- Clare Cavers added an answer:2Are there incidences of plastic cotton bud ingestion from marine debris, by marine fauna?
I am investigating the role of plastic cotton buds in marine debris, as we have a high abundance being deposited on the coast in Scotland, and am interested in any cases of their ingestion by marine fauna, whether anecdotal or otherwise.
Thank you for your answer and the attached article, and as you rightly say, organisms are certainly ingesting plastic (and other items). I am aware of plastic cotton buds being found in fulmars and turtles, and am interested in any other known incidences.Following
- Michael Delong added an answer:8Does anyone kow if there is an alternative to formaldehyde/formalin fixative?
I need for an alternative fixative for marine zoobenthos to preserve for long time (not only for few month) the samples.
Our samples are marine sediment (sand/mud bottom), and we have to preserve these for one year approximately.
Thanks to all.
Ethanol (70%) is best alternative to formalin. Key for long-term storage is to have a good seal on containers and to check after a few months to determine if more ethanol needs to be added. Problem I've found with freezing and thawing is it can create challenges in identification and there is the issue of having enough freezer space.Following
- Ansar Khan added an answer:7Is there any scientific journal reference on shipborne garbage?
I am doing a research on marine debris stranded on coastal beach in relation to shipborne garbage.. The only reference i obtain is by Horsman, 1982.
- Asit KUMAR Guha added an answer:1How can I calculate the Relative Exposure Index?
Thanks in advance for your replies.
Sorry, I cannot comment on this point.Following
- Bianca Unger added an answer:14Actual amount of marine debris in the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean?I'm searching for a paper or report estimating the global amount of marine debris. I'd like to have some actual numbers. Does anyone have any ideas for literature I should take into account? Thanks for your help!And no. 2Following
- John Vonderlin added an answer:1Any residual long term breakdown products from the plastic trash in the salt water of the ocean?Anthropogenic impact on ocean chemistryHi James,
In my huge collection of marine debris I have about 50,000 benthic objects. Gathered over nearly a ten year period they have provided extensive forensic evidence about point sources, benthic movement and the taphonomy of submerged debris.
I have a huge Flickr account detailing the contents and would be glad to engage in correspondence about what I know or think I know. Here's the link to what I've collected just this year, Enjoy. John VonderlinFollowing
- Giuseppe Suaria added an answer:2How do we estimate the volume of the marine debris?Which tools are available to us, and what kind of sampling has been done and needs to be done?
Two very interesting paper just came out regarding estimates of the amount of plastic litter in the world seas (Cozar et al. 2014 http://www.pnas.org/content/111/28/10239.full) and (Eriksen et al. 2014 http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0111913)
Plus, another article in science from Jambeck et al. 2015 just gave an estimate of the total input of plastic waste in the world's oceans (http://www.sciencemag.org/content/347/6223/768.short)
- OpenGood overview paper, but oldhttp://www.5gyres.org/media/Moore_2001_plastic_in_North_Pacific_Gyre.pdfFollowing
- Marianna Anderle de Sylor added an answer:2What are some realistic solutions to cleaning up the debris?Several sites present lists of potential remedies, but most seem to assume that the plastic is not widely-distributed and that most of the debris is large. What I have read seems to suggest otherwise, that the debris can be found across a large distance and also deep wihtin the water column. Furthermore, it sounds like most of the plastic has been broken down into small particles.
- OpenWhat is the resolution of current ocean/sea thermometers?Are Sea Surface Temperature (SST) and Upper Ocean Heat Content (UOHC) the most reliable or most commonly used measures? Which devices are used to measure water temperature of large bodies of water (satellites, Argo)?Following
- OpenWhat are the thermodynamics of photolytic and mechanical plastic degradation?Is the process exothermic for most plastic polymers? If so, might it be possible to observe a temperature change of water that varies by plastic density?Following
About Marine Debris
garbage patches in the Eastern Pacific, Western Pacific, and North Pacific or Subtropical Convergence Zone (STCZ)