Endothelial Progenitor Cells

Endothelial Progenitor Cells

  • Carlos Bueno-Betí added an answer:
    Are endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), immunoprivileged?

    I want to run some experiments with Human EPC in Rat bone defect. I prefer to use Normal Rat rather than Athymic Rat. However, I am not sure about EPC's immunoprivilege character. 

    Carlos Bueno-Betí · Fundación de Investigación del Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia INCLIVA

    I would recommend the use of nude rats. If have done matrigel plug assay on nude mice with good results. 

  • Bryan J Gall added an answer:
    Does anyone have experience with (Amaxa Nucleofector - based) transfection of murine hematopoietic progenitor cells?


    I want to transfect murine hematopoietic progenitors with a Cas9-encoding plasmid (so the thing is quite large).

    I want to use Pax5- or Ebf1-deficient cells, either freshly isolated and in vitro cultured for 5 days or some cryopreserved cells. The cells are somewhat like CLP (ALP/BLP) - like in a way that they have multi-lineage (myeloid, T-, B-cell,...) potential.

    We have a Amaxa nucleofector (Lonza) in the lab and it seems that this is the best way to get DNA in those cells. However, the culture looks like a graveyard 24h post transfection. 

    Therefore, I was wondering if you have any suggestions regarding nucleofector protocolls/kits for such cells.



    Bryan J Gall · West Virginia University

    I do not have direct experience with mouse progenitor cells, but from experience I have seen post-electroporation viability of human hematopoietic progenitor cell lines decrease significantly if:

    1.  Cells remain in Nucleofector media ≥10 min.
    2. The incorrect electroporation program is chosen 
    3. Pipet transfer is too rough
    (It would help if I knew the electroporation protocol you are using and any steps to optimize this)

    I would recommend looking at Lonza's cell and transfection database and see if they have an optimized protocol for primary mouse cells. Otherwise you may need to look through the literature to determine what others in the field have used previously. 

  • Einari Aavik added an answer:
    Can anyone help with a list of Endothelial specific genes for microarrays?
    I want to compare primary HUVECs with my immortalized HUVECs. I have done microarrays and was wondering if I can somewhere (some database etc) find a list of cell type specific genes (which, in my case, would be endothelial cell specific genes). Any kind of help would be appreciated.
    Einari Aavik · University of Eastern Finland
    Hi Muhammad!

    There is an article from Patrick Brown's lab from 2003:
    Chi JT1, Chang HY, Haraldsen G, Jahnsen FL, Troyanskaya OG, Chang DS, Wang Z, Rockson SG, van de Rijn M, Botstein D, Brown PO.
    Endothelial cell diversity revealed by global expression profiling.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Sep 16;100(19):10623-8.

    Then you may take a closer look at Gene Omnibus microarray dataset GSE3239. There they have identified genes more abundant in endothelial cells (EC), but low in smooth muscle cells (SMC), fibroblasts and epithelial cells. The list below represents fold differences between mRNA expression levels in EC and SMC:

    Gene ArterialEC VenousEC
    SOX17 1,21 16,87
    MYRIP 1,63 10,54
    SRGN 1,72 1,81
    LIPG 1,95 9,65
    ALDH1A1 1,97 19,29
    IGF2BP3 2,29 5,76
    SEC14L1 2,57 4,49
    TEK 2,83 8,61
    PROCR 2,92 1,96
    ITM2A 2,95 23,07
    ESM1 3,43 2,11
    ARHGDIB 3,77 5,00
    HOXB7 4,71 3,73
    PTPRB 5,36 9,58
    THBS1 5,48 5,47
    MYCT1 5,87 9,37
    HECW2 6,44 9,76
    RASIP1 7,67 9,72
    CALCRL 8,31 35,38
    PGF 8,46 4,14
    PCDH1 8,50 19,51
    BST2 8,81 0,81
    TINAGL1 9,26 6,39
    NRN1 10,02 14,73
    CGNL1 10,24 17,49
    IFI27 10,44 3,30
    HCLS1 11,14 10,54
    ANGPT2 12,14 10,91
    EDN1 12,15 19,46
    GIMAP7 12,17 23,84
    IL1RL1 12,61 18,68
    MMRN1 13,13 152,78
    C17orf72 13,31 7,66
    IFI27 13,93 3,57
    MLZE 14,37 20,91
    RAPGEF5 14,40 31,24
    AL576606 14,50 1,31
    EMCN 14,88 18,24
    FRMD4B 15,06 18,14
    MMRN1 15,38 150,30
    GATA3 15,66 2,35
    ABI3 16,02 19,85
    PTPRE 16,35 33,37
    LYL1 16,82 29,30
    FGD5 16,97 34,99
    EGFL7 18,16 67,55
    ESAM 18,65 20,07
    ASRGL1 19,40 38,06
    SHE 19,44 35,15
    RNASE1 19,53 94,28
    CLDN5 20,28 48,54
    BI823044 20,45 152,97
    CDH5 20,84 183,71
    CLEC1A 21,14 60,02
    GIMAP6 22,08 119,60
    MPZL2 22,84 219,25
    PRKAR2B 23,02 42,90
    TIE1 23,26 77,59
    ERG 23,90 61,29
    LAPTM5 24,13 58,32
    FBP1 24,32 28,03
    TM4SF18 25,84 53,04
    BQ717190 26,35 37,22
    MGAT4A 28,26 143,79
    GIMAP4 28,97 225,52
    AA480009 29,10 61,80
    ICAM2 29,60 61,18
    FAM124B 30,65 27,04
    NMNAT1 31,47 50,28
    CYTL1 31,51 175,05
    BMX 32,43 229,34
    C10orf58 44,67 80,90
    FAM107A 49,62 225,09
    CXorf36 67,49 85,36
  • Dirk Henrich added an answer:
    Are these cells EPCs or not?
    Attached is the picture of putative EPCs growing on fibronectin coated plates for 13 days. Do the cells look like EPCs? I am asking this because I am having trouble in staining them with CD31. Is staining EPCs different from staining endothelial cells?
    Dirk Henrich · Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
    Dear Maulasri,
    my answer comes maybe too late. Those cells look like the so called early EPC which develope from monocyte precursors. Those cells are not stem cells but they express some endothelial markers such as CD31, they should incorporate Dil-ac-LDL and express vWF. Although no stem cells, those cells work pretty fine in vivo. We observed a much accelerated wound healing and a significant improved bone healing in our animal models.
    To identify those cells you have to combine several markers. They should express all markers mentioned above simultanously. This can be proved easily by flow cytometry.

