Health Psychology

Health Psychology

  • Veena Shukla added an answer:
    Are there any sample interview questionnaires available related to smoking motivation levels and prime theory?

    Or are there semi-structured interview/ focus group questionnaires available in relation to smoking motivation levels?

    Veena Shukla

    Hi varuna.

    Patient Prefer Adherence. 2014; 8: 1353–1363.
    Published online 2014 Oct 1. doi: 10.2147/PPA.S67767
    PMCID: PMC4199752
    Motivations toward smoking cessation, reasons for relapse, and modes of quitting: results from a qualitative study among former and current smokers
    Krzysztof Buczkowski,1 Ludmila Marcinowicz,2 Slawomir Czachowski,1 and Elwira Piszczek3

    The study reports on smoking-cessation modes and the most common spontaneous decision, caused by a particular trigger factor. The study highlights that people living and working with smokers should constantly motivate them to quit, because it is not known when the right moment for smoking cessation is. We have look for the moment when the smoker decides to quit. The relapse causes also an important issue. In the study talk s about stress, lack of the pleasure previously obtained from smoking, and the smoking environment. An attempt to motivate the person that relapse may take place one should not get dishearten and relapse prevention can be to enhance the number of successful smoking cessation attempts.

    You can go through the paper.

    Thanks and Regards


  • Qahtan Qasem added an answer:
    Is there a scale for measuring Treatment Seeking Behavior?

    Are there any available literature or article related to measuring treatment seeking behavior in mentally ill persons. Thanks for your feedback

    Qahtan Qasem

    Dear Peer, Thanks for your feedback.

  • Laura Vassell added an answer:
    Has anyone used the digital recording glasses to capture human experiences whilst listening to music?

    i am looking at using the digital glasses to record what people are doing at the time they are listening to music and use questionnaires to identify their emotional responses. i am looking more into how other studies have used these glasses and were they effective?

    Laura Vassell

    Thank you - i will take a look at that study and maybe get in contact too.

  • Barry Turner added an answer:
    What new methodologies for treating PTSD are currenty being researched?

    There have been a small amount of encouraging research on the use of new therapy methods for PTSD, but I'm not aware of any DOD research in this area. Some of the methods focused on: Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT), Tapas Acupressure Technique (TAT), Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), Eye Movement Integration Therapy (EMI), Visual/Kinesthetic Dissociation (V/KD) and other Neurolinguistic Programmig (NLP) procedures, and the hybrid form of CBT called Be Set Free Fast. Is the DOD researching any of these methodologies for possible utility in treating PTSD? 

    Barry Turner

    Here is an interesting view of combat induced PTSD.

  • Anirudh Kumar Satsangi added an answer:
    Can the span of life be increased?
    Yogi says yes. According to Swami Sivananda, "According to Yoga, man's life is constituted of so many breaths. The number of respiration per minute is fifteen. If you can reduce the number of breaths by the practice of Kumbhak or retention of breath, or stop the breath through Kechari Mudra you can increase your span of life."
    Anirudh Kumar Satsangi

    None has replied to this question so far.  I realize that it was a really difficult question to attempt to respond.  But, today it appeared in The Times of India, New Delhi/Agra that deleting genes could extend lifespan.  Scientists at the Buck Institute for Research on Ageing and University of Washington identified 238 genes that, when removed, increase the replicative lifespan of S cerevisiae yeast cells.  This is the first time 189 of these genes have been linked to ageing.  It provides new genomic targets which could be used to boost human lifespan.       

  • Ann Fuller added an answer:
    What would be a suitable therapeutic approach to help unresolved grief/bereavement?

    I am working with few clients with unresolved grief. Some of them are not recovering as I expected.

    Ann Fuller

     Hypnosis is an excellent way to work with grief. On a longer term there are a variety of grief coaching programs around that use creativity. Essential oils if used properly and safely can also be helpful. Each of these need to have an appropriately trained person. Bach Flower Essences is a homeopathic modalities and I agree it is a great adjunct to almost anything else a therapist wants to use.I have personally used Bach Flower Essences with good success. I like teaming this with hypnosis for grief.

