Medical & Health Profession Education

Medical & Health Profession Education

  • Leehu Zysberg added an answer:
    Is there a formula to determine sample size in a three-group comparison?
    Can anyone help me on the appropriate formula to determine sample size in comparing the intelligent quotient of three groups of children (1. asthmatic children, 2. children with sickle cell disease, 3. 'normal children')?
    Leehu Zysberg · Gordon College of Education
    Try the software Gpower. It is available online and is free. Generally it depends on whether you wish to just obtain minimal statistical power for the analysis or wish to actually represent a target population (assuming you managed to have a representative sample).
  • Muhammad Fawad Rasool added an answer:
    What parameters must be observed in selection of a journal?
    Procedure for selection of journals
    Muhammad Rasool · Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf
    It depends upon your audience and what do you want with your paper.... If you are interested in increasing your citations then always go for open access journals they may be a bit expensive but you can get a lot more citations..... If you are interested in impact factor then go for a journal with a good impact.... If you think that you cant publish in a good impact journal then go for a journal which is new but the quality of paper published in that journal are good then within few years you will see that the impact factor of the journal will rise ......
  • Vijay Batra asked a question:
    Is there difference between Myositis ossificans & Heterotophic Ossification
    Are they Synonyms
  • Wendy Kooken added an answer:
    Assisting students to learn about underlying philosophical foundations to health research - any suggestions?
    I am currently teaching a Term 1 “Introduction to health-related research” course in an Masters occupational therapy program. We have students from a wide variety of backgrounds (e.g. psychology, sociology, basic science, kinesiology, womens’ studies, and many more), and hence a wide range of experiences and understandings about how paradigms and philosophical understandings influence knowledge and research studies. Some students are really struggling with these concepts – and just want the “right” answer. There is also confusion in the field - e.g. the way that the word "naturalistic" is used can vary a lot and it takes some experience to understand these differences and nuances. Apart from giving them more foundational readings, I wonder about other teaching and educational strategies that you have used in this kind of situation. Any suggestions?
    Wendy Kooken · Illinois Wesleyan University
    There is a book called Sophie's World which is an exploration of the underlying philosophy of science that may be helpful. I know there is at least one article that is about educators using this book to teach a research/philosophy course http://www.amazon.com/Sophies-World-History-Philosophy-Classics/dp/0374530718/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1384949166&sr=8-1&keywords=sophies+world Also other books, Flatland, What is Science by Mannoia and Theory of Science by Gale. These are all books I have found helpful. The other strategy I use is to have the students find something they are passionate about to link their understanding of research and philosophy to. For example, I had an undergraduate student taking a research course. She had no real clinical experience yet. But, when exploring things she was interested in, her religion was important to her - so I gave her a couple of ideas related to this. She chose to spend time looking at the concept of forgiveness and its relationship to physiological measures. She ended up doing very well, because it made sense to her and she was passionate about it. Also,when I taught a similar course at the doctoral level, I made sure that for their readings, I had a wide variety of examples of research readings to choose from that were about research in their specific area- so in my case- research from OT, Speech Pathology, Architecture, and Nursing. Hope this helps.
  • Leslie Mitchell added an answer:
    What are the faculty development needs for nurses who teach in associate degree nursing (ADN) programs?
    I am conducting a study to determine faculty perspectives on professional development to improve teaching efficacy in associate degree nursing programs. This group of nurse educators is largely overlooked as much of the focus has shifted to the professional development needs of nurses who teach in baccalaureate programs. Does anyone know of a faculty development survey instrument that may be adapted for use in my study? I believe this study is important because the research indicates that in many areas of the United States as many as 60% of new nurses are graduates of ADN programs. ADN faculty--full-time and part-time--have a huge responsibility and need ongoing support to fully develop in the faculty role. Thoughts?
