Health Psychology

Health Psychology

  • Michelle Genis added an answer:
    Does anyone know of a mood screen for aphasic clients?

    i work with cilents who have suffered neurological disorders. does anyone know of a mood screen that is suited to this client group?

    Michelle Genis · Kent and Medway NHS and Social Care Partnership Trust

    The Depression Intensity Scale Circles (DISCs) can be clinically helpful. 

  • Charlie Brooker added an answer:
    Are new referrals to mental health services routinely assessed for their experience of sexual violence?

    I'm interested in finding if there has been research, audit or any sort of examination of new referrals to MH services and these people's experience of sexual violence (either historic or acute). Is this a question routinely asked as part of an initial assessment, for example? If so, what are the findings? 

    Charlie Brooker · Royal Holloway, University of London

    Hi Ian I have worked with Liz at CCAWI but lost track of her recently, yes, up to date contact details would be great, thanks Charlie

  • Napoleon Ono Imaah added an answer:
    The advantages and disadvantageous of vertical landscape to human well being in multilevel buildings in general/in healthcare environment in specific?

    Landscape/ Green Spaces in public buildings in general and hospitals in specific are believed crucial factors that contribute to improve the positive impacts on human/patients wellbeing. Not only making the minimum impact on the physical environment, communities and economies, it is also providing health benefits to human occupants to the built environment, providing landscape’s overarching goals to which all landscape professionals are committed. Medical doctors take a Hippocratic Oath to do no harm; architects take an oath to provide health safety, and welfare to the public by means of the shelters they design (Henderson, 2012).

    But what are the advantages and disadvantageous of vertical landscape to human wellbeing in multilevel buildings in general/in healthcare environment in specific compared with others?

    Napoleon Ono Imaah · Rivers State University of Science and Technology

    The main disadvantage of vertical living is the dissociation from the natural ground and its vital green plants.

    The main advantage of green plants is their prime participation in the oxygen carbon dioxide exchange. Plants planted in vertical accommodations play this vital role if planted in suitable and sufficient quantity and quality.

    Another advantage of green plants is the psychological pacifying role in the stabilization of the nervous system. Green colour is at the middle or the seven colour spectrum; thus, green colour keeps human beings in calm equilibrium. Without the calming effect of green plants; people tend to restlessness.

    Plants have a medicinal relief from certain plants; these plants should be useful in high vertical accommodations.

    The main disadvantage of the absence of plants is in planting the wrong type, insufficient or substandard quality and quantity

  • Rolf Drenthe added an answer:
    Would anyone like to collaborate on some Psychology research?

    Hello everybody.

    I’m about to write my Masters’ Thesis at Department of Psychology at University of Copenhagen, Denmark. I’m focusing on psychologists’ opportunities to act, when in professional conversations with terminally ill persons. I have made some interviews with Danish psychologists, and would like to do an interview with a Dutch and an American psychologist as well. My intention with doing these interviews is to compare the psychologists’ opportunities to act within the different laws in Denmark, USA and the Netherlands.

    How can I get into contact with a Dutch and an American (not from Oregon, Washington, Montana or Vermont) psychologist, who works with terminally ill persons, to make an interview with them?

    I really hope for your help, so that the knowledge and experiences from USA and the Netherlands can be a part of my research.

    Kind regards Mai Heinecke.

    Rolf Drenthe · University of Jyväskylä

    Mai Heinecke,

    In the Netherlands there is the NIP 
    http://www.psynip.nl/the-dutch-association-of-psychologists.html They might be able to connect you to a psychologist in the Netherlands.

    -Rolf Drenthe

  • Ignacio Pedrosa added an answer:
    Can anyone recommend any papers on the reasons why people stop exercising/being physically active?

    I am looking for any papers that discuss the reasons why people stop exercising/struggle with maintenance of physical activity, specifically in terms of failure to observe any positive results of being active e.g. not losing weight.

