- Stefan Gruner added an answer:Will the concept of massive open online courses (MOOCs) destroy traditional academia?Massive open online courses (MOOCs) are a big topic these days on university campuses. There appears to be a divide in support of MOOCs and against MOOCs. What are your thoughts about integrating MOOCs into your institution?
In the context of MOOC, which is the theme of this online discussion, I have just found an amazing quote from the year 1973 by the visionary Austrian computer pioneer Heinz Zemanek. In the following, I first bring its verbatim citation in the German original; thereafter I provide my own near-literal translation into English. Finally, in the attachment below, I provide a PDF file containing Zemanek's original NTZ paper (in which the quote appeared on page 384):
- Die Idee des computer-unterst"utzen Unterrichts f"ordert die Vorstellung, dass bei gen"ugender Entwicklung der Didaktik eine Art Auftank-Vorgang organisiert werden kann, der zum akademischen Grad f"uhrt. Wenn das je gesch"ahe, so verdiente der Grad den Namen nicht mehr.
- The idea of computer-supported lessons propels the imagination that, with sufficiently developed didactics, a kind of 'filling-up' process could be organised which would lead to an academic degree. If this would ever happen, then the 'degree' would no longer deserve this name.
Heinz Zemanek: Philosophie der Informationsverarbeitung. Nachrichtentechnische Zeitschrift (NTZ) 26/8, pp. 384-389, 1973.
- Syamsul Nor Azlan Mohamad added an answer:Is anyone doing research on electronic portfolio in universities for engineering undergraduates?I am conducting an action research in my own organization on the appropriation of electronic portfolio as an individual learning environment to capture, document, archive, select and make reflections on artifacts. There are various issues in this research and I would love to share mine with those who are doing the same thing.
I am now working on e-portfolio design principles framework/model focussed on social sciences and humanities context. Maybe we can share the idea...Following
- Mahamad Nabab Alam added an answer:Should conference papers be counted as publication?Most of the researchers publish their research articles in conference because its a faster way of making the results available. At many places, papers published as conference proceedings are not considered during promotion, on the other hand, at few places it is counted as publications but with less credits.
I appeal to my senior research fellows, kindly give your precious comments over this issue.
Yes, if it is peer review and published in a proceeding of a good publisher.Following
- Nagasatya Ramesh added an answer:How to make 1st year electrical engineering student understand voltage, current, resistor?
How to make 1st year engineering student understand voltage, current, resistor?
Explain with the examples like
voltage - DAM
Current - flow of water
Resistor - flow path
no of paths discharges dam water rapidly,instead of no of parallel paths single path make circuit resistance small and discharges battery slowly .Generally high power circuits has less resistanceFollowing
- Gaye Defne Ceyhan added an answer:I am interesting to measure experience gained by students after performing laboratory classes. How can I measure these things?
I am interesting to measure experience gained by students after performing laboratory classes. How can I measure these things?
First of all, it is better to determine the objectives of the laboratory activities. What do you expect your students to achieve and/or perform during and/or at the end of the laboratory classes? Then, a detailed rubric can be designed to measure these objectives.Following
- Tomasz J Kotarba added an answer:Is it possible to present a PhD thesis without an advisor?I am about to start some independent work, without an academic advisor. The analysis I made so far seems positive. The contribution, should it work in practice, would be interesting but not astonishing.
I am asking your counseling about how would I present the final work in order to get the PhD (or DEng, or whatever) degree.
Are universities open to this kind of endeavour? Or would I be required to go through the complete process (credits, advisor, etc)?
Another concern of mine is how and where I can publish the paper when I am not affiliated to a particular academic institution?
Thank you very much in advance for any assistance.
From my own observations and my conversations with friends (supplemented with countless articles and discussions one can find in the press and online), I do believe that the texts I quoted are very accurate in depicting what the academic system has become. I do understand that you may disagree with the Economist or me and I do respect your right to have your own opinion.