    Leslie Mitchell · Sutter Health
    I recieved my ADN from a program that employed only Masters level and higher Nurse educators from a local community college. I however, worked in a facility that contributed clinical time for that program as well as a University BSN program. Since that time and over the years the seperation in the two nursing styles has become increasingly evident. What is evident to myself and fellow practitioners who come from an ADN background is the significant difference in Clinical skills that the ADN nurses have over the BSN nurse. I also see an increase in finese of bedside care in the ADN and MSN nurse that seems to be lacking in the BSN programs. I'm not sure where we lose that finese in the BSN program. Are we overly concentrated on the generalist education program losing focus in the clinical setting in the typical BSN program setting? Should we be looking more to requiring a residential style nursing program? Requirement of ADN with a required assignment in a teaching institution post graduation while attending a BSN program continuing through the Masters level with Phd as an option?
  • Anthony Schapera added an answer:
    Need help for preop anxiety and ways to reduce this?
    DNP project in perioperative area.
  • Tomi Gomory added an answer:
    Disease causing Suicidal deaths ?
    Dear Researcher, I am very eager to know the answer for this research question. What are the disease that can lead to increase the suicidal intend of the patient. Because, I had seen a good number of cases of the patients of HIV/AIDS patients commiting suicide due to lack of hope on the life expectecation, social discrimination, compramised life and Family isolations. But as the same, there may be many disease that which can turns the patient mind into suicidal corner. Please share the answer for my question. I would be very happy if anyone interested to share some of the articles and data of the same mentioned above.
    Tomi Gomory · Florida State University
    Thanks Tomislav. I would respond that the acts were suicide (self murder) and murder of family members, he actually took complex steps that require important and complex behaviors which he intended to do (load, point the gun, and shoot) impossible without "intention" or understanding what he was doing, after all he could have killed others, not shot or used other means. Everything else I think is post facto speculation we will never know. As to the flying psychotic. We need to know much more. Was he on psychoactive drugs? Was he receiving "psychiatric" medication? With first of course real chemically induced hallucinations and delusions can occur. if on the latter, typically always the case for such major diagnoses, the adverse effects are all very serious brain disorders (movement disorders, tardive dyskenisia) also anxiety, depression, thoughts of suicide etc. Which would better explain the leap. Psychiatric drugs as you probably know often cause permanent brain damage and physical symptoms that "mimic" what are often thought of as craziness. So I would need to know much more about that particular person and his "madness" to respond thoughtfully about that. Also your suggestion that you need to be "accountable" is as I see it just a judgement about someone's behavior. It is not a universal law. Our demands of accountability vary over time. At one time being homosexual was seen as illness now it is just normal activity. What part of choosing sexual partners is intended and which is not? Same goes for choosing to take drugs or seeing it as "sickness." In my mind these are judgements about behavior very much dependent on current social and personal moral and ethical perspectives. After all we also have divine madness of the Greeks, which was thought to be a positive version. On Madness please see my recently published book Mad Science:http://www.amazon.com/Mad-Science-Psychiatric-Coercion-Diagnosis/dp/1412849764/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1384439428&sr=8-1&keywords=mad+science+psychiatric+coercion+diagnosis+and+drugs A my best. Tomi
  • Ru-Jeng Teng added an answer:
    Why to use chemotherapy to treat leukopenia?
    If chemotherapy lowers bone marrow activity and thus reduces the white blood cell count, why would it be used as a treatment?
    Ru-Jeng Teng · Medical College of Wisconsin
    Do you mean leukopenia secondary to hemophagocytosis? Some viral infections can manifest like a malignant disease with pancytopenia and chemotherapy may help. I have not taken care of hemophagocytosis patients for decades and can not remember the name of chemotherapeutic agents. Yu should be able to find them in literature.
  • Shahinul Alam added an answer:
    How do post-graduate students learn about and through research?
    I am trying to find out what examples there are out there of research-based learning (in which the student learns through engagement with research) and research-oriented learning (in which the student learns how to apply research methods). I am particularly interested in practitioner education at post-graduate level. Anyone got examples they could share with me?
    Shahinul Alam · Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University
    Research itself is a great learning process. Before doing research one will have to know the existing knowledge and the gap to be filled up by new knowledge.
