help.
    By "well documented" I mean that the highest the documentation standard, the better. I wish I could have all the stories recorded and transcripted with both word-for-word and more readable translations, but again – I'll settle for less, if I have to, as long as the source is first-hand and reliable.

    I'd really appreciate any help!

    Thanks,
    Yaniv
    Raj Ratna Goswami · Archaeology Museum, jamnagar
    There is a mythological story too, which refers the incarnation of Vishnu, the great Hindu God, who saved the earth during the great flood as a giant fish, better named as the Matsyaavtaar.All these can be read on line. There are sites, by tags of Kalpa, Manvantras, Matsyavatara and Hindu theory of Yougas.
  • Charles Macdonald added an answer:
    Do institutions have an identity ?
    If I look at the aspects of identity of human beings, I find many things about personal identity, constructed through relations to groups (friends, family, ...), social norms within a given culture (or several cultures). But I wonder about these facts can be applied to institutions. Take for example an university. It has to communicate (web site, corporate communication), to exist within an environment (scientific, administrative, politic), and to interact with other actors (others universities, people, etc.). It also has an history, from a birth, to (maybe) a death or a fusion into something larger. All of these parameters allow interpreting that such an institution has in itself an identity (feeling of unity, feeling of being different from another one, feeling of being one entity from birth to end, etc.). But it cannot be the same as the identity of a person. Does anyone has an idea about that ?
    Charles Macdonald · French National Centre for Scientific Research
    An institution or group with a collective identity is called a "corporation". it is endowed with a quasi-personal identity. The French have good word for it. In French law this is called a "personne morale" (a moral person) as opposed to a "personne physique" (like an individual person). Defining a collective entity as a person or quasi-person is basic to the creation of what we call a "social" organization.
    Collective, person-like entities have been discussed by anthropologists under the caption of "corporate groups". See Fortes and Radcliffe-Brown on this.Corporate groups are defined by a certain number of traits, like having a center of authority, a common property, a territory, etc. but, as Henry Sumner Maine wrote long ago, such quasi-persons "never die" and members of such collective entities derive part of their own identities from it. One such corporation could be General Motors or a country, or a political party, a family, a kingdom, a sports team, a congregation, etc.
    One more point: corporations are (supposed to be) eternal (exist in perpetuity) and live on a higher plane than the simple people (physical persons) who belong to it. However they endow their members with certain traits or qualities that are essential to their individual definition. In other words they possess transcendence. Maybe you don't understand transcendence. Try "alienation". Alienation refers to something or someone "else" or "alien" (Latin alius). Alienation means the self is defined by someone or something other than the self.
    The whole social fabric in which we all live today is premised on this implicit theory of transcendence of and alienation by the corporate. Transcendence of the corporate principle is a most interesting illusion, probably the biggest con game of human history.
    The answer to the question "do institutions have an identity" is YES. The answer to the question of "what is this identity made of" is: the human capacity for alienation.
  • Alicia J. M. Colson added an answer:
    what is Generation ‘Y’ in New Media plese let me know
    Chandra sekhar
  • Anupam Anand added an answer:
    Food Advertisements targeting Children
    I am trying to put together an essay on food advertisements targeting children. Can anyone help me go about this topic using an anthropological approach. Thanks
    Anupam Anand · Averett University
    ^ True ... Unless you are an american and biased towards an imaginary 'white race' identity.
  • Jim Hickey added an answer:
    Are we at the dawning of the Age of Robots?
    Robots are taking over the battlefield, especially the air (drones) but increasingly land and water as well. Already the drones in the air are weaponized, and have been used by the U.S. for many strikes against persons, especially in the Afghan, Pakistan theater.

    It is only a matter of time before the land-based systems are also weaponized. Right now, they are supposedly used for things like defusing explosive devices and for recon, but I would make a very large bet that they soon are armed.

    Right now, the U.S. military is saying that there would always be a human being making the decision to kill ... but this will change as well. Ethicists are working away on proving that robots can be programmed to act on rules that make them more ethical than humans on the battlefield. (Of course the semantics of this assertion is debatable, along with the claim itself.)

    So much for the military. That aspect will soon be a fait accompli, and no one will weep for robots destroyed in combat.

    Then there is this amazing story from industry: Foxconn, a manufacturing firm (that makes iPhones), will be implementing 1 million robots over 2012-2015 to replace human workers, and of course to reduce labor costs. What makes this truly amazing is that Foxconn is in Taiwan, and its average monthly wage is just US$280. Wow. If the robots work economically at this wage scale, then America, Europe and Japan are compelled to follow the same policy, and soon. Of course, it has already begun in all three areas, especially in industries such as automotive, but I think we are talking about replacing almost any job that is the least bit repetitive, even including many of the service jobs. (Can a robot flip burgers?)

    Science Fiction writers have warned for years that there may come a day when robots become "smarter" than humans ... and when / if that day comes, as the robots continue to evolve at the speed of Moore's Law, some fear it will become impossible for humans to comprehend how smart they are.

    Are we at the dawning of the Age of Robots?

    --------------Regards, James
    Jim Hickey · Southeast Review of Media, Culture, and Politics
    Ola, Italo!

    Your suggestion would make an amazing novel. Are you a writer? I sense a certain je ne sais quoi in your expressions that suggests a literary bent.

    I'd love to stay in touch, in any event. Whether we will or no, transformational times are upon us. If you're not familiar with the music of Manu Chao, I highly recommend "Politics Is."