I think it is always good to concentrate on facts and numbers. This is what the article in the Economist does. The number of new PhDs produced by the system in the past and now versus the number of professorships (or lectureships) is a fact. The emergence of the postdoc phenomenon and how it influenced career prospects of young academics (again, some numbers can be found there) is also a fact. The numbers describing career prospects and earnings of PhDs versus MA/Ss and others outside of academia are a fact too (and let us not even talk about the opportunity cost of one's doing a PhD instead of joining the workforce years earlier). These are not hyperboles.
As for what you wrote about the Ponzi or pyramid scheme, well, the fact is that university PR departments (and many senior academics) do paint a rather rosy picture of one's career prospects and life after one earns a PhD and, as you yourself have said earlier, universities take on PhD candidates for just one reason - to make money (tuition fees, prestige, number of publications and how it all translates to money from research contracts and grants (the research mostly done by PhD candidates and underpaid postdocs (both categories often called 'apprentices' by senior academics))). Combine this with the hierarchical structure of the academic world and it all sounds just like a pyramid scheme (according to what you said in your last message).
Regarding what you wrote about people having bad bosses and unpleasant experiences in "regular" jobs too (i.e. outside of academia), I do of course agree but I believe that there is one important difference. It is very difficult for the doctoral candidate to quit before they get their degree after they have invested so much (time and money) in their PhD. Everyone else can quit their job after a year, two or three and they just get another position on their CV which makes them worth even more on the job market. Putting a failed PhD course on one's CV is usually not a good idea and having a two- or three-year gap can really harm one's career prospects. Combine it with the fact that one's contemporaries already have several years of professional experience on their resumes at that point. In most cases a PhD is an all-or-nothing game. This is one of the reasons why many PhD candidates openly call themselves slaves.
BTW, the numbers related to billionaires and the bottom 40% of the US were very interesting, thanks, and I do agree that this is becoming a huge problem. If you have not seen that yet there was an interesting talk related to that: https://www.ted.com/talks/nick_hanauer_beware_fellow_plutocrats_the_pitchforks_are_coming?language=en
This is all OT. I am afraid we have hijacked this discussion. Apologies to all who have come here to find some information about what the OP asked about.Following
- Déborah Alexandra Foloppe added an answer:Do we need to integrate cognitive psychology to the teaching of engineering subjects?
Cognitive psychology can be seen as the processes by which our sensory inputs are transformed, reduced, elaborated, stored, recovered and used. In short, cognition can be defined as the acquisition of knowledge. As such, difficult concepts and design should be taught in light of the findings of cognitive psychology. For example, digital map design should be embedded in how we consume the spatial information. Cognitive psychology may provide a strong framework for a new way to explain the engineering topics and others such as computer science. In fact, it can be integrated to all walks of life that are central to mankind.
I am more moderate on the "teaching aspect". If your students do engineering only for coding, humans are not important. Actually, I believe that in large companies, the skills/knowledge are strongly divided (specialists in coding, specialists in graphical design, specialist in interaction, and so on in function of specific needs of each company). That being said, the most of engineering apps exist to help humans to perform some tasks (e.g., understand, learn, play, ..) and not only to produce more efficient code (see . Understand cognitive processes through cognitive science, and at least know the basics of human factors are requirements to develop apps which are effective, efficient, ...human factors and social/cognitive science are at least interesting in order to understand some conceptual choices from others. I am not questioning at all the importance of the human aspect in engineering (Graeme Smith have summarized very well the extended idea), I say that teaching it (spent time, level of detail) should be considered taking account of the audience, and the education program/goals.Following
- Zaki Sari added an answer:How to deal with large number of students exceeding demand?
I am leading a curriculum in manufacturing engineering. Each year I ask for 100 students (our optimal capacity) and receive between 160 and 250 students. As our curriculum is unique in the country, I cannot reject some of them. The curriculum is highly practical with about 30% of labs. How to deal with this huge number of students without lowering the quality of teaching?
I launched this question few months ago and tried to use all answers to find the best way for evaluation.
Until now I did not find the best way!
