• Austin Dsouza added an answer:
    The Business Model Canvas: What theory could identify/explain its advantages over other business model approaches?

    The Business Model Canvas is tremendously successful. But what’s bothering me is the question of WHY?

    Obviously, good marketing by Osterwalder & Pigneur is involved (workshops, blogs etc.). However, this can’t be the whole story, right? Not so many people would use the Canvas if it didn’t have any value over competing business model approaches.

    I believe the success cannot arise from the choice of the nine components either. A number of authors have proposed business model components similar to those in the Canvas but did not have comparable success.

    Rather, to me it seems to be about the visualization (visualization = the "grid/matrix" that visually arranges the nine components). But then the question is: How does the visualization make the Canvas good/useful? And which theories could help to shed light on this? Is it possible at all to provide a theoretical explanation?

    What are your ideas concerning these questions? I am looking forward to any hint or suggestion :-)

    Many thanks in advance!!!

    Austin Dsouza

    Here is a review and comparison of several business model approaches (ontologies)

    • Source
      [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
      ABSTRACT: Organisations are increasingly becoming interdependent in order to create and deliver superior value to their customers. The resulting business models of such organisations are becoming increasingly complex and difficult to design, because they have to deal with multiple stakeholders and their competing interests, and with dynamic and fast paced markets. Hence, in order to ensure the long-term survival of such firms, it is crucial that their business models are viable. Business model ontologies (BMOs) are effective tools for designing and evaluating business models. However, the viability perspective has largely been ignored, and the current BMOs have not been evaluated on their capabilities to facilitate the design and evaluation of viable business models. In order to address this gap, current BMOs have been assessed from the viability perspective. To evaluate the BMOs, a list of 26 criteria is derived from the literature. This list of criteria is then applied to assess six well-established BMOs. The analysis reveals that none of the BMOs satisfies all the criteria. However, the e3-value satisfies most of the criteria, and it is most appropriate for designing and evaluating viable business models. Furthermore, the identified deficits clearly define the areas for enhancing the BMOs from a viability perspective.
      Enterprise Information Systems, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing edited by José Cordeiro, Slimane Hammoudi, Leszek Maciaszek, Olivier Camp, Joaquim Filipe, 08/2015: pages 453-471; Springer International Publishing Switzerland., ISBN: 978-3-319-22348-3
  • Josef Punčochář added an answer:
    Is it possible to have light without electrical power?

    In general, light is produced for household purpose with bulb, CFL, tube, LED etc from electrical power. There is a big portion of world that lives in dark after sun sets. These people do not want electrical power, they want light first.

    Is it possible to create a pollution free light without electric power and without burning something. Light that is sufficient to illuminate a 12 x 12 feet hut without an electricity connection. Light that is very very cheap (not more than $1 per week and 8 hours per day)….Don’t tell solar or known things….suggest something wild…some new idea….innovative…no power only light….Just for the sake of discussion….

    Josef Punčochář

    Hi Vasile, the picture is very nice. It's worth seeing. In return, look at a triode about of the year 1917th. Beautiful, is not it? This, however, shone with electricity. :-)



    It is product S&H.

  • Santosh J. Dubey added an answer:
    Why are innovation and diversity used as positive performance statements?


    The overiding priority of my work is to deliver effective solutions that resolve healthcare service delivery problems and to make things work better.

    However, two recurring barriers to the success of that 'fixing' process is the pervasive view that innovation and diversity are 'positive performance indicators'.

    Yet, fundamentally 'innovation' is about doing something new or in a new way and 'diversity' simply refers to an environment  that contains several differences. 

    The following is an example of the common responses whilst conducting during the front end problem resolution research which I term 'establish the facts due diligence').

    Investigator's question: Why were these actions / strategies were followed?

    Staff / Section Team Response: These are innovative and promote diversity.

    Investigator's question: Was an assessment / evaluation done to assess the likely effectiveness of said innovation and diversity actions?

    Staff / Section Team Responses vary along these lines: We don't  understand what you mean / We don't look at from that angle / Why / This is based on the latest research.

    The sense I often glean from these types of situation is that there is a desire and a higher value placed on being seen to be innovative and a champion of diversity rather than effective.