    Ignacio Pedrosa · University of Oviedo

    Added to the previous information, you can find any paper about Burnout syndrome, which affect to active sportpeople and has shown an importante prevalence (1,5-5%)

  • Patricia Popovich added an answer:
    Does anyone know of any research into the links between gratitude and post-traumatic growth/benefit-finding?

    Can anyone recommend studies/books that have explored the ways in which gratitude facilitates post-traumatic growth? I would like to see if reminding oneself to be grateful be an effective way of coping with difficult life situations.

    Patricia Popovich · Atlantic University

    Another good source is the work of Robert Neimeyer - he has done great work regarding meaning-making. 

  • Katja Rudell added an answer:
    Should I publish an old dataset IPQ/ BEMI study 8 years old?

    Hi,I have done some post doc research on an instrument I developed for my PhD. The research has not been published and is now really old as it was done in 2006. I had submitted it to Psychology and Health, Patient Education and Counselling, BMC Health Services Research and Complementary and Alternative Medicine, but it's been always rejected so far. The feedback made it stronger though - I still believe the data works out rather well (i.e. in line with the model) and the conclusions are ok, but probably more of interest to a particular niche group of people in my field.

    Would you recommend I give up on the idea of publishing it in a peer reviewed journal or just keep going?  I put the article on my page for public review - let me know if you think it is worthwhile to keep pushing. If you think there is value, which journal do you think would take it and not charge me any money for processing it? Thank you for your time!

    Katja Rudell · AstraZeneca, Cambridge

    13 times!!! Ha - ok I won't give up then. I read the paper again last night and I think it is a bit too dense and the tables are not really reflecting where the true innovation is. So my plan is I will now look at the top suggestions from JANE - rewrite the article in the style remove the tables that are somewhat interesting but a little bit overkill - focus on the essence of the innovation and resubmit. Thanks for the pep talk everyone and hopefully in the not too distant future you will see this back on here.

  • I am in search of a recommendation for writing hypotheses based on competing theories and competing temporal ordering - can anyone help?
    I am working on my master's thesis which tests competing theories of temporal ordering of two types of variables (i.e., X --> Y, or Y --> X?). I do not have a strong feeling about which direction the temporal ordering will be in and there evidence supporting both theoretical arguments. I already know the two variables are related, so I have considering stating a hypothesis that the two variables will be related and then posing a research question about the strength of the relationship being stronger one way versus the other. Is anyone aware of an article that presents hypotheses this way? I am looking for an example to help frame the questions.
    Béatrice Marianne Ewalds-Kvist · Stockholm University

    While Young- Helmholz  theory of trichromatic colour vision makes clear some of the processes involved in how we see color, it does not explain all aspects of color vision. The opponent-process theory of color vision was developed by Ewald Hering. These two theories were competing till a way was found to combine the two theories in the dual-process colour transduction theory (Knoblauch, 2002).

    Your null hypothesis is that there is no difference between your competeing theories and your H1 is that there is

    and then you show how to combine the two to answer your problem! Good luck!

  • Midah Rangkuti added an answer:
    A good questionnaire to measure coping mechanisms
    Which of the following or any other questionnaires do you think is best to measure coping mechanisms in an outpatient medical setting and why?
    - Jalowiec Coping Scale
    - The COPE inventory
    - Ways of Coping Questionnaire
    Midah Rangkuti · University of Indonesia

    thanks for you information

  • Egon Bachler added an answer:
    Which empirical evidences do we have about the relationship between childhood adversity and resilience factors and mental disorders in adulthood?
    Are there any cross-cultural differences?
    Egon Bachler · Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg

    Dear Sabine,

    Thank you for your contribution. I still know the ACE Study, but even this study does not  take into account the effect of protective factores.

    greetings Egon

  • Khaliq ur Rehman Cheema added an answer:
    Does anyone have qualitative research on breastfeeding among opioid-dependent women?

    I am working on a paper on how breastfeeding can help manage neonatal abstinence syndrome and am interested in qualitative data from women who have personally dealt with this experience.

