• Jaqueline Brinn asked a question:
    Is Facebook manipulating our perception of time? / Perception of Leisure Time spend with Social Media?

    Dear Researchers and Humans,

    I think there is a Problem arising that I want to address with my dissertation: Our Leisure time spend with Social Media.

    Are Facebook & Co. manipulating our perception of time? Do they make our free time invisible? 

    There is the Time-Paradox saying that we have more free time than previous generations, but yet we feel more stressed and as if it were less free time. A lot has been done on work-life balance and time usage has been analyzed quite quantitatively.

    What I want to do is focus on the quality of leisure time, more explicitly of its perception in regard to recovery and amount of time.

    I will cover three areas with my research:

    • Literature on time perception and "healthy" leisure requirements
    • Survey data available and my own small and local survey of Hanover, Germany
    • Big Data sources to check self-reported data with actual usage of Social Media

    If any of you has some hints to relevant research that I should not miss, some general thoughts on his/her own usage or recommendations for interesting survey questions to include - I would be glad to discuss them in order to get the whole picture of what is going on outside of my area and social network.

    (The question is not if ICT is good or bad, it's obviously its creation and our usage that needs to be analyzed.)

  • Ivo Carneiro de Sousa added an answer:
    Can someone suggest articles, theses, books on the Nyemba people, also known as Ngangela, of Angola and northern Namibia?
    Origins, settlement, culture, traditional rule (political organisation), expansion and dispersal, ethnic variety.
    Ivo Carneiro de Sousa · City University of Macau

    Dear Gerhard,

    In Angola, those communities are labeled Ganguela or Nganguela. The best research still is the book by the Portuguese anthropologist REDINHA, José. Etnias e Culturas de Angola. Luanda: Instituto de Investigação Científica de Angola, 1975. I ignore any English translation and summary. I live in Macao, China, and Redinha's son is a well known lawyer here and holds his father ethnographic collections from Angola as well as several manuscript unpublished studies. 

  • Gene Ammarell added an answer:
    Does anyone know any anthropologists who have studied how deception practices differ between cultures?

    I am looking for an anthropological comparison between the deception practices in the United States and China. The purpose of this research is to identify cues to deception that are present in each culture and to distinguish how culture plays a role in deception.

    Gene Ammarell · Ohio University

    I don't know of any other research, but I have data on it from my own research among the Bugis of Indonesia.  I'd be happy to discuss it.

  • Pedro Luengo Gutiérrez added an answer:
    Is there anybody trying to research on new technologies (artifitial intelligence, drones...) and heritage in Europe?

    We are thinking on the next call of Uses of Past and we are seeking different kind of researchers from diferent "heritage disciplines", such as Anthropology, Architecture, Tourism, Languague, Gastronomy, History, Biology...

    Pedro Luengo Gutiérrez · Universidad de Sevilla

    I know clarin. I was in Amsterdam last March. Thank you very much. Best regards!

  • Marc Verhaegen added an answer:
    If the Oragutan-Austraolith theory is correct, which South Asian hominoid was their last common ancestor? Was it Asian or African or European?

    See above. 

    Marc Verhaegen · Study Center Anthropology

    Yes, enamel thickness I had tried to answer in my previous answer & in our "aquarboreal" papers (in TREE & see file attached). Most Mio-Pliocene hominoids had thick enamel (arguable as an adaptation to harder foods such as coco or other nuts or hard-shelled invertebrates HSIs, as seen in e.g. capuchins, who e.g. open mangrove oysters with oyster shells, see refs in papers above). Some hominoid spp developed superthick enamel (e.g. Ouranopith, aethiopicus-boisei, robustus), some got (directly or again) thinner enamel (Pan & esp.Gorilla), others kept or re-evolved thick enamel (Homo, Pongo). Generally, AFAICS (see attachment), in hominoids we see thick enamel in omnivores in coastal forests, superthick enamel in herbivores in open wetlands, and thinner enamel in foli-herbivores in tropical forests, but this provisionel impression requires a lot more detailed study. 

  • Marco Acosta added an answer:
    Do you have an articles about the evolutionary value of orgasm in the male and female human?


    Marco Acosta · Fundacion fadesco. Instituto del sistema nervioso

    Than you very much.

