Social Media

Social Media

  • Robert Cassen added an answer:
    When and where should we use technology for education--in the classroom, outside the classroom, or both?

    I think most of us would agree that Technology Assisted Education (TAE), including both general technology and technology specifically for educational purposes, is of immense value for students of any age in any Learning Environment (LE).  However, the attached article points out some serious impediments to learning when allowing free and open access to laptops, tablets, and smart phones in the classroom.  Should these be "banned" from classrooms?  Should technology for education be focused primarily on outside class activities--homework, research, group activities, reading, testing, and the like? 

    Robert Cassen · The London School of Economics and Political Science

    We have a chapter on ICT in the classroom, which will help to answer your question. Publication next week - see flyer attached.

    Best, RHC

  • Rodrigo Ruiz added an answer:
    What are the techniques can be used to protect privacy in crowdsourcing?

    I am interest to find some techniques to protect privacy for sensitive data which is to be published in social media for example.

    Rodrigo Ruiz · Centro de Tecnologia da Informação Renato Archer

    Privacy on social media is impossible, "social" is same that "public", if you provide any information, about you, the society is own the data and may replicate this out of the private comunity. The social media servers, can be unautorized open and leak your data. Remeber sony.

    All you browser as a private browsing on your computer is compromissed.

  • Narayanan Bhattathiri added an answer:
    Social media: Downvoting and degrading in social networks – What are the reasons? - What are the reactions?
    We have recently seen a lot of down-votings in some threads. We also saw different kinds of reactions on this phenomenon. I would like to ask a question about these reactions.

    First I assume that there are several possible reasons for downvotings: dissent – misunderstandings – misuse of buttons without knowing it– a social scientist who writes a paper about the reactions – a test carried out by RG – some technical problem, etc.

    I would like to have a discussion about the reactions on the part of researchers. We have seen calls to ban down-voters or to cancel their anonymity. Elections in democracies are anonymous and there are good reasons for this. I think most of us agree about some basic traits of democracy, the right to stay anonymous is among them. What about these basics in social media?

    I wonder why they don't make up voting anonymous. May be both should be same?


  • Yulia A. Strekalova added an answer:
    Is there research on the effect hashtags can have on viral topics/communication?

    I'm searching for papers on the effect hashtags can have on online communication.

    Yulia A. Strekalova · University of Florida

    Theoretically, hashtags can be viewed as signals of communication. As such, semantics research and theory would be relevant.

    And here is some research on topic of hashtags and social contagion (mostly from published conference proceedings from the information science field, which may or may not be directly applicable to social sciences and communication)

    Romero, D. M., Meeder, B., & Kleinberg, J. (2011, March). Differences in the mechanics of information diffusion across topics: idioms, political hashtags, and complex contagion on twitter. In Proceedings of the 20th international conference on World wide web (pp. 695-704). ACM.

    Hodas, N. O., & Lerman, K. (2012, September). How visibility and divided attention constrain social contagion. In Privacy, Security, Risk and Trust (PASSAT), 2012 International Conference on and 2012 International Confernece on Social Computing (SocialCom) (pp. 249-257). IEEE.

    Lin, Y. R., Margolin, D., Keegan, B., Baronchelli, A., & Lazer, D. (2013). # Bigbirds Never Die: Understanding Social Dynamics of Emergent Hashtag. arXiv preprint arXiv:1303.7144. (

    Tsur, O., & Rappoport, A. (2012, February). What's in a hashtag?: content based prediction of the spread of ideas in microblogging communities. In Proceedings of the fifth ACM international conference on Web search and data mining (pp. 643-652). ACM.

    Ozdikis, O., Senkul, P., & Oguztuzun, H. (2012). Semantic expansion of hashtags for enhanced event detection in Twitter. In Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Online Social Systems. (

  • Faisal Rasool added an answer:
    Can social media be an enabler for better co-creation outcomes? Are there any papers specific to this issue?
    How different tools of social media can help co-creation outcomes to become more fruitful for both the parties involved
    Faisal Rasool · Asian Institute of Technology

    You might find Article "From Social Media to Social Product Development: The Impact of Social Media on Co-Creation of Innovation" By Frank Piller and fellow writers published in 2011.

    Attached is the link to article

  • Leo Yohannan added an answer:
    What are the drivers of brand consumption in social media (Facebook) community?

    Kindly advise me on past literature and methodology for studying brand consumption in social media (Facebook) community.

    Leo Yohannan · University of Bedfordshire

    Thank you Prof. Mohammed and Vishal for taking the time to share all of that great information with me. Your support and advice have been extremely helpful.