    Any and all constructive is welcome

    Santosh J. Dubey

    Well, wait till you hear about us instinctive Anarchist Indians! But yeah, ideas are there to be challenged. I think its' just a matter of how we go about the process, maybe. As long as the lines are not crossed, the world's our oyster! Enjoyed speaking to you!

  • Gara Garcia added an answer:
    Is there any plant in Europe which operates the pyrolysis of sewage sludge?

    I am looking for examples in Europe of plants (pilot or real scale) which operate the pyrolysis of sewage sludge, as an innovative thermal process for the treatment of it.

    Gara Garcia

    Hi Walter,

    I am too looking for examples in Europe of pilot scale pyrolysis plants of sewage sludge. In my case, I'm looking into the pyrolysis of digestated sludge, dried at 90% DS. The temperature we are intending to apply is approx. 850oC which will produce mainly H2. The main  concern at the moment is the high concentration of H2, since we want to obtain energy in a CHP. Most of the CHP manufacturers design units for biogas and therefore the feasibility of the project could be compromised since it;s anticipated that the CH4 production will be low.

    Any information regarding this would be very grateful.


  • Liv Kumar added an answer:
    How can a multinational manufacturer use its resources and capabilities to match the opportunities that arise from the external environment?

    My research is based on the business strategic analysis of an international company Procter and Gamble.
    I would like to know how international manufacturers have innovated throughout the years (management, supply chain, services).

    Thank you.

    Liv Kumar

    Dear @Miguel Angel Pérez Benedito,

    I have used  the Radar Chart of Lean Six Sigma Maturity Scores in a previous project but indeed it can be also a proactive approach to understand how the strategy of a company operates. Like a mechanism.


  • Noor Saadah Zainal Abidin added an answer:
    Is there anyone who has data or research articles about Distributed innovation?

    Is this a new and hot topic in Management sciences and the data/articles are easily accessible/available?

    Noor Saadah Zainal Abidin


    Perhaps you could also refer to the following links: 






    Good luck.

  • Manuel Morales added an answer:
    How can a professor use Research Gate among his students to enhance a spirit of innovation, creativity, and discovery?
    Having returned from the United States to Colombia, I have found that my students almost always use the "we-can't-do-that" expression. I wish to expose them to innovative ways of thinking. I also wish to help them see things from various perspectives and basically I wonder if Research Gate can be a good tool to enhance discovery, creativity, and innovation.
    Manuel Morales

    A revised "Flawed Scientific Method" document has been uploaded to replace the previous version. This version is designed to go with the public invitation to help science self-correct. In essence, this one page document illustrates for the public the mechanics of the discovery of Einstein's nonlocal hidden variables (see link).

    • Source
      [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
      ABSTRACT: Albert Einstein held the belief that quantum mechanics was an incomplete theory and that there were local hidden variables that would give us a complete sense of reality. As the findings show, he was correct about there being hidden variables. However, he was incorrect as to where to find them. The basketball examples serve to illustrate the findings of the Tempt Destiny experiment and the mechanics involved. The "Flawed Scientific Method" illustrations were designed to go with the public invitation to help science self-correct. In essence, this one page document illustrates for the public the mechanics of the discovery of Einstein's nonlocal hidden variables which in turn revealed how the scientific method is fundamentally flawed and how to fix it.
  • Pacapol Jakrapan Anurit added an answer:
    Measure of Disruptive Innovation Capabilities?

    Has anyone used any construct to measure the disruptive innovation capabilities? Please share your experience.

    Pacapol Jakrapan Anurit

    Innovation is another theoretical concept that may be applied and interpreted differently. You may learn how this research measured Knowledge Management.

