Health Psychology

Health Psychology

  • Kerrie Clover added an answer:
    Adaptions of the Distress Thermometer Problem List

    I am after articles describing any adaptations or validations of the Problem List that goes with the Distress Thermometer (in adult oncology patients).

    I am aware of Brennan et al in the UK and the NCCN alterations. I've had a reasonable search on Medline and of over 60 articles I've looked at no others appear to report changes to the Problem List, which seems improbable.

    Many thanks for any references suggested.

    Kerrie Clover · University of Newcastle

    Thank you Philipp, I'll follow up your suggestion. 

  • Daniel Silverstein added an answer:
    Is there a causal relation between sleep apnoe and aggression?
    A lot of researches have been made to know something about the relationship between sleep apnoe and mood disorders, cognitions or physical health. But whats about aggression or dysphoric mood?
    Daniel Silverstein · Pace University

    I suffered with a severe case of sleep apnea for a few years. I found I was extremely tired and never felt rested but was never hostile or angry. There are several causes for sleep apnea such as an elongated flap in the throat which men tend to develop as they age.The cause of my sleep apnea was acid reflux disease, After working with a nutritionist I changed my diet and was cured of my sleep apnea in a very short time. Sleep apnea can cause heart attack, stroke and other adverse health disorders. I do not believe sleep apnea alone is the cause for hostile actions and mood disorders. I have discussed this issue with other sleep apnea sufferers and not one person with sleep apnea had demonstrated hostile actions or depression or aggression. The only problem was lack of sleep and feeling somewhat hazy at times. This is with people with untreated sleep apnea.

  • Kanthi Hettigoda added an answer:
    What known barriers are there to people with common mental health disorders coming forward for psychotherapy ?

    I am currently advising and working with the NHS National IAPT programme. In the past year I have reviewed many services. A frequent factor to emerge has been the less than necessary referrals to achieve the 15% access goal set by the NHS for CMHD.  Given the high prevalence of these disorders why are we not overwhelmed by demand?

    I have been looking at help seeking research and mental health literacy.

    Kanthi Hettigoda · University of Hull

    I think social stigma still play a major role as a barrier. Unless your psychological issues is not a problem for the intimates(family, friends, or co-workers) individual does not identify it as a problem. Help seeking behaviour starts only when the problem starts to disturb day to day activities. Denial and the employing defence mechanisms also play a role here.

  • Flip Schrameijer added an answer:
    How does color in healthcare environments impact patient experiences?

    Colour is believed to be a fundamental element of environmental design, especially in healthcare spaces as it is linked to psychological, physiological, and social reactions of human beings, as well as aesthetic and technical aspects of human-made environments. Choosing a color palette for a specific setting may depend on several factors including geographical location, characteristics of potential users (dominant culture, age, etc.), type of activities that may be performed in this particular environment in specific wards/hospitals in hospitals according to each function (paediatric wards/ cancer hospitals etc) , the nature and character of the light sources, and the size and shape of the space (Ruth et al., 2004).

    Flip Schrameijer · www.architecture-for-autism.org

    Here's an introduction to color and autism: http://goo.gl/uN62Ar

    As in other cases, one can learn about normal responses by studying special populations. A paradoxical finding around autism and color which might be generalized is probably that color-perception is idiosyncratic on the one hand and impacts most people in similar ways on the other.    

  • Hind abdel moneim added an answer:
    The advantages and disadvantageous of vertical landscape to human well being in multilevel buildings in general/in healthcare environment in specific?

    Landscape/ Green Spaces in public buildings in general and hospitals in specific are believed crucial factors that contribute to improve the positive impacts on human/patients wellbeing. Not only making the minimum impact on the physical environment, communities and economies, it is also providing health benefits to human occupants to the built environment, providing landscape’s overarching goals to which all landscape professionals are committed. Medical doctors take a Hippocratic Oath to do no harm; architects take an oath to provide health safety, and welfare to the public by means of the shelters they design (Henderson, 2012).