  • Marystella Ramirez added an answer:
    Is any historian of medicine aware of Descartes and headaches and/or ORL symptomatology?
    In order to better understand the clinical presentation of this individual.
    Marystella Ramirez · RWTH Aachen University

    There is a text, which of the top of my mind I can't remember exactly, relating to pain and how it was connected to the mind. Its more philosophical than medical but has been seen as an precursor of the nervous understanding of disease that was important towards the end of the 18th C, though Descartes was preceeded in this by Oliva de Sabuco.

  • Marc Verhaegen added an answer:
    How different do languages need to be before they are considered separate? What is the "taxonomy" of languages?
    I have zero experience in the field of linguistics, but a paper I am writing now calls for a brief paragraph about using languages as one defining characteristic of a different cultural group. Can someone please suggest some good papers that discuss how different languages need to be before they are a different dialect, a different language altogether, and any other distinctions that I may be unaware of. I assume that this is an ongoing discussion, and that like defining a species, sub-species, etc., there is no set answer but that it depends which school of thought you want to prescribe to. I donʻt need an answer (and I donʻt think there is an "answer") to the question, but some sources that explore the theoretical aspects of the question would be very helpful.
    Marc Verhaegen · Study Center Anthropology

    A language can IMO best be considered to be (a group of) mutually understandable speeches & dialects. Different countries, however, often call their own dialect a language (Scandinavian, Serbo-Kroatian, Szecho-Slovak), although Dutch & Belgian Nederlands (together 6 dialect groups) are the same (written) language (Dutch). Letzeburgian is usu.considered to be a different language from German (Deutsch), although the Luxemburg dialect doesn't differ much from the neighbouring German dialect. Dialects can understand each other with a bit difficulty, e.g. Afrikaans & Dutch are usu.considered to be different languages, although they were written the same until the 1920s IIRC. I can understand written Afrikaans with little effort, but have serious difficulties in following 2 Afrikaners talking to each other. Dutch & Frisian are clearly different languages. Portuguese (European & Brazilian), Spanish (Castilian & Hispano-American), Catalan, Provinçal, French, Italian (incl. Sardinian?) & Rumenian can be considered different languages (although Catalan & Provinçal are often considered to be "only" dialects). The 3 Walloon dialects (have difficulties understanding each other) are considered to be French dialects. Languages sometimes change very rapidly (wars, invasions, migrations), sometimes very slowly (church Latin). I read that Icelandic children can read texts about 800 years old, but in Dutch this is totally impossible. IOW, the difference between language & dialect is political, subjective & gradual.

  • Iago Urgorri added an answer:
    Can someone suggest publications related to the Nabataean in Petra?
    Petra Archaeological Park (PAP)
    The region’s most important resource is the Petra Archaeological Park, which is one of the world’s richest and largest archaeological parks. Due to its outstanding universal value, it became a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1986. The dramatic Nabataean and Hellenistic rock-cut temple and tombs (approached by a natural winding rocky cleft, the Siq, which is the main entrance from the east to a once extensive trading city) represent a unique artistic achievement. They are masterpieces of a lost city that has fascinated visitors since the early 19th century. The entrance approach and the settlement itself were made possible by the creative genius of the extensive water collection, distribution and storage system of the Nabataean people.
    The Cultural Space of the Bedu in Petra and Wadi Rum was inscribed in 2008 on the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List of Humanity. Some families of Bedu tribes – namely from the Bidoul, the Ammaariin and the Sa’idiyyiin – continue to use the Nabataean water collection system and caves near Petra. The Bedu communities inhabiting this area keep a traditional pastoral culture and related skills alive. The Bedu of Petra and Wadi Rum have preserved specific knowledge related to flora and fauna of the area, traditional medicine, camel husbandry, tent-making, craftsmanship, as well as trekking and climbing skills. The monuments of the Petra World Heritage site are subject to ongoing erosion due to wind and rain, exacerbated by windblown sand due to reduced ground cover. They are also vulnerable to flash flooding along Wadi Musa through the winding gorge (Siq) if the Nabataean diversion system is not continually maintained. Moreover, the property is under pressure from tourism, which has increased twofold during the last 10 years, particularly at congestion points such as the Siq. In 2010 the total visitor number of the PAP has reached 909.474 visitors, which is coming close to the maximum carrying capacity of the park, currently estimated by UNESCO at about 1.26 million (UNESCO, 1994). The region is also vulnerable to the infrastructure needs (e.g. electricity, sewage treatment, transportation) of local communities.
    Iago Urgorri · University of Santiago de Compostela

    I think that you should to see this web, which have a bit about all.