  • Tausif Alam added an answer:
    Should social media sites support companies/organisations in their efforts to regulate employees' disclosure of confidential information?

    What is your opinion on regulation of employee's disclosure of confidential information ?

    Tausif Alam · University of Wisconsin–Madison

    Dear Nadeem,

    Two of the defining traits of contemporary men are greed and laziness. Put them together and a sufficiently motivated person or a group can just about achieve anything by tapping into these traits.

    If it weren't for these two traits, NAFTA, Walmart (principles of their business) etc would not have been possible without some serious modifications.

    It may seem like a defeatist attitude but as far as the privacy issue is concerned, there really isn't any issue; the story is already over, the public has none of it. 

    I recall an interesting money making strategy related to privacy about which I read recently; evidently, for an additional ~$70-100/month AT&T would suppress your browser viewing history from prying eyes of others. I imagine that the government and their own marketing staff would be excluded from this limitation.

  • Anna-Maria Hintz added an answer:
    Can anyone help with studies involving the influences of social media and technology on juveniles in relation to crime?

    I'm looking for social theory studies that involve juveniles and the influences of social media and technology on their participation, complacency or attitudes on crime.

    Anna-Maria Hintz · Universität Siegen


    maybe the research of the German researcher Christian Pfeiffer (Kriminologisches Forschungsinstitut Niedersachsen e.V.) and colleagues might be helpful.

    I am not sure though whether they published their results focussing media, juveniles and crime in English, too.

  • Victoria Rubin added an answer:
    Have you seen instances of fabricated, fake or misleading news?

    I'm looking for sources or actual stories (trending or past ones) in which unverified (fake, fabricated or intentionally misleading) news were passed for bona fide reporting. Any topic will be of interest -  from major international events to retracted company statements and doping in sports. I'm curious about cases in both mainstream or social media.

    If you've seen such story developments, I'd appreciate a link and your comment on how you see it relevant, or what you know about it. Do you consider it deception, and if so, and why? If not, what is it then? What impact has the fake news piece had on who in your opinion?

    Thanks so much! VR

    Victoria Rubin · The University of Western Ontario

    Thank you, Alexander, for your thoughtful recent suggestion. Figuring out what matches the writer's beliefs (and what doesn't) is, in fact, tricky with the news. The hope is that somewhere there, berried in the story, there is a truthful account of what happened, whether it's perceived as biased or not.

    And thank you to Nirmala and Shirin for the earlier posts on paid news in Indian Times, sorry I didn't see your comments right away.

  • Arhan Sthapit added an answer:
    Could you advise past literature and methodology for studying the impact of social media promotions on customers' purchase of air travel services?

    Kindly advise me on past literature and methodology for studying the impact of social media promotions on customers' purchase of air travel services.

    Arhan Sthapit · Tribhuvan University

    Thank you so much, Mr Mohammad Nadeem, AW Awan, Ms Yang Feng, 

  • Bin Jiang added an answer:
    How can I make quantitative analyses of big data with social media messages?
    I make quantitative analyses of social media using the topic and a comparison in the percentages. Are there other analysis methods?
    Bin Jiang · Högskolan i Gävle

    Head/tail breaks is an effective approach for the kind of analysis; see examples below:

    Jiang B. and Miao Y. (2014), The evolution of natural cities from the perspective of location-based social media, The Professional Geographer, xx(xx), xx-xx, DOI: 10.1080/00330124.2014.968886,  Preprint:

    Jiang B. (2015a), Head/tail breaks for visualization of city structure and dynamics, Cities, 43, 69-77.

    Jiang B. and Yin J. (2014), Ht-index for quantifying the fractal or scaling structure of geographic features, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 104(3), 530–541.

    Jiang B. (2013), Head/tail breaks: A new classification scheme for data with a heavy-tailed distribution, The Professional Geographer, 65 (3), 482 – 494.

  • Stefan Hauptmann added an answer:
    Does anyone have any research on work-related social media and similar concepts?

    Both for my bachelor thesis as my current line of research, I'm trying to develop a theory in which social media in a work-related context is key. As far as my current work goes, I'm theorizing that it can enhance, and ultimately replace most mid-level communication efforts by organizaitons.

    This line of thought is relatively new with only about five published articles on this subject in 2014. Now, a year ahead, there are many many more articles on this subject. However, I found that a lot of research prior to 2014 was published that address this topic but with different terminology.

    Work-related social media is described in my current work as:

    This study proposes therefore that social media are internet based applications, that facilitate the consumption, creation and exchange of content, and enable real time, two-way communication between people, disregarding space-time barriers. Specifically, this study is interested in social media use in a work-related context (i.e. discussing of policies, collaborating on projects, socializing with colleagues), also known as work-related social media use.

