- Andres Elgorriaga added an answer:3Can someone identify this Jurassic fern?
This fossil Himenofitales fern was collected several years ago by R. Rojas and myself from a Jurassic pre mid-Oxfordian exposure of the San Cayetano Formation in western Cuba. Any suggestion as to species or genera or distribution in time and space?
Hi! Is it possible for you to get (and upload) higher definition photos of these specimens? That would help a lot.Following
- Anek R Sankhyan added an answer:12Are there any fossilized tools in any museums in the world?I'm looking for information on prehistoric hominid tools. If you happen to have any photographs to compare with my collections, I would really appreciate it!
I had replied to this question earlier. I have made collection of the bone tools made by Narmada valley hominin ~70 Kya, which, subsequently got fossilized. You see my 2012 paper uploaded- in RG published in Current Science.
There are reports of fossil wood tools from Tripura by NR Ramesh.Ramesh, N.R. 1986. Discovery of Stone Age tools from Tripura and its relevance to the
prehistory of South East Asia. GEOSEA V Proceedings, Vol. II, Geol. Soc. Malaysia,
- Claudia Cunha added an answer:4Does anyone know of works on discrete dental morphology of Brazilian archaeological samples?
Besides Turner's 1980's work on the dental morphology of archaeological series, I've found very little: Huffman's, Bartolomucci (LBG)'s and Neves & Powell's work. Does anyone know of anything else? Thanks
Caso possas enviar-me artigos vossos agradeceria muito!
Vou mandar-te meu endereço de email por mensagem aqui.
- Claudia Cunha added an answer:5Could anyone suggest bibliographic references for paleopathology of pre colonial (amerindian) populations in the amazonian region?
Could anyone suggest bibliographic references for paleopathology of pre colonial (amerindian) populations in the amazonian region?
Yes, I know her work but it seems paleopathology is not one of her interests.Following
- Stefan Wenzel added an answer:28Does anyone know literature about well excavated tipi rings?
I'm looking for literature about well excavated tipi rings or other ephemeral dwellings of North American Indians or of Siberian people, preferentially with individually recorded finds.
many thanks for the reference of the article by Yates.
PS: looking for this article, I find three publications which should be noted here (although at the first look they seem not to contain excavation plans with plotted small finds):
Priscilla Renouf, A review of Palaeoeskimo dwelling structures in Newfoundland and Labrador. Études/Inuit/Studies, vol. 27, n° 1-2, 2003, p. 375-416.
Patricia Sutherland, Variability and change in Palaeo-Eskimo architecture: A view from the Canadian High Arctic. Études/Inuit/Studies, vol. 27, n° 1-2, 2003, p. 191-212.
David G. Anderson, Robert P. Wishart, Virginie Vate (eds.), About the Hearth: Perspectives on the Home, Hearth and Household in the Circumpolar North. New York 2013.
- Ignacio Soriano added an answer:16Do you know prehistoric graves of which the season of burial is known?
I am looking for graves for which the season of burial is known. I am particularly interested in Neolithic, Bronze and Iron Age Europe, but will follow up any hints! Season should be documented by botanical remains, pollen, or other scientific evidence.
In Catalonia (NE Spain), a collective burial in a variscite (green mineral) mine shaft of Can Tintorer (C14 dated, Middle-Late Neolithic) shows evidence of funerary ritual burning wild olive tree and other plants, related with Autumn-Winter season. These are identified with anthracology. The paper it's in Catalan from the 90' but still really useful.Following
- Jubin J. Cheruvelil added an answer:10Has anyone has experience with commercial residue analysis labs, looking at lipids and other residues from archaeological ceramics?
I have some ceramics from South Asia I want to quickly assess for potential preservation.
Kathleen. Michigan State has a lab that performs this service as well. Not commercial, but academic. I can forward you the relevant information, if you have not identified anyone else.Following
- Stefan Wenzel added an answer:8Is there a database of the locations of prehistoric dogs in Britain or even Europe?
A list of where I can find info on prehistoric dog records would greatly speed up my dissertation, if such a document exists
here is an new paper (published December 22, 2014):
Marie-Pierre Horard-Herbin, Anne Tresset & Jean-Denis Vigne, Domestication and uses of the dog in western Europe from the Paleolithic to the Iron Age. Animal
Frontiers, July 2014, Vol. 4., No. 3, 23-31.