    But what are the advantages and disadvantageous of vertical landscape to human wellbeing in multilevel buildings in general/in healthcare environment in specific compared with others?

    Hind abdel moneim · Dar Al Uloom University

    I entered conference about vertical green, it has advantages to the indoor environment

    researches proved  that it minimize the indoor temperature to -4 C to -6 C

    but; on the other hand it had bad effect to the construction system, many steps should be taken in drainage system, and should be about 15 cm away from the wall,

    more information is available on this web site for Patric Blance the one who invent the vertical green.

    http://www.verticalgardenpatrickblanc.com/al green.

  • Albrecht Konrad added an answer:
    How can we find out the relationship between locus of control and work life balance?

    What are the tools and techniques are available to find out the relationship between locus of control and work life balance. Kindly give me the reference of any research carried out in this area.

    Albrecht Konrad · University of Zurich

    I wouldn't use the term  "work-life-balance" anymore  - today, we use the terms "life-balance" or "life-domain-balance".

  • Andrew Haddon Kemp added an answer:
    Manuscripts wanted! Is anyone interested in contributing to a research topic on the link between mental and physical health?

    Deadline for abstract submission: 15 April 2015
    Deadline for full article submission: 15 October 2015

    Submit abstracts here: http://journal.frontiersin.org/ResearchTopic/2668

    Title

    Mechanisms underpinning the link between emotion, physical health and longevity

    Background

    Biological psychology and neuroscience has embraced the study of emotion, yet the disciplines are at a crossroads over the psychobiological basis of emotion.(1) This crossroads may relate, in part, to recent research interest on the brain, largely sidelining the body as a passive observer. The link between brain and body, however, has important implications for understanding the relationship between our mental and physical lives as well as our general physical health. A variety of factors have been proposed for linking specific aspects along the pathway from emotion experience to morbidity and mortality (e.g. psychological flexibility (2), autonomic system function (3), inflammatory factors (4)), however with few exceptions, the pathways remain to be fully fleshed out.

    The goal of this research topic is to bring together leading experts on the relationship between emotion and health, who will present the most up-to-date research on psychobiological mechanisms linking day-to-day emotion experience with physical health and mortality. While this is a broad topic, submitted manuscripts must be relevant to the discipline of psychology.

    Researchers from diverse disciplines and fields including but not limited to, health psychology, positive psychology, embodied cognition, cognitive neuropsychiatry, psychophysiology, the neurosciences, epidemiology and public health are invited to submit manuscripts.

    Suitable manuscripts will include a focus on the relationships between mind, brain and body that highlight the implications for health and wellbeing. Experimental work and review articles in animals and humans will be welcomed, as will studies based on cross-sectional as well as longitudinal research designs. Application of sophisticated statistical modeling including conditional process analysis and structural equation modeling of key factors is encouraged. Intervention studies to increase health and wellbeing either in healthy or patient cohorts would also be an excellent addition to this research topic.


    References

    1. Lindquist, K. A., Siegel, E. H., Quigley, K. S. & Barrett, L. F. The hundred-year emotion war: Are emotions natural kinds or psychological constructions? Comment on Lench, Flores, and Bench (2011). Psychol Bull 139, 255–263 (2013).
    2. Kashdan, T. B. & Rottenberg, J. Psychological flexibility as a fundamental aspect of health. Clin Psychol Rev 30, 865–878 (2010).
    3. Thayer, J. F., Yamamoto, S. S. & Brosschot, J. F. The relationship of autonomic imbalance, heart rate variability and cardiovascular disease risk factors. Int J Cardiol 141, 122–131 (2010).
    4. Kiecolt-Glaser, J. K., McGuire, L., Robles, T. F. & Glaser, R. Emotions, morbidity, and mortality: new perspectives from psychoneuroimmunology. Annu. Rev. Psychol. 53, 83–107 (2002).

