Pedagogy and Education

Pedagogy and Education

  • Krishnan Umachandran added an answer:
    Do you have recent examples of initial teacher education and professional development to support teachers to include all learners ?

    The European Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education is updating the Inclusive Education in Action website with examples specifically about teacher education/professional development. This aims to support UNESCO's knowledge base on empowering teachers to include all learners in diverse classrooms. If you are able to help, please see information in the attached file.

    Krishnan Umachandran · NELCAST

    There are fundamental issues of power and knowledge; student involvement; and curriculum design. Possibly of greater importance are personal development and assessment. Personal development is about the whole person. Without the engagement of feelings, attitudes and values as well as the intellectual dimension, significant learning cannot take place. L2L then, can be considered as part of personal development. Since it is rare for students to be continuously involved in a self-conscious learning process, a mechanism such as assessment can play a significant role in developing it. We need to consider the breadth and depth of questioning associated with all framework for discussion, centring on purposes; practices and effects.

    Linda Rush and Annie Fisher, Expanding the capacity to learn of student teachers in Initial Teacher Education

  • Salil Bhatt added an answer:
    When one talks about transformative science education, what does it mean?

    I am interested in exploring possibilities of transformative science education for 14-16 year old children from lower economic class. But there is a dilemma. While most children from a slum in Mumbai (India) want to flow with the wind, aspire to become part of dominant ideologies, won't it be unfair to expect some collective action from them to change society and compromise with their aspirations? What is wrong if the children who have not seen the other side of the story, want to experience that and are not motivated in bringing out change in the dehumanizing conditions the community lives in? For example, children who live close to a landfill. What if they just want to leave the place and settle down somewhere else with facilities like proper sanitation, uncontaminated water, unpolluted air, low-violence environment and so on.

    Salil Bhatt · Arvindbhai Patel Institute of Environmental Design

    Like Semiyu I also am not from the field of science, but trying to answer rhe question all the same. Transformative science education would imply education of science that would lead the society to newer and more fruitful areas. it could also mean some improvement in the immediate physical & social environment leading to better society & better and more responsible individuals on the one hand & a more responsible outlook on the part of the whole country.

  • Behrouz Ahmadi-Nedushan added an answer:
    eEducation - forty years of promises?

    Instructional computer programs (or the usage of computers in education) are being developed since the early ‘70s. Rapid development of Information Communication Technology, introduction of computers into schools, and daily use of computers by people of different vocation, education and age, has made education a very important field to researchers. Their main goals have been to develop programs that can teach humans and to achieve individualization of the educational process.

    The methods and techniques of Artificial Intelligence have been successfully used in these systems, since the end of last century. Hierarchical modeling, interoperable and reusable software components, and ontology are modeling techniques that have only recently penetrated into the eLearning. In addition, these Artificial Intelligence methods are used in "new field” I called it "eEducation", a new approach to education with the help of Information and Communication Technologies, Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence.

    And, of course the "new wave": mLerning and uLearning are "knocking on the heavens door", such as Bob Dylan sings.

    Your thoughts on:

    Could we described "eEducation" = "eLearning" + "eTeaching", by this “simple” equation? Alternatively, do we need more "+"?

    Are we all (researchers, teachers and students) have succeeded in eEducation (eLearning) so far? Do "users" of eEducation (eLearning) systems are "better" than traditional students are, in terms of learning achievements?

    Do we have right pedagogy (teaching methods/strategies) for eEducation (eLearning)?

    Do we have right learning strategies (models/theories) for eEducation (eLearning)?

    What about mLearning, uLearning?

    At the end, what is the future of e/m/u/Education (e/m/u/Learning)?

  • Miriam Carpinetti added an answer:
    Anyone know the literature that talks about the music in the treatment of learning disorders?
    I have interest in the utilization of music in the treatment of dyslexia, for example, from the perspective of neuropsychology.
  • Yi-Mei Chen added an answer:
    What do you think are the likely repercussions of introducing English Medium of Instruction in a context where English is only a Foreign Language?

    Why do you think English Medium of Instruction has spread so widely?

    Yi-Mei Chen · University of Exeter

    yes, it is possible for some learners in terms of

    psychological factors, such as anxiety resulting from unfamiliar with the foreign language; lack of motivation due to the fact that the language is of no practical use in their context. These are the factors which we teachers need to take into account, when .

     CLIL is implemented.

  • Martin G. Erikson added an answer:
    Trying to locate, Bottomley (1973) The relationship of the doctoral dissertation to scholarship. Any thoughts?

