F. Mila

École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland

Are you F. Mila?

Claim your profile

Publications (253)846.81 Total impact

  • Source
    Pierre Nataf, Frederic Mila
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Building on advanced results on permutations, we show that it is possible to construct, for each irreducible representation of SU(N), an orthonormal basis labelled by the set of {\it standard Young tableaux} in which the matrix of the Heisenberg SU(N) model (the quantum permutation of N-color objects) takes an explicit and extremely simple form. Since the relative dimension of the full Hilbert space to that of the singlet space on $n$ sites increases very fast with N, this formulation allows to extend exact diagonalizations of finite clusters to much larger values of N than accessible so far. Using this method, we show that, on the square lattice, there is long-range color order for SU(5), spontaneous dimerization for SU(8), and evidence in favor of a quantum liquid for SU(10).
    Physical review letters. 08/2014; 113(12).
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Exact ground states of a spin-1/2 Ising-Heisenberg model on the Shastry-Sutherland lattice with Heisenberg intra-dimer and Ising inter-dimer couplings are found by two independent rigorous procedures. The first method uses a unitary transformation to establish a mapping correspondence with an effective classical spin model, while the second method relies on the derivation of an effective hard-core boson model by continuous unitary transformations. Both methods lead to equivalent effective Hamiltonians providing a convincing proof that the spin-1/2 Ising-Heisenberg model on the Shastry-Sutherland lattice exhibits a zero-temperature magnetization curve with just two intermediate plateaus at one-third and one-half of the saturation magnetization, which correspond to stripe and checkerboard orderings of singlets and polarized triplets, respectively. The nature of the remarkable stripe order relevant to the one-third plateau is thoroughly investigated with the help of the corresponding exact eigenvector. The rigorous results for the spin-1/2 Ising-Heisenberg model on the Shastry-Sutherland lattice are compared with the analogous results for the purely classical Ising and fully quantum Heisenberg models. Finally, we discuss to what extent the critical fields of SrCu2(BO3)2 and (CuCl)Ca2Nb3O10 can be described within the suggested Ising-Heisenberg model.
    07/2014;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report on the real space profile of spin polarons in the quasi two-dimensional frustrated dimer spin system SrCu2(BO3)2 doped with 0.16% of Zn. The 11B nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum exhibits 15 additional boron sites near non-magnetic Zn impurities. With the help of exact diagonalizations of finite clusters, we have deduced from the boron spectrum the distribution of local magnetizations at the Cu sites with fine spatial resolution, providing direct evidence for an extended spin polaron. The results are confronted with those of other experiments performed on doped and undoped samples of SrCu2(BO3)2.
    07/2014;
  • Source
    Philippe Corboz, Frédéric Mila
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Using infinite projected entangled-pair states, we show that the Shastry-Sutherland model in an external magnetic field has low-magnetization plateaus which, in contrast to previous predictions, correspond to crystals of bound states of triplets, and not to crystals of triplets. The first sizable plateaus appear at magnetization 1/8, 2/15 and 1/6, in agreement with experiments on the orthogonal-dimer antiferromagnet SrCu2(BO3)2, and they can be naturally understood as regular patterns of bound states, including the intriguing 2/15 one. We also show that, even in a confined geometry, two triplets bind into a localized bound state with Sz=2. Finally, we discuss the role of competing domain-wall and supersolid phases, as well as that of additional anisotropic interactions.
    Physical Review Letters 04/2014; 112(14):147203. · 7.73 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The magnetization process of the orthogonal-dimer antiferromagnet SrCu_{2}(BO_{3})_{2} is investigated in high magnetic fields of up to 118 T. A 1/2 plateau is clearly observed in the field range 84 to 108 T in addition to 1/8, 1/4, and 1/3 plateaus at lower fields. Using a combination of state-of-the-art numerical simulations, the main features of the high-field magnetization, a 1/2 plateau of width 24 T, a 1/3 plateau of width 34 T, and no 2/5 plateau, are shown to agree quantitatively with the Shastry-Sutherland model if the ratio of inter- to intradimer exchange interactions J^{'}/J=0.63. It is further predicted that the intermediate phase between the 1/3 and 1/2 plateaus is not uniform but consists of a 1/3 supersolid followed by a 2/5 supersolid and possibly a domain-wall phase, with a reentrance into the 1/3 supersolid above the 1/2 plateau.
    Physical Review Letters 09/2013; 111(13):137204. · 7.73 Impact Factor
  • Source
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We revisit the old problem of the spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on kagome, a major candidate for a quantum spin liquid, focusing on the renormalization of nearest-neighbor valence-bond (NNVB) tunneling amplitudes by long-range singlet fluctuations outside the NNVB basis. We find that such virtual singlets have a dramatic influence on the dominant quantum dimer model (QDM) parameters, leading to qualitatively different physics within the NNVB framework. Based on recent numerical studies on the unconstrained QDM, the renormalized parameters favor a Z2 spin liquid, thus providing a plausible way to reconcile the NNVB description with density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) studies.