  • Florencia Maldia added an answer:
    What relationship does quality of nursing have onthe autonomy of nursing's department of professional training, development, education and research?
    Characteristics of the Nursing leadership influence growth and development of the nursing profession.
    Florencia Maldia · Colleges and Universities in the Philippines
    Autonomy calls for competence, advanced knowledge and skills, lifelong learning, research and evidence based practice, decision making skills, communication skills, and collaborative skills to provide quality care.
  • Arnavaz Havewala added an answer:
    Why should our worth as teachers be judged by the number of publications ?
    the dental council of india has been insisting that all post-graduate teachers must have "40 Points"..for publications..... and what is this "40 Points?" its a total of points you get when your articles are published in a journal. and what is the criteria on which this point system is based? international journals are allocatted 10-15 points, as also any speciality journal. university journals have 10 points, so also national dental association journals, and other state dental associations, and others get 5 points. its muddling and extremely complicated. so what happens to those who give lectures in conferences, conduct wokshops, hands-on etc.? there is no credit given for this..
    Arnavaz Havewala · Siksha O Anusandhan University
    thanks ramana...i am so glad that you do think along the same lines as i do. i quote--" though i have many papers published than my seniors, i still respect them and do not compare myself with them.Teachers in many ways cannot publish regularly for many reasons and in my opinion should be judged based on all other characters and not only based on paper publications" so a teacher has much more important tasks to perform that writing papers.
  • Michael Pfeil added an answer:
    Should the modules for all the undergraduate programs be made separate or is it possible to construct a single module for all the students?
    Competencies of students of medical and allied health sciences in Biostatistics and Research Methods
    Michael Pfeil · University of East Anglia
    Obviously most knowledge will need to be dealt with in the way specific to the relevant profession, but there are notable exceptions. Some 'subjects', such as research approaches/methods and communication/consultation skills can be learnt through joint teaching. At our university joint problem-based learning in small undergraduate groups of students from medicine, nursing, physiotherapy, speech and language therapy, ... makes students aware of how other professions 'think' and how they approach problems. They also attend joint 'conferences' where research findings are presented. This may not be a lot, but it shows results. other professions are not an unknown quantity any more, but quickly become part of the same multi-disciplinary team.
  • Alexandre Giannini added an answer:
    Can anyone please suggest how to encourage patients to reveal their medical history on first dental appointment?
    Systematic recording of general medical history is necessary for diagnosing dental problem and appropriate treatment planning. Apart from many systemic diseases, history of medications is also important to note before prescribing any treatment. However, in developing countries, like India where a large population is still illiterate, it becomes very difficult sometimes to extract history about other systemic diseases and use of medications. Some people don't care enough to reveal it, while others do not know what exactly were they taking as medications. Most of the patients, even highly educated ones, do not bother to bring their medical records when consulting a dentist. I can't decide who is at fault for this unawareness. We, the dentists, our medical colleagues, our education system or government's policies regarding Public Health.
    Alexandre Giannini · Brazilian National Cancer Institute
    SALAAM Abdul! The mercyfull GOD bless you! Is such questions that need to be answered, because all treatment begins with a basis called professional/patient relationship! If your are arab, you have names like AVICENA (Ib-Sinah) and AVERROIS, thta where medical practioners, mathematicals, and philosophers.. With them, you'll find a Lot of good directions to your practice. Hope I could help, greetings from Rio de Janeiro, BRASIL!
  • Adrian J Tomyn added an answer:
    How to differentiate between health, wellness, and wellbeing?
    Is there a specific author you'd use (such as Dunn - would you use Dunn?) or is there research which operationalizes those terms? I'm really looking for work based in nursing, but everything will be helpful.
    Adrian Tomyn · RMIT University
    You can find the answers to this question here!
  • Minerva Reséndiz García added an answer:
    Influence of settlement services provision, adaptation and integration processes on Mental Health?
