Social Media

Social Media

  • Christa Van Staden added an answer:
    Which Theoretical Framework and Method would be best for a study of Social Media based library outreach?

    I'm going to propose a PhD study on " Role of Social Media in Academic Library Outreach in Developing Countries" and choose exploratory sequential mixed methods design of Grounded theory. I'm still confused what theoretical framework would be best fit for this kind of study.

    The study will explore the real situation of academic libraries on the ground in selected developing countries, to develop guidelines for successful outreach through social media, and to contribute to the progress of a stronger theoretical framework to support the development of information services within those countries and beyond. 

    Christa Van Staden · University of South Africa

    I would suggest Social Network Analysis

  • Morgane Aubineau added an answer:
    Can anyone recommend me literature on students´ identities construction in the school setting?

    Hi, I am particularly interested on related literature on identity´s construction through peer relations and/or the use of digital technologies among teenagers. Thank you!

    Morgane Aubineau · University of Toulouse II - Le Mirail

    Hi Paulina,

    There is some tools you may find interested and related to your topic:

    - My Life in School CheckList (Arora & Thompson, 1987)

    - Social Inclusion Survey (Frederickson & Graham, 1999)

    - Social Support Scale for Children (Harter, 1985)

    - Loneliness and Friendship Qualities Scales (Asher, Hymel, & Renshaw, 1984; Bukowski, Hoza, & Boivin, 1994)

    - Asher Loneliness Scale (Asher et al., 1984)

    - Social Networks and Friendship Survey (Cairns and Cairns 1994)

    - Psychological Sense of School Membership (Goodenow, 1993) 

    This article, for exemple, is interesting and even if it's about autistic children, you may find some elements which could help:

    Kasari, C., Locke, J., Gulsrud, A., & Rotheram-Fuller, E. (2011). Social networks and friendships at school: Comparing children with and without ASD. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 41(5), 533-544.

    Finally, this tool is not exactly close to your topic but might be interested: Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents (Harter, 1988) 

    Enjoy your research!

  • Andrea Bundon added an answer:
    Social media vs Social capital
    Hi everyone, My name is Sara and I am interested in the possibilities social media provide in order to gather/ share social capital.
    Andrea Bundon · Loughborough University

    Hi Sara - 

    You might be interested in my paper on the use of social media by athletes with disabilities as a means of fostering social connectedness and accumulating social capital - 

    Bundon, A., & Hurd Clarke, L. (2015). Unless you go online you are on your own: blogging as a bridge in para-sport. Disability & Society, 30(2), 185-198.

  • Ammar Halabi added an answer:
    Where to find facts about ICT use in Syria?
    I am currently doing qualitative research related to community use of online tools in Syira. As in other research topics, it would be very helpful to contextualize the observations by accounting for hard facts about the use of Internet, social media, and mobile devices.

    Finding reliable sources is probably a challenging task because of the nature of the current situation of Syria, but still, any hints are welcome. I will also list any relevant sources I find along the way.

    Ammar Halabi · Université de Fribourg

    And here is a small body of literature (mainly related to the role of ICT and social media in activism):

    • Fischer, Florian. 2013. “Cascades of Collective Action? Analyzing the Impact of Protest History and Social Media on Regime Change in the Context of the 2011 Uprisings in Egypt and Syria.” 01/2013. CGP Working Papers. Berlin.
    • Ghannam, Jeffrey. 2011. “Social Media in the Arab World: Leading up to the Uprisings of 2011.”
    • Stepanova, Ekaterina. 2011. “The Role of Information Communication Technologies in the ‘Arab Spring.’” 159. PONARS Eurasia Policy Memos.
    • Youmans, William Lafi, and Jillian C. York. 2012. “Social Media and the Activist Toolkit: User Agreements, Corporate Interests, and the Information Infrastructure of Modern Social Movements.” Journal of Communication 62 (2): 315–29.

