Educational Theory

Educational Theory

  • Bruce Macleod added an answer:
    Does anyone know about training institutes for Adult attachment interview AAI?

     I want to research about adult attachment and reflexive function. The best way for it is with the RF scale and the AAI. But both intruments need training and I wonder if exist institutes for this in Colombia or Latin America or where?

    Bruce Macleod

    For the Dynamic Maturation Model  you can google Family Relations Institute  or Patricia Crittenden.  it is more difficult to learn than the ABCD model, but more precise and useful in the information it yields.

  • Jonathan Belcher added an answer:
    What is the cause of the lack of minority input theories; I was thinking deficit theory?

    I am in the beginning stages of my dissertation.  I am stuck on the theories or the causes from the lack of minority parent input during the IEP process? Am I on the right track when I look into Deficit Theory?

    Jonathan Belcher

    Lots of people touching the same elephant!

  • Denise Newfield added an answer:
    Greetings ! Does anyone have any articles about parental involvement/family engagement in education?

    I am working on a professional paper on parental involvement models, particularly, Dr. Maria C. Paredes Academic Parent Teacher Teams (APTT) Model which takes the parent-teacher conferences a step further!

    Denise Newfield

    E Lemmer (South Africa) has written on this topic.

  • Harshvardhan Singh added an answer:
    Any suggestions on the effectiveness of observation using an Ipad for reception classroom?

    Please any article or reading to help me in my research.

    I am researching for the effectiveness of observation using IPad for reception children.

    looking for the methodology and ethic

    Thanks in advance

    Fatima Mitchell

    Canterbury Christ church university in Uk

    Harshvardhan Singh

    Dear Fatima,

    This link talks about rigorous and more focussed classroom observation.

    I hope you will get help from this.


  • Ian Kennedy added an answer:
    How can handling collections (ie: a collection of products, objects, artefacts, etc) best be used to support student's learning?

    I am a trainee Design and Technology teacher in the UK conducting research on how active learning can be implemented in secondary school Design departments. I am particularly interested in how physical/active interactions are related to Kolb's theory of Experiential Learning but would be very happy to see how this kind of issue is perceived from a different perspective.

    Ian Kennedy

    I bring a bag of rocks to the lecture theatre. I have collected them in my (rocky!) garden, and have selected those that might function as stone-age tools. I then get the students to classify them, and we pool the results in a spreadsheet or database as appropriate to get statistics on mock rock tools. You could try with semi-precious stones. The idea is not to have valuable artefacts walking out of the classroom.

  • Todd Eistetter added an answer:
    Do you know of a relationship between agency theory and K-12 principal evaluations?

    Agency theory seems to have been incorporated into the education reformation in New Zealand schools from several years ago and to some degree in the UK.  I am experiencing challenges determining its use in other countries, particularly in Canada where I am. 

    Todd Eistetter

    Thanks again Paul...the link worked.

  • Dony Saputra added an answer:
    Is structural learning necessarily category-oriented?

    In my review of the literature, I've found that most structural learning research involves concept or category learning. Is structure necessarily categorical? 

    Dony Saputra

    For unsupervise, fuzzy inference system or taxonomi it doesnt need category

  • Leona M. Ungerer added an answer:
    Can open-book tests/examinations address the problem of cheating? How about allowing students to 'Google' answers?

    The embedded post from Faculty Focus points out that students may be tempted to cheat in instances where responses to a question can be easily 'Googled'. It is suggested that open-book tests, including challenging application questions that relate directly to the course material, may help overcome this problem.

    Some even believe that students should be allowed to 'Google' information during examinations, for instance, because they have to demonstrate digital literacy (an opinion expressed in the post from The Guardian).

    Which of these approaches (if any) are acceptable? What would serve as  guidelines for good practice if either of these approaches are incorporated in teaching and learning? Would a particular approach be acceptable in different fields or at various levels of study? 

    + 1 more attachment

    Leona M. Ungerer

    Dear colleagues, interacting with your responses to these questions was indeed an enriching experience. Please see the feedback that I 'created'.

