[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The effects of reactant ion rotational excitation on the exothermic proton-transfer reactions of HBr(+)((2)Π(1/2)) and DBr(+)((2)Π(1/2)), respectively, with CO(2) were studied in a guided ion beam apparatus. Cross sections are presented for collision energies in the center of mass system E(c.m.) in the range of 0.23 to 1.90 eV. The HBr(+)/DBr(+) ions were prepared in a state-selective manner by resonance enhanced multiphoton ionization. The mean rotational energy was varied from 3.4 to 46.8 meV for HBr(+)((2)Π(1/2)) and from 1.8 to 40.9 meV for DBr(+)((2)Π(1/2)). Both reactions studied are inhibited by collision energy, as expected for exothermic reactions. For all collision energies considered, the cross section decreases with increasing rotational energy of the ion, but the degree of the rotational dependence differs depending on the collision energy. For E(c.m.) = 0.31 eV, the cross sections of the deuteron transfer are significantly larger than those of the proton transfer. For higher E(c.m.) they differ very little. The current results for the exothermic proton transfer are systematically compared to previously published data for the endothermic proton transfer starting from HBr(+)((2)Π(3/2)) [L. Paetow et al., J. Chem. Phys. 132, 174305 (2010)]. Additional new data regarding the latter reaction are presented to further confirm the conclusions. The dependences on rotational excitation found cannot be explained by the corresponding change in the total energy of the system. For both the endothermic and the exothermic reaction, the cross section is maximized for the smallest rotational energy, at least well above the threshold.
The Journal of Chemical Physics 12/2010; 133(23):234301. DOI:10.1063/1.3515300 · 2.95 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cross sections for the endothermic proton-transfer reactions of rotationally state-selected HBr(+) and DBr(+) ions with CO(2) were measured in a guided ion beam apparatus in order to determine the influence of rotational excitation and collision energy in the center of mass (c.m.) system on the cross section. Ab initio calculations were performed to obtain energetic information about reactants, intermediates, and products. In the experiment HBr(+) and DBr(+) ions were prepared with the same mean rotational quantum number but different mean rotational energies as the rotational constants differ by about a factor of two. The mean rotational energy was varied from 1.4 to 66.3 meV for HBr(+) and from 0.7 to 43.0 meV for DBr(+). Collision energies (E(c.m.)) ranged from 0.32 to 1.00 eV. Under all conditions considered, an increase in the rotational excitation leads to a decrease in the cross section for both reactions. However, the effect is more pronounced for the higher collision energies. For E(c.m.)=1.00 and 0.85 eV; a comparison between the results for HBr(+) and DBr(+) indicates that the cross section is dominated by effects of rotational energy rather than angular momentum. For lower collision energies the cross sections for the deuteron transfer and the proton transfer are in best agreement if not compared for the same c.m. collision energy but for the same value of the difference between the collision energy and the reaction enthalpy.
The Journal of Chemical Physics 05/2010; 132(17):174305. DOI:10.1063/1.3409734 · 2.95 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Absolute cross sections and rate constants for the endothermic proton transfer reaction of rotationally state selected HBr+ ions with CO2 were measured as a function of the rotational energy for different center-of-mass (c.m.) collision energies. State selection of HBr + ions was achieved via a (2 + 1) resonance enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) process. By choosing different pump lines the mean rotational energy of HBr+ was varied from 1.6 to 25.9 meV. All experiments were performed in a linear ion guide apparatus. Collision energies considered ranged from 0.28 to 0.85 eV (c.m.). At the highest collision energies the cross section decreases by about 60% from 10 Å2 to 4 Å2 with increasing rotational energy. In contrast to that, at the lowest collision energies the cross section was about 2.5 Å2, independent of the rotational energy.