    And a a blog post I wrote previously with a short overview on the use of social media among Syrians:

    • Halabi, Ammar. 2014. “The Use of Social Media in Syria.” 
  • Mary Bresnahan added an answer:
    Is anyone familiar with the research into the emotion of remorse?
    My undergraduate research group is interested in comparing anger and remorse as responses people might have when they are doing something or have done something negative to another person. They are also studying how well people can express emotions like these with online tools or in social media contexts.
    Mary Bresnahan · Michigan State University

    How do you define remorse and how is it conceptually different from either guilt or shame?  Also how do you measure remorse? 

  • Gregory D. Saxton added an answer:
    How can we get data from Twitter (for discourse analysis)?
    I need such data for my project.
    Gregory D. Saxton · State University of New York

    You're welcome! I would say that if you have a PC and you only need a static, one-time download, then something like NodeXL might be the way to go (I've never used it). If, on the other hand, you'll be doing repeated downloads (downloading tweets over time, for instance), then you'll need to get into using a database. This will avoid duplicates, among other benefits. That's where my tutorials come in -- showing how to use Python to pull the tweets and put them in the database. 

  • Ana-Despina Tudor added an answer:
    What's the relationship between social support and empowerment?

    I am doing research (content analysis) on empowering LGBT youth through social media participation (Youtube). I am looking at what people post (videos and comments), but I don't exactly know what content is really empowering.

    I found a lot of literature on social support that analyzes forums and comments and it seems that giving and receiving opinions and advice has a sort of empowering effect upon people. However, I haven't found any clearly stated connection between social support and empowerment.

    Can anyone help me clarify this? Any input is much appreciated.

    Thank you!


    Ana-Despina Tudor · Technische Universität Ilmenau

    Thank you Glenn! I will check the sources you indicated. 

  • Mariia Rubtcova added an answer:
    Is there any mechanism or proposed framework to analyze how social media (use) impact online/offline political participation?

    Like social media use affects people's interests in politics, helps people to engage political conversation(expression), and thus leads to the increase of offline political participation. 

    Mariia Rubtcova · Saint Petersburg State University

    I think that the fact that social media are put under control in Russia proves the fact of their influence

  • Urs E. Gattiker added an answer:
    Does anyone have any research on work-related social media and similar concepts?

    Both for my bachelor thesis as my current line of research, I'm trying to develop a theory in which social media in a work-related context is key. As far as my current work goes, I'm theorizing that it can enhance, and ultimately replace most mid-level communication efforts by organizaitons.

    This line of thought is relatively new with only about five published articles on this subject in 2014. Now, a year ahead, there are many many more articles on this subject. However, I found that a lot of research prior to 2014 was published that address this topic but with different terminology.

    Work-related social media is described in my current work as:

    This study proposes therefore that social media are internet based applications, that facilitate the consumption, creation and exchange of content, and enable real time, two-way communication between people, disregarding space-time barriers. Specifically, this study is interested in social media use in a work-related context (i.e. discussing of policies, collaborating on projects, socializing with colleagues), also known as work-related social media use.

    My question then, is if any of you know of work that has studied similar concepts but under different names?

    Urs E. Gattiker · DrKPI - CyTRAP Labs


    This is an interesting question. Maybe the first thing needed is a clear distinction between

    - internal / external use of social media

    - what is social media (communication with various technology-mediated tools such as social networks, blogs, discussion forums, etc.) in the context of your study (as you DEFINED ABOVE IN OUR POST), AND

    - what is its use supposed to accomplish.

    What data do show is that workers that use social media perceive higher stress levels and show reduced productivity: (see article and download research paper).

    Good luck with this important work.


  • Vincenzo Zanon added an answer:
    Does anyone know any information sources about the association between 'fashion' and obesity?

    I am majoring in Public Health and currently looking into the association between lifestyle and obesity as my Ph.D. program. Prior to the research topic in the question, I have conducted a research about domestic dietary environment and obesity prevalence in each ethnic group in Malaysia through a long-term fieldwork since 2013. 

    As my current/future research, I am paying attention to a wide range of environmental and sociocultural aspects as potential factors to obesity: one's belief, relationship with others, what to wear and so on. Among them, I assume that possibility to obesity will also be impacted by what to wear especially considering that young population are generally attracted to fashion via social-media, etc. However, there's no previous studies about the significant association with overweight/obesity so far. 