We planned to graduate 50% of the students which seems to be the average rate of our faculty. But I am still not convinced by this and continue to believe that their should be better ways for evaluation.
So I am re-opening the discussion. Please share your thaughts.Following
- Akira Kanda added an answer:Does anyone have recommended readings on the actual or potential impact of 3D printing on engineering education?
I'm producing a review paper on mapping the linkages between 3D printing and engineering education. Any recommendations of papers / domains to examine would be very welcome.Following
- Taratisio Ndwiga added an answer:Should there be student representatives in departmental and faculty councils?Many issues that affect students are discussed by faculty members in many cases without any input from students. In many cases students can make valuable contributions. One way to guarantee students’ input is to include them in the decision making process by having student representatives in university governance bodies.
In Moi university, we have class reps while in the council the students are represented by the students council. when the students are represented this way, then students students strikes will the things of the past.Following
- Chinmay Das added an answer:Knowledge integration in engineering education?
We are working in the field of higher education in engineering. We have found that students with industrial background, have exciting ways to integrate various type of knowledge, e.g tacit, practical, network, theoretical knowledge. We are working on several scientific papers in the field. Is there researchers with same interests and/or experience within the field?
My research is based on collaborative networks like virtual enterprise through which small organisations and individuals can share their skill, expertise to solve real life problems. Today's situation demands engineering education not to be limited to classroom activities only. Networking with like minded people and applying existing knowledge to dissimilar sectors will fetch rich dividends. This paper gives some light on above topic.Following
- Riccardo Metraglia added an answer:Can somebody send me questionnaires or weblinks for surveying engineering students regarding teaching processes and students' satisfaction?I wish to to know the understanding, knowledge and satisfaction levels of students after a teacher has taught a class. At the end of the semester, a teacher should get feedback which provides insight into how to modify their approach so that students get the maximum from their teaching efforts. After all, this is the the sole aim of education.
I measured satisfaction in engineering graphics courses by using the Course Interest Survey (CIS) developed by John Keller. The questionnaire measures Attention, Relevance, Confidence with the matter and Satisfaction. I attach the link with the questionnaire and the instruction. In the file there is also a further questionnaire aimed to let students evaluated the materials used by the teacher.
If you wish to see an application of the CIS in engineering education, you can check my paper on the use of webcomics to motivate students.
- Narasim Ramesh added an answer:Can someone suggest how 3d printing can be taught to freshers?Recently 3d printing has captured a lot of attention. There seems to be many
application possibilities. I was wondering how a simple interesting project or lab exercise could be introduced at u.g level in windows 7 using open source software. I would welcome any open downloadable articles on this topic.
Rayudu Nithin manohar thank you.Following
- Rodrigo Pascual added an answer:What were reasons to abandon a PBL approach in engineering education?Literature is filled with the advantages of Problem / Project based Learning (PBL) approaches and how these approaches have been implemented. Did an academic engineering program / course ever quit PBL? What were the reasons? How did students perceive a change from PBL back to traditional teaching and learning?
Projects for engineers are like rackets and balls for tennis players!Following
- Narasim Ramesh added an answer:How can we build a core team on wireless sensor network (WSN) in a rural engineering institution with limited faculty expertise?
Please see attached text document.
There is some difficulty in the simulation of experiments.It does not work after
connection in sensor data acquisition for example , the WSN in remote panel does not function.Would be grateful for suggestions
- Chandrashekhar Dharankar added an answer:What is the implication of complex mode shapes (complex eigen vectors)?
When multi-DOF systems with arbitrary damping are modeled using the state-space method, then Laplace-transform of the state equations results into an eigen problem. In general the eigenvalues and vectors are complex. The IP (eigenvalue) represents the damped natural frequency.
In case of undamped systems the eigenvalues are complex with RP=0. But mode shapes are real and represents relation between various motion variables, when system vibrates with corresponding natural frequency.
I am interested in understanding the physical interpretation of complex mode shapes (complex eigenvectors).