  • Tom Maxwell added an answer:
    Has anyone come across literature on the politics or micropolitics of the identification and use of 'models’ in school systems?

    The idea of a ‘model school’ is quite common in Ethiopia, and I’m interested if this kind of model is used elsewhere in the world. For example, model schools, model classrooms, model teachers, model students. I’m interested in the function these models serve, and the processes of identification, as well as the political and micropolitical uses of models.

    Tom Maxwell

    Hello Rafael, Thank you for your question. At the institution level you might be interested in:

    Maxwell, T.W. & Namgay 2014. A Bhutanese tertiary education consultancy case study: Introducing the institutional zone of proximal development: International Journal for Educational Development 37, 32-39.

    At the systems level you might look ap the phrase "policy borrowing". That might help too.


  • Janet Hanson added an answer:
    If mindset affects reaction to feedback, could it also affect the delivery of feedback?

    Research by Carol Dweck suggests that fixed mindset individuals react negatively to feedback. With this in mind, if a mentor has a fixed mindset, would this affect their ability to deliver feedback that is active and constructive?  Would they be more likely to respond with what Martin Seligman calls active and destructive; passive and destructive?

    Janet Hanson

    Yes Mark, that is what I thought. The powers that be did the same thing in the US in 2004 with the No Child Left Behind Act.  The NCLB Act of 2004 changed education and the economics of education and government.

    I left public education after that for five years because of it.

    My research is on the very thing you describe. Results show that schools are learning organizations that learn similarly to learning processes in individuals. The organization is the product of reciprocal projections of the individuals and the group.

    In order to create learning in the individuals and in the school collective the following malleable variables must be addressed: 

      (a) internal locus of control over the work environment

      (b) the group must set their own goals (focus)

      (c) that are within the zone of proximal development for that particular group

      (d) support with resources, identification of specific tasks, and opportunity to practice the new learning.

    The difficulties caused by external mandates comes from the requirements of uniformity across diverse groups (each school is different just as each student is different). The external control results in instability within groups and disrupts the process of reciprocal projection, goals setting, and work locus of control thus reducing the openness to change. Then resistance occurs within the group as a protective response to perceived threat.

    What I understand you to say about your project was you created a learning organization environment, with increased safety, and provided a mutually agreed upon focus for your group that was specific to their needs. You also provided tasks, feedback, and opportunities for practice. Well done Mark!

  • Robert Cassen added an answer:
    When and where should we use technology for education--in the classroom, outside the classroom, or both?

    I think most of us would agree that Technology Assisted Education (TAE), including both general technology and technology specifically for educational purposes, is of immense value for students of any age in any Learning Environment (LE).  However, the attached article points out some serious impediments to learning when allowing free and open access to laptops, tablets, and smart phones in the classroom.  Should these be "banned" from classrooms?  Should technology for education be focused primarily on outside class activities--homework, research, group activities, reading, testing, and the like? 

    Robert Cassen

    We have a chapter on ICT in the classroom, which will help to answer your question. Publication next week - see flyer attached.

    Best, RHC

  • Antoon Van Wolferen added an answer:
    Any scientific research on self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000 ?

    I'm working on an introduction program voor students at the age of 14/ 15 years old in Veldhoven Holland. I use the self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000) as my fundament in the program. Is there any scientific research that proves that their concept is working. It is evident based, but I can't find any proof.

    Antoon van Wolferen

    Antoon Van Wolferen

    Thank you very much I will read them 

    have  a nice weekend


  • Mark E Gould added an answer:
    Does anyone know of a successful Academic Resource Centre set up in a school to support behaviour/reintegration etc?

    I'm looking to set up an Academic Resource Centre in a UK secondary school and would like to find out as much as possible about others that have been set up as possible.