    I. U.

  • Sujay Rao Mandavilli added an answer:
    What should be role of human science to deal with the emergent contemporary issues, which have local, regional as well as global implications?
    The unique adaptive strategy and cultural space of diverse tribal communities has gained huge research attention across the world owing to complexities of the issues related to their bio-cultural diversities, ethnicity, historicity, response to state policies and ongoing negotiation processes in a globalise world. Depending on their exposure to the forces of change and intricate link to the wider socio-political realities of life these issues have accelerated the process of transition/transformation among the diverse tribal population. In view these facts and circumstances, what should be role of human science and other related disciplines to deal with the emergent contemporary issues, which have local, regional as well as global implications?
    Sujay Rao Mandavilli

    I don't have the exact answer, but go through all my publications on research gate. They should have many answers

  • Kizilkaya Mustafa added an answer:
    Does anyone know some literature about teaching in the hunter-gatherer context?

    It can involve teaching, learning, imitation, emulation, demonstration, etc...

    Thank You!

    Kizilkaya Mustafa

    Hi How are you, Ma'am
    Dasa Bombjakov
    I know how to help you

  • Memory Malibha-Pinchbeck added an answer:
    How did people in urban marginality make their livelihood and history, in Kampala, Uganda?

    In anthropological perspectives, I am particularly interested in marginality in the urban settings in Africa. I have already done on it from the historical perspectives, on sanitation and public health in colonial Africa.

    Memory Malibha-Pinchbeck · The Open University (UK)

    It sounds like you'll also need to look at the political and social restrictions of that society to help you determine what options such marginalised individuals had economically? Did they have access to education, healthcare? What resources could they access and afford to access? If this is colonial Africa there should be a lot of biographical data? 

  • Francesco Spagna added an answer:
    Does anyone know of studies on the concept of Infinite from an anthropological point of view?

    Metaphysical conceptions of the Infinite in particular cultures or in a cross-cultural perspective; interdisciplinary studies on this theme, between Philosophy and Cultural Anthropology.

    Francesco Spagna · University of Padova

    Thank you Christopher for your answer and your poem that reminds me William Blake

  • Rahimi Ali added an answer:
    What are the key barriers in reaching men for health promotion (on any health subject)?
    For any health education outreach activity, how does one provide exposure to both men and women, especially those in low resource settings?
    Rahimi Ali · Bangkok University

    ignorance , lack of knowledge, taboos, physical pleasure, media and states' tendency and policies of hiding realities of health issues , wrong stereotypical macho and patriarchal images of strength, power and control

  • Carol Ikard added an answer:
    Has anyone studied the history of okra from Africa to South America?

    I am trying to look at how the African diaspora brought African food items to the new world.

    Carol Ikard · Walden University

    I understand Thomas Jefferson tried to introduce okra to the French when he was ambassador to France. He may have written about it; he was so prolific.  Also, I understand the slaves brought the seeds over by hiding them in the folds of their ears. Good luck....the history of okra may be as fascinating as the history of the color red.

    A Perfect Red: Empire, Espionage, and the Quest for the Color of Desire

    Apr 25, 2006
    by Amy Butler Greenfield

  • Michael Bletzer added an answer:
    Hello, is anyone on here engaged in, or aware of, archaeological research on reducción- or congregación-type mission settlements in Latin America?

    My primary interest is in the material record of 16th/17th-century settlements that were abandoned under reducción/congregación policies, especially in Nueva España (Mexico). I'm working on what was very likely a "reduced-abandoned" pueblo in New Mexico in the 1620s/30s and would like to compare material patterns of similar abandonments from a wider area. Gracias mil for any information you may have.

    Michael Bletzer · Jornada Research Institute

    Thanks everyone, for all the suggestions. I think they will keep me occupied for some time  :-)

    In the New Mexican case I've been referring to, the particular circumstances of a reducción-type abandonment are only vaguely alluded to in the historical record. The proximity of a known Franciscan mission pueblo, however, provides a significant clue as to what may have happened to the neighboring pueblos (as does the ceramic chronology).