    Khaliq ur Rehman Cheema · University of Management and Technology (Pakistan)

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23931660

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20658895

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2633026/

    http://www.acog.org/Resources-And-Publications/Committee-Opinions/Committee-on-Health-Care-for-Underserved-Women/Opioid-Abuse-Dependence-and-Addiction-in-Pregnancy

  • Dean Repper added an answer:
    What known barriers are there to people with common mental health disorders coming forward for psychotherapy ?

    I am currently advising and working with the NHS National IAPT programme. In the past year I have reviewed many services. A frequent factor to emerge has been the less than necessary referrals to achieve the 15% access goal set by the NHS for CMHD.  Given the high prevalence of these disorders why are we not overwhelmed by demand?

    I have been looking at help seeking research and mental health literacy.

    First of all can I say thank you to all those who responded. I have some valuable sources to follow up. 

    Matthew, you raise some useful points about what people actually receive/ or perceive they are offered when referred to IAPT. In fact my work with IAPT services has reinforced for me that we need to do more about drop out from therapy. We also need to address underfunding in some areas, which makes it difficult to set up an appropriate IAPT service, maybe thats why we see shortcuts. Nationally, these are taken seriously, in particular the issue about people getting sufficient sessions.

    This particular question is though I think about what happens in community settings to enhance likelihood that someone would seek help. 

    We also need to bear in mind that there are a lot of people who benefit from IAPT and they will tell a positive story to friends and family, often being good advocates.

  • Kerrie Clover added an answer:
    Adaptions of the Distress Thermometer Problem List

    I am after articles describing any adaptations or validations of the Problem List that goes with the Distress Thermometer (in adult oncology patients).

    I am aware of Brennan et al in the UK and the NCCN alterations. I've had a reasonable search on Medline and of over 60 articles I've looked at no others appear to report changes to the Problem List, which seems improbable.

    Many thanks for any references suggested.

    Kerrie Clover · University of Newcastle

    Thank you Philipp, I'll follow up your suggestion. 

  • Daniel Silverstein added an answer:
    Is there a causal relation between sleep apnoe and aggression?
    A lot of researches have been made to know something about the relationship between sleep apnoe and mood disorders, cognitions or physical health. But whats about aggression or dysphoric mood?
    Daniel Silverstein · Pace University

    I suffered with a severe case of sleep apnea for a few years. I found I was extremely tired and never felt rested but was never hostile or angry. There are several causes for sleep apnea such as an elongated flap in the throat which men tend to develop as they age.The cause of my sleep apnea was acid reflux disease, After working with a nutritionist I changed my diet and was cured of my sleep apnea in a very short time. Sleep apnea can cause heart attack, stroke and other adverse health disorders. I do not believe sleep apnea alone is the cause for hostile actions and mood disorders. I have discussed this issue with other sleep apnea sufferers and not one person with sleep apnea had demonstrated hostile actions or depression or aggression. The only problem was lack of sleep and feeling somewhat hazy at times. This is with people with untreated sleep apnea.

  • Flip Schrameijer added an answer:
    How does color in healthcare environments impact patient experiences?

    Colour is believed to be a fundamental element of environmental design, especially in healthcare spaces as it is linked to psychological, physiological, and social reactions of human beings, as well as aesthetic and technical aspects of human-made environments. Choosing a color palette for a specific setting may depend on several factors including geographical location, characteristics of potential users (dominant culture, age, etc.), type of activities that may be performed in this particular environment in specific wards/hospitals in hospitals according to each function (paediatric wards/ cancer hospitals etc) , the nature and character of the light sources, and the size and shape of the space (Ruth et al., 2004).

    Flip Schrameijer · www.architecture-for-autism.org

    Here's an introduction to color and autism: http://goo.gl/uN62Ar

    As in other cases, one can learn about normal responses by studying special populations. A paradoxical finding around autism and color which might be generalized is probably that color-perception is idiosyncratic on the one hand and impacts most people in similar ways on the other.    

  • Albrecht Konrad added an answer:
    How can we find out the relationship between locus of control and work life balance?