    Best regards
  • Santiago Roura added an answer:
    Unable to passage Endothelial progenitor cells.
    I have isolated Endothelial progenitor cells from mice bone marrow and grown them for 15-20 days on fibronectin. After 16 days, I need to passage them as to use the cells for FACS or re-seed them. But when I try to passage them with 0.05% trypsin, they become round but don't detach from the surface and I end up getting dead cells, debris and differentiated cells. Please suggest a convenient method to split them so that I can use them for FACS and re-seeding without losing their stem cell properties?
    Santiago Roura · Fundació Institut Investigació Germans Trias i Pujol
    Dear colleagues,
    Be aware that the identification of ture vascular precursors has been a matter of debate for the past 15 years since the publication of the study Asahara (Science 1997) who described putative endothelial progenitors. Subsequently, diverse cell subpopulations have been studied as colony forming units-Hill (Hill NEJM 2003), circulating angiogenic cells or CAC (e.g. described by Dimmeler group, Vasa Circulation 2001) and endothelial colony-forming cells as those studied by Yoder (Yoder Blood 2007) that varied in terms of phenotype, contribution to vascular homeostasis and purity. In addition, cell isolation and culture techniques are different for each one subpopulation.
    If it helps, we have recently published an extensive revision regarding this strong controversy (Roura J Vas Res 2013).
  • Rajesh Mohandas added an answer:
    Does anybody have any experience with detection and quantitation of circulating EPCs in mice?
    I want to detect EPCs in peripheral blood of mice treated with an inhibitor of CXCL12
    Rajesh Mohandas · University of Florida
    You can enumerate circulating EPC by flow. The exact markers which define epc are controversial. I would use something which has been published for the type of work you are doing.http://www.jci.org/articles/view/33125 I think this is very similar to what you are looking for. You can also enumerate colonies from peripheral blood. Again there are early and late EPCs. Late EPCs are thought to be more true EPCs. However there is some controversy on that as well.
  • Dewi Sukmawati added an answer:
    EPC cells could not be trypsinized
    I isolated endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) from mice bone marrow and cultured them in a human fibronectin coated plate for 4 weeks. The cells grew well in the plate albeit there were some other cells except EPCs. But the cells didn't respond to the trypsin (0.25%) when I tried to typsinize them. Some of the cells could be detached while most of the cells were still on the plate although their morphology became round. Is there any method other than trypsinization I could use to passage my cells, such as degrading the fibronectin?
  • Sylvain Fraineau asked a question:
    ECFCs (Endothelial Colony Forming Cells) or EOC (Endothelial Outgrowth Cells) = HUVECs?
    I've just read a good article from Tura O published in Stem Cells.
    It states that EOC (quite the same as ECFCs) do not differ from mature endothelial cells and may be derived from a vascular source outside the bone marrow.
    Has anyone found the same results?
  • Coating the surface of endothelial cells with fluorescent dye?
    I would like to coat the surface of endothelial cells (fixed on glass slide) with streptavidin cojugated dye specifically or non specifically?
    Badri Lakshman Rao Aekbote · Biological Research Centre, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
    thanks for your reply and suggestion, actually my aim is to have a sheet of endothelial cells on glass slide whose cell surface are stained with fluorescent dye, preferably above 550nm, i tried surface functionalization of these cell using these Biotin-bsa and NHS biotin, i want to use these slides eventually for Metal enhanced fluorescence , i know the method iam using is quiet unspecific and i found this method is killing the cells at the end ( i use pbs buffer for functionalization plus incubation at 4C)
    to you have any suggestion how can i improve with this protocol of using either bBSA or NHS biotin? or best is that i should use the antibodies as u mentioned
    i hope i could make my point

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