    08/2013;
  • Source
    F. Michaud, F. Mila
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We study the spin S=1 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model on the square lattice with, in addition to the nearest-neighbor interaction, a three-site interaction of the form (S_i S_j)*(S_j S_k) + h.c.. This interaction appears naturally in a strong coupling exansion of the two-orbital, half-filled Hubbard model. For spin 1/2, this model reduces to a Heisenberg model with bilinear interactions up to third neighbors, with a second-neighbor interaction twice as large the third-neighbor one, a very frustrated model with an infinite family of helical classical ground states in a large parameter range. Using a variety of analytical and numerical methods, we show that the spin-1 case is also very frustrated, and that its phase diagram is even richer, with possibly the succession of seven different phases as a function of the ratio of the three-site interaction to the bilinear one. The phases are either purely magnetic phases with collinear order, or of mixed magnetic and quadrupolar character with helical order.
    Physical Review B 07/2013; 88(9). · 3.66 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ground states of the frustrated spin-1 Ising-Heisenberg two-leg ladder with Heisenberg intra-rung coupling and only Ising interaction along legs and diagonals are rigorously found by taking advantage of local conservation of the total spin on each rung. The constructed ground-state phase diagram of the frustrated spin-1 Ising-Heisenberg ladder is then compared with the analogous phase diagram of the fully quantum spin-1 Heisenberg two-leg ladder obtained by density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) calculations. It is demonstrated that both investigated spin models exhibit quite similar magnetization scenarios, which involve intermediate plateaux at one-quarter, one-half and three-quarters of the saturation magnetization.
    Acta Physica Polonica Series a 05/2013; · 0.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigate the ground-state properties of the highly degenerate non-coplanar phase of the classical bilinear-biquadratic Heisenberg model on the triangular lattice with Monte Carlo simulations. For that purpose, we introduce an Ising pseudospin representation of the ground states, and we use a simple Metropolis algorithm with local updates, as well as a powerful cluster algorithm. At sizes that can be sampled with local updates, the presence of long-range order is surprisingly combined with an algebraic decay of correlations and the complete disordering of the chirality. It is only thanks to the investigation of unusually large systems (containing $\sim 10^8$ spins) with cluster updates that the true asymptotic regime can be reached and that the system can be proven to consist of equivalent (i.e., equally ordered) sublattices. These large-scale simulations also demonstrate that the scalar chirality exhibits long-range order at zero temperature, implying that the system has to undergo a finite-temperature phase transition. Finally, we show that the average distance in the order parameter space, which has the structure of an infinite Cayley tree, remains remarkably small between any pair of points, even in the limit when the real space distance between them tends to infinity.
    Physical review. B, Condensed matter 05/2013; 88(9). · 3.77 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Laura Messio, Philippe Corboz, Frédéric Mila
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We study a quantum version of the three-state Potts model that includes as special cases the effective models of bosons and fermions on the square lattice in the Mott insulating limit. It can be viewed as a model of quantum permutations with amplitudes J_parallel and J_perp for identical and different colors, respectively. For J_parallel=J_perp>0, it is equivalent to the SU(3) Heisenberg model, which describes the Mott insulating phase of 3-color fermions, while the parameter range J_perp<min(0,-J_parallel) can be realized in the Mott insulating phase of 3-color bosonic atoms. Using linear flavor wave theory, infinite projected entangled-pair states (iPEPS), and continuous-time quantum Monte-Carlo simulations, we construct the full T=0 phase diagram, and we explore the T>0 properties for J_perp<0. For dominant antiferromagnetic J_parallel interactions, a three-sublattice long-range ordered stripe state is selected out of the ground state manifold of the antiferromagnetic Potts model by quantum fluctuations. Upon increasing |J_perp|, this state is replaced by a uniform superfluid for J_perp<0, and by an exotic three-sublattice superfluid followed by a two-sublattice superfluid for J_perp>0. The transition out of the uniform superfluid (that can be realized with bosons) is shown to be a peculiar type of Kosterlitz-Thouless transition with three types of elementary vortices.