    My question then, is if any of you know of work that has studied similar concepts but under different names?

    Stefan Hauptmann · Beijing Institute Of Technology

    Our paper should give you some ideas, too.

    (Can be downloaded from that page).


  • Pam Carter added an answer:
    Could anyone suggest interesting publications related with an ethnographic approximation to the production and circulation of documents?

    I am currently making my phd on ethnographic approximations to the production and circulation of documents. I am interesting in similar approaches  of Annelise Riles work on documents as artifacts of modern knoweldge (2006). I am flowing in STS's sensibilities and, in general, works which takes materiality as a main feature of social production (Deleuze studies, ANT descriptions and so on). Thanks in advance. 

    Pam Carter · University of Leicester

    You may be interested in an article from my own Phd research

  • Bin Jiang added an answer:
    What are the best tools for Big data Graph analysis?

    I am interested in tools which are used for Big Data Graph analysis. To extract some useful information from Massive graphs e.g social media graphs.

    Bin Jiang · Högskolan i Gävle

    try head/tail breaks:

    Jiang B. (2015), Head/tail breaks for visualization of city structure and dynamics, Cities, 43, 69-77, Preprint:

    Jiang B. and Miao Y. (2014), The evolution of natural cities from the perspective of location-based social media, The Professional Geographer, xx(xx), xx-xx, DOI: 10.1080/00330124.2014.968886,  Preprint:

    Jiang B., Duan Y., Lu F., Yang T. and Zhao J. (2014), Topological structure of urban street networks from the perspective of degree correlations, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 41(5), 813-828.

  • Bimo Hernowo added an answer:
    Social Media in South East Asia - Approaches & Problems?
    It feels like social media in South East Asia is still mostly a 'chatting & gaming tool'. What's your take on it and how could we change this perception?
  • Ademir Macedo Nascimento added an answer:
    Are there any cases of companies that use social networks sites to improve company processes?

    For example: collecting information of followers to know what can improve in the company.

    Ademir Macedo Nascimento · Universidade de Pernambuco

    Actually, I'm thinking in use of social media as an input for organizations (not for disclosure).

  • Michael Tang added an answer:
    How has social media been incorporated in social studies teaching?

    I'm interested in identifying examples of the ways in which teachers are incorporating social media into social studies classes in secondary schools as well as the obstacles teacher might have encountered in their efforts to bring social media into the learning process.

    Michael Tang · University of Colorado

    Dear All:

    According to Marshall McLuhan "The medium is the message" social networking should fit admirably well with social studies classes.  But be careful with what you're doing as business models in social networking introduced into academia will completely change the traditional social science message based on print and the book.  In addition using social media in learning, like online learning will further David Noble's prediction of the "commodification of education," in which courses and lessons are distributed as nodes on a vast commercial network, with teachers being mangers of the vast educational machine.  Given the sad state of traditional education today, I'm not sure it's a bad thing.  For those who want to apply social networking to learning, see the article "Business Models in Social Networking" to learn more of the technical aspects of this new IT trend.

    Kevin, if you decide to measure your student's learning, make sure you find the right measuring instrument.  Traditional measures based on text and print will result in negligible of negative results.  See popular review of the literature in an issue of Scientific American:, which I would re-title, "Life on the Screen" after a famous work by S. Turkle, Life  on the screen: Identity in the age of the internet.


  • Maurício Lavarda added an answer:
    Do you believe the web will be more social in the future?
    I would like to share opinions about it.
    Maurício Lavarda · Centro Universitário Franciscano (Unifra)
    Really nice opinions. Maybe my question is a little bit confused (i'm a portuguese speaker). But the answers were really concise.
  • Sander H.J.M. Spoelstra added an answer:
    Can anyone help with emotion analysis on Code-Mixing data from social media?

    What are the new research scopes or trends on Code-Mixing data from Social Media?

    Sander H.J.M. Spoelstra · University of Amsterdam

    Well based on the fact that you're looking into social media (which is rather a broad spectrum: depending on how you define it, it can range from interactive media like multiplayer games up to forums like these) and you're looking into code-mixed data, I presume you're doing an content analysis of gathered messages. Because of the qualitative nature of such an approach, there are no real rules. Only that you go at it logical and cluster responses, rating each message carefully through a codebook. 

    If you're going at it quantitative (experiment) you have to figure out which emotion you want to address since you can't possibly address all emotions in an experiment.