    My research involves knowledge sharing among PhD students.  In their seminal article 'Forged in Fire' Lee & Williams reference Bottomley's work.  As it was published in 1973 I'm doubting the existence of a digital copy, or I'm doubting my information retrieval literacy skills.  Does anyone by chance have this??

    Martin G. Erikson · Högskolan i Borås

    Sarah, should you be able to get a scanned copy, I should indeed be interested to read it. :)

  • O.D. Mavrantza added an answer:
    What are the most important qualities that PhD supervisors must have to successfully guide a graduate student?
    A good supervisor is a guide and mentor, not an encyclopedia or a self-help book. Many PhD students are not satisfied with their supervisor.
    O.D. Mavrantza · National Technical University of Athens

    I totally agree with all the aforementioned. However, I would also add something from my own experience. It would be beneficial if the supervisor also would guide his PhD on how to write a good paper and how to review one...

  • Eleni Tracada added an answer:
    Should we use only online and lecture teaching in architectural design or should we try other approaches (not always thought to be closely related)?
    There is a lot of debate and criticism about laerning, teaching and assessing architectural design activities today; some tutors think that in DAS we did not use traditional architectural approaches. There is reluctance on using other activities to teach students about spatiality and concepts in architecture. Often we get a lot of criticism in a technologically driven environment of architectural education today.
    Eleni Tracada · University of Derby

    Many thanks, dear colleagues, for your comments and suggestions for further reading.

  • S G Deshmukh added an answer:
    Is there a need for a broader perspective of the MOOCversity?

    Jadin & Gaisch (2014) suggest extending the existing MOOC landscape of xMOOCs and cMOOCs  by enriching it with the concept of trialogical learning and a micro approach to cultures.They call this approach eMOOCs, short for enhanced MOOCs, and argue that changing societal patterns and online learning behaviours call for a fresh look at massive open online courses and their contemporary design.

    What are your views of this additional label and do current developments require a reconceptualisation? Thanks for spurring the scholarly debate.

    S G Deshmukh · Indian Institute of Technology Delhi

    MOOC is also to perceived as democratization of education and learning. The MOOCvarsity will be universal portal for life long learning.

    It is also expected that rather than credit or contact hours, the MOOC platform wil enable competency and need based learning.

  • Jeanne Vilberg added an answer:
    I am interested in using on-line learning styles. Has anyone done some research in this area?
    We are currently using on-line medai to teach a number of topics. This is reinforced also with face-to-face at times. This blended approach seems to be working well but what does the research state about this?
    Jeanne Vilberg · University of New Haven

    I'm not sure whether you are asking about "learning styles" or if you are asking about using a blended approach to your teaching where some components are online and others are face-to-face. It seems to be more of the latter. Check these resources:

  • Hywel Coleman added an answer:
    Are there any cases of judgements by law courts which affect curriculum matters (English language or more generally)?

    I am currently writing a paper together with an Indonesian colleague which discusses a case in which the Constitutional Court of Indonesia banned a school programme which had CLIL-like characteristics (CLIL = content and language integrated learning). Is anyone aware of other cases anywhere in the world where LAW COURTS (not legislators in parliaments) made decisions which impacted on education policy and practice, particularly in relation to curriculum? Our interest is not restricted only to the teaching of English. Thank you.

    Hywel Coleman · University of Leeds

    Dear Meinert. Thanks for informing us about this intriguing case. I have spent an afternoon trying to identify the paper by Prof von Hentig which you refer to but without success. (My German is extremely limited.) Therefore when we refer to this case in our paper we will probably give the source as 'Meyer (personal communication)'.

  • Alex Clay Cushley added an answer:
    Why are many children are not high achievers in mathematics?
    Mathematics is very important. Many students are having difficulty to achieve competency in this subject. Why? Is it because of the stigma attach to it. That it is hard or it is because teachers are not doing enough to make their students love math and show confident that they can master the subject.
    Alex Clay Cushley · Royal Military College of Canada

    In mathematics and Physics there exists a stigma that students can't, or won't be successful or interested. One of the key's is to get students motivated. It is truly amazing to see what highly motivated students can do or come up with. Students can achieve this motivation by many means, and is often unique to the students. It is important to show students what can be done, and how it relates to different aspects of life which they find interesting such as art. Students must have the opportunity early on to  realize that art and math/science are not mutually exclusive.

    "The walls between art & engineering exist only in our minds"--Theo Jensen 

  • Christian Gruber added an answer:
    Are there any studies on the effects of POSITIVE vs. NEGATIVE formulation of questions on the test results of students?