    Therefore, if there would be anyone who can tell me something on this topic, it would be really helpful and appreciated. 

  • Charles O Kaufman added an answer:
    Have you seen instances of fabricated, fake or misleading news?

    I'm looking for sources or actual stories (trending or past ones) in which unverified (fake, fabricated or intentionally misleading) news were passed for bona fide reporting. Any topic will be of interest -  from major international events to retracted company statements and doping in sports. I'm curious about cases in both mainstream or social media.

    If you've seen such story developments, I'd appreciate a link and your comment on how you see it relevant, or what you know about it. Do you consider it deception, and if so, and why? If not, what is it then? What impact has the fake news piece had on who in your opinion?

    Thanks so much! VR

    Charles O Kaufman · Texas State University

    Look at the recent Seymour Hersh report on alleged lying about the mission to kill Osama Ben Ladin. 

  • Tayeb Benouaz added an answer:
    Do you use social media to communicate your science? If so, how?
    I'm currently compiling case studies of scientists using social media and blogs effectively to communicate about their science to the general public.
    Tayeb Benouaz · Abou Bakr Belkaid University of Tlemcen

    We can use social media for communicate Scientific Resulsts, but not share as Journal!! 

  • Quist-Aphetsi Kester added an answer:
    I am interested in the possibility of using social media for historical research,, has anyone done this before?

    There are many possible applications for this; for example, analyzing Twitter messages in Baltimore and comparing those with events on the ground. Are those types of messages "archived" somewhere? Has anyone used social media in this manner?

    Quist-Aphetsi Kester · University of Cape Coast

    yeah, lots of work on that.

  • Robert Cassen added an answer:
    When and where should we use technology for education--in the classroom, outside the classroom, or both?

    I think most of us would agree that Technology Assisted Education (TAE), including both general technology and technology specifically for educational purposes, is of immense value for students of any age in any Learning Environment (LE).  However, the attached article points out some serious impediments to learning when allowing free and open access to laptops, tablets, and smart phones in the classroom.  Should these be "banned" from classrooms?  Should technology for education be focused primarily on outside class activities--homework, research, group activities, reading, testing, and the like? 

    Robert Cassen · The London School of Economics and Political Science

    We have a chapter on ICT in the classroom, which will help to answer your question. Publication next week - see flyer attached.

    Best, RHC

  • Gilbert Brands added an answer:
    What are the techniques can be used to protect privacy in crowdsourcing?

    I am interest to find some techniques to protect privacy for sensitive data which is to be published in social media for example.

    Gilbert Brands · Hochschule Emden/Leer

    You should put other questions first: 1. Who has access to which databases? 2. Who is interested in breaking the privacy of a special person?

    If i.e. a person interested in braking the privacy can observe who is coming to an interrogation to your bureau, all electronic measures will be senseless.

  • Narayanan Bhattathiri added an answer:
    Social media: Downvoting and degrading in social networks – What are the reasons? - What are the reactions?
    We have recently seen a lot of down-votings in some threads. We also saw different kinds of reactions on this phenomenon. I would like to ask a question about these reactions.

    First I assume that there are several possible reasons for downvotings: dissent – misunderstandings – misuse of buttons without knowing it– a social scientist who writes a paper about the reactions – a test carried out by RG – some technical problem, etc.

    I would like to have a discussion about the reactions on the part of researchers. We have seen calls to ban down-voters or to cancel their anonymity. Elections in democracies are anonymous and there are good reasons for this. I think most of us agree about some basic traits of democracy, the right to stay anonymous is among them. What about these basics in social media?
    Narayanan Bhattathiri · Sansar

    I wonder why they don't make up voting anonymous. May be both should be same?


  • Yulia A. Strekalova added an answer:
    Is there research on the effect hashtags can have on viral topics/communication?

    I'm searching for papers on the effect hashtags can have on online communication.