    Physical Review B 04/2013; 88(15). · 3.66 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigate the properties of antiferromagnetic spin-S ladders with the help of local Berry phases defined by imposing a twist on one or a few local bonds. In gapped systems with time reversal symmetry, these Berry phases are quantized, hence able in principle to characterize different phases. In the case of a fully frustrated ladder where the total spin on a rung is a conserved quantity that changes abruptly upon increasing the rung coupling, we show that two Berry phases are relevant to detect such phase transitions: the rung Berry phase defined by imposing a twist on one rung coupling, and the twist Berry phase defined by twisting the boundary conditions along the legs. In the case of non-frustrated ladders, we have followed the fate of both Berry phases when interpolating between standard ladders and dimerized spin chains. A careful investigation of the spin gap and of edge states shows that a change of twist Berry phase is associated to a quantum phase transition at which the bulk gap closes, and at which, with appropriate boundary conditions, edge states appear or disappear, while a change of rung Berry phase is not necessarily associated to a quantum phase transition. The difference is particularly acute for regular ladders, in which the twist Berry phase does not change at all upon increasing the rung coupling from zero to infinity while the rung Berry phase changes 2S times. By analogy with the fully frustrated ladder, these changes are interpreted as cross-overs between domains in which the rungs are in different states of total spin from 0 in the strong rung limit to 2S in the weak rung limit. This interpretation is further supported by the observation that these cross-overs turn into real phase transitions as a function of rung coupling if one rung is strongly ferromagnetic, or equivalently if one rung is replaced by a spin 2S impurity.
    Physical Review B 04/2013; 88(18). · 3.66 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We show that spin-S ladders undergo, for antiferromagnetic rung coupling, a series of 4S topological phase transitions when the ratio of the leg to rung coupling changes from strongly antiferromagnetic to strongly ferromagnetic. These phase transitions are characterized by a change of Berry phase on the rungs, and, with appropriate boundary conditions, by the appearance and disappearance of edge states without the bulk gap ever closing. The various phases can be distinguished by the number of valence bond singlets on the rungs, which decreases from 2S for strong rung coupling to 0 for dominant leg coupling. In particular, the isotropic spin-3/2 ladder with equal leg and rung coupling is explicitly shown to be in the valence bond solid phase with one singlet per bond.
    04/2013;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have investigated the ground-state and finite-temperature phase diagram of quantum square ice - realized by the transverse-field Ising model on a checkerboard lattice - using both linear spin-wave (LSW) theory and quantum Monte Carlo (QMC). We generalize the model with different couplings between nearest (J1) and next-to-nearest (J2) neighbors on the checkerboard lattice. Our QMC approach generalizes the loop algorithm - very efficient in the study of constrained classical systems - to a ``brane algorithm'' for quantum systems. At the LSW level the vast degeneracy of the ground-state for J1=J2 and J2>J1 remains intact; moreover LSW theory breaks down in extended regions of the phase diagram, pointing at non-classical states [1]. Our QMC study goes beyond perturbative schemes and addresses directly the nature of the low-temperature phases. We have critically examined the possibility of a resonating-plaquette state for J1=J2, suggested by degenerate perturbation theory on the ice-rule manifold for weak fields. Our QMC results for finite fields confirm the absence of Néel or collinear order, but they do not confirm the presence of resonating-plaquette order, pointing at a possibly more complex non-classical state.[4pt] [1] L.-P. Henry et al., PRB 85, 134427 (2012).
    03/2013;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Motivated by the intriguing report, in some frustrated quantum antiferromagnets, of magnetization plateaus whose simple collinear structure is not stabilized by an external magnetic field in the classical limit, we develop a semiclassical method to estimate the zero-point energy of collinear configurations even when they do not correspond to a local minimum of the classical energy. For the spin-1/2 frustrated square-lattice antiferromagnet, this approach leads to the stabilization of a large 1/2 plateau with "up-up-up-down" structure for J_2/J_1>1/2, in agreement with exact diagonalization results, while for the spin-1/2 anisotropic triangular antiferromagnet, it predicts that the 1/3 plateau with "up-up-down" structure is stable far from the isotropic point, in agreement with the properties of Cs2CuBr4.
    Physical Review B 02/2013; 87(6):060407. · 3.66 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Conflicting predictions have been made for the ground state of the SU(3) Heisenberg model on the honeycomb lattice: Tensor network simulations found a plaquette order [Zhao et al, Phys. Rev. B 85, 134416 (2012)], where singlets are formed on hexagons, while linear flavor-wave theory (LFWT) suggested a dimerized, color ordered state [Lee and Yang, Phys. Rev. B 85, 100402 (2012)]. In this work we show that the former state is the true ground state by a systematic study with infinite projected-entangled pair states (iPEPS), for which the accuracy can be systematically controlled by the so-called bond dimension $D$. Both competing states can be reproduced with iPEPS by using different unit cell sizes. For small $D$ the dimer state has a lower variational energy than the plaquette state, however, for large $D$ it is the latter which becomes energetically favorable. The plaquette formation is also confirmed by exact diagonalizations and variational Monte Carlo studies, according to which both the dimerized and plaquette states are non-chiral flux states.