    Andrew Haddon Kemp · University of São Paulo

    Manuscripts wanted! The research topic on link bw emotion, health & longevity @FrontiersIn now spans multiple journals inc Frontiers in Psychology (Emotion Science), Frontiers in Psychiatry (Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research, Public Mental Health), and Frontiers in Public Health (Epidemiology, Public Mental Health). Deadline for Abstract is 15 April 2015 and for Manuscript is 15 October 2015.

  • Richard Fielding added an answer:
    Can you recommend 2 established screening tools to enable validatation of a new screening tool for breast cancer patients at the end of radiotherapy?

    The new screening tool has been developed to cover areas such as, emotional distress, social and physical function. This will also be used to stratify patients for either a group or individual follow up

    Richard Fielding · The University of Hong Kong

    I would recommend a different approach - use a tool such as the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale or the Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale.  These measure a wide spectrum of symptoms and importantly not just psychological symptoms, and it is the former that tend to be most prevalent in our experience.  Also, you might want to note that simply assessing psychological distress isn't a recipie for providing psychological support.  More often than not,psychological distress is related to unresolved residual disease or treatment effects - fatigue, insomnia, pain - which if left untreated remain problematic.  In other words psychological distress following treatment is more often a secondary effect than a primary problem, though it is primary in a smaller number of cases.  

    The problem then is, if you use a psychosocial screening tool it can cause other problems - does the tool have adequate sensitivity & specificity? The DT is sensitive, but very non-specific, ditto the HADS. Second, is the psychological distress primary or secondary? That's why the symptom assessment tools above are recommended. Third, if you detect distress, do you have the resources to do something about it? If all that happens is the patient gets a prescription for an antidepressant/anxiolytic, then you're better off saving your limited resources to treat known symptoms, such as preventing lymphoedema, fatigue, and insomnia, as well as peripheral neuropathies from targeted therapies.  

  • David M Houghton added an answer:
    Is anyone familiar with a state (situational) self-perception (or body dissatisfaction) scale for children?
    I want to measure the effect of a specific situation on children's physical self-worth and body satisfaction, but the physical self perception profile is a trait questionnaire and less susceptible to change with acute effects. My participants' age is 8 to 12 years old.

    I have used each of the three scales I have suggested. See the copy of the research presentation on my Researchgate page: The eating behaviours of children and young adults and their attitudes towards their bodies. They were not used to assess changes pre- and post-interventions/ exercises, but could you not use them for that purpose?

  • Bronnie Thompson added an answer:
    Psychology/behavior of doctor-patient interactions/relationships.
    Can anyone recommend any works on psychology/behaviour of doctor-patient interactions/relationships; especially psychology/behaviour of doctors when they try to diagnose/treat themselves or family/friends? Thanks.
    Bronnie Thompson · University of Otago

    A great book on neuroscience of patient-doctor (read: health professional) relationship is Benedetti's book The Patient's Brain.

  • Alexandr Erzin added an answer:
    How proactive coping is related to quality of life and longevity?

    In health psychology the role of proactivity in well-being, life satisfaction and successful aging is investigating (Aspinwall L., Kahana E.). How proactive coping determines the quality of life and longevity?

    Alexandr Erzin · Orenburg State Medical Academy

    Dear Mohammad Mahpur,

    That's interesting!

  • Susan dorothy Makepeace added an answer:
    Are there any studies on using the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire vs IPQ when researching R-Diabetes?
    Are there any documented advantages/disadvantages of using the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (modified for diabetes) for research with young adults rather than the IPQ R-Diabetes?
    Susan dorothy Makepeace · Independent Researcher

    I am keen to know if the brief IPQ has been utilized with Cranial diabetes insipidus. Cranial Diabetes, as you would be aware is idiopathic. however the brain producing little or no anti-durect hormone can be the result of head injuries, pituitary tumours or nerosurgery or haemochromatosis and sarcoidosis, infections TB genetic defects(rarely), a variety of kidney conditions, inherited genetic disorders. given that conditions such as haemochromatosis often go undetected there may be individuals undiagnosed with cranial diabetes.

