Educational Technology

Educational Technology

  • Nikolaos Pellas added an answer:
    Whats is your opinion regarding the future of e-Learning?

    I am interested to do a prospective analysis about the e-Learning

    Nikolaos Pellas · University of the Aegean


    Please take a look to my profile and my publications. You should find some interesting articles, including 2 of them for Computers in Human Behavior.

    Best regards


  • Robert Cassen added an answer:
    When and where should we use technology for education--in the classroom, outside the classroom, or both?

    I think most of us would agree that Technology Assisted Education (TAE), including both general technology and technology specifically for educational purposes, is of immense value for students of any age in any Learning Environment (LE).  However, the attached article points out some serious impediments to learning when allowing free and open access to laptops, tablets, and smart phones in the classroom.  Should these be "banned" from classrooms?  Should technology for education be focused primarily on outside class activities--homework, research, group activities, reading, testing, and the like? 

    Robert Cassen · The London School of Economics and Political Science

    We have a chapter on ICT in the classroom, which will help to answer your question. Publication next week - see flyer attached.

    Best, RHC

  • Leona M. Ungerer added an answer:
    How to classify innovation adopters in Roger's categories (Innovators, Early Adopters, Early Majority, Late Majority, Laggards)?

    We intend to classify our academics in regarding to their adoption of Microsoft Office 365. Therefore, we selected Innovation Diffusion Theory (Rogers, E.M., The Diffusion of Innovations, 4th Edition, Free Press, New York, NY, 1995.) as a study framework. So, we would like to adopt ready-made instrument (survey) for classification. Shall anyone help me finding studies that include such instrument?

    Leona M. Ungerer · University of South Africa

    Dear Tahani, you may want to consider incorporating the technology acceptance model in your research. It should be possible to adapt one of the existing scales for your survey. Good luck.

  • Steve Wright added an answer:
    Can anyone recommend systematic reviews for mobile technology and education?

    I am looking for systematic review papers about mobile technology and education, especially in medical education. I am looking mostly for research papers conducted in US/Europe after 2012.

    Thank you.

    Steve Wright · Lancaster University

    I used a structured search protocal (though not a systematic review approach) in my paper exploring the research in this area. 

  • E. Knight added an answer:
    Do you know if there are any research works on scales for the assessment of basic thinking processes in children or pre-adolescents?

    This could include such items as cognitive structures, logical and strategic reasoning, developing skills.  Even educational technology related to cognitive assessment could be helpful.

    I really appreciate your time, thank you,

    E. Knight · University of New Mexico

    In searching for such literature in various areas I've come across articles addressing visual thinking that refer to non-verbal memory systems, visual perceptual processes, visual literacy, etc.. It might be useful to look for research in the area of memory and learning since there are a many neuropsychological tests used to assess nonverbal memory processes.

    Benton Visual Retention test (BVRT: Measures visual perception and memory)
    Sensitive to various brain injuries, diseases and impairments

    Subtests of the WISC (Wechsler intelligence scale for children) - (Performance Scale: Picture completion, Picture arrangement, Block design, etc.)

    Hooper Visual Organization Test - Examines ability to visually integrate information into whole perceptions.

    Rey Complex Figure Test - A drawing and visual memory test that assesses ability to construct a complex figure and remember it for later recall.

  • Denise E. De Souza added an answer:
    Are you familiar with research articles on whether using educational techonologies will enhance the learning expreience in medical field?

    Educational technologies including but not limited to the following:

    Using audience response system, distance learning- video conferencing & online learning etc. self learning modules using videos.

    Appreciate your time & help

    Denise E. De Souza · National University of Singapore

    2 articles on using study guides in medical education

    Harden, R. M., Laidlaw, J. M., & Hesketh, E. A. (1999). AMEE Medical education guide no. 16: Study guides – their use and preparation. Medical Teacher, 21, 248-265.
    Khogali, S. E. O., Laidlaw, J. M., & Harden, R. M. (2006). Study guides: a study of different formats. Medical Teacher, 28(4), 375-377.

  • Shabana Nadeem added an answer:
    Does anyone knows the scales to measure teachers' attitude towards ICT?

    I am interested to know the scale, questionnaire for which we can measure the attitude of teachers towards the use of ICT in teaching-learning process.