    1.How do post-migration adaptation processes ,integration processes and Settlement services through provision of English language/education , housing,employment,acculturation services and ethnic networks influence mental health/illness of recently settled, young CALD refugees and asylum seekers living in Melbourne,Victoria? 2.What are the pathways of these risk/protective factors of mental health ?
  • Minerva Reséndiz García added an answer:
    Mental Health of recent, young CALD refugees and asylum seekers in Australia.
    Most refugees and asylum seekers report to be generally physically and mentally healthy compared to local Australians (health advantage). However, after living in Australia for several years some of these refugees and asylum seekers self-report less healthy physical and mental health outcomes whereas others self-report continued better mental and physical health outcomes. 1.What social determinants of health factors would be influencing these differences in health outcomes of these CALD clients?
  • Anil KUMAR Grover added an answer:
    Integrating Spirituality in Health Care : Develpoing a curricullum for PG Programme
    In your opinion what is most essential or say what means,methods and modes can be used to integrate Spirituality In health Care Programmes? We are in a process to develope Curricullum for a PG Programme for Health Care Professionals. Your valuable feed/opinion is awaited.
    Anil Grover · Dr. Grover's Dental Clinic,
    Dear Madam Theodora Issa, I am presently in Melbourne till 15th and then shall be at Craigburn Farms at Adelaide for another month. I am on Holiday that gives me opportunity to realize cultural heritage,human bonds and share the view points. I shall be back to you soon... Regards, Anil K Grover
  • Amal Sindi asked a question:
    Can someone suggest articles on the integration of basic and biomedical sciences with dental topics in the undergraduate curriculum?
    Teaching undergraduate dental students.
  • Edward Russak added an answer:
    Anyone aware of any projects going on to treat or manage compassion fatigue in nurses or health care
    I am in the middle of a research project for completion of my RN-BSN program. I would appreciate any leads on any knowledge or work being done on this subject.
    Edward Russak · University at Buffalo, The State University of New York
    My wife is an Occupational Therapist currently working on an advanced degree. Her project is to teach both practitioners and fieldwork students a process commonly known as "Mindfulness" which when properly utilized, has been shown to reduce overall stress in health care practitioners as well as patients with chronic disease. Compassion fatigue, quotas, and completing mountains of paperwork are all stressors which not only reduce quality of life for health care workers, but indirectly affect their ability to provide quality care to their patients. Whatever program or activity that reduces the effect of these stressors would be a very positive move in improving the lives and attitudes for those who provide patient care.
  • Melissa Maddox added an answer:
    Can someone suggest some good papers dealing with education of health professionals for the patient of the future?
    New emerging technologies, health globalization (1), demographic changes, new health care paradigms like health coproduction (2), advancement in both health care delivery and technology and educational delivery and technology (3), social networking, new digital media for learning and self-learning (for example YouTube, open learning portals), and technology enhanced self regulated learning (4) will definitely significantly change the characteristics of the patient of the future (5). The health care systems will have to adapt to these changes, which as a consequence will require organizational, technological and content changes in health care professional’s education, including nursing education on which we are focused in this paper. The patient of the future will be very different, he will expect a unified health team, just for him; individualized medicine for his genetic makeup, a hospital designed for him, health technology to wear every day and dignity and compassion at the end. The patient of the future will be educated and informed about treatments, safety risks, etc; technology and information savvy; most of the care will be provided out of the hospital and he will be focused to stay healthy. Is patient of the future already here? Is anyone interseted to coopearate in writting the paper on this topic?
    Melissa Maddox · University of West Georgia
    Connecting to the IOM news feed is a good place to start. I will lead you to new initiatives out there and what is considered important in todays health care arena.
  • Raza Sayyed added an answer:
    What is the significance of having a researcher in a clinical department?
    Staff in clinical departments are usually busy with patients, students, issues of management,...etc. Accordingly, such settings are in need to include researcher/s whose vision is opened for research. What do you think about this?