    What are the tools and techniques are available to find out the relationship between locus of control and work life balance. Kindly give me the reference of any research carried out in this area.

    Albrecht Konrad · University of Zurich

    I wouldn't use the term  "work-life-balance" anymore  - today, we use the terms "life-balance" or "life-domain-balance".

  • Andrew Haddon Kemp added an answer:
    Manuscripts wanted! Is anyone interested in contributing to a research topic on the link between mental and physical health?

    Deadline for abstract submission: 15 April 2015
    Deadline for full article submission: 15 October 2015

    Submit abstracts here: http://journal.frontiersin.org/ResearchTopic/2668

    Title

    Mechanisms underpinning the link between emotion, physical health and longevity

    Background

    Biological psychology and neuroscience has embraced the study of emotion, yet the disciplines are at a crossroads over the psychobiological basis of emotion.(1) This crossroads may relate, in part, to recent research interest on the brain, largely sidelining the body as a passive observer. The link between brain and body, however, has important implications for understanding the relationship between our mental and physical lives as well as our general physical health. A variety of factors have been proposed for linking specific aspects along the pathway from emotion experience to morbidity and mortality (e.g. psychological flexibility (2), autonomic system function (3), inflammatory factors (4)), however with few exceptions, the pathways remain to be fully fleshed out.

    The goal of this research topic is to bring together leading experts on the relationship between emotion and health, who will present the most up-to-date research on psychobiological mechanisms linking day-to-day emotion experience with physical health and mortality. While this is a broad topic, submitted manuscripts must be relevant to the discipline of psychology.

    Researchers from diverse disciplines and fields including but not limited to, health psychology, positive psychology, embodied cognition, cognitive neuropsychiatry, psychophysiology, the neurosciences, epidemiology and public health are invited to submit manuscripts.

    Suitable manuscripts will include a focus on the relationships between mind, brain and body that highlight the implications for health and wellbeing. Experimental work and review articles in animals and humans will be welcomed, as will studies based on cross-sectional as well as longitudinal research designs. Application of sophisticated statistical modeling including conditional process analysis and structural equation modeling of key factors is encouraged. Intervention studies to increase health and wellbeing either in healthy or patient cohorts would also be an excellent addition to this research topic.


    References

    1. Lindquist, K. A., Siegel, E. H., Quigley, K. S. & Barrett, L. F. The hundred-year emotion war: Are emotions natural kinds or psychological constructions? Comment on Lench, Flores, and Bench (2011). Psychol Bull 139, 255–263 (2013).
    2. Kashdan, T. B. & Rottenberg, J. Psychological flexibility as a fundamental aspect of health. Clin Psychol Rev 30, 865–878 (2010).
    3. Thayer, J. F., Yamamoto, S. S. & Brosschot, J. F. The relationship of autonomic imbalance, heart rate variability and cardiovascular disease risk factors. Int J Cardiol 141, 122–131 (2010).
    4. Kiecolt-Glaser, J. K., McGuire, L., Robles, T. F. & Glaser, R. Emotions, morbidity, and mortality: new perspectives from psychoneuroimmunology. Annu. Rev. Psychol. 53, 83–107 (2002).

    Andrew Haddon Kemp · University of São Paulo

    Manuscripts wanted! The research topic on link bw emotion, health & longevity @FrontiersIn now spans multiple journals inc Frontiers in Psychology (Emotion Science), Frontiers in Psychiatry (Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research, Public Mental Health), and Frontiers in Public Health (Epidemiology, Public Mental Health). Deadline for Abstract is 15 April 2015 and for Manuscript is 15 October 2015.

  • Richard Fielding added an answer:
    Can you recommend 2 established screening tools to enable validatation of a new screening tool for breast cancer patients at the end of radiotherapy?