    Mark E Gould

    At our school we use a double layered approach (or did, funding for the second layer disappeared this year)

    Layer 1 is based on the positive behaviour framework, which treats behaviour as just another thing to learn, and at our school we take judgenent out of the equation as much as possible and treat dysfunctional behaviours as a problem to be solved in the social context of the classroom. Some teachrs fid this very difficult and others love it.

    For those students who do not respond well to this for whatever reason, we have a withdrawn classroom, where an appropriate teacher Ispecific skill set) looks after 5 - 10 students who can' fit into the 'normal' classroom working on a self paced  semi individualised curriculum. This seems to allow these students to relax and some return to the mainstram after a year or 2 but others move on the external education or jobs. Depending on what you choose to measure, the success rate is small to moderate but acceptable.

  • Rahimi Ali added an answer:
    What are some of the implications of changing the mindset of teachers to their mission being to induce physical changes in their students brains?
    When people learn, new neural connections and new neurons are produced.
    Rahimi Ali

    Dear Antonio

    fascinating question indeed.

    modification of neurological processes   involving cerebral propensities, cognitive structures can be hugely effective in enhancing learning , human neurological structure and network is wired to favor some destructive habits like sluggishness, intellectual torpor,  mental inertia and resistance to change nonetheless. 

  • Seema Singh added an answer:
    Can anyone suggest how to measure the indication of the successful implementation of character education among students of secondary school?

    Dear Madam/Sir,

    I have am having some trouble regarding the measurement of such indication for the successful implementation of character education, mainly among adolescent in the level of secondary school; is there a standard form of its measurement?

    It is highly appreciated for your cooperation to answer that question.


    Seema Singh

    It will be difficult to measure impact of character education  by quantitative methods only, Qualitative research methods will help you in assessing the real change in behavior .Avoid direct questions..

  • Alice Sterling Honig added an answer:
    What type of reflective practices can be used for practice teaching to train B.Ed. Students?

    I am interested to know the modern reflective practices for B.Ed. practice teaching.

    Alice Sterling Honig

     Teacher reflection is particularly urgent when a child has behaved in a worrisome way for the class and for the teacher. First reflect:,think inside your head: What could be the reason for the behavior?  This will  help cool down a first feeling of anger or indignation or irritation. Also, try compassion .. Think how you could reward the child when wished-for behaviors  DO occur. Think how you can encourage self-reflection  for this child so that he or she can better inhibit unwanted behaviors.  . Reflect on  how you can help decrease stress for this student. Once  you succeed in making  a positive relationship with a troubling child,and this child trusts in your caring  and support, then there may be fewer distressing episodes in the classroom. Your words, your body language, your voice tone, convey your caring or your constant disapproval of a child. You need to practice reflection to help  decrease own stress and conjure  creative ideas to reduce a child's inappropriate or disruptive  behaviors.

  • Fatima Mitchell added an answer:
    Where can I find anything about inclusive practice for a specific learning environment for a child?

    I would like to learn about a specific learning environment for a child in an inclusive context.

    Many thanks

    Fatima Mitchell

    thank you all for your supports.

  • Kevin Larkin added an answer:
    Which analytical framework is suitable for the study of school-based in-service education and training?

    I am writing a research paper on the implementation of school-based professional development in my country. For quite a time I have struggled with developing the right theoretical framework to analyse the construct "continuous professional development:. I cant figure whether PD is a process, activity, a goal or an outcome. I was considering "socio-cultural perspective", "situated perspective" and "activity theory", they are  so confusing. Should I pick one of these or find something else? Which would be more applicable? Please advise.

    Kevin Larkin

    Hi Masota,

    I used Activity Theory in my thesis to investigate primary school teachers and it worked very well. I am happy to provide some basic references if you think it will help.


  • Judith Gill added an answer:
    Does someone know if Mael et al. have responded to the Pahlke et al. or the Signorella et al. studies?

    In 2005, Mael et al. (see reference below) published a systematic review on the single-sex vs. coeducational schooling topic. They found a little advantage for single-sex schools. However, in 2014, Pahlke et al. contradicted their results through a meta-analysis. Also, Signorella et al. published a study specifically describing the weaknesses of the Mael et al. publication. Does someone know if the 2005 authors had answered any of them? 