    To test this hypothesis versus other possible abandonment scenarios, what is needed are extensive abandonment deposits. Unfortunately, for New Mexico such archaeological records really exist only for pre-contact pueblos. Folks like M. Schiffer, C. Cameron, M. Stevenson, however, have provided a theoretical framework that allows one to identify a range of abandonment conditions and their corresponding material patterns.

    Question for me now is, how does the abandonment pattern from "my" pueblo stack up against other sites that are known or suspected to have been "reduced" as the result of a Spanish mission settlement. I haven't yet really seen any mission-period studies that focus on abandonment deposits to the extent necessary for addressing the issue of reducción.

    Hopefully I'll be able to find something going over all your suggestions. Thanks again!

  • Mohan Bairwa added an answer:
    What are the various scales available to find the socio-economic status of populations residing in India or south east Asia?
    How good are they to use now (2014-2015)
    Mohan Bairwa · All India Institute of Medical Sciences

    Hmmm Binu, two things need to remember, most importantly it can be used only for urban population; second, it needs to be updated on the basis of Consumer Prices Index (CPI) for the particular year or month.

    Dear Knipe, Kuppuswamy scale based dynamic determinants, therefore, it is not affected by static assets. It depends on education, occupation, and income.

  • Santiago Muñoz Arbeláez added an answer:
    Can you recommend any articles on "Anthropology in/of the Amazon"?

    I am especially interested in the Brasilian part of the Amazon, but hints on the neighbouring countries are welcome as well. Thank you.

    Santiago Muñoz Arbeláez · Yale University

    Eduardo Viveiros de Castro and  Philippe Descola

  • Aashish Basnet added an answer:
    What is the verge of Pragmatic Anthropology that sets the so called Derrida's notion to Deconstruction?

    Pragmatic Anthropology

    Aashish Basnet · Tribhuvan University

     Rahimi Ali thanx for ur reply still thinkin over ur answer

  • Jimmy Petit added an answer:
    How can I define the mid-diaphysis in unfused human long bones?

    To calculate the platymeric and platybrachial indexes, I need to observe the antero-posterior and medio-lateral diameter of the femur and the humerus. How can I determine the mid-diaphysis in bones without epiphysis?

    Jimmy Petit · University of Bordeaux

    Thank you all for your answers. Initially i would take the mid-shaft measurement of the description of Tim White (Human Osteology), but it seems more reasonable to follow the Buikstra & Ubelaker (1994) even if they don't develop the methodology for unfused long bones. 

  • Anne Savage added an answer:
    Who should I read for postmodern anthropology? Or applications of postmodernist theory to anthropology?

    Where will I find readings in anthropology which apply postmodern critical theory?

    Anne Savage · McMaster University

    I'd like to thank everyone for their answers, which also lay out different contexts for both the question and the wide rang3 of answers.

  • Kwabena Darko Akuamoah added an answer:
    Don't you think that the use of the word "tribe" today has been deconstructed?
    I think the colonial anthropologists applied it in respect to groups of people who were not yet exposed to the "outside world". So with the growing awareness of mutual intelligibility, among ethnic groups, "tribe" in their context becomes narrow and loses a sense of universality.
    Kwabena Darko Akuamoah · University of Ghana

    Tribe was a colonized constructed word which now have lost it value. though the layman will not understand the technicality of such things we in the academia should be able to deconstruct such terminologies.

  • Juan Oliver Sanchez Fernandez added an answer:
    Could you suggest literature on small-scale mining in El Oro, Ecuador and beyond?

    I am mainly interested in perspectives from sociology/anthropology/political ecology, but open for a wide disciplinary scope. The more recent the better.

    Juan Oliver Sanchez Fernandez · Complutense University of Madrid

    Se me olvidaba. El autor de la obra <<Trabajo, política e ideología en una cuenca minera>> es Sánchez Fernández, Juan Oliver

  • Kevin Coffee added an answer:
    Does anyone know something about John Jacob Astor's (1763-1848) gifts of ethnographical objects to a museum in U.S. or Europe?