    If you're doing a survey, it's based on self-measurements. That is perhaps the worst form for what you're suggesting now in that one line of text since people tend to code-mix when they're emotional and thus impulsive/unaware which makes the chances of capturing the full extent of those emotions very poor.

  • Nayan Jyoti Kalita added an answer:
    Can anyone help with emotion analysis in social media?
    What are the different techniques to analyse emotions on data collected from social media?
    Nayan Jyoti Kalita · Tezpur University

    What are the research scopes in Code-Mixing in Social Media areas?

  • Shamsul Izwan Saharani added an answer:
    Do facebook status updates define what kind of a human you are?
    I am interested to explore the impact and effect of status updates on viewers and assess the personality of the uploader.
    Shamsul Izwan Saharani · University of Malaya

    This link may help: 

  • Andreu Castellet added an answer:
    Is there any paper discussing the way mobile media platforms -Facebok, Amazon, Google and Apple, mainly- should be regulated or not?

    As far as these platforms have built their own private regulation spaces and they cater for millions of users worldwide -thus, they hold a certain degree of market powe-r, their activity and the kind of relationhips between the platform users -both sides- and the platform ruler should be -or not- submitted to public regulation. 

    Andreu Castellet · University of Murcia

    It does indeed, Nadeem! Thanks a lot

    Invaluable reply. I'll look at it.

    Social media... very interesting. Imagine the day regulators go further and start to look into what happens inside the big app stores environments.

  • Dominik Batorski added an answer:
    Is it possible to capture a company's stock performance by social media sentiment?

    I am interested to see if I can validate the positive sentiment in social media for a particular company by any financial measure (Stock!). As far as I know, stock prices are quite sensitive by many factors such (expanding markets which in Apple Co. Case the market expansion in china was the main reason for its stock price jump).

    So the question: Is it possible to reduce other major factors that affect stock prices and explore the relationship of the remaining fluctuations with social media sentiment?

    Dominik Batorski · University of Warsaw

    An analysis of almost 10 million tweets from 2008 shows how they can be used to predict stock market movements up to 6 days in advance

  • Rami Mohammad Al-dweeri added an answer:
    Is there a model that measures the e-services quality of social media?

    I am in the process for a study of social media and its impact on enterprises

    Rami Mohammad Al-dweeri · University of Jordan

    Thank you Saima, interesting study

  • Patricia Bandeira de Melo added an answer:
    Can anyone suggest literature on how social media can explore research opportunities for the marginal communities in developing countries?

    Hello everyone.

    Can anyone suggest research conducted using social media for the marginal communities in developing countries?

    To be precise, for example, using official website, Facebook Page, blogs,  tripadvisor, slideshare, tourism-link, etc, to explore about particular community, tribe, community-school.

    Please do advise any link. Thank you for contributing your time!

    Karun Rawat 

    Patricia Bandeira de Melo · Fundação Joaquim Nabuco

    In Brazil, we have a public policy named "Ponto de Cultura Indígena". We can translate it as a culture station to indigenous people . It is a kind of entity which is able to connect indigenous people to virtual world from own communities or tribes. In Brazil, we have a lot of culture stations around the country where people access for cultural purposes, as education, communication or debate about cultural diversity. Actually, the culture stations are not only in indigenous people tribes, but in a lot of minority communities where there are some kind of culture activity. You can read more about this at :

    (in portuguese only)

  • Erik Amnå added an answer:
    Can anyone recommend some literature on measuring political participation in a non-democratic countries authoritarian countries in particular?

    I am working on my doctoral thesis regarding social media effects on political participation. I think about doing a empirical study. I figure out some indpendent variables, i.e., politically use of socia media (searching for news, participating political conversation with others online, online social networking size), also some mediators, i.e., political interest, political efficacy, and dependent variable as political partipation online and offline.

    I decided to design some questions measuring the political participation in China. But I can not. I red Political Participation in Beijing by Tianjian Shi and I am still confused somehow. Can anyone recommed some books or papers?


    Erik Amnå · Örebro universitet

    Maybe you can get some help out from our attached article.


    Erik Amnå

  • Are there alternatives to the API for creating visualizations of article-level social media metrics?

    Seeking the equivalent to a social networks structure graph for online scholarly article mentions. 

    Robin Mackenzie Featherstone · University of Alberta

    Thanks José & Denise!

    I started using the PLOS ALM Reports tool for creating these kinds of visualizations:

    Unfortunately, the reports only display data for articles published in PLOS journals. 

    Mendeley readership statistics through Scopus is another option for getting a broader view:

    The DBJournal project is another interesting approach, albeit more development intensive:

    There are lots of tools under development in this rapidly changing landscape!

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