    • Source
      [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
      ABSTRACT: This paper reviews the existing research on the measurement of the value of knowledge and the impact of KMS on organizations in the Information Systems, Finances and Management literatures to try and derive a better understanding of the strategic value of knowledge. The papers argues that the focus of existing metrics is at the operational rather than the strategic level and subsequently does not provide a sound basis to determine strategic value, a metric important in Finance. The paper proposes that the strategic value of knowledge can be derived from an aggregated sum of the metrics at the operational level supplemented by some measure of the alignment of knowledge value aggregates with strategic goals and plans and another measure of the opportunity cost of tacit knowledge. An exploratory exemplar of a Thai company is used to illustrate the framework.
      16th Australasian Conference on Information Systems; 11/2005
  • Fawad Sadiq added an answer:
    I have Managerial Cognition as one of the variables in my framework. Do you recommend using Kirton's AI Inventory to operationalise it or any other

    The Managerial Cognition is an independent variable, in my research framework. Please suggest if Kirton's Adaptors Innovators Inventory (32 items) can be used to operationalize the variable? Any other valid constructs, if its not recommended?

    Fawad Sadiq

    Thank you everyone for the help. Phil, the Kirton's AI inventory was developed to measure the cognitive styles related to creativity, problem solving and decision making. You are right that KAI alone does not give the complete picture of how a person sees things and behave, therefore it has to be used with other variables that can help in assessing the same. That's why the question was posted here if someone has prior experience of using the KAI inventory in this context. You may like to refer to the article below for KAI construct. Bagozzi, R. P., & Foxall, G. R. (1995). Construct validity and generalizability of the Kirton Adaption–Innovation Inventory. European Journal of Personality, 9(3), 185–206.

  • Brian Prasad added an answer:
    Can anyone help me out in finding the questionnaire of administrative innovation and technical innovation?

    my topic is impact of TQM practices on organizational effectiveness with the mediating role of innovation.

    Brian Prasad

    Preparing such a questionnaire perhaps require looking at various approaches to TQM practices. 

    Furthermore, TQM is not only used in managing quality in manufacturing or production settings but also has been employed in other quality settings, such as during product development. 

    An example of such application can be found in the paper attached. Take a look...

    • Source
      [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
      ABSTRACT: Most industrial implementations of total quality management (TQM) are based on dimensions, which are ‘quality-oriented’, goals are ‘quality-focused’ or efforts are ‘quality-driven’. Today manufacturing sectors are much more fiercely competitive and global than before. Consumers are more demanding, competition is more contentious and ruthless, and technology is advancing (and changing) rapidly. The quality-based philosophy inherent in a TQM implementation does not exploit the concurrencies present in today's complex product design, development and delivery (PD3) environment. The competitors are always finding better and faster ways of designing and developing products. With the TQM process alone, it is difficult to accomplish all aspects of Total Value Management (TVM) such as X-ability, cost, leanness, responsiveness, agility, tools and technology, and organization issues. A new concurrent Knowledge Management process for Total Value Management is proposed here, which accounts for concurrency — paralleling of value characteristics — along with an integrated methodology for their systematic deployment. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      Knowledge and Process Management 04/2001; 8(2):105 - 122. DOI:10.1002/kpm.112
  • Bakhtinur Khudanov added an answer:
    What are the opportunities in Horizon 2020 for research projects on Open Innovation?
    Anybody interested in discussing possible collaboration?
    Bakhtinur Khudanov

    We are very interested in collaboration in the framework of EU Horizon 2020. However no organisation has agreed to work together, yet. Do you have any idea?

  • Samarth Gupta added an answer:
    Can you share with me some articles related to information technology driven innovation?

    Related to sustainable development.

    Also linked to the innovation process from a knowledge management perspective?

    Samarth Gupta


  • BK Punia added an answer:
    How important is Family-CEOs Innovative Behaviour?

    Does anyone know of studies or can suggest approaches to deepen our understanding of the link between family-CEOs personality and their individual innovative behaviour

    BK Punia

    There is an old saying that "Charity Begins at Home". In the context of present question it signifies that  family-CEOs personality and their individual innovative behaviour leads the organization to newer heights through not only newer ideas but also through other managerial and administrative measures. 

  • Janjira Janchome added an answer:
    Which is the latest innovation management model for conglomerates?
    A conglomerates means group of business firms, there maybe different business or there are established in the group by the policy or business objectives of the group. So these firms should have the same origin of philosophy of their group. When the conglomerates move to be an Innovative organization, what's required of their firms in the group? How does the board committee of the group drive and manage their firms to be innovative firms?
    Janjira Janchome

    Dear J. W. Zartha,

    Thank you for your useful answer. 