    The new screening tool has been developed to cover areas such as, emotional distress, social and physical function. This will also be used to stratify patients for either a group or individual follow up

    Richard Fielding · The University of Hong Kong

    I would recommend a different approach - use a tool such as the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale or the Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale.  These measure a wide spectrum of symptoms and importantly not just psychological symptoms, and it is the former that tend to be most prevalent in our experience.  Also, you might want to note that simply assessing psychological distress isn't a recipie for providing psychological support.  More often than not,psychological distress is related to unresolved residual disease or treatment effects - fatigue, insomnia, pain - which if left untreated remain problematic.  In other words psychological distress following treatment is more often a secondary effect than a primary problem, though it is primary in a smaller number of cases.  

    The problem then is, if you use a psychosocial screening tool it can cause other problems - does the tool have adequate sensitivity & specificity? The DT is sensitive, but very non-specific, ditto the HADS. Second, is the psychological distress primary or secondary? That's why the symptom assessment tools above are recommended. Third, if you detect distress, do you have the resources to do something about it? If all that happens is the patient gets a prescription for an antidepressant/anxiolytic, then you're better off saving your limited resources to treat known symptoms, such as preventing lymphoedema, fatigue, and insomnia, as well as peripheral neuropathies from targeted therapies.  

  • David M Houghton added an answer:
    Is anyone familiar with a state (situational) self-perception (or body dissatisfaction) scale for children?
    I want to measure the effect of a specific situation on children's physical self-worth and body satisfaction, but the physical self perception profile is a trait questionnaire and less susceptible to change with acute effects. My participants' age is 8 to 12 years old.

    I have used each of the three scales I have suggested. See the copy of the research presentation on my Researchgate page: The eating behaviours of children and young adults and their attitudes towards their bodies. They were not used to assess changes pre- and post-interventions/ exercises, but could you not use them for that purpose?

  • Bronnie Thompson added an answer:
    Psychology/behavior of doctor-patient interactions/relationships.
    Can anyone recommend any works on psychology/behaviour of doctor-patient interactions/relationships; especially psychology/behaviour of doctors when they try to diagnose/treat themselves or family/friends? Thanks.
    Bronnie Thompson · University of Otago

    A great book on neuroscience of patient-doctor (read: health professional) relationship is Benedetti's book The Patient's Brain.

  • Alexandr Erzin added an answer:
    How proactive coping is related to quality of life and longevity?

    In health psychology the role of proactivity in well-being, life satisfaction and successful aging is investigating (Aspinwall L., Kahana E.). How proactive coping determines the quality of life and longevity?

    Alexandr Erzin · Orenburg State Medical Academy

    Dear Mohammad Mahpur,

    That's interesting!

  • Susan dorothy Makepeace added an answer:
    Are there any studies on using the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire vs IPQ when researching R-Diabetes?
    Are there any documented advantages/disadvantages of using the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (modified for diabetes) for research with young adults rather than the IPQ R-Diabetes?
    Susan dorothy Makepeace · Independent Researcher

    I am keen to know if the brief IPQ has been utilized with Cranial diabetes insipidus. Cranial Diabetes, as you would be aware is idiopathic. however the brain producing little or no anti-durect hormone can be the result of head injuries, pituitary tumours or nerosurgery or haemochromatosis and sarcoidosis, infections TB genetic defects(rarely), a variety of kidney conditions, inherited genetic disorders. given that conditions such as haemochromatosis often go undetected there may be individuals undiagnosed with cranial diabetes.

  • Frank Baker added an answer:
    Are any measures available that assess attitudes and perceptions of health care providers toward integrated care?
    I have found various tools that have been developed to measure structural aspects of integrated care as well as measures assessing healthcare provider’s attitudes toward care teams but have been unable to find a measure specific to integrated care delivery.
    Frank Baker · University of Connecticut, Hartford Ct, United States

    I am doing a study on beliefs about systemic integration of health care.

  • Jackie Fox added an answer:
    What research would you recommend that looks at 'independence' in relation to human flourishing?
    I am looking for some works that link independence with optimal functioning. Preferably in the area of special needs but not exclusively as this is relatively untapped area. Although Independence is often defined as 'basic living skills', I am looking to define it in the broader context of human flourishing.
    Jackie Fox · National University of Ireland, Galway

    Hi Merisa,

    Thanks for that - Intellectual disability is not my area (I work more in the area of mental health) but I understand what you mean about independance in decision-making and choices. I don't know if you have the below articles - maybe they could be helpful? I also think the work of Dr Corey Keyes is really interesting. He talks a lot about human flourishing and how it is a lot about being able to participate and have choices.