    Raza Sayyed · Aga Khan University, Pakistan
    There are actually multiple roles that such a person can be 'made' to do since they will be hired by the clinical department :) - Clinicians pull out data from charts and hand over the entered data to the researcher to 'analyze and get the positive results out so it can be published'.. Sadly this is probably the most common disposition of researchers in a clinical department.. - Clinicians can invlove the researcher from the start of a study to design it better and get their insight towards controlling bias and confounders and thus contributing a better level of evidence to the available literature.. This demands a lot of commitment to research from the clinicians and a great deal of patience and perseverance on part of the researcher.. - The researcher can be involved in teaching the trainees on principles of research and thus help develop future 'research oriented clinicians'... Our department has started this initiative called 'resident research hour' which is a weekly dedicated activity for trainees teaching them varous aspects of research.. The change has started to occur in the quality of study ideas and research thought-process but the impact of producing better quality evidence will only manifest in the years to come.. So it is not just a matter of getting a researcher in the department. the clinicians still have to take the lead in deciding how to utilize the services of a researcher as well as how dedicated are they towards the research process.. regards, raza
  • Epee Emilienne added an answer:
    Could anyone please inform us as to the percentage of ophthalmology trainees that wish to continue their surgical training abroad?
    We wish to compare the percentage of greek ophthalmologists that seek to continue their surgical training abroad with the relative percentage in other countries.
    Epee Emilienne · University of Yaounde I
    In Cameroon 98 % of our trainnees will wisch to continue abroad since we do not offer all the subspecialities.
  • Armin Hirbod-Mobarakeh asked a question:
    What is a clinical clerkship and how can I get admitted to a clinical clerkship program in the USA?
    What is the eligibility conditions and registration fee? Is it really important for admission to a Specialty program in USA?
  • Dr. Pardeep Kumar Kamboj added an answer:
    What are the agencies and associations which provide scholarships and funds for developing country scientists/ researchers to attend conferences?
    Most of the time developing country researchers can't attend the conferences in developing countries because of high registration fee and travel fare.
    Dr. Pardeep Kamboj · University of Delhi
    You can approach ICSSR in case field of research pertains to social sciences or DST if area of research is pure science. Even there are a number of trusts and foundations which award travel grants to deserving researchers.
  • Raza Sayyed added an answer:
    What do you feel about open learning platforms like EDX courses?
    After doing a couple of them...I am feeling they are worth it.
    Raza Sayyed · Aga Khan University, Pakistan
    Thank you for asking this interesting question. After going through the discussion and Matthias' suggestions, i went for the first time to EdX and Coursera websites and the courses were quite interesting. I have enrolled in a current course in HPE and am finding the platform as well as the material quite helpful and intriguing.. I agree with Anirudha that as long as we get the skill, we can make value for it no matter what the certificate is worth.. regards, raza
  • Closed account added an answer:
    How are licensure practices of physicians handled in your country ?
    In Turkey, the medical degree/diploma of the physician candidate, when approved by the Ministry of Health, also acts as a licence to practice medicine. There is no separate licensing process for physicians (and for other healthcare professionals). The approval process of the degree does not rely on any well-established criteria (it is simply and seal and sign process) and there is no real system that evaluates the competency of healthcare professionals. Needless to say that, there is no such thing as re-licencing... I find this situation to be very problematic for a number of reasons that I will not go into detail here, but I would be thankful if you could offer some insight regarding the way licencing procedures are handled in your country. You do not need to offer detailed information; you can simply recommend relevant publications and other sources (such as websites) to point me in the right direction.
    Licensing of medical and dental practitioners in Ghana The certification and licensing of practitioners in Ghana is governed by the Medical and Dental Council Act . To become a licensed medical or dental practitioner, a person must have a primary qualification which can be earned upon passing examination approved by the Medical and Dental Council. Having obtained the primary qualification , a practitioner must be registered either in the permanent , temporary or provisional register depending upon the extent of compliance with registration perquisites as per the MDC Act. A duly registered practitioner risks being struck off the register if found guilty of misconduct in professional respect by the disciplinary and penal cases committee of the MDC. Recently, the MDC has introduced continuing professional development credits system as a perquisite for annual reaccreditation or licensing.

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