    Shabana Nadeem · University of Strathclyde


    I was also trying to find such a scale for my dissertation  and found Dr. Weil's or Dr. Rosen's web sites very helpful

  • Danilza Lorduy Arellano added an answer:
    Do you know the qualitative researches done in the field of pre-service teacher education specifically related to practice teaching?

    I am interested in the field of qualitative research. So, please help me to suggest the qualitative researches related to pre-service teacher education.

    Danilza Lorduy Arellano · Universidad de Córdoba (Colombia)

    Here I´ve attached two files on pre-service teachers.

  • Mariela Castro Kohler added an answer:
    Is anyone interested in Educational technology related research?

    To check the effects of different technologies on the learning process of students.

    Mariela Castro Kohler · Offenburg University of Applied Sciences

    Hello Hussin, thank you for your comment!

    I agree Blended Learning is a great opportunity to get the best of both worlds together, but it is also not easy to get it right... I have seen cases where schools think that by having an LMS with courses and resources available to students they are "blending the learning"... the truth is that they continue with a traditional teacher centred approach and use the LMS as supplement, to post lectures, readings or homework...

    Blended Learning implies that one learns actively and interactively through the use of the available Technology and integrates that with face-to-face, social or collaborative learning activities. For example, one can apply the "Flipped the classroom" approach and have students first research or carry out preparation activities at home or anywhere else, before coming to School to put the newly acquired knowledge into practice in e.g. a problem-solving activity or a case study.

    What I find fascinating and a real challenge is to design learning activities that infuse a Passion for independant learning, that what I suggest is only the tip of the iceberg and makes the students curious and wanting to learn  more. When they come back and challenge me with more questions or teach me something new, then I am a happy teacher, regardless of the age group :)

  • Kevin Larkin added an answer:
    What Appropriate framework can I use for re-positioning pedagogy for ICT integration in the classroom?

    I am about presenting a proposal for PhD research on rethinking ICT pedagogical integration to transcend infrastructure provisioning and minimizing adoption limitations in the classrooms.My assumption is that,the provision of ICT infrastructure does not translate to ICT adoption in the classroom.There must be effective pedagogy in the classroom if technology must yield desired  outcomes.Looking for a framework

    Kevin Larkin · Griffith University

    Hi Danbaba,

    There is a wealth of literature on the issues of implementation of ICT - you could start with the work of Rogers and his Innovation Theory. Other sources could include 

    Angeli, C. (2008). Distributed Cognition: A Framework for Understanding the Role of Computers in Classroom Teaching and Learning. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 40(3), 271-280.

    Ertmer, P. A. (1999). Addressing first- and second-order barriers to change: Strategies for technology integration. Educational Technology, Research and Development, 47(4), 47-61.

    Frank, K. A., Zhao, Y., & Borman, K. (2004). Social Capital and the Diffusion of Innovations Within Organizations: The Case of Computer Technology in Schools. Sociology of Education, 77(2), 148-172.

    Jones, T. H., & Paolucci, R. (1999). Research framework and dimensions for evaluating the effectiveness of educational technology systems on learning outcomes. Journal of Research on Computing in Education, Vol. 32(Iss. 1 ), pg. 17, 11 pgs. 

    Zhao, Y., Pugh, K., Sheldon, S., & Byers, J. (2002). Conditions for Classroom Technology Innovations. Teachers College Record, 104, 484-515. 

    Hope these help in framing your question. Cheers, Kevin.

  • Mariela Castro Kohler added an answer:
    What is the best data collection method to qualitatively analyze students perceptions' about using a new technology in the classroom?

    I am planning to conduct a qualitative research about a mobile app that I used with my students and I want to analyze their perceptions about the usefulness of this app. I have only about 10-15 students who are willing to participate in my study and am wondering what is the best data collection instrument, procedure or set of questions that I should use.

    Mariela Castro Kohler · Offenburg University of Applied Sciences

    Analysing student perceptions is a broad objective, The perceptions can be related to several issues: design and navigation issues (user-friendliness, intuitive use), quality of the content, its presentation and level, Level of engagement and desire to extend the learning process (curiosity), the outcomes of its use and application, etc. I wrote my Dissertation on the Impact of the Laptop Programme in our School and I used the Triangulation method for the Evaluation. You can check it here:

  • Aimee Whiteside added an answer:
    How can I use technology such as a tablet to help improve the reading level and comprehension skills of a student who is below grade level?