  • Ronán Michael Conroy added an answer:
    Should I publish an old dataset IPQ/ BEMI study 8 years old?

    Hi,I have done some post doc research on an instrument I developed for my PhD. The research has not been published and is now really old as it was done in 2006. I had submitted it to Psychology and Health, Patient Education and Counselling, BMC Health Services Research and Complementary and Alternative Medicine, but it's been always rejected so far. The feedback made it stronger though - I still believe the data works out rather well (i.e. in line with the model) and the conclusions are ok, but probably more of interest to a particular niche group of people in my field.

    Would you recommend I give up on the idea of publishing it in a peer reviewed journal or just keep going?  I put the article on my page for public review - let me know if you think it is worthwhile to keep pushing. If you think there is value, which journal do you think would take it and not charge me any money for processing it? Thank you for your time!

    Ronán Michael Conroy


    I am delighted at the outcome!

  • Natalia Vázquez added an answer:
    Where I can find examples of genetic counseling programs to address the psychological impact of a genetic diagnosis, risk or test result?
    I'm very interested in the work of Biesecker, BB. and Shiloh, S. for my doctoral research; and also I want to design a program to improve adaptation to genetic risk or a genetic condition in Buenos Aires Argentina, because there is no information or local experiences
    Where I can consult these types of programs?
    Natalia Vázquez

    Muchas gracias por su mensaje,

    Me gustaría poder obtener más información sobre el mismo, existe alguna página web que pueda consultar?

    Saludos cordiales

    natalia vázquez 

  • Anirudh Kumar Satsangi added an answer:
    Would anyone like to collaborate on some Psychology research?

    Hello everybody.

    I’m about to write my Masters’ Thesis at Department of Psychology at University of Copenhagen, Denmark. I’m focusing on psychologists’ opportunities to act, when in professional conversations with terminally ill persons. I have made some interviews with Danish psychologists, and would like to do an interview with a Dutch and an American psychologist as well. My intention with doing these interviews is to compare the psychologists’ opportunities to act within the different laws in Denmark, USA and the Netherlands.

    How can I get into contact with a Dutch and an American (not from Oregon, Washington, Montana or Vermont) psychologist, who works with terminally ill persons, to make an interview with them?

    I really hope for your help, so that the knowledge and experiences from USA and the Netherlands can be a part of my research.

    Kind regards Mai Heinecke.

    Anirudh Kumar Satsangi

    You may contact me at my e-mail id

  • Michael Krichbaum added an answer:
    Is there a German version of the PNI?

    PNI - Pathological Narcissism Inventory (Pincus et al., 2009)

    Thank you. 

    Michael Krichbaum

    Dear Tobias, please find attached the thesis of Liudvika Tamulionyte (2014) with a good overview regarding German diagnostic instruments. She also mentions the PNI from Pincus et al. and notes work on a German translation at the University of Bern ("Aktuell wird am Institut für Psychologie der Universität Bern an einer deutschen Übersetzung und Validierung des PNI gearbeitet" page 29). Kind regards, Michael

    + 1 more attachment

  • Alexander Kushch added an answer:
    What diagnostic methods should be applied to study the psychological mechanisms of creativity in innovation, ingenuity of staff in the enterprise?

    Interested in publications that describe psychological research, especially diagnostic methods in the diagnosis of psychological mechanisms of creativity in innovation, ingenuity, employees at the company

    Alexander Kushch

    Mike Allison,big thanks for the useful link. indeed, the author has interesting links

  • Yelitza Estrada added an answer:
    There is a relationship between physical health and psycotherapy?
    Psychotherapy and physical health
    Yelitza Estrada

    Entiendo que como seres estamos interconectados tanto mente como cuerpo, somos un todo. Estudios científicos revelan que las dolencias físicas no se desligan de las psicológicas, sino que se entrelazan. Por ende en ese caso la psicoterapia es una herramienta que de ser necesitada por el individuo si guarda relación con la salud física. Debería ser parte preventiva de la misma. Pues hay estudios que revelan que la ansiedad y la gastritis van de la mano, así como el asma y la depresión entre otros. Si lo físico no está en salud óptima, por ende se trastoca la salud psicológica y emocional y viseversa. Hay muchos estudios relacionados, así como modelos psicoterapeúticos ( Mindfullness uno de los más utilizados. 