    Physical review. B, Condensed matter 02/2013; 87(19). · 3.77 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Building on the generalization of the exactly dimerized Majumdar-Ghosh ground state to arbitrary spin S for the Heisenberg chain with a three-site term (S_{i-1} S_i)(S_i S_{i+1}) + H.c., we use density-matrix renormalization group simulations and exact diagonalizations to determine the nature of the dimerization transition for S=1, 3/2 and 2. The resulting central charge and critical exponent are in good agreement with the SU(2)_{k=2S} Wess-Zumino-Witten values c=3k/(2+k) and \eta=3/(2+k). Since the 3-site term that induces dimerization appears naturally if exchange interactions are calculated beyond second order, these results suggest that SU(2)_{k>1} Wess-Zumino-Witten models might finally be realized in actual spin chains.
    Physical review. B, Condensed matter 01/2013; 87(14). · 3.77 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The ground state and zero-temperature magnetization process of the spin-1/2 Ising-Heisenberg model on two-dimensional triangles-in-triangles lattices is exactly calculated using eigenstates of the smallest commuting spin clusters. Our ground-state analysis of the investigated classical--quantum spin model reveals three unconventional dimerized or trimerized quantum ground states besides two classical ground states. It is demonstrated that the spin frustration is responsible for a variety of magnetization scenarios with up to three or four intermediate magnetization plateaus of either quantum or classical nature. The exact analytical results for the Ising-Heisenberg model are confronted with the corresponding results for the purely quantum Heisenberg model, which were obtained by numerical exact diagonalizations based on the Lanczos algorithm for finite-size spin clusters of 24 and 21 sites, respectively. It is shown that the zero-temperature magnetization process of both models is quite reminiscent and hence, one may obtain some insight into the ground states of the quantum Heisenberg model from the rigorous results for the Ising-Heisenberg model even though exact ground states for the Ising-Heisenberg model do not represent true ground states for the pure quantum Heisenberg model.
    Physical review. B, Condensed matter 01/2013; 87(5). · 3.77 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In order to understand the nature of the two-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensed (BEC) phase in BaCuSi2O6, we performed detailed 63Cu and 29Si NMR above the critical magnetic field, Hc1= 23.4 T. The two different alternating layers present in the system have very different local magnetizations close to Hc1; one is very weak, and its size and field dependence are highly sensitive to the nature of inter-layer coupling. Its precise value could only be determined by "on-site" 63Cu NMR, and the data are fully reproduced by a model of interacting hard-core bosons in which the perfect frustration associated to tetragonal symmetry is slightly lifted, leading to the conclusion that the population of the less populated layers is not fully incoherent but must be partially condensed.
    Physical review. B, Condensed matter 12/2012; 87(18). · 3.77 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Philippe Corboz, Frederic Mila
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We simulate the Shastry-Sutherland model in two dimensions by means of infinite projected entangled-pair states (iPEPS) - a variational tensor network method where the accuracy can be systematically controlled by the so-called bond dimension. Besides the well established dimer and N\'eel phase iPEPS confirms the presence of an intermediate phase with plaquette long-range order, and we determine its phase boundaries with high accuracy. The first order phase transition for $J=0.675(2)$ between dimer and plaquette phase is compatible with previous series expansion results. iPEPS predicts a weak first-order phase transition between plaquette and N\'eel phase occurring for $J=0.765(15)$. We do not find a stable intermediate columnar-dimer phase, even when we bias the state towards this order.
    Physical review. B, Condensed matter 12/2012; 87(11). · 3.77 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

4k Citations
846.81 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005–2014
    • École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
      • Institute of Theoretical Physics
      Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland
  • 2002–2013
    • The University of Tokyo
      • Institute for Solid State Physics
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2012
    • Cea Leti
      Grenoble, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • 2009–2011
    • Université Paris-Sud 11
      • Laboratoire de Physique des Solides
      Paris, Ile-de-France, France
  • 1989–2011
    • ETH Zurich
      • • Institute for Theoretical Physics
      • • Laboratory for Solid State Physics
      Zürich, ZH, Switzerland
  • 1993–2007
    • Paul Sabatier University - Toulouse III
      • Laboratoire de Physique Théorique - UMR 5152 - LPT
      Toulouse, Midi-Pyrenees, France
  • 1990–2007
    • Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
      • Department of Physics
      New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States
  • 2004
    • University Joseph Fourier - Grenoble 1
      Grenoble, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • 2000–2004
    • University of Lausanne
      • Institut de géophysique
      Lausanne, VD, Switzerland
  • 2001
    • French National Centre for Scientific Research
      • Institut Néel
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France