    Very appreciated.



  • Valdemar Freitas Sousa added an answer:
    When we observe a teacher in class in a primary school, how can we differentiate a simple moment invention to a pedagogical innovation process?
    And how we can discern the motivation? For example, is it a personal motivation, based in the expertise, axiology; or is a political stance?
    Valdemar Freitas Sousa

    Hi Silvia

    Based on your question, I’m assuming that you’re asking for a basis of distinction between some last minute pedagogical strategy change, during a class, that looks innovative, from an action, framed on a larger, reflexive, pedagogical (and axiological — as stated by Kevin) process.

    Figuring out motivations is one of the trickiest things to do — and not just in teaching. If one’s indeed observing the teacher in the classroom (doing some form of participant or non-participant observation), why not ask him after class? Ethnographic interview could be a good tool for getting that kind of information. That way, one could see into his/her intentions, pedagogy, worldview, etc. If the teacher one’s watching is a reflexive teacher, who’s framed her/his practice under an innovative paradigm, even if she/he does introduce a “simple moment invention” (as you called it) during class, it might be innovative, because it’s framed under his/her innovative worldview.

    Hope it added something to your discussion.
    Take care. Valdemar.

  • Katarzyna Szczepańska-Woszczyna added an answer:
    How can collaboration between university, business and government be best faciliated?
    Managing these innovation networks by adopting a network approach can lead to effective coordination, understanding, communication efficiency and innovation outcomes.
    Katarzyna Szczepańska-Woszczyna

    On example of my university I can see effective such activities:

    - cooperation within the group of regional stakeholders, such as: provincial office, offices of neighboring cities and communes, Regional Chamber of Commerce, Agency of Entrepreneurship Development and other;
    - a membership of Business Council – the institution cooperating with the City President. Its main objective is connected with giving opinion on crucial issues of the city functioning and development;
    - agreements with the regional companies that confirm the cooperation in the scope of common didactic, scientific, research and development ventures. Agreements include mutual use of achievements and experience for research purposes, preparation of new economic solutions, organization of internships and trainings for students, application of managers’ practical knowledge in the implementation of a didactic process. University is making efforts to activate the cooperation with business practice in the scope of common organizational undertakings as well as scientific and implementation projects.
    - a membership of Chamber of Commerce of Advanced Technologies, Union of Private Employers of Education associated with Confederation of Private Employers LEWIATAN – the biggest organization representing interests of Polish entrepreneurs;
    - cooperation with external partners, with the biggest Polish scientific and research centers as well as scientific societies i.e. Scientific Society of Organization and Management, Institute of Theoretical and Applied Informatics of Polish Academy of Science, Polish Information Processing Society;
    - activity in structures that unite the biggest Polish higher education institutions, Conference of Rectors of Academic Schools in Poland. The KRASP members undertake actions leading to creating the effective and integrated system of national education. They represent common interests as well as promote the development of higher education, science and culture.

  • Antonio García Sánchez added an answer:
    Should we measure Individual-level innovative work behavior (IWB) as a uni or a multi-dimensional scale?

    Specifically referring to the Jansen (2000) or Scott and Bruce (1992) scales

    Antonio García Sánchez

    I agree with Sandra's answer: multidimensional measures of innovation is preferred unless your research deals with a specific and very narrow focused innovation.
    With some exceptions (Ebersberger et al. 2011), most analyses on innovation analyse a single R&D variable, usually internal R&D expenditures. However, certain empirical studies on this question suggest the need to approximate innovation from a variety of angles (AnniqueUn and Romero –Martínez 2009; Vega-Jurado et al. 2009). Some firms may concentrate their technological effort on aspects other than developing internal R&D capabilities (Franco and Quadros 2003; Schmidt and Sofka 2009; Cantwell, 2014; Narula, 2002). This suggests that the approach to R&D needs to be comprehensive, perhaps taking into consideration all innovative activities in terms of Oslo Manual.
    On the other hand, there are significant differences across industries (NACE rev) in innovative activities that are developped and in their relative importance (Garcia, Molero and Rama 2014, 2015). So, I suggest to construct some measure referred to industry average in order to avoid industry bias.