  • Florin Tibu added an answer:
    Does anyone have advice on dealing with ethical issues when evaluating a clinical intervention for children in foster care?

    I'm currently setting up a study evaluating a clinical intervention for looked after children. I'm aware that there are quite complex issues around gaining consent with this population (incl. consent from local authorities, foster-carers, birth families as well as the young people themselves), and considerable challenges in doing this in a timely way, if the study is a clinical one and we don't want to delay access to services. Is there anyone out there who has experience in this area who'd be willing to share their experiences? Our study is in the UK, but would be interesting to hear about situation in other countries too.

    Florin Tibu

    In the BEIP we only seek to obtain consent from the biological parents if they are the legal representatives of the child. Age is not an issue for us as long as the child is still <18 yo. For those >= 18 we obviously wouldn't need parental consent anymore. Hope this helps.

  • Hod Orkibi added an answer:
    Does anyone know of any research into the methods of inducing gratefulness?

    Does anyone know of any research into the methods of inducing gratefulness other than those recommended by Wood et al. (2010) meta analysis?

    Across studies on gratitude, three general methods of gratitude induction have been identified: Gratitude lists, Behavioral expressions of gratitude, and grateful contemplation (refer to Wood et al., 2010, link below).

    I am interested to know other than reflecting upon/writing grateful thoughts/  writing a gratitude letter / death reflection. Is there any other ways to induce gratitude? Especially among young children?

    Thank you.

  • Linda Thomas added an answer:
    Does anyone know of a research tool that can assess schools for components of health promoting schools and their effectiveness?
    It is hypothesized that health promoting schools may help prevent chronic diseases and improve health, well-being, and quality of life. This is a World Health Organization initiative. Is anyone researching in this area? I have not found valid reliable instruments to access this and am interested in knowing if they exist or how I can find it.
    Linda Thomas


    Thank you very much for contacting me and sending me some of your excellent work. Sorry about the late response but I did not see it right away. I am in awe of your work and that of Dr. St. Leger. Your expertise is appreciated and I will contact you soon. This tool looks very exciting and promising and would help with my dissertation work. We have a long way to go to meet the Health Promoting Schools standards here in Ontario, Canada. 


    Linda Thomas

  • Irvin Sam Schonfeld added an answer:
    I am in search of a recommendation for writing hypotheses based on competing theories and competing temporal ordering - can anyone help?
    I am working on my master's thesis which tests competing theories of temporal ordering of two types of variables (i.e., X --> Y, or Y --> X?). I do not have a strong feeling about which direction the temporal ordering will be in and there evidence supporting both theoretical arguments. I already know the two variables are related, so I have considering stating a hypothesis that the two variables will be related and then posing a research question about the strength of the relationship being stronger one way versus the other. Is anyone aware of an article that presents hypotheses this way? I am looking for an example to help frame the questions.
    Irvin Sam Schonfeld

    I thought of one other thing. You have two variables, X and Y. Call X at time 1 is X1 and Y at time 1 is Y1. At time 2 the variables are X2 and Y2. Do you have enough data at both points in time to run two regression analyses?

    In one regression analysis, you regress Y2 on X1 and Y1. In the other, you regress X2 on X1 and Y1.

    Your printout from SPSS or SAS would inform you X1 is a significant predictor of Y2 (adjusting for Y1) and if Y1 is a significant predictor of X2 (adjusting for X1). I think such an approach could help you.

  • Paul Gardner added an answer:
    Can we use composite score (for subscales related to physical health) in Rand Health survey-36?

    I have taken Physical (through Rand-36) and psychological health (through DASS-21) as dependent variable , where body image is independent variable in my study.

    Rand-36 consists of 8 subscales where four are measuring physical health and the others 4 measure mental health.  4 scales contribute to RAND-36 physical health (physical functioning, role limitations resulting from physical health, pain, general health percep- tions) and 4 to mental health (emotional well- being, role limitations resulting from emotional problems, social functioning, energy/fatigue).

    Now I have to run different analysis in SPSS but It is getting complicated to measure subscales individually ?