- Simone Cagno added an answer:7How can I compare data between Bruker Tracer III-V+ and Tracer III-SD?
Has anyone tried converting data obtained with a Bruker Tracer III-V+ pXRF to be comparable to data obtained with the new Tracer III-SD? I'm working on obsidian and I have tried both compressing and expanding the spectrum but the numbers do not even come close to being comparable.
Dear Kristine, as said before, from the data in the xls I would argue that the conversion (1024 to 2048) has worked, and the data are comparable, although there is only one peak that can be compared (Fe), for which you have good statistics. But anyway, it is probably a good idea to contact Bruker to have further suggestions.Following
- Preslav I. Peev added an answer:14Does anyone know any analogies from south-eastern European prehistory?
This zoomorphic figurine - a lion - alabaster made, is a fortuitous find on a chalcolithic tell settlement (Gumelnita, ca. 4000 BC) in Teleorman county, southern Romania. This is a quite unusual representation for this period.
Dear Pavel, OK but now I'm at the excavations and I'll send the scans at the end of week.Following
- J.M.Q. Ventura added an answer:8Can anyone help with bone projectile points of the near eastern PPN and PN?I'm looking for evidence for bone projectile points in Neolithic pre-pottery and pottery of the Near East. Can anybody point out relevant literature?
Not direct injuries, but some studies on neolithic arrows from central Portugal here
Sadly only in portuguese.
Will try to translate it into a more common language, and updated with most recent findings.Following
- Catalin Lazar added an answer:16Does anybody know red ocher beads from neolithic or other prehistoric periods?
In the summer of 2014, we discovered a new Eneolithic cemetery at Sultana (Romania), and near one of the skeletons we identified a fragment of red ocher bead.
Does anybody know other similar artefacts from prehistory or other time periods?
Thanks in advance.
Thank you for the information.
- Julio Miguel Román Punzón added an answer:26How are the deep "pear-shaped" pits interpreted in the european Neolithic and Eneolithic?
I am studying an archaeological site (ca 4600-4200 cal BC) where two, up to 2m deep pits were discovered, which are broader towards the bottom and narrower at the level from which they were dug.
If I remember correctly from some lectures and papers, these are usually interpreted as storage pits. One of the pit from our site (see attached file) had a burnt layer (or several layers) 10cm thick with a lot of charcoal at the bottom. The whole pit was subsequently filled with dirt containing pottery. The fill can be separated into an upper and lower layer (one 70, other 90cm deep), which are separated by a 20-30cm thick layer containing no pottery. This is quite an interesting deposition and would require a lot of attention.
What is the usual interpretation of pits of such shape? Were they primarily storage pits, used later for other activities such as for firing, disposing of refuse etc? Are there any good comparisons in the European Neolithic and Eneolithic? I am interested in any literature dealing with these pits specifically, but also any good references for how to deal with the deposits in these pits. Any ideas?
Although the Copper Age, it would be interesting to consult this article, an original proposal:
Eloísa Bernáldez Sánchez; Esteban García-Viñas; Miguel Gamero-Esteban y María Bernáldez Sánchez, 2014: Campos de compost en la Edad del Cobre del SO de la Península Ibérica. Una nueva propuesta. VI ENCUENTRO DE ARQUEOLOGÍA DEL SUROESTE PENINSULAR, pp. 927-939Following
- Julie Hruby added an answer:5How can we tell the pylos tablets were once only air dried after they have thorougly been baked in the final fire w/o archaeometrical investigation?
The biscuit baking of clay is to avoid damage during the baking process I understand. Letting clay dry before a first low temp burning is part of this. I also understand that w/o further examination from just plain sight it is impossible to state whether a piece of clay has been burned once or twice, the highest temperature will leave ist mark and overshadow previous baking. Is that correct? If so, how do we know the Pylos tablets were only air dried and not (half) baked?