  • Frank Baker added an answer:
    Are any measures available that assess attitudes and perceptions of health care providers toward integrated care?
    I have found various tools that have been developed to measure structural aspects of integrated care as well as measures assessing healthcare provider’s attitudes toward care teams but have been unable to find a measure specific to integrated care delivery.
    Frank Baker · University of Connecticut, Hartford Ct, United States

    I am doing a study on beliefs about systemic integration of health care.

  • Patrick Santens added an answer:
    Does anyone know of a mood screen for aphasic clients?

    i work with cilents who have suffered neurological disorders. does anyone know of a mood screen that is suited to this client group?

    Patrick Santens · Universitair Ziekenhuis Ghent

    This is a plausible starting point :

    Validation of the Aphasic Depression Rating Scale Charles Benaim, MD, PhD; Bruno Cailly, MD; Dominic Perennou, MD, PhD; Jacques Pelissier, MD Background and Purpose—The Aphasic Depression Rating Scale (ADRS) was developed to detect and measure depression in aphasic patients during the subacute stage of stroke. Methods—Six experts selected an initial sampling of behavioral items from existing depression rating scales. Stroke patients (aphasic and nonaphasic) were assessed with these items by the rehabilitation staff, with the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) for nonaphasic patients only, by a psychiatrist, and by the rehabilitation staff with Visual Analog Scales (VAS). A second item selection was conducted after a regression algorithm was run including VAS as independent variables (criterion validity) and after their factorial structure was analyzed with a principal component analysis (factorial validity). The construct validity was evaluated with respect to the other depression assessments. A threshold for the diagnosis of depression was computed with respect to the psychiatrist’s diagnosis. Interrater and test-retest reliability were assessed in 2 additional groups of aphasic patients. Results—Eighty patients participated in the study (59 aphasic). Fifteen behavioral items from existing depression rating scales were selected, and 9 were retained after the validation process. ADRS correlated highly with VAS and HDRS (r􏰂0.60 to 0.78, P􏰂10􏰃4 to 10􏰃6). With respect to the psychiatrist’s diagnosis, the sensitivity and specificity of ADRS were 0.83 and 0.71, respectively, when the threshold was set at 9/32. Its factorial structure was comparable to HDRS structure. Interrater and test-retest reliability were high (average 􏰇 coefficient of the 9 items􏰂0.69). Conclusions—ADRS is a valid, reliable, sensitive, and specific tool for the evaluation of depression in aphasic patients during the stroke subacute phase. (Stroke. 2004;35:1692-1696.)

  • Jackie Fox added an answer:
    What research would you recommend that looks at 'independence' in relation to human flourishing?
    I am looking for some works that link independence with optimal functioning. Preferably in the area of special needs but not exclusively as this is relatively untapped area. Although Independence is often defined as 'basic living skills', I am looking to define it in the broader context of human flourishing.
    Jackie Fox · National University of Ireland, Galway

    Hi Merisa,

    Thanks for that - Intellectual disability is not my area (I work more in the area of mental health) but I understand what you mean about independance in decision-making and choices. I don't know if you have the below articles - maybe they could be helpful? I also think the work of Dr Corey Keyes is really interesting. He talks a lot about human flourishing and how it is a lot about being able to participate and have choices.

    Arvidsson et al. (2008). Factors related to self-rated participation in adolescents and adults with mild intellectual disability - a systematic literature review. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 21(3), 277-291.

    Kjellberg A. (2002). More or less independent. Disability and Rehabilitation 24(16), 828-840

    Wennberg B., Kjellberg A. (2010). Participation when using cognitive assistive devices--from the perspective of people with intellectual disabilities. Occupational therapy international,17(4), 168-176

  • Klaus Minde added an answer:
    Does anyone know a validated questionnaire for depression in sickle cell anemia patients ?

    We wanna do a study about the prevalence of depression in sickle cell anemia patients. 