    Would it be considered valid if I take on the whole mean of the the subscales and then use that for my analysis?

    Paul Gardner

    Conversion of raw scale scores to T-scores (via z-scores) is a sensible method for ensuring that component scores are weighted equally.  This is a separate issue from the issue I raised previously about dimensions and factors.

    Gabrielle is correct when she states that low/high summed scores of the two components indicate low/high quality of life. The difficulty is in interpreting scores in the middle of the range, which can be generated by all kinds of combinations. A very physically fit psychotic and a psychologically well-adjusted terminal cancer patient would both have similar mid-range total scores.  The central idea of measurement is that people with similar scores ought to be similar to each other.  Converting scale scores to T-scores in order to weight them equally doesn't overcome this problem.

  • Stephen W Patrick added an answer:
    Does anyone have qualitative research on breastfeeding among opioid-dependent women?

    I am working on a paper on how breastfeeding can help manage neonatal abstinence syndrome and am interested in qualitative data from women who have personally dealt with this experience.

    Stephen W Patrick

    Try this one:

    There are compelling data that breastfeeding, in the presence of stable maternal treatment, reduces length of hospital stay for infants with NAS.

  • Lars P Hölzel added an answer:
    Does anyone know a scale to measure the perceived usefulness of patient written information material?
    We are interested in measuring the usefulness of written patient information material dealing with depression or rather chronic low back pain. We understand usefulness as being of beneficial use to the patient. Similar constructs for the evaluation of written patient information material are welcome as well.
    Lars P Hölzel

    We have now developed and published a generic and psychometrically sound scale to evaluate cognitive, emotional, and behavioral aspects of the subjectively experienced usefulness of patient information material from the patient’s perspective. To enable the utilization of the USE beyond German-speaking countries, the items were translated from German into English, Italian, Polish, Russian, and Turkish.

    Hölzel LP, Ries Z, Dirmaier J, Zill JM, Kriston L, Klesse C, Härter M, Bermejo I: Usefulness scale for patient information material (USE) - development and psychometric properties. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2015, 15:34.

  • Rebecca Wang added an answer:
    Would anyone like to conduct a cross-cultural study in proactive coping?

    It would be interesting to conduct a large-scale study proactive coping, together with colleagues from other countries (I'm from Russia). Each researcher should observe several samples of different ages.

    We will use The Proactive Coping Inventory, The Beck Depression Inventory, The Ryff Scale of Psychological Well-Being. 

    We will share the results on the internet (via email).

    After analyzing the data, we will publish an article in the international journal of health psychology or positive psychology. 

    + 1 more attachment

    Rebecca Wang

    I will email you, Alexandr and Subhadra, to begin a dialogue about the details of doing assessments. I need to know the exact assessments required for this study.  Thus far, I understand that they are the BDI, Ryff Scale of Psychological Well-Being, and Proactive Coping Inventory.

  • Charlie Brooker added an answer:
    Are new referrals to mental health services routinely assessed for their experience of sexual violence?

    I'm interested in finding if there has been research, audit or any sort of examination of new referrals to MH services and these people's experience of sexual violence (either historic or acute). Is this a question routinely asked as part of an initial assessment, for example? If so, what are the findings? 

    Charlie Brooker

    Do you a reference for the national figures please, Robert?

  • Judith G M Rosmalen added an answer:
    Does anyone know of a scale to assess difficulties in asking for help?

    Hi all. I am looking for a validated scale to assess whether a person experiences difficulties in asking for help. Does anyone know such a scale? Thanks.

    Judith G M Rosmalen

    Thanks a lot!

  • Michelle Genis added an answer:
    Does anyone know of a mood screen for aphasic clients?

    i work with cilents who have suffered neurological disorders. does anyone know of a mood screen that is suited to this client group?

    Michelle Genis

    The Depression Intensity Scale Circles (DISCs) can be clinically helpful. 

  • Napoleon Ono Imaah added an answer:
    The advantages and disadvantageous of vertical landscape to human well being in multilevel buildings in general/in healthcare environment in specific?