    Hello everyone, I would really like to get your expert input on this inquiry I am exploring. Please give your feedback. I am a grade three teacher with a student whose reading and comprehension  skills are way below his grade level. He however has access to a tablet and is really into this bit of technology. My question therefore is how can I use technology such as a tablet to help improve the reading level and comprehension skill of a student who is below grade level? 

    Aimee Whiteside · The University of Tampa

    First, ask what how you might improve the reading level and comprehension skills of a student who is below grade level (sans the technology). Begin with the pedagogy and reading strategies/invention needed. 

    Then, ask in what ways a tablet may aid in the process. I would suggest seeking out information from many districts conducting tablet initiatives, such as Marisa Burkhart in SD#158 or Mark Hamilton of Coachella Valley Unified SD.  

  • Rawad Hammad added an answer:
    What are the best techniques used to model a learner using ontology based approach?

    I need to model knowledge level and affective.

    Fuzzy logic, stereotypes, scalar model can be used for that purpose. I am aware of these techniques but would like to ask from a practical point of view which one you prefer to provide learner with suitable learning contents?

    Rawad Hammad · University of the West of England, Bristol

    Thanks a lot 

  • Ellina Chernobilsky added an answer:
    What are good examples of educational software?

    I'm trying to put together a list of educational software applications that are more than drilling exercises or trial-and-error. So far I found only a handful, surprised by how few there seem to be! So I throw the question out there: what educational software do you know of, that has been used in regular classrooms for a specific topic? Note: I'm not looking for just technological "tools" or resources that assume a task defined by the teacher, but applications that work more or less independently for training knowledge or a skill within the curriculum (e.g. biology, history, languages, math, however math seems heavily overrepresented). Target age group 4-15, possibly up to 19 years. Some good, well-documented examples I found are Betty's brain, SimStudent and Critter Corral (for young children). Surely there must be more, e.g. for training foreign languages? I'm very grateful for tips & if possible links where one can try the software!

    Ellina Chernobilsky · Caldwell University

    Hello, everyone!

    Study Island and Success Maker are two tools that districts in the U.S.often purchase to help teachers and students. Both tools are designed by large for profit companies. Both tools are web-based.

    I do not know much about the Success Maker, but both tools  should be adaptable to student levels and provide formative feedback to the student. The scores are kept in the database that a teacher can access and, if necessary, adjust the difficulty levels manually and provide additional assignments. There is a test mode and game mode, at keast in Study Island. Both tools focus on ELA and Math, but there is a science component in Study Island. Both tools are designed with thinking about eventually doing well on (what else?) high stakes tests.... 

    I hope this is somewhat helpful in your quest.


  • Katharine Jane added an answer:
    What is the best way to train reading comprehension naturally?

    Hi, Im researching on reading comprehension and I need to read literature about how to train reading comprehension naturally. Thank You.

    Katharine Jane · Boston Public Schools

    Dear Elena,

    At the school I am working at the teacher is using, "Read Naturally." You can find the website easily from Google.


  • Geraldo A. Lobato Franco added an answer:
    What is your opinion about the advantages and disadvantages of Interactive Radio Instruction (IRI)?
    Interactive Radio Instruction (IRI) involves the use of radio to bring curriculum and teacher training to classrooms in some of the most underserved areas globally. It is a cost-effective and widely available medium that has helped rebuild and revitalize education programs in some of the least developed countries
    IRI episodes guide learners through the learning process by means of a progression of activities related to measurable learning objectives.
    Interactive Radio Instruction (IRI) is encompased under the more general term Interactive Audio Instruction (IAI), as evolving technology has allowed different forms of delivering these audio programs including CD players and MP3 players.

    Some experiments I have heard of in Austrália date back from the 60's and 70's. About Amazonian radio it is a well known fact in the área; since I am only peripherally in communication I could not start finding them articles that, further, will be in Brazilian Portuguese, perhaps quite beyond your reach.

  • Luis García-Utrera added an answer:
    What theoretical models to integrate technology in the classroom are being used to teach history?

    I am a PhD student and am interested in other theoretical models (eg, TPACK and SAMR, see link) which is evidence that are being used in the teaching of social sciences, especially in history.Can you help me?