Thanks to all for your response.Following
- Ramanan Lakshminarayanan added an answer:How can industry based teaching in engineering be improved?
I would like to know how the teaching, learning process can be improved in Engineering in the context of industrial revolution.
Dear Prof., Kayaroganam
This paper in the link below is one of the multi-pronged approach
- Martin Jaeger added an answer:How useful are training courses?Some universities require field training courses for all majors. While companies do take trainees, they do not always have the time or resources to train them well. Is field training needed in all majors? What can be done to improve student training?Dear all,
The benefits of students' field training depends not only on the training providing company, but also very much on the students themselves. At ACK, we began to encourage students to combine (part time) field training with their capstone projects (final year projects). As a consequence, they tend to take their field training more serious and their projects become "more real".Following
- Ahmad Faris Ismail added an answer:How can we enhance the values and ethics components in engineering and/or science based academic programs?Our research group is looking at the effectiveness of the professional ethics component/content in the current engineering programmes. We are looking at the possibility of developing an integrated curriculum to produce better graduates.We need to revisit and compare the philosophy of science and technology from different perspectives. The science and technology must be integrated with values and ethics.Following
- Pisupati Sadasiva Subramanyam added an answer:Can anyone tell me whether a chaotic based security system has been used commercially?Until now, I reviewed many papers which talked about the security of chaos based ciphers, but until now I could not find the commercial use for chaotic based ciphers. Maybe it is currently still being researched?I am not aware whether Chaotic Security has been introduced in Commercial Applications.Probably it is introduced in Defence Applications. Vide item 1.
The application of it in Communication and Image Transmission are widely reported.
The following references, to mention a few are illustrative of its use.
Secure Image Ciphering based on the Mathematics of Chaos
Multi-Sensor Exploitation Branch
Information and Intelligence Exploitation Division
Air Force Research Laboratory
Investigators; ï¿½ Dr. Jiri Fridrich, Principal Investigator, SUNY Binghamton
ï¿½ Mr. Richard Simard,Multi-Sensor Exploitation Branch, AFRL
Secure Image Ciphering based on the Mathematics of Chaos. Need for Secure and Efficient Use of Available Transmission Media Between Fixed and Deployed Locations to Transfer Time-Sensitive Data for Military & Commercial Applications.
Security Analysis of A Chaos-based Image Encryption Algorithm
Shiguo Lian, Jinsheng Sun, Zhiquan Wang
Department of Automation, Nanjing University of Science and Technology
Nanjing, Jiangsu 210094, P.R China
Information Security using Genetic Algorithm and Chaos
Anil Kumar, M. K. Ghose
Sikkim Manipal Institute of Technology, Sikkim (INDIA)
In this paper the Authors have proposed a new approach of genetic algorithms (GA) with pseudorandom sequence to encrypt data stream.
The feature of such an approach includes high data security and high feasibility for easy integration with commercial multimedia transmission applications. The experimental results of the proposed technique confirm that high throughput rate needed for real time data protection is achieved.
This total way of transferring secret information is highly safe and reliable. The simulation results have indicated that the encryption results are completely chaotic by the sense of sight,very sensitive to the parameter fluctuation.
In the future work, they are planning to design a sophisticated hardware based on this technique which will be targeted to use in highly secure multimedia data transmission applications.
- Fausto Galetto added an answer:Is the procedure of chain sampling sound?I think there is a drawback: Pa is higher than it shall be.
In an Italian exercises book for students of “Quality Engineering” I found the following [later I realised that the very same procedure is on a book of D. C. Montgomery].