    • Mael, F., Alonso, A., Gibson, D., Rogers, K., & Smith, M. (2005). Single-sex versus coeducational schooling: A systematic review. (No. 2005–01). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Planning, Evaluation and Policy Development, Policy and Program Studies Service.
    • Pahlke, E., Hyde, J. S., & Allison, C. M. (2014). The Effects of Single-Sex Compared With Coeducational Schooling on Students’ Performance and Attitudes: A Meta-Analysis. Psychological Bulletin. doi: 10.1037/a0035740
    • Signorella, M., Hayes, A., & Li, Y. (2013). A Meta-Analytic Critique of Mael et al.’s (2005) Review of Single-Sex Schooling. Sex Roles, 69(7-8), 423-441. doi: 10.1007/s11199-013-0288-x
    Judith Gill

    Comparison between schooling outcomes and school gender context must always attend to time and cultural context. Meta analyses tend to disregard both these features as they assemble numbers of studies across time and place, thus assuming sex differences comprise a constant variable. To some degree this complication explains some of the different outcomes in studies of single sex vs Coeducation and is the reason this old chestnut keeps recurring in research. Fifty years ago many western nations single sex schooling produced higher achievement levels for male and female students. Nowadays in societies less marked by gender differentiated culture one is less likely to find differences in schooling outcomes related to school gender context.

  • Anup Kumar Bandyopadhyay added an answer:
    How would you define a "model" within a theoretical research?

    For instance, if you have a particular strategy developed for addressing an education research issue, would you refer to it as a "model" or a "strategy"?

    Anup Kumar Bandyopadhyay

    @Rob Macduff

    In terms of function definition can we say that

    Theory <=> Function profile

    Model <=> semantics definition

    Strategy <=> implementation method

  • Suhasini Gazula added an answer:
    Can anyone suggest any definitive texts on burnout in teachers?

    I guess it's all in the title really...

    I'm currently lookin in detail at Fried by Borysenko, and Understanding and PReventing Teacher Burnout by Vandenberghe and Huberman. I feel I should include some of Maslach's work and some of Freudenberger as the "masters" of the field, but they've both published lots and I'm trying to isolate key texts.

    Suhasini Gazula

    Check out this publication and also the references of this. It helps to get the key texts on Burnout of Teachers

    Revisiting First-Year Teacher Burnout: New South Carolina Educators in the Era of Accountability 
    by Ilagan, Daniel J

    ProQuest LLC, 2010, ISBN 1124384162,



  • Julio Ernesto Rojas Mesa added an answer:
    Is it possible to design environments / Networks of glocal agency to learning and knowledge, from to MOOC?

    The MOOC phenomena is not exclusively an issue of Massive Online Open Course, on the conversely, it has become a scenario of new ways of getting learning and knowledge. This is radically affecting the processes of research, innovation and learning management in contemporary high education.
    New constructions of social organization generate these emerging forms. These are our theoretical and methodological ideas. Then, these forms are associated to concepts such as “ciberculture, societies and learning and knowledge ecosystems”. In that sense, MOOCs become a methodological strategy to strengthen the cultural multiplicity and diversity in “glocal” contexts, as well as interface to democratize processes of certification and legitimation of knowledge and learning in great excluded population masses, facilitating their social projection.

    Julio Ernesto Rojas Mesa

    Hello. So sorry for my late answer. I'm building a Knowledge agency concept. This concept is on a glocal context (a simultaneously local and global knowledge) inside of learning process. I will do it through a cyberculture course. In this course, I will research about the affordances proposal by Cope&Kalantzis (2009). 


  • Shafir Lobb added an answer:
    Has anyone used transformative learning in adolescence?
    I am interested in exploring a holistic approach with regards to adolescent identity.
    Shafir Lobb

    I will be doing some research in this area this coming year.

  • Olga Miščenko added an answer:
    How to quantify users‘ feeling before and after using mobile-enhanced learning environments?