    Luis García-Utrera · University of Veracruz

    Muchas gracias a todos por sus contribuciones y comentarios, me dio gusto ver que la discusión sobre la pregunta ha servido a más personas y se han publicado referencias de gran importancia. Independientemente que deseen seguir participando en el foro, doy por finalizado mi cuestionamiento y ofrezco a todos una publicación de la que forme parte con un capítulo sobre el modelo SAMR de Puentedura.

    Se trata del libro "Modelos Tecno-Educativos: Revolucionando el aprendizaje del siglo XXI", el cual representa un conglomerado sobre los fundamentos y aplicaciones de este tipo de modelos (16 en total) que de algún modo intentan guiar la investigación y la instrucción tecnológica en el área educativa.  


  • Chen Lily added an answer:
    Do you feel that you know CALL/MALL best practices?

    Computer Assisted Language Learning and Mobile Assisted Language Learning is popular and many studies have been published about them, but I am not convinced that faculty have the resources to know the instructional design best practices.  

    I am NOT asking what you think the best practices are, but whether you think that the academic literature has sufficiently defined best practices for instructional design.  Why or why not?

    Chen Lily · South China Normal University

    I can't agree with you any more that you said many teachers can't perform their technology enhanced languagelearning activity well although there are many excellent research works, and I have this problem troubled me a long time.

  • Anthony Clemons added an answer:
    Is anyone currently researching or trying to implement learning approaches that combine both objectivist and constructivist learning methods?
    This is an area I have studied and wish to continue pursuing.
    Anthony Clemons · Columbia University

    It depends as to what you mean by implement. Are you referring to integrating the objectivist and constructivist epistemologies into instructional-design processes? If so, I would encourage you to check-out Reiser and Dempsey's 2011 Trends and Issues in Instructional Design and Technology (3rd ed). Specifically check-out chapters 4-6, as they discuss the orientations between the two and the differences. I have attached a PowerPoint/PDF that might give you some context as to the differences between both, which is extrapolated from the chapters. Hope this helps.

  • Joshua Elliott added an answer:
    How can I approach the concept of sustainable educational technology in universities to improve learning?

    I am currently working on my proposal for my PhD studies and I found few of literature concerning to this conceptual approaching of pedagogical innovation, ICT for learning and sustainable development of learning communities especially in university context. Your advice and ideas will be valuable.

    Joshua Elliott · Sacred Heart University

    To add to what Merisa Bradley said, do a keyword search also. Look up flipped learning like she suggested (or other appropriate search terms) and look at the other keywords found in the articles that come up. You may find terms to search for that are appropriate, but that you did not think of.

  • Chennupati Kodand Ramaiah added an answer:
    What is the level of cyber risk awareness among school children in developing countries compared to developed countries?

    Most school learners use the Cyber space for educational purposes and also for communication purpose both at home and at school. There is a need to educate the learners of the Cyber risks in order to protect them during Cyber use. Developing countries seem to lag behind on Cyber risk awareness when compared to developed countries. Are there any research articles addressing the awareness programs in both developed and developing countries?

    Chennupati Kodand Ramaiah · Pondicherry University, Puducherry – 605014

    The Cyber laws in developed countries are very stringent and established along with technological developments much before developing countries formulated. If you do not have such rules they cannot do heavy ecommerce transactions and depend on manual operations in every walk of our life. There, the society is advanced and open but rules are also strict so they will enjoy benefits of both ends. In our study we found that people in Singapore are fully aware of the rules and the consequences of the breaching so it is a disciplined country.


  • Peter A. T. Farrell added an answer:
    Is there any data on repertory grid analysis and concrete concept formation?

    By 'concrete concept', I mean everyday concepts such as book, chair, cat, dog _ which overlap with natural kinds.

    Peter A. T. Farrell · Zeerust Primary School, Australia, 3634

    With respect to the use of PCT and analysis of RGT there are researchers who use the correlations quantitively and others who use it qualitatively. Myself, I just used the significant correlations as a basis to start conversations but there are others who get all mathematical. Chapter 3 of my thesis, probably a little dated now, explores these ideas.

  • Asmara Alias added an answer:
    What are the current component of CSCL framework?

    With the current existing of CSCL system, many research paper proposing the new framework used in education setting. What are the latest or updated of CSCL framwework can be used as guidance?

    Asmara Alias · Rasmi Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI)

    Thanks you for all your response. 