    The Grateful Dead, with whom you may or may not be familiar, also have a song that expresses what I'm asserting. "New Speedway Boogie" includes these lines:
    "Who can deny, who can deny, it's not just a change in style?
    One step down and another begun and I wonder how many miles.
    ...You can't overlook the lack, jack, of any other highway to ride.
    It's got no signs or dividing lines and very few rule to guide.
    I saw things getting out of hand, I guess they always will.
    Now I don't know but I been told
    If the horse don't pull you got to carry the load.
    I don't know whose back's that strong, maybe find out before too long.
    One way or another, one way or another,
    One way or another, this darkness got to give.

    "One way or another," something's got to give, though the shift needn't be helpful or sweet. In order for human benefit to result, we have to find a way to work together. That's what seems the case to me, anyway.

    Solidarity! Keep me posted, and

    Ciao for now,
    Jimbo
  • Uma Chandru added an answer:
    Does anyone know any theory related to the idea of cultural invasion?
    I'm doing a research about cultural invasion within masculinity. thanks a lot :)
    For a critical theoryl framework on the problem of cultural invasion in education and significance of language and speech look at Education and Cultural Invasion: Critical Social Theory, Education as Instruction, and the "Pedagogy of the Oppressed" by Dieter Misgeld in Critical Theory and Public Life, edited by John Forester. 1985 MIT Press
  • Bala Battu added an answer:
    I did my PhD on NGOs and watershed management:peoples participation and impact on the farmers of prakasam district. A.P. India. I want to know any res...
    I want to know any research works in anthropology related to NGOs in India or abroad.
    http://www.indiana.edu/~alldrp/members/ostrom.html

    Dear Prabhakar
    You can see this page
  • Peter Hodgkinson Obe asked a question:
    I would appreciate information about anthropological explanations / understanding of capital punishment.
    I am editing 2 collections about capital punishment for Ashgate Press and would welcome submissions from the range of associated academic / practitioner disciplines including: religion, anthropology, law, medicine, psychiatry, victimology, philosophy, political theory, psychology, penal policy, criminology, sociology, etc.
  • Vinay Limbu asked a question:
    I am in initial stage of research and my area of concern is on limbu tribes of darjeeling hills in west bengal india .i just wanted to know is their...
    I am in initial stage of research and my area of concern is on limbu tribes of darjeeling hills in west bengal india .i just wanted to know is their any related work on the same tribe or any related tribes of darjeeling hills?
  • Eshah a. wahab added an answer:
    Many said religion is homogeneity. If religion and traditional rituals combined and changed, does this means it is heterogeneity? Any theory to this...
    Many said religion is homogeneity. If religion and traditional rituals combined and changed, does this means it is heterogeneity? Any theory to this phenomenon?
    Eshah a. wahab · University of Malaya
    Thank you very much on your comment and opinion.
  • Andrey Zagorulko added an answer:
    What is difference between cultural diffusion and cultural drift?
    Both of this notions mean a penetration of elements of one culture to another one
    Andrey Zagorulko · Institute for heritage
    ОК Difference (diffusion or drift) is indicated in archaeological records in many ways. Anyway both of processes have different rapid of evolution, drift slowly grow inside community, diffusion fastly replace old elements. Archaeologist can trace step-by-step process of drift, but he must be lucky with site.
  • Syed Abdul Akbar Shah added an answer:
    Input for selecting Research Area/Topic for future research/Ph.D
    Dear All,

    I am a Social Anthropologist. I am interested in Anthropology of Religion and Anthropology and/of Development. During my M.Sc and M. Phil, I have conducted impact studies focussing on indidenous practices in the Northern Pakistan. I had been working with international organizations for about three years and now I am working as a Civil Servent. For my Ph.D, I want to work on the Bureaucratic Structure of Pakistan. I need your suggestions to narrow down my topic for which you all are requested to share recent researches, references and ideas. Regards
    Thank you very much Barry, I am obliged. Let me get through this book first. I would like to share the different areas/request of/for help made by people with you as well as you are really helping to narrow down my topic.
  • Giulia Casentini added an answer:
    Has some one any information "on German colonization of northern Ghana".
    Am writing A paper on German colonization of northern Ghana and most importantly the resistance of The Konkombas. I want some literature on in Thanks
    Giulia Casentini · Università degli Studi di Siena
    Dear Mr. Akuamoah, I've worked on the same topic for my PhD research, so I hope I can give you some information.
    There is not yet a comprehensive work on this topic, especially with regard to Konkombas, but there is some books and articles that can provide some historical informations about it.
    SCHUERKENS, Ulrike, 2001, Du Togo alllemand aux Togo et Ghana indépendants, Paris, L’Harmattan.
    TALTON, Benjamin A., 2010, Politics of social change in Northern Ghana. The Konkomba struggle for political equality. New York, Palgrave Macmillan.
    TCHAM, Badjow, 1994, “Le pays Konkomba: l’impossible pacification (1896-1946)”, in N. L. GAYIBOR (sous la direction de) Les Togolais face a la colonisation, Lomé, Presses de l’UB.
    KNOLL, Arthur, 1978, Togo under Imperial Germany (1884-1914), Stanford University Press.
    MAASOLE, Cliff S., 2006, The Konkomba and their neighbours. From the pre-european period to 1914, Accra, Ghana University Press. (you can easily find this book at the Legon bookshop).
    Have a nice day and good luck for your job!
    Giulia Casentini
  • Irina Pechonkina added an answer:
    What is the role of christian education in organizational leadership?
    Christian eduction as empowerment with transformational skills
    Irina Pechonkina · Math and Physical Lyceum
    Thank you, Edward Allen!My mail is: pechonkina.58@mail.ru
    Irina

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