    How to quantify users‘ feelings before and after using mobile-enhanced environments?

    Olga Miščenko

    Certainly, a questionnaire would help you.

    There is one more (not the last, probably) way: logs analysis. It shall take some time, besides needs approach.

    When preparing the article THE IMPORTANCE OF A TEACHER IN A DISTANCE EDUCATION AND THE PROGRESSIVE METHODS OF TEACHING IN A VIRTUAL LEARNING ENVIRONMENT it was necessary to evaluate the results due to the students' interest towards training using the Moodle system. One week trainig demonstrated not only knowledge improvement, but also the students' appretiation of the platform.

  • Jim Patterson added an answer:
    Is individual authenticity lost in education?
    We propose to have a child centred approach for much of our education. However, methods remain similar to over 100 years ago. We still seem to value outcome over the individual.
    Jim Patterson

    If you have ever pondered, "Why everything is the way it is?," then you know what I mean when I say that everything is just the way it is supposed to be according to the rules established by those who REALLY run the world.  Now, this can be viewed as a horrible rationalization, or a pessimistic and fatalist statement or it can answer many of the questions we have about life and society.  Typically, there has always been those who control society.  Kings, philosophers, generals, banks, industrialists, megabillionaires, etc.  As a  mass culture, unless we were included in this group, we have always had limited freedom to make choices and to experience life on our own terms but make no mistake, once our personal freedom strays into the realm of the elite, we are "shut down", immediately.  How are the stories, movies, television developed that reflects this reality over and over, yet we do not believe in it?  Is it all imagination and trickery, or does it all exist in varying degrees of life; so subtle that we barely notice it?  If there are changes to be made, they will have to be non-threatening to the status quo, or else they will not happen.  Micro change will eventually move mountains, but only if they are not the property of someone else.

  • Douglas R. Daugherty added an answer:
    Are there any research studies on views / experiences of young people on Black History Month in the UK?

    I am conducting a reseach on Young people's view on Black History Month in the UK. It seems that BHM is not integrated with the main curriculum in schools and there is no much evidence to show that the history of black people in the UK is covered in history or citizenship classes in the UK. Any thoughts / research papers  on this research concept is highly appreciated. Thanks so much.

    Douglas R. Daugherty


    I share the responces as to knowledge of studies made regarding youth and  BHM in the UK. This fact alone tell us something! However. what I am responding to is "integrated into main curriculum"  and a word of caution. Here in the US after a long battle BHM is still not practiced as an integrated important subject matter only the words are.  I think is an important point of demarcation as to BHM being integrated into or still waiting on the periphery.

    In soildarity


  • Douglas R. Daugherty added an answer:
    Where do I find out about Knowledge Profiling and related theories?

    I am doing a lit review with some focus on knowledge Profiling. Can anyone guide me with regards theories and research documents.

    Douglas R. Daugherty

    The idea of a knowledge profile is an interesting subject. As Mr. Said points out there is a perception as to what counts as knowledge and what does not. Would cultural information or cultural specificknowledge be seen as knowledge by another culture? Would a subjective knowledge be seen as knowledge by a person defining knowledge as objective? Would knowledge derived from non scientic means be counted as knowledge?

    Building a knowledge profile is a thought, but as seen in the three responses issues of what is knowledge and what is not are present. 

    So one suggestion I would make is define and argue for that defination. Alothough this arguement or issue is not new as one can see by examining schooling curriculum

    Good Luck


  • Dipali Mansingrao Kadam added an answer:
    Is there any method to evaluate the joy of students in the classroom teaching-learning process?
    Joy is a term related to Psychology, then how can we evaluate the joy of all students at a time. Can we evaluate through result or feedback or any other method?
    Dipali Mansingrao Kadam

    Thanks a lot  Mayur Sir & Ahmed for sharing your valuable thoughts.

About Educational Theory

Educational theory can refer to either speculative educational thought in general or to a theory of education as something that guides, explains, or describes educational practice.

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