    Gifts could be of anthropological objects too and I am also interested if anyone knows something about gifts made by John Jacob Astor's son in-law, the german diplomat Vincent Rumpff (1789-1867). Thank you!

    Kevin Coffee · consultant

    Depending upon how one defines 'ethnographical gifts' - the New-York Historical Society has some material pertaining to the dominant classes of American society gifted by Astor. And the Museum of the City of New York holds mainly documentary evidence of the same, including images of the old man himself, but they may have more than that.

  • Catalin Lazar added an answer:
    Does anybody know red ocher beads from neolithic or other prehistoric periods?

    In the summer of 2014, we discovered a new Eneolithic cemetery at Sultana (Romania), and near one of the skeletons we identified a fragment of red ocher bead.

    Does anybody know other similar artefacts from prehistory or other time periods?

    Thanks in advance.

    Catalin Lazar · Muzeul Naţional de Istorie a României

    Dear Stefan,

    Thank you for the information.

    Best wishes,


  • Keith G. Tidball added an answer:
    Is anyone aware of any studies describing/defining "locavore" and locavore behavior, motivations, values, etc.?

    i need better definition of this increasingly popular vernacular demographic...

    Keith G. Tidball · Cornell University

    Thanks for the helpful answer Daniel!

  • Riva Berleant added an answer:
    Are there any papers that deals with the aesthetic understanding of power?

    I really don't want aesthetics of politics, because I am well aware of this field of research. What I am really searching for is the connection of aesthetics and power. There were always some artwork which deals with the theme of gaining or misuse of power, and I believe that aesthetic interest plays some role of the understanding, recipe, attraction, worshiping or decline of power (as such and as the main theme of some works). A very good example is Faust.

    So What I am asking for, are there some papers or researches of aesthetic reception of Power. Or am I mistaken to think that there is some relation (of course I continue to ask myself and am still trying to find a pattern)?

    Riva Berleant · University of Connecticut

    You might look at Terry Eagleton's book THE IDEOLOGY OF THE AESTHETIC. Eagleton shows that ideology and power are intrinsic in aesthetic theory, and how aesthetics has functioned coercively.

        You might also scroll through the contents of the on-line, peer-reviewed, open access journal CONTEMPORARY AESTHETICS <>.  It publishes out-of-the-ordinary and cutting edge papers in aesthetics. 

  • Marc Verhaegen added an answer:
    What is the science behind evolution of language, script, and number? It is common among all the culture and civilization?

    Whenever we look into history or culture of any geographical patches it is very common to find language and script identity as generic way to find their evolution. So it might comes into mind frequently what is the basic science behind this whole story.

    Marc Verhaegen · Study Center Anthropology

    Egyptian & Sumerian civilisations (begin c 5 ka?) needed astronomy to calculate the overflows of the Nile resp.Tigris-Euphrate.  Astronomy (based on language, script & number) = beginning of "organized" science?

  • Talitha Guittin added an answer:
    In what way does the anthropology in the catechism of the Catholic church take into account disability?

    Researchers in theology of disability have presented, over the last decades, a non-normate hermeneutic of the Bible, offering a disability-lecture of the Scripture which presents a theological anthropology taking into account the lives/views of people with disabilities. 

    Has anyone tried to analyse the catechism of the Church to see if its anthropology is compatible with a disability-hermeneutic?

    Talitha Guittin · University of Strasbourg

    Thank you for contributing - when I write about catechism, I refer to the CCC (Catechism of the Catholic Church)  of 1992... I wouldn't describe it as a contradictary and full of mistakes - I donot agree with everything it says, but it is doctrine and the standard by which the church tries to make intelligible our faith. I use it very often and have studied it in detail - why would you call it ambiguous?

  • Philip Greenfeld added an answer:
    Are you aware of any anthropological or sociological literature on the 'Gond' tribal group of Central India?

    Looking for literature that expounds upon the sub-groups present within the Gond tribe such as Gond Thathiyas, Gond Thakurs, Gond Korkus etc. Village studies on Gond villages and anthropological accounts of Gonds and the sub-groups from Madhya Pradesh would be helpful.

    Philip Greenfeld · San Diego State University

    A sociolinguistic survey of the Gondi-speaking communities of central India / by David Karl Beine. Unpublished M.A. Thesis, Dept. of Anthro. San Diego State University

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