    Do you know of any empirical/experimental studies (publications in good journals) comparing the effects of using POSITIVE vs. NEGATIVE question formulation on the test results of novices with proven effect?

    for example same questions can be asked in two ways and subsequently assuming positive and negative answer appropriately:

    positive formulation : the execution of the sequence of x,y,z activities will be successful. TRUE/FALSE?

    negative formulation : the sequence x,y,z can NOT be successfully completed. TRUE/FALSE?

    Also, what would be the correct terminology for the question formulation in negative/positive ways (if any)?

    Christian Gruber · University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover

    I used the term "negatively phrased stem", Terranova calls it "negative stem". The question format is reffered to as "A negative" or "A-". That might lead to more results, too.

  • Kathryn Anderson added an answer:
    Is there any evidence on how to improve on the system, of schooling at an individual (teaching and learning) level?

    In Germany there exist a high connection between the social economic background of students and the participation in education (different school-types and the achieved competencies).

    Kathryn Anderson · Baker University

    This resource is exceptionally helpful. Best of luck.

  • Debra Sharon Ferdinand added an answer:
    Does someone know if there are other recent published studies of the educational activities of Juan Fernandez Ferraz in Latin America?
    Both Valeriano and Juan Fernandez Ferraz were in several Latin-American countries, but we do not know what educational activities they realized out of Costa Rica.
    Debra Sharon Ferdinand · The University of the West Indies, Trinidad and Tobago

    Here's what is available in RG:

    Best regards,


  • Ormond Simpson added an answer:
    How does data analytics support learner-centric education and in particular, how does it support adult learners?
    The science of data analytics (DA) examines raw data with the intent of drawing conclusions about gathered information. Data analytics is employed by numerous industries to support organizations in making better business decisions. In the science arena DA can prove of disprove research results.
    Ormond Simpson · University of London

    We developed a simple form of data analytics to predict the success of adult distance students.  We then used the program to devise students into two groups of equal predicted success and to contact the most vulnerable group.  
    We found a modest increase in retention as a result of that contact.  The paper is on my website www.ormondsimpson,com 

    Since then the method has been further developed by the UKOU to predict what the success rate of a course should be based on the entry behaviour of its students.  But no paper has been published on that as far as I know.

  • Ormond Simpson added an answer:
    Should the letter ‘e’ in e-learning mean ‘no face to face interaction’?
    There has been a tremendous advancement in computation and communication technology. The concept of e-learning has come into existence. The proponents of this form of education suggest complete automation that is totally to avoid human interaction in the classroom. What is in your opinion, what should be the correct pedagogy which would be compatible to present technological advancement?
    Ormond Simpson · University of London

    I recently completed a report for the UK Open University on fhe role of f2f teaching in distance education.  My conclusion was that e-teaching is far more effective in terms of retention if a course starts with a f2f contact.  The report is on my website: 

  • Miranda Jane Walker added an answer:
    Do teachers need parenting skills?

    Because I asked several teachers and they said it is a must to know basic parenting skills. Is there any articles related to such idea?

    Miranda Jane Walker · Ministry of Education, Cyprus

    I would like to add to Sudev's comment: 'An ideal teacher at school can mould the character of students'. I prefer the idea of positively influencing rather than 'moulding'. I believe that those with 'parenting skills' will be conscious of the fact that we should not be aiming to create students in our likeness, or in that of an ideal student, but rather nurturing their character and their learning behaviours so as to best prepare them for a post-school / university future.

  • Umar Fauzan added an answer:
    How can we promote researches and innovative capacity of undergraduates
    innovative researches are the key for rapid economic growth.However, spending on investing for R&D is neglected severly in most developing countrie as they seek to feed the poor instead.So, raising the scentists's class will foster development via innovative researches and even indispensable for attacking recession in advanced countries.
    Umar Fauzan · institute for Islamic studies Samarinda, Indonesia

    Dear Hassan Shora,

    Participatory action research is one of the research design can be implemented in encouraging the undergraduate students innovate their research. Link and match concept of research is the best way to find out more meaningful impact of the research for both researcher and society.

  • António Manuel Abreu Freire Diogo added an answer:
    How to manage diversity in the classroom? Is a diverse student population a danger to effectivity or a potential for creativity?

    Diversity comes in many shapes and sizes; be it socio-cultural, disciplinary, gender, age, disabilites, religious and so on.

    Up to now, it appears to me that diversity needed to be tackled in order to make it work. It went hand in hand with deficit-oriented approaches, antidiscrimination and affirmative action in line with demographic diversity.

    Now, it seems that institutions start realising the benefits of diversity and exploit its potential as a source for creativity and innovation. More focus is placed on cognitive diversity

    • How do you as academics deal with diversity? 
    • How does your institution see it?
    • Does it have potenial for conflict or rather for successful collaboration?

    Please share your views with me.