    Klaus Minde · McGill University

    I see no reason think of a particular test when assessing a potential person with sickle cell anemia or any other medical condition for depression. As I am a child psychiatrist I use the CDI (Child Depression Inventory on my child patients as it provides a good spectrum of scores for teenagers.

  • Ali Gholamrezaei added an answer:
    Why are tight pain, muscle/joint pain, and back pain more frequent in IBS-constipation predominant patients than other bowel habit subtypes?

    In a study of extra-intestinal symptoms in IBS patients we found that tight pain, muscle and joint pain, and back pain are more frequent in IBS-C than IBS-D and IBS-M. What could be the underlying mechanism for such association?

    Ali Gholamrezaei · Poursina Hakim Research Institution

    Sitting in Toilet for long in IBS-C, especially considering our Toilets design !, seems to have a role. But, it may not be just that simple.

    There is some evidence that IBS-C has lower parasympathetic tone than IBS-D. The lower parasympathetic tone which may contribute to constipation may also result in generalized pain as the parasympathetic activity is anti-nociceptive. This association may partially explain the finding.

  • Natalia Vázquez added an answer:
    Where I can find examples of genetic counseling programs to address the psychological impact of a genetic diagnosis, risk or test result?
    I'm very interested in the work of Biesecker, BB. and Shiloh, S. for my doctoral research; and also I want to design a program to improve adaptation to genetic risk or a genetic condition in Buenos Aires Argentina, because there is no information or local experiences
    Where I can consult these types of programs?
    Natalia Vázquez · National Scientific and Technical Research Council

    thank you very much for you answer, it would be great to have more information about the courses on psychosocial aspects of genetic counselling.

  • Flip Schrameijer added an answer:
    What kind of complex comfort or health models can be found in the literature for interiors?
    I found different complex models, such as the ASHRAE comcentric shell model, or Rohles' ecosystem model. I created a model myself connected to my research area (healthy and comfortable interiors and their complexity). But I would be interested if you know more complex comfort or health models.
    Flip Schrameijer · www.architecture-for-autism.org

    I advise you to look at the work of Joost van Hoof who has (co-) authored a host of articles about indoor comfort for the elderly (mostly with dementia). His articles are theoretically rich and have a broad knowledge base. He's on ResearchGate.    

  • Roger Watts added an answer:
    Can anyone recommend any papers on the reasons why people stop exercising/being physically active?

    I am looking for any papers that discuss the reasons why people stop exercising/struggle with maintenance of physical activity, specifically in terms of failure to observe any positive results of being active e.g. not losing weight.

    Roger Watts · Hazelden Graduate School of Addiction Studies

    I am vewry sorry for not having a direct answer for you, but I am also interested in this from a personal point of view. You have tapped into the very nature of my life!! Is there any way you could share some articles of insight about this so I can work on this? Thanks.

  • Imran Shuja Khawaja added an answer:
    Are there any new scales for evaluating self esteem?
    I am looking for any new scales available for evaluating or grading self esteem in patients or adults.
    Imran Shuja Khawaja · Associate Professor, Department of Neurology,University of Minnesota Twin Cities

    Thanks for your help

  • Bernard Maroy added an answer:
    Is anyone aware of a self-report measure of somatic symptoms that has strong divergent validity from depressive symptoms?

    Citations of measures would be very helpful.

    I suggest you to read, if possible, my book in French "La dépression et son traitement : aspects méconnus" L'Harmattan Paris 2001or, its abstract in English which is attached.

  • Simone Klipp added an answer:
    Is there a stimulus database of cigarette, drug, alcohol, or gambling cues that have been used successfully in previous studies?

    I am looking for a large number of images of cigarettes, illicit drugs, alcohol, and gambling for an upcoming study.

    Specifically, images of the target items themselves (e.g. an image of burning cigarette or an image of a mug of beer). 

    Preferably, stimulus sets will have been used in prior research.