    Landscape/ Green Spaces in public buildings in general and hospitals in specific are believed crucial factors that contribute to improve the positive impacts on human/patients wellbeing. Not only making the minimum impact on the physical environment, communities and economies, it is also providing health benefits to human occupants to the built environment, providing landscape’s overarching goals to which all landscape professionals are committed. Medical doctors take a Hippocratic Oath to do no harm; architects take an oath to provide health safety, and welfare to the public by means of the shelters they design (Henderson, 2012).

    But what are the advantages and disadvantageous of vertical landscape to human wellbeing in multilevel buildings in general/in healthcare environment in specific compared with others?

    Napoleon Ono Imaah

    The main disadvantage of vertical living is the dissociation of humanity from the natural ground and its vital green plants.

    The main advantage of green plants is their prime participation in the oxygen carbon dioxide exchange. Plants planted in vertical accommodations play this vital role if planted in suitable and sufficient quantity and quality.

    Another advantage of green plants is the psychological pacifying role green pigment in the stabilization of the nervous system. Green colour is at the middle or the seven colour spectrum; thus, green colour keeps human beings in calm equilibrium. Without the calming effect of green plants; people tend to restlessness.

    Plants have a medicinal relief from certain plants; these plants should be useful in high vertical accommodations.

    The main disadvantage of the absence of plants is in planting the wrong type,  in insufficient or substandard quality or quantity.

  • Ignacio Pedrosa added an answer:
    Can anyone recommend any papers on the reasons why people stop exercising/being physically active?

    I am looking for any papers that discuss the reasons why people stop exercising/struggle with maintenance of physical activity, specifically in terms of failure to observe any positive results of being active e.g. not losing weight.

    Ignacio Pedrosa

    Added to the previous information, you can find any paper about Burnout syndrome, which affect to active sportpeople and has shown an importante prevalence (1,5-5%)

  • Patricia Popovich added an answer:
    Does anyone know of any research into the links between gratitude and post-traumatic growth/benefit-finding?

    Can anyone recommend studies/books that have explored the ways in which gratitude facilitates post-traumatic growth? I would like to see if reminding oneself to be grateful be an effective way of coping with difficult life situations.

    Patricia Popovich

    Another good source is the work of Robert Neimeyer - he has done great work regarding meaning-making. 

  • Midah Rangkuti added an answer:
    A good questionnaire to measure coping mechanisms
    Which of the following or any other questionnaires do you think is best to measure coping mechanisms in an outpatient medical setting and why?
    - Jalowiec Coping Scale
    - The COPE inventory
    - Ways of Coping Questionnaire
    Midah Rangkuti

    thanks for you information

  • Egon Bachler added an answer:
    Which empirical evidences do we have about the relationship between childhood adversity and resilience factors and mental disorders in adulthood?
    Are there any cross-cultural differences?
    Egon Bachler

    Dear Sabine,

    Thank you for your contribution. I still know the ACE Study, but even this study does not  take into account the effect of protective factores.

    greetings Egon

  • Dean Repper added an answer:
    What known barriers are there to people with common mental health disorders coming forward for psychotherapy ?

    I am currently advising and working with the NHS National IAPT programme. In the past year I have reviewed many services. A frequent factor to emerge has been the less than necessary referrals to achieve the 15% access goal set by the NHS for CMHD.  Given the high prevalence of these disorders why are we not overwhelmed by demand?

    I have been looking at help seeking research and mental health literacy.

    Dean Repper

    First of all can I say thank you to all those who responded. I have some valuable sources to follow up. 

    Matthew, you raise some useful points about what people actually receive/ or perceive they are offered when referred to IAPT. In fact my work with IAPT services has reinforced for me that we need to do more about drop out from therapy. We also need to address underfunding in some areas, which makes it difficult to set up an appropriate IAPT service, maybe thats why we see shortcuts. Nationally, these are taken seriously, in particular the issue about people getting sufficient sessions.

    This particular question is though I think about what happens in community settings to enhance likelihood that someone would seek help. 

    We also need to bear in mind that there are a lot of people who benefit from IAPT and they will tell a positive story to friends and family, often being good advocates.

About Health Psychology

Chronic illnesses, management, illness perceptions, coping, health-related issues.

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