• Juan A. Blanco added an answer:
    Which is the best ecological modeling software for carbon status of forest?

    ecological  modelling for the carbon  status and growing stock estimation of forests of  western himalayas.

    Juan A. Blanco

    There is no model better than others. Which model to use depends on the spatial and temporal scales in which you are interested, in the type of ecosystem, the information that you have available and your specific question. If you don´t know these before starting your work, you may end up using models that are not adequeate to your needs. I suggest starting by reading the different reviws on forest models that have been published in the last years, where comparisons and descriptions of diferent models are provided.

  • Sarah Hobgen added an answer:
    Is there any open source data which can be used as an indicator for water scarcity for Western Himalayas?

    The analysis needs to be done at 30 m resolution.


    Sarah Hobgen

    Have you tried Landsat at 30m, you could extract water bodies using object based classification in SAGA GIS open source software, as an indicator of water body disctribution (or lack of water bodies). Sorry that is all I can think of.  

  • Pori Das added an answer:
    Where Can I get Snow Depth Data for Himalayan Regions???

    Please send me the links and suggestions. Without field measurement how can I calculate Snow Depth over a particular region

    Pori Das

    Does anyone have any information of snow depth in Arunachal himalayas

  • Amar Agarwal added an answer:
    Is back thrusting common in Lesser and Higher Himalayas?

    There are evidences (field, microscopic, AMS) of late stage back thrusting in Lesser Himalaya, especially in Almora Crystalline (ACZ). The back thrusts appear to have originated probably below the Lesser Himalaya sedimentary (LHS) rocks. The back thrusts may have propagated upwards through LHS into ACZ. Are there other similar examples reported from Lesser and Higher Himalaya?

    Many thanks

    Amar Agarwal

    Thank you for the responses and references.


  • Promila Kapoor-Vijay added an answer:
    Does anyone have any information or publications on the status of the cultivation of domesticated Chenopodium album in the Himalayas?

    Chenopodium album is one of the more common Chenopods in Eurasia. It's considered as a weed in Europe but there are some studies that confirm its domestication in the Himalayas. This species, very diverse and unknown (2x, 4x and 6x), was cultivated in China, India, Nepal and Bhutan. But today it's very difficult to know the real superficie covered by C album as a crop. Where are the farmers, in which agroecological conditions, for what kind of uses (grains, leaves, etc.)?

    One reason for the lack of documented information on chenopods is that many past reports misidentified Chenopodium album as a variety of Amaranth (Amaranthus anardana).

  • Binay Sa added an answer:
    What are the allometric equations available for above ground biomass estimation in central himalayas of India?

    While analyzing the carbon sequestration rate of forests of Uttarakhand, central himalaya, I could not get proper allometric equations for above ground biomass of Quercus leucotrichophora, Alnus nepalensis and Rhododendron arboreum. Please suggest the appropriate one.

    Binay Sa

    Dear Sir,

    Thank you for your recommendation. I will go through the publication and ask you for any queries.

  • Tariq Siddique added an answer:
    Can anybody send me some links or papers or literature reviews on slope stability and with particular reference to Himalayan slopes?

    I would like literature review papers on slope stability?

    Tariq Siddique

    Apart from case studies, can anybody send me some literature review work on Himalayas?

  • Krishnan Umachandran added an answer:
    Which system is better "Modern R.C.C Construction" or "traditional housing system" in hilly high altitude zones in respect of Disaster Management ?

    In reference of recent "Jammu and Kashmir Flood"-
    As modern R.C.C. Construction is dangerous for Hill area and regions near and on Himalayas it is in range of "Young mountains" and "Earthquake prone zone"
    Old system of "wooden made houses" like in Switzerland is better i guess !! R.C.C. Constructed houses are more prone to earthquakes in respect of vulnerability specially in high mountain ranges where earthquake prone zone as houses made in wood is safe against these weak and fragile land compare to R.C.C houses.
    please share your valuable views and ideas

    Thank you all here!

    Krishnan Umachandran

    Walls taller than 20 feet, situated on slopes, or on soils weaker than 20 blows per foot should be looked at more closely. In general, place walls on any slope steeper than 4:1 only with a careful review of both short and long-term stability. Of particular concern are walls placed on freshly cut slopes, where the soil data may indicate high strengths at the excavation level. Freshly exposed material will soften with time, and an assessment of long-term strengths must be made when analyzing walls in this situation. Local districts may want to modify these guidelines based on their experience with specific projects and local conditions.

  • Ricardo Baldi added an answer:
    What would be the best (better!) approach to assess dietary overlap between two species from microhistological data?

    I am planning to investigate dietary overlap between two herbivores in the Himalayas via microhistological approach. What would be the better analytical approach for my question?