    Yulia A. Strekalova · University of Florida

    Theoretically, hashtags can be viewed as signals of communication. As such, semantics research and theory would be relevant.

    And here is some research on topic of hashtags and social contagion (mostly from published conference proceedings from the information science field, which may or may not be directly applicable to social sciences and communication)

    Romero, D. M., Meeder, B., & Kleinberg, J. (2011, March). Differences in the mechanics of information diffusion across topics: idioms, political hashtags, and complex contagion on twitter. In Proceedings of the 20th international conference on World wide web (pp. 695-704). ACM.

    Hodas, N. O., & Lerman, K. (2012, September). How visibility and divided attention constrain social contagion. In Privacy, Security, Risk and Trust (PASSAT), 2012 International Conference on and 2012 International Confernece on Social Computing (SocialCom) (pp. 249-257). IEEE.

    Lin, Y. R., Margolin, D., Keegan, B., Baronchelli, A., & Lazer, D. (2013). # Bigbirds Never Die: Understanding Social Dynamics of Emergent Hashtag. arXiv preprint arXiv:1303.7144. (

    Tsur, O., & Rappoport, A. (2012, February). What's in a hashtag?: content based prediction of the spread of ideas in microblogging communities. In Proceedings of the fifth ACM international conference on Web search and data mining (pp. 643-652). ACM.

    Ozdikis, O., Senkul, P., & Oguztuzun, H. (2012). Semantic expansion of hashtags for enhanced event detection in Twitter. In Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Online Social Systems. (

  • Faisal Rasool added an answer:
    Can social media be an enabler for better co-creation outcomes? Are there any papers specific to this issue?
    How different tools of social media can help co-creation outcomes to become more fruitful for both the parties involved
    Faisal Rasool · Asian Institute of Technology

    You might find Article "From Social Media to Social Product Development: The Impact of Social Media on Co-Creation of Innovation" By Frank Piller and fellow writers published in 2011.

    Attached is the link to article

  • Tausif Alam added an answer:
    Should social media sites support companies/organisations in their efforts to regulate employees' disclosure of confidential information?

    What is your opinion on regulation of employee's disclosure of confidential information ?

    Tausif Alam · University of Wisconsin–Madison

    Dear Nadeem,

    Two of the defining traits of contemporary men are greed and laziness. Put them together and a sufficiently motivated person or a group can just about achieve anything by tapping into these traits.

    If it weren't for these two traits, NAFTA, Walmart (principles of their business) etc would not have been possible without some serious modifications.

    It may seem like a defeatist attitude but as far as the privacy issue is concerned, there really isn't any issue; the story is already over, the public has none of it. 

    I recall an interesting money making strategy related to privacy about which I read recently; evidently, for an additional ~$70-100/month AT&T would suppress your browser viewing history from prying eyes of others. I imagine that the government and their own marketing staff would be excluded from this limitation.

  • Anna-Maria Hintz added an answer:
    Can anyone help with studies involving the influences of social media and technology on juveniles in relation to crime?

    I'm looking for social theory studies that involve juveniles and the influences of social media and technology on their participation, complacency or attitudes on crime.

    Anna-Maria Hintz · Universität Siegen


    maybe the research of the German researcher Christian Pfeiffer (Kriminologisches Forschungsinstitut Niedersachsen e.V.) and colleagues might be helpful.

    I am not sure though whether they published their results focussing media, juveniles and crime in English, too.

  • Arhan Sthapit added an answer:
    Could you advise past literature and methodology for studying the impact of social media promotions on customers' purchase of air travel services?

    Kindly advise me on past literature and methodology for studying the impact of social media promotions on customers' purchase of air travel services.

    Arhan Sthapit · Tribhuvan University

    Thank you so much, Mr Mohammad Nadeem, AW Awan, Ms Yang Feng, 

  • Bin Jiang added an answer:
    How can I make quantitative analyses of big data with social media messages?
    I make quantitative analyses of social media using the topic and a comparison in the percentages. Are there other analysis methods?
    Bin Jiang · Högskolan i Gävle

    Head/tail breaks is an effective approach for the kind of analysis; see examples below:

    Jiang B. and Miao Y. (2014), The evolution of natural cities from the perspective of location-based social media, The Professional Geographer, xx(xx), xx-xx, DOI: 10.1080/00330124.2014.968886,  Preprint:

    Jiang B. (2015a), Head/tail breaks for visualization of city structure and dynamics, Cities, 43, 69-77.