1. Any sample has a sample size n=10 and an acceptance number a=0
2. The lot is accepted if the number of defectives d found is d=0
3. The lot is rejected if the number of defectives d found is d>1
4. IF d=1 one analyses the decisions on the 2 previous lots
5. IF both the previous lots were accepted with a number of defectives d=0 THEN the new lot is accepted
6. OTHERWISE the lot is rejected
IF p is the probability that one item is defective the Acceptance Probability Pa of any lot is given by the formula Pa(p)=(1-p)^10+9p(1-p)^9(1-p)^20
In both books (Italian and D. C. Montgomery ) there the same formula; the solution for p=0.03 is Pa(0.03)=0.861see the documents: 1) Case n° THIRTEEN; some WRONG ideas of PROFESSOR D.C. MONTGOMERY!!!!! FIRST PART_Quality MUST be loved, DISquality MUST be hated. 2) Case n° SIXTEEN; SECOND PART, other WRONG ideas of D.C. MONTGOMERY!!!!! Quality MUST be loved, DISquality MUST be hated You say <<< Intellectual honesty is not to lie. >>>; I would say <<< Honesty is not to lie. >>> … Other cases show that there is “”””lack of Intellectual Honesty””””Following
- Albert Manfredi added an answer:What is your opinion about QoS enhancement in cognitive networks?What is your opinion about QoS enhancement in cognitive networks?
In which fields and in what ways is it best to use QoS enhancement in cognitive networks (forecasting traffic)?I'm thinking the two topics are orthogonal, perhaps. QoS techniques should be just as applicable to cognitive networks as they are to any network, as long as the opportunistic channel is available, of course.Following
- S G Deshmukh added an answer:Is there any improvement possible in engineering/technical students by the use of multiple choice questions in an exam?While taking exams of Engineering/Technical students, which method will be suitable? Either Descriptive Quiestions or Multi Choice questions?A good method will be a combination of both - multiple choice questions as well as small open ended questions to test the problem solving abilities of engineering students.Following
- Ramanan Lakshminarayanan added an answer:How to involve bachelor level engineering students in research?Obviously, it is possible to suggest research articles and foster group discussions. Conducting interviews and some lab activities are among the popular ones.I had few Under-grad students from MS Ramiah and RV College at Bangalore India... To kindle research Interests, I have guided them to review literature and guided them to write an article during their 2nd/3rd Year BTecch... that helped them pick-up lots of interests in analysing reasons and before their final year each one them had min 3 papers including reprints in IEEE Scholar... Not only that they also guided their friends / peers... all of them are doing their MS in US / Europe.
So, kindle interests in students by facilitating them in literature survey and guide them to write few review articles.Following
- Maria Piotrkiewicz added an answer:What are your thoughts on open access journals?Please provide your thoughts on open access journals and publishing in these types of journals.
Mohammad, wasn't your long post copied from Wikipedia?
Then indeed citation is needed....Following
- Ljubomir Jacić added an answer:How should departments plan when their best faculty retire and the current financial situation does not allow quick replacement?How can highly-rated departments remain competitive?@Andras, conscientious individuals and responsible government, in a word STATE, care about the quality of education! We see that sometimes, quite often,in the Ministry of Education are "working and decide" mediocre! What do you think?Following
- Shaher Rababeh added an answer:What research exists on the society sustainability in construction projects?Increasing the use of social sustainability in the decision-making process of construction projects requires that it be defined such that it can be evaluated objectively.Social Sustainability Considerations during Planning and Design: Framework of Processes for Construction Projects in Journal of Construction Engineering and Management Volume 139, Issue 1 (January 2013) by Rodolfo Valdes-Vasquez, Ph.D., Aff.M.ASCE1; and Leidy E. Klotz, Ph.D., M.ASCE2.
This article will provide you with a tool for the social sustainability in construction projects.Following
- Lutz von Wangenheim added an answer:Does the current flow through a capacitor, and if so, why?I have asked this fundamental question, since we have frequently come across it in the discussions about the RC phase shift, RC oscillations and Barkhausen criterion:
In my opinion, both the AC and DC current can flow through a capacitor, but this is just an illusion that can be explained in a more general (nonelectrical) way."no charges pass through the capacitor but the effect is passed."
Yes - and this effect is called "displacement current" as already mentioned in earlier contributions.Following
About Engineering Education
Engineering education is the activity of teaching knowledge and principles related to the professional practice of engineering.