    António Manuel Abreu Freire Diogo · University of Coimbra

    Dear Martina: From my experience, difficulty of communication and subsequent fails in learning for some students may possibly come mainly for very expositive lessons and very wide audiences with different cognitive developments and different basic levels of knowledge. It is much easier for a small number of students (independently of its origin), where interaction between all inside the classroom (but also outside particularly between the students) may solve the learning difficulties in real time.

    In my opinion, the focus must be established simultaneously on the quality according to the program of the disciplines and on the effectiveness of the learning purposes. It is a matter of equilibrium between time required for each subject and level of Excellency that can be reached for the largest number of students possible. In my opinion, we should never limit the best students. So, I try transmit always as basic principle the best quality level possible for all, according to the current technical and scientific knowledge, established through the curricular program.

  • Syed Kamaruzaman Syed Ali added an answer:
    Why use assessment for learning?
    It might seem a silly question but this is part of a study focusing on assessment for learning through action research.
    Syed Kamaruzaman Syed Ali

    Assessment for learning very important. All teachers make sure they have to implement the assessment for student in the schools. The assessment better give to the student after finish a couple of topics in every subject or program. This assessment will help teacher either their teaching and learning are effective or not effective. And also either the student can understand or not understand during follow the teaching and learning process.

  • Joost Lowyck added an answer:
    What is the difference between a framework and a model in Educational research?

    Can any one help me to find the right definition of the framework and model ?

    Im working in a study investigating the use of ICT in Arabs schools and I would like to create a model or (Framework) that help to improve the use of ICT in education.

    before I start I would like to know whats is the difference between Model and framework and what you think is much suitable from your opinion 

    Joost Lowyck · KU Leuven

    In this discussion, the relationship between framework and model is represented in one or another way (Bonnie Sue Taylor: model developed within a framework versus where the framework is the main source  Debra Sharon: develop a framework from a model where the model is the main source). What I am missing now is the relationship between (scientific)  'theory' and ' model.'.

  • Debra Sharon Ferdinand added an answer:
    Hi group members,
    I am exploring innovative methods adopted for imparting education with a view to improve and hone the employability and social skills of children.

    Any information, assistance or guidance in this regard is appreciated
    Debra Sharon Ferdinand · The University of the West Indies, Trinidad and Tobago


    I think you can start be letting children develop and explore their creativity from an early age, so that they can continue being creative and innovative later on. As you know, innovation gives many companies the cutting edge in today's global market. As such, employers would be eager to higher an innovative employee. Here's an article that articulates the need for allowing creativing to grow:

    Best regards,


  • Amy Archambault added an answer:
    Do you have any research on community college students and learning styles in the online environment?

    I'm interested in looking into research on community college students - age, demographics, etc. who are taking online classes and their learning styles - how they learn best, what types of instructional strategies (active learning, authentic, PBL, etc.) work better, etc.

    Amy Archambault · Forsyth Technical Community College

    Hi Greg -

    Thank you for sharing Tesia's Tedx Talk.  I have to admit that I am intrigued by this concept. I'll have to read more on this topic to get a better sense of the research out there.

  • Fayyaz Ahmad Faize added an answer:
    What is the difference between discussion, explanation and argumentation methods in education?
    I wonder what the difference between explanation and argumentation are, as I read the research paper of Osborne and Patterson (2011), but still I could not make clear the difference between them.
    Fayyaz Ahmad Faize · COMSATS Institute of Information Technology

    thanks dear for your expert comments- appreciated

  • Victoria Blue added an answer:
    How is explicit instruction thwarting students' learning? In what ways can we instill in our students the feeling of exploration and discovery?
    In Science News (2011) it is stated that: "Don't Show, Don't Tell? Direct Instruction Can Thwart Independent Exploration." Is this true?
    Victoria Blue · Northern Arizona University

    P.S. Just in case you have not seen this already, I'm adding a link to a very interesting initiative that addresses your question.

  • Albert Amoah Saah added an answer:
    Perisylvian and a sensorimotor syndrome regarding dyslexia
    What do you know about congenital anomalies in specific left perisylvian areas, which is the primary cause of reading impairment and
    a sensorimotor syndrome regarding dyslexia? Terveisin, Timo:)L
    Albert Amoah Saah · Kwame Nkrumah University Of Science and Technology

    Sorry unable to contribute much! Special education theorist and practitioners may contribute better. I find it interesting. In communities where literacy is not high and lifestyle, it may go un-interrogated and dealt with.

About Pedagogy and Education

Pedagogy is the holistic science of education. It may be implemented in practice as a personal, and holistic approach of socialising and upbringing children and young people.

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