  • Zoheir Ezziane added an answer:
    Is there anyone who is working on Innovation and education learning on Primary data (Questionnaires)?

    Is there anyone who is working on Innovation and education learning specially on Primary data (Questionnaires)? and suggest me some article  and journals who published the article about this topic. thanks

    Zoheir Ezziane

    I found a coupe of interesting references that might be useful. Please see the following link and the attached document.



  • Giselle Rampersad added an answer:
    Can anybody recommend any literature on "national innovation capacity" and its variables?
    Giselle Rampersad

    Try the following article for some variables:

    Rampersad, G. C. (2015). Managing Innovation Clusters: A Network Approach. Journal of Management and Strategy, 6(3), p9.

  • Giselle Rampersad added an answer:
    Can anyone suggest a method for innovation in entrepreneurship?

    I read some innovation methods in technology, but in management, I think there are some also.

    Giselle Rampersad

    Hi Marie,

    One of my past studies focused on how to encourage innovation through collaboration among organizations. See the following article.

    Rampersad, G., Quester, P., & Troshani, I. (2010). Managing innovation networks: Exploratory evidence from ICT, biotechnology and nanotechnology networks. Industrial Marketing Management, 39(5), 793-805.

    More recently, I have been investigating how to foster innovation and entrepreneurship in university settings – both innovation skills in students and also building innovative universities.

    See the following articles:

    Rampersad, G., & Patel, F. (2014). Creativity as a desirable graduate attribute: Implications for curriculum design and employability.

    Rampersad, G. C. (2015). Developing university-business cooperation through work-integrated learning. International Journal of Technology Management, 68(3-4), 203-227.

    Rampersad, G. C. (2015). Building University Innovation Ecosystems: The Role of Work Integrated Learning as a Core Element in the University-Industry Nexus. Journal of Research in Business, Economics and Management, 4(1), 231-240.

    Rampersad, G. C. (2015). Managing Innovation Clusters: A Network Approach. Journal of Management and Strategy, 6(3), p9.

    The articles are all open access so you should be able to access them. Hope they help.

    Best wishes,


  • Amandine Pinget added an answer:
    Do you have references on perceived financial barriers, for environmental innovation and technological innovation?

    I'm looking for articles with a comparison of perceived financial barriers in environmental and technological innovation, for large firms or SMEs.

    I would be very pleased of any references on this subject. Thank you in advance.

    Amandine Pinget

    Dear Mr Horbach,

    Thank you for this reference, I already read it and it was helpful.

    Best regards,


  • Silburn Clarke added an answer:
    What are the best measures on employee innovative output in firms ?

    The realisation of employee innovative performance and output varies in the literature. A popular measure is the patent. However, in the context on a long ideation funnel where 3000 ideas are said to lead to 300 potential patents which may eventually result in  one commercial success,  (Stevens & Burley 1997), then patents would seriously underrepresent the deep and rich ideation cauldron that feeds innovative output. Further, patents record "substantially new" process or product developments,  and not the small incremental "shopfloor innovations" that are more pervasive and occurring daily in firms (Axtell et al 2000). In that context, what other measures would be suitable for capturing and reflecting innovative output at the individual employee level in firms

    Silburn Clarke

    Appreciate the link Aida

  • Bojidarka B. Ivanova added an answer:
    Is the construction of flexible tetra-carboxylato rare earth organic framework with rigid di-carboxylate available and innovative?

    The porous metal organic framework material is very popular as an innovative functional material. The flexible tetra-carboxylic acid is one type of chelate ligand, barely used to construct metal-organic framework. The rigid di-carboxylic acid is one type of efficient ligand to construct transition metal-organic framework. However, both of the two acids are unable to meet the high coordination demand of rare earth, therefore, it is very difficult to construct a stable porous framework by using the two type of ligands alone.  By using flexible tetra-carboxylic acid and rigid di-carboxylic acid, will some new porous and stable MOFs be prepared? Thank you for your review on this project.

    Bojidarka B. Ivanova

    Mr. Chen,

    Generally functionalized - COOH containing organics are among the prominent templates for ligands 

  • Abdelhammid Bourouaha added an answer:
    Is there any relationship between the formal training and innovation?

    looking for the relationship between the training as an input to foster innovation

    Abdelhammid Bourouaha

    Dear Daniel Paulino Teixeira Lopes,

    thank you very much for your answer and you comments

  • Stanislaw P. Stawicki added an answer:
    Can anyone recommend researchers who study the culture of innovation?