    Jiang B. and Yin J. (2014), Ht-index for quantifying the fractal or scaling structure of geographic features, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 104(3), 530–541.

    Jiang B. (2013), Head/tail breaks: A new classification scheme for data with a heavy-tailed distribution, The Professional Geographer, 65 (3), 482 – 494.

  • Pam Carter added an answer:
    Could anyone suggest interesting publications related with an ethnographic approximation to the production and circulation of documents?

    I am currently making my phd on ethnographic approximations to the production and circulation of documents. I am interesting in similar approaches  of Annelise Riles work on documents as artifacts of modern knoweldge (2006). I am flowing in STS's sensibilities and, in general, works which takes materiality as a main feature of social production (Deleuze studies, ANT descriptions and so on). Thanks in advance. 

    Pam Carter · University of Leicester

    You may be interested in an article from my own Phd research

  • Bin Jiang added an answer:
    What are the best tools for Big data Graph analysis?

    I am interested in tools which are used for Big Data Graph analysis. To extract some useful information from Massive graphs e.g social media graphs.

    Bin Jiang · Högskolan i Gävle

    try head/tail breaks:

    Jiang B. (2015), Head/tail breaks for visualization of city structure and dynamics, Cities, 43, 69-77, Preprint:

    Jiang B. and Miao Y. (2014), The evolution of natural cities from the perspective of location-based social media, The Professional Geographer, xx(xx), xx-xx, DOI: 10.1080/00330124.2014.968886,  Preprint:

    Jiang B., Duan Y., Lu F., Yang T. and Zhao J. (2014), Topological structure of urban street networks from the perspective of degree correlations, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 41(5), 813-828.

  • Bimo Hernowo added an answer:
    Social Media in South East Asia - Approaches & Problems?
    It feels like social media in South East Asia is still mostly a 'chatting & gaming tool'. What's your take on it and how could we change this perception?
  • Ademir Macedo Nascimento added an answer:
    Are there any cases of companies that use social networks sites to improve company processes?

    For example: collecting information of followers to know what can improve in the company.

    Ademir Macedo Nascimento · Universidade de Pernambuco

    Actually, I'm thinking in use of social media as an input for organizations (not for disclosure).

  • Daniel Krutka added an answer:
    How has social media been incorporated in social studies teaching?

    I'm interested in identifying examples of the ways in which teachers are incorporating social media into social studies classes in secondary schools as well as the obstacles teacher might have encountered in their efforts to bring social media into the learning process.

    Daniel Krutka · Texas Woman's University

    Just seeing this post, Wayne. I have an article under review on how social studies educators use Twitter, but here the ones I know off the top of my head: 

    Journell, W., Ayers, C. A., & Beeson, M. W. (2013). Joining the conversation: Twitter as a tool for student political engagement. In The Educational Forum (77) 4, 466-480. 

    Krutka, D. G. (2014). Democratic Twittering. Social Education, 78(2), 86-89.

    Krutka, D. G. (2014). Social media as a catalyst for convergence culture: Immersing pre-service social studies teachers in the social media terrain. In W. B. Russell (Ed.), Digital social studies (pp. 271–302). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.

    Krutka, D. G., & Milton, M. K. (2013). The Enlightenment meets Twitter: Using social media in the social studies classroom. The Ohio Social Studies Review, 50(2).

    Lee, V. R., Shelton, B. R., Walker, A., Caswell, T., & Jensen, M. (2012). Retweeting history: Exploring the intersection of microblogging and problem-based learning for historical reenactments. In K. K. Seo & D. A. Pellegrino (Eds.) Designing problem-driven instruction with online social media, (pp. 23-40). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.

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