- Thomas J. Loebel added an answer:3Evidence for functional usage of Manganese dioxyde (MnO2)?Within the Mousterian record of western Europe, we have evidence for usage of black pigment made from MnO2 by Neandertals (50 000 years old at Pech-de-l'Azé I for instance). I've been using the analogy with the ethnographic record as well as some preliminary experiments to argue that they might have been used as dye stuff/stain (see Soressi et D'Errico, 2007 as well as Soressi et al 2008). Would anybody know of usage of MnO2 pigment for other purposes than body decoration/symbolic purposes?
I recommend reading:
Mandl 1961 Collagenases and Elastases. Advances in Enzymology 23 164-264
Velo 1984 Ochre as a Medicine: a Suggestion for the Interpretation of the Archaeological Record, Current Anthropology 25(5)674.
much work has recently been done documenting the functional use of of minerals in the "ochre" family, ie any of those containing iron oxide or iron hydroxide such as hematite, goethite, and liminonites.Following
- Pál Sümegi added an answer:6Does anybody know beads made of Lithoglyphus sp from Neolithic or other prehistoric periods?In 2003, we discovered a necklace made of Lithoglyphus sp, in the tell settlement of Sultana-Malu Roşu, Romania. In 2013 we discovered another necklace made of Lithoglyphus sp in grave 74 from cemetery that belonging to the settlement.
From a chrono-cultural point of view the cemetery and the tell settlement belongs to the Gumelnița culture (ca. 4600–3950 BC) part of the large Eneolithic cultural complex Kodjadermen-Gumelniţa-Karanovo VI from Balkans.
Does anybody know other beads made of Lithoglyphus sp from prehistory or other time periods?
Thanks in advance.
Yes, I analysed some Late Neolithic jewelleries from Polgár Csőszhalom and Polgár Ferencihát, where the Lithoglypus naticoides shells were used.Following
- Nelum Kanthilatha added an answer:4sediment analysisI am doing prehistoric sediment analysis. I would like to share your experience....
Thank you very much, Popovici. I want to prove the human behaviours identified already by macroscopic artefacts using sediments.Following
- Oliver Nakoinz added an answer:5What is a good publication on iron age settlement patterns in Pleistocene coversand area's in Lower Saxony?I'm writing my thesis on iron age settlement patterns on the Drenthe Plateau in the north of the Netherland. Besides comparisons with other pleistocene covers and area's in the Netherlands I would like to compare it with those in the north of Germany. Since I'm not that well read in German research I would like some help with titles that give an overview of the patterns (preferable in relation to the landscape). I would prefer publications in English, but titles in German are welcome too.
The book from Ingo Eichfeld might be usefulFollowing
- Christine Mcdonnell added an answer:4Is Canada balsam appropriate to mount permanent microscope slides for ancient starch analysis?Does Canada balsam presents any biological contamination? Which resin or other means would be appropriate to mount permanent slides in Archaeobotany?
Thank you very much.
Canada balsam is too thick to maneuver on slides so I used immersion oil. Does anyone know the correct citation for Perry on her methodology?Following
- Antonio Montelongo Franquiz added an answer:1What is the evidence for early (initial colonization) access to subterranean freshwater in the Pacific and Southeast Asia?I'm looking for early constructions of wells, sumps, etc. or pit features used for agriculture in coastal environments.
I'm working on the subject area of the Atlantic Ocean. I think they are first natural deposits offered by nature in a process of initial colonization, then after the settlement and the need for a greater amount of water resources involve building nearshore deposits, mainly wells, especially on islands besides those spaces inside water capacity enough.Following
- Chun Liu added an answer:62Do you think there are some fossilized tools that were judged mistakenly as lithic tools in historic archeology?
My personal view, hominids could use bones, horns, sticks and so on as tools. Just as these attached in the image.
the evidences are also overlooked.Following
- Michael Buchwitz added an answer:3Is there a database/source for dinosaur DNA and/or protein sequences?
I want to study specific protein sequences to better understand their functional properties. I think that such information from this group of animals may help in this understanding.