    Ricardo Baldi

    I approached the issue of the statistic significance of dietary overlap or similarity by using randomization tests. My design included 2 herbivore species across different sites. I hope this helps 

  • Dipendra Gautam added an answer:
    What should be the model of conservation and development in the fragile ecosystems such as the Himalayas?
    In June 2013, the torrential downpour and subsequent flooding had wreaked havoc and swallowed vast swathes of a Himalayan state of Uttarakhand in India. Over 1800 villages were affected, 2500 families became homeless and at least 4000+ people lost their life during the disaster. The cloudburst, heavy rainfall and subsequent landslides are the natural disasters but this disaster in Uttarakhand is mainly attributed by masses as a man-made disaster due to unplanned development and unregulated tourism. What should be the model of conservation and development in the fragile ecosystems such as the Himalayas?
    Dipendra Gautam

    A model guided by indigenous knowledge and practices and participated by the local people upon the felt needs, not the deployed one could be largely significant. Sustainable development strategy would only be effective if local people feel it is theirs otherwise, the over-exploitation of natural resources and distribution of larger share to outsiders would suffer. Development shouldn't be upon the interest of national planning and bureaucrats rather it should be generated from the local people, so a felt need based development model with optimal use of natural resources and distributing larger share of benefit to the local people would sustain more than any other. Recent trend of development in Himalaya is pretty much NGO/INGO based, and some of these readily try to over exploit the natural resources for greater benefit in short term, so sustainability is pronounced low, empowering the indigenous knowledge/vernacular knowledge would lead a sustainable development in Himalayas.

  • Peter Smetacek added an answer:
    Which traps are better to catch a wolf, foot hold traps or foot noose traps?
    Wolf trapping for a telemetry study in the Himalayas
    Peter Smetacek
    I would say noose... the injury caused by the jaws of the trap, especially armed with pins, might affect the normal dispersal of the wolves, which in turn would affect the study.
  • Shekhar Chandra Bisht added an answer:
    Can anyone recommend a protocol for isolation and characterization of antifreeze compounds from psychrophilic or psychrotolerant bacteria?
    Protocol and references
    Shekhar Chandra Bisht
    Dear Ajar,
    There are many types of antifreeze compounds in bacteria, its depend which type of antifreeze you want to isolate viz; protein, amino acid, sugars. Please refer our recent publication on cryotolerance mechanism and some novel compound found in psychrotolerant bacteria to survive in extreme cold condition..............Good luck........
  • David S. Hubble added an answer:
    What are the major climate-sensitive herbs in the north-west Himalayas?
    David S. Hubble
    This is just out and may be of interest - it's on ResearchGate https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259107846_Ethno-ecological_importance_of_plant_biodiversity_in_mountain_ecosystems_with_special_emphasis_on_indicator_species_of_a_Himalayan_Valley_in_the_northern_Pakistan?ev=pubfeed_overview
    • Source
      [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
      ABSTRACT: Mountain ecosystems support a high biological diversity and a large number of endangered plant species many of which are ecological indicators of those specific habitats. The Himalayas are the world's youngest, highest and largest mountain range and support a high plant biodiversity. People living in this region use their traditional ecological knowledge to utilize local natural resources and hence have valuable understanding about their surroundings. Many areas within this region still remain poorly known for their floristic diversity, plant species distribution and vegetation ecosystem services, yet the indigenous people depend heavily upon local plant resources and, through unsustainable use, can cause an irreversible loss of plant species. The valley used in this study is typical of such areas and occupies a distinctive geographical location on the edge of the western Himalayan range, close to the Hindu Kush range to the west and the Karakorum Mountains to the north. It is also located on geological and climatic divides, which further add to its ecological interest. This paper focuses on (i) identification of ecological indicators at various elevation zones across an altitudinal range of 2450–4100 m and (ii) recognition of social perceptions of plant species populations based on the ecosystem services that they provide. We used robust approaches to identify the plant indicator species of various elevation zones. Using phytosociological techniques, Importance Values (IVs) for each plant species were calculated. The statistical package PCORDS was used to evaluate the species area curves and indicator species for each elevation zone. Data attribute plots derived from Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA) using CANOCO were deployed to illustrate the location of indicator species in each habitat type. Furthermore, the social perceptions of the local inhabitants as to whether the populations of the recorded species were increasing or decreasing over the recent past were recorded. We argue that the assessment of ecological indicators combined with the ecological knowledge of the indigenous population can assist in developing priorities for local and regional conservation strategies, especially for fragile mountain ecosystems.
      Ecological Indicators 02/2014; 37(Part A):175 -185. DOI:10.1016/j.ecolind.2013.09.012
  • Sailesh Ranjitkar added an answer:
    List of nectar plants in Himalayas?
    Rhododendrons are an important source of nectar in temperate and alpine regions of Himalayas. Beside rhododendron which other plants (trees and shrubs) are important as a nectar source? Could anyone provide a list?
    Sailesh Ranjitkar
    Hi Mani, Thank you for the list. I am looking for some important nectar yielding tree species in Eastern Himalayas. Please provide a list of tree species if you have that, I am trying to overlap phenology of such species with Rhododendrons.
    Varun - I appreciate if you can provide a list from Western Himalayas.
  • Wajahat Ali added an answer:
    Can someone recommend some good papers on tectonic/ structural evolution of Himalayas?
    Structures formed due to plate movements.
    Wajahat Ali
    See qazmi and Jan for all details

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