- Soraj Hongladarom added an answer:Bioethics is a real discipline or just social placebo?The IRBs are required to certify that the investigations are conducted attached to high bioethical standards. But really bioethics is a discipline that attempts to change the scientific paradigm or is used only to provide peace of mind to those who fear science?IRB's are there for a reason, which is a good and necessary one - to protect those who could suffer as a result of the works of scientists doing research. Scientists are naturally quite powerful. They have the money and the expertise that to the eyes of the ordinary people make them look quite awesome. So perhaps they think they could do anything to those who they want to become their research subjects. Perhaps we need a reminder from time to time that the whole idea of research ethics regulations originated from the work of German and Japanese scientists during World War II, who did a lot of atrocious action against prisoners or those whom they considered "subhumans" such as Jews. So they performed experiments such as releasing anthrax or plague bacteria to these prisoners in their development of biological weapons, or putting them in a beer keg filled with ice to find out how tolerant their bodies are against extreme cold, and so on. In fact scientists on the Allied side are no less guilty, as the Tuskagee case shows.Following
About Moral Status of Animals
1. Animals' Moral Considerability 2. Moral Significance of Animals' Moral Claims 3. Perspectives on Human Relations to Other Animals What is distinctive about humanity such that humans are thought to have moral status and non-humans do not? Answering this question is increasingly important to philosophers and those outside of philosophy interested in how non-humans are treated.