    Beyond Tony Wagner, has anyone studied the kinds of cultures that promote and sustain innovation?

    Stanislaw P. Stawicki

    This is an important, yet often overlooked topic. Without strong institutional backing, buy-in at all levels of the organization, and cultural acceptance, most efforts to implement successful innovation programs are bound to fail. One important thing to note is that innovation can be present / implemented in a variety of forms -- individual, institutional, management, educational, process, product, traditional inventions, etc. Below is a list of several important / noteworthy contributions to this area (Kept in alphabetical order):

    Claver, E., Llopis, J., Garcia, D., & Molina, H. (1998). Organizational culture for innovation and new technological behavior. The Journal of High Technology Management Research, 9(1), 55-68.

    Dahlgaard, J. J., & Dahlgaard, S. M. P. (1999). Integrating business excellence and innovation management: Developing a culture for innovation, creativity and learning. Total Quality Management, 10(4-5), 465-472.

    Frohman, A. L. (1998). Building a culture for innovation. Research Technology Management, 41(2), 9.

    Gudmundson, D., Tower, C. B., & Hartman, E. A. (2003). Innovation in small businesses: Culture and ownership structure do matter. Journal of Developmental entrepreneurship, 8(1), 1.

    Jaskyte, K., & Dressler, W. W. (2004). Studying culture as an integral aggregate variable: Organizational culture and innovation in a group of nonprofit organizations. Field methods, 16(3), 265-284.

    Jaskyte, K., & Dressler, W. W. (2005). Organizational culture and innovation in nonprofit human service organizations. Administration in social work, 29(2), 23-41.

    Jones, G. K., & Davis, H. J. (2000). National culture and innovation: implications for locating global R& D operations. MIR: Management International Review, 11-39.

    Pohlmann, M., Gebhardt, C., & Etzkowitz, H. (2005). The development of innovation systems and the art of innovation management—strategy, control and the culture of innovation. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, 17(1), 1-7.

    Hopefully this list of publications / references will further supplement the other sources provided above.

    If found helpful, kindly upvote.



  • Aida Salazar added an answer:
    Internal or external innovation: Which one is more efficient?

    I would like to know if there are any empirical studies that provide information about efficiency of innovation measures developed in the company versus the R&D acquired to other firms. Thanks

    Aida Salazar

    Hi Juan Luis.

    Both two are important, but depends of factors inhibitors and enablers.


  • Abdelmajid El Waatmani added an answer:
    What is the relationship and/or similarities between an industrial district and cluster? What is your opinion?
    Some authors do not establish significant differences between these concepts. But others clearly differentiate them. Is there any intentional confusion?
  • Carlos Jesús Madariaga Fernández added an answer:
    What's the difference between technological change and innovation?
    I have been studying innovation and I can't understand what is the difference between these topics.
    Carlos Jesús Madariaga Fernández

    In brief summary .... technological change is given by the substitution of a technology on the other, innovation is given by the adaptation of this new technology to your company. You can change the technology without there with this innovation.

  • Katja Thoring added an answer:
    What is the most important issue for innovation: time, space or velocity?
    For creative answers.
  • Lijinwei Vv added an answer:
    Hello, Dear friends
    Thank you for join this group.
    Developing countries have lots of difficulties to solve their innovation system problems. You know, these systems in such countries are not really "system". They are fragmented and emerging ones and the system actors sometimes act in contrast. Economical and political context and "rules of the game" of these countries are very different from developed ones. There is not enough theories in innovation policy-making field useful and suitable for developing countries too.
    But, if we know other's experiences and share them, we'll learn from them to solve our problems. So, feel free to share your experiences, opinions and ideas, interested publications and even problems. They all will be useful.
    Lijinwei Vv

    Study and research need strong atmosphere,extensive rural area shorts of atmosphere,i think government can build a system in rural including small library as innovation center to integrate study,train,research,which could facility group study formed a good community whatever offline and online 

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