    Arvidsson et al. (2008). Factors related to self-rated participation in adolescents and adults with mild intellectual disability - a systematic literature review. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 21(3), 277-291.

    Kjellberg A. (2002). More or less independent. Disability and Rehabilitation 24(16), 828-840

    Wennberg B., Kjellberg A. (2010). Participation when using cognitive assistive devices--from the perspective of people with intellectual disabilities. Occupational therapy international,17(4), 168-176

  • Klaus Minde added an answer:
    Does anyone know a validated questionnaire for depression in sickle cell anemia patients ?

    We wanna do a study about the prevalence of depression in sickle cell anemia patients. 

    Klaus Minde · McGill University

    I see no reason think of a particular test when assessing a potential person with sickle cell anemia or any other medical condition for depression. As I am a child psychiatrist I use the CDI (Child Depression Inventory on my child patients as it provides a good spectrum of scores for teenagers.

  • Ali Gholamrezaei added an answer:
    Why are tight pain, muscle/joint pain, and back pain more frequent in IBS-constipation predominant patients than other bowel habit subtypes?

    In a study of extra-intestinal symptoms in IBS patients we found that tight pain, muscle and joint pain, and back pain are more frequent in IBS-C than IBS-D and IBS-M. What could be the underlying mechanism for such association?

    Ali Gholamrezaei · Poursina Hakim Research Institution

    Sitting in Toilet for long in IBS-C, especially considering our Toilets design !, seems to have a role. But, it may not be just that simple.

    There is some evidence that IBS-C has lower parasympathetic tone than IBS-D. The lower parasympathetic tone which may contribute to constipation may also result in generalized pain as the parasympathetic activity is anti-nociceptive. This association may partially explain the finding.

  • Natalia Vázquez added an answer:
    Where I can find examples of genetic counseling programs to address the psychological impact of a genetic diagnosis, risk or test result?
    I'm very interested in the work of Biesecker, BB. and Shiloh, S. for my doctoral research; and also I want to design a program to improve adaptation to genetic risk or a genetic condition in Buenos Aires Argentina, because there is no information or local experiences
    Where I can consult these types of programs?
    Natalia Vázquez · National Scientific and Technical Research Council

    thank you very much for you answer, it would be great to have more information about the courses on psychosocial aspects of genetic counselling.

  • Flip Schrameijer added an answer:
    What kind of complex comfort or health models can be found in the literature for interiors?
    I found different complex models, such as the ASHRAE comcentric shell model, or Rohles' ecosystem model. I created a model myself connected to my research area (healthy and comfortable interiors and their complexity). But I would be interested if you know more complex comfort or health models.
    Flip Schrameijer · www.architecture-for-autism.org

    I advise you to look at the work of Joost van Hoof who has (co-) authored a host of articles about indoor comfort for the elderly (mostly with dementia). His articles are theoretically rich and have a broad knowledge base. He's on ResearchGate.    

  • Imran Shuja Khawaja added an answer:
    Are there any new scales for evaluating self esteem?
    I am looking for any new scales available for evaluating or grading self esteem in patients or adults.
    Imran Shuja Khawaja · Associate Professor, Department of Neurology,University of Minnesota Twin Cities

    Thanks for your help

  • Bernard Maroy added an answer:
    Is anyone aware of a self-report measure of somatic symptoms that has strong divergent validity from depressive symptoms?

    Citations of measures would be very helpful.

    I suggest you to read, if possible, my book in French "La dépression et son traitement : aspects méconnus" L'Harmattan Paris 2001or, its abstract in English which is attached.

About Health Psychology

Chronic illnesses, management, illness perceptions, coping, health-related issues.

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