    Simone Klipp · Federal Highway Research Institute (BASt)

    Alcohol-related pictures were used in this research:

    Grüsser, S.M., Heinz, A., Raabe, A., Wessa, M., Podschus, J. & Flor, H. (2002). Stimulus-induced craving and startle potentiation in abstinent alcoholics and controls. European Psychiatry, 17, 188-193.

  • Mary Bresnahan added an answer:
    What is the best measure for emotional eating?

    I am looking at emotional eating relating to mindful based intervention. I need a measure to assess emotional eating and need help where to start.

    Mary Bresnahan · Michigan State University

    Great suggestion, KJ!

  • Joan Vaccaro added an answer:
    Has anyone done a self reporting weight and height correcting algorithm for the UK population?

    I am looking to do a survey which requires participants to self report weight and height, to calculate BMI. As weight and height can be notoriously  incorrect for certain population groups I was hoping to apply a correcting algorithm to align them with measured weight and heights. Does anyone know of anyone who has done and tested this for a UK population? Alternatively, how do others allow for self reporting errors?

    Joan Vaccaro · Florida International University

    There may be a difference in self-reported height and weight that is dependent upon the method of data collection. For example, the National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES) for a representative sample of the USA uses an in-person interview method for self-reported weight and height. Another group of the sample is actually measured. The agreement in BMI calculated from both the measured and self-reported groups was within a 98% agreement for two-cycles (2007-2010) for adults across race/ethnicity. Gathering data by telephone or computer may lead to incorrect reporting of height (for older adults) and weight (for women of certain ethnic groups). I am not sure if a correction factor is the answer due to age and gender factors within ethnic/racial groups.

  • Abigail Batchelder added an answer:
    Is anyone aware of a published questionnaire that assesses perceived barriers to healthcare access?

    Is anyone aware of a published questionnaire that assesses perceived barriers to healthcare access (e.g., cost of transportation, homelessness, etc.)?

    Thank you in advance!

    Abigail Batchelder · University of California, San Francisco

    Thank you all for your suggestions. I found the Barriers to Care Scale (BACS) developed for people living with HIV (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9828979).

  • Egon Bachler added an answer:
    Which empirical evidence about disorder related psychotherapy of personality disorders are there?
    Ego structural disorders are called "hard to reach". What works for whom? Who works with what? What are the practical experiences you have?
    Egon Bachler · Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg

    Dear Eva,

    I know the book. I am german speaking.

    Thank you very much.

    greetings Egon

  • Emiliana Bomfim added an answer:
    Can anyone suggest a shell expert system which can be used for workload and fatigue monitoring?

    I am looking for a shell expert system which can be used for workload and fatigue monitoring. Does anyone know such an implementation or useful tools?

    Emiliana Bomfim · University of São Paulo

    Hello, take a look at wrist-worn raw data actigraphy for sports research and clinical trials. Find out how our accelerometers can benefit your project. 

  • David Spector added an answer:
    Are there cut-offs for different anxiety levels on the STAI-6?

    I've used Marteau & Bekker's (1992) six item state short-form of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) in a pre-op anxiety study and I was wondering if there are any established cut-offs that are available in the literature that I might have missed?  For example, to demonstrate low, moderate and high anxiety levels or to show clinically significant anxiety?  Or any established pre-op 'norms'?  Thanks in advance for any info!

    David Spector · Natural Stress Relief, Inc.

    Dear Frederick, I apologize for my harsh response. I suppose there might be cases (such as in pilot studies) where an unverified Likert scale might be used for a rough indication.

    But the original question did not state that this was the context.

    While I see your point that the six-question scale has a good rationale, do you see my point that a three division Likert scale mentioned in the question, based on the six-question scale, has little or no validity until its statistical properties are analyzed?

  • Karly Murphy added an answer:
    Scale/questionnaire of hypochondria
    Can someone recommend a scale/questionnaire of hypochondriasis with published cut-off scores?
    Karly Murphy · Seattle Pacific University

    The Health Anxiety Questionnaire is another option to explore.

About Health Psychology

Chronic illnesses, management, illness perceptions, coping, health-related issues.

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