See also this recent paper about the persistence of ancient protein molecules (uploaded to RG this week), including examples from dinosaur fossils:
- Jean-Loïc Le Quellec added an answer:12Is there any data on how humans used cosmetics and body painting during the pre historic time?I'm doing research on cosmetics and body painting during the pre historic time (like 100,000 years ago up to 5,000 years ago). I've found some information about using red ochre and decorative shells and related speculation; but apparently I need more data; especially based on cave art or something like that.A good reference for Niola Doha : Simonis, Roberta, Guido Faleschini, & Giancarlo Negro 1994. «Niola Doa, "il luogo delle fanciulle" (Ennedi, Ciad).» Sahara 6: 51-62.Following
- Jiri Unger added an answer:9Does someone know Central European Late Bronze Age burials in pits laying in order position N-S or E-W and equipped with artifacts?In the region of Czech Republic, it is not so unusual find skeleton burials in the storage or trash pits in Late Bronze Age open settlements, especially it is characteristic for urnfield Knoviz culture, which has its ordinary burial rite as the cremation in urns. Usually it seems like the body was just thrown to the pit without any rigorous care and it is not any exception to find more bodies or only their parts laying on each other in "breakneck" position (see examples in fig. 1 + 2).
HOWEVER there is one burial group which seems to be unique one, because the bodies are strictly oriented N-S or E-W, laying on the backs with hands next the body or put in the lap. These burials are always equipped with ceramic pots and more rarely with bronze artifacts such as earrings or knives. Attribute sui generis is the location of some of these artifacts directly under the head, especially in the case of miniature vessels (see examples in fig. 3 + 4).
I have found some similar skeleton burials in Czech republic, containing 5 graves + 4 new ones from my 2013 excavation, but then I hit the similar indications in the area of Austria and Germany - for example sites Biblis (Starkenburg) or Köchen, where some of the bodies are buried in stone cists graves, richly equipped and again with typical miniature vessel under the head.
From my point of view it seems that this is a specific burial practices among the urnfield cultures in Central Europe and I would like to ask for help to finding more of these burials. Thank you in advance!Dear collegues,
thank You all for so helpfull and fruitfull answers!
I am happy to say, that the analysis of mentioned skeletons are in progress and we do analyse of teeth isotops for residential mobility and as well DNA analysis of selected individuals are on the way.
For sure I will keep You updated via this conversation.
- Muriel Louâpre added an answer:4Hello, did you hear about this french theory on prehistoric art called "theorie des ombres" (the shadow theory)It was published recently by two non-specialists and suggest cave painting art could have included the use of cast-shadows. French specialists are not amused by the idea, and I wondered if abroad the idea was greeted in the same way. The XVIIIth century is far away, when amateurs could give a hand to scientists!Very interesting, thanks for this reference.Following
- Siniša Krznar added an answer:6Can anyone recommend some literature on the residential burials?I am working on Early Iron Age at Lower Danube, where in almost completely excavated settlements we have discovered a lot of infra mural burials. For understanding and finding a good explanation of this phenomenon I need to compare it with similar discoveries from different ages and areas.
are you maybe published an article about medieval burials in settlements from Babadag and Enisala ?
I would be very grateful on this article.
- Elena A. Kadyshevich added an answer:30What evidence can be found to explain the homochirality of the early building blocks of life that lead to its origin?Seeking answers to better explain what appears to be a random process and its ability to produce results that are decidedly nonrandom.Dear Andrew Ellzey Kirk, Dear All,
As you, possibly, know, we earlier repeatedly wrote in our (with Victor Ostrovskii) papers dedicated to our Life Origination Hydrate Hypothesis (LOH-Hypothesis) that the phenomenon of the DNA monochirality cannot be random and that it can, apparently, be explained in the context of the fact that DNAs originated within the methane-hydrate honeycomb structure and that the intracellular protoplasm, i.e. the medium of DNA replication, has also the analogous structure. We wrote earlier that, apparently, the D-ribose radical only is capable of connecting an N-base and two phosphate groups in one complex within gas-hydrate structure and that this is a peculiarity of the system DNA–gas-hydrate structure.
Recently, we, together with A. Dzyabchenko, developed 3D simulation of different DNA fragments within CH4-hydrate structure and saw that our assumption is correct; indeed, the D-ribose radical only can construct nucleic acids within the gas-hydrate structure. This work is not published yet, but it is in the report for our project sponsored by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research.Following