  • Ian Kennedy added an answer:
    Can anyone know if there is any dataTEL available?

    In my research area related to how we can enhance learning by using datamining algorithms. In order to compare our algorithms we need a real dataTel and unfortunatly we could'nt find it. So what we find is just dataset related to ebusiness (BookCrossing, Movies, .). Can anyone help us if there is any dataTel available in the net? Ask.

    Ian Kennedy · Independent Researcher


  • Geraldo A. Lobato Franco added an answer:
    What is your opinion about the new educational possibilities of digital TV?
    The enhanced capabilities of DTV will provide educators with new opportunities to use quality programming as part of their curricula. Public television, in particular, will become a stronger partner of educators in bringing educational content to the classroom. The key for educators is to understand that digital TV is not merely television with a sharper picture. Here are some ways public television and educators can work together in the digital era to enhance their current productive partnerships: Quality classroom programming, Interactivity and distance learning.

    Rolando, nesse momento eu estaria mais propenso a aprovar sem maiores dúvidas, muito ao contrário, a HDTV que é facilitada digitalmente; essa tendência geral se nota na forma com que governo e setores privados demonstram o seu interesse maior em bancar itens de conteúdo educativo para HDTV. Espero que brevemente estejamos produzindo itens de não ficção tais como documentários e curtas exatamente para preencher a lacuna que ora nos atormenta: não possuímos indústria especializada que forneça com frequência itens valiosos para o ensino, tais como o fazem os britânicos (BBC) e os norte americanos (CPB) enquanto que os demais no mercado ainda engatinhem até com uma certa justeza e precisão mas sem volume de produção. V deve saber que programas como NOVA, entre outros, põem no mercado dezenas de itens anualmente, não é? Bom se não sabe recomendo-lhe que os procure pois valem a pena serem vistos e usados em sala de aula. Boa sorte em seus esforços educativos e se quiser olhe o que tenho escrito no tema em .  

  • José Carlos Pinto Leivas added an answer:
    What is the difference between "Serious Games" and "Epistemic Games"?
    There is a significant difference between these two technological learning mediators.

    When and where should one use them?
    José Carlos Pinto Leivas · Centro Universitário Franciscano (Unifra)

    i think the serious games are conducive to learning and the others not.

  • Julio Ernesto Rojas Mesa added an answer:
    Is it possible to design environments / Networks of glocal agency to learning and knowledge, from to MOOC?

    The MOOC phenomena is not exclusively an issue of Massive Online Open Course, on the conversely, it has become a scenario of new ways of getting learning and knowledge. This is radically affecting the processes of research, innovation and learning management in contemporary high education.
    New constructions of social organization generate these emerging forms. These are our theoretical and methodological ideas. Then, these forms are associated to concepts such as “ciberculture, societies and learning and knowledge ecosystems”. In that sense, MOOCs become a methodological strategy to strengthen the cultural multiplicity and diversity in “glocal” contexts, as well as interface to democratize processes of certification and legitimation of knowledge and learning in great excluded population masses, facilitating their social projection.

    Julio Ernesto Rojas Mesa · Santo Tomás University

    Hello. So sorry for my late answer. I'm building a Knowledge agency concept. This concept is on a glocal context (a simultaneously local and global knowledge) inside of learning process. I will do it through a cyberculture course. In this course, I will research about the affordances proposal by Cope&Kalantzis (2009). 


  • Nikolaos Pellas added an answer:
    What are the skills of designing Learning Objects ?

    The skills of designing LOs include both instructional design skills and technological skills such as content development skills

    Nikolaos Pellas · University of the Aegean

    Dear Mohamed

    Please check my profile ( in order to get a first view on what the future will bring to e-learning and especially the candidate platforms (see eg 3D multi-user virtual worlds).

    With kind regards


  • Nikolaos Pellas added an answer:
    What can be the most important factors that influences students to use moocs, massive open online courses?

    i need just the factors

    Nikolaos Pellas · University of the Aegean

    Dear Aisha

    I believe that these factors may be the same as those that endorsed in 3D virtual worlds.

    Please check my profile ( in order to get a first view on what the future will bring to e-learning and especially the candidate platforms (see eg 3D multi-user virtual worlds).

    I have 2 papers published in Computers in Human Behavior that you may found them as fundamental for your research. Please see them below:

    With kind regards


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