Publications (3)10.46 Total impact
Article: Identification of a novel candidate gene, CASC2, in a region of common allelic loss at chromosome 10q26 in human endometrial cancer.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Allelic deletions, which are suggestive for the presence of tumor suppressor genes, represent a common event in endometrial cancer (EC). Previous loss-of-heterozygosity studies for human chromosome 10q identified a candidate deletion interval at 10q25-q26, which we further narrowed to a 160-kb region at 10q26, bounded by markers D10S1236 and WIAF3299. Using a positional candidate approach, we identified three alternative transcripts of a novel human gene, CASC2 (cancer susceptibility candidate 2; formely C10orf5). One of such transcripts, CASC2a, encodes a short protein of 102 amino acids with no similarity to any other known gene product. Three (7%) CASC2a mutations were identified in tumor DNA from 44 EC patients. While c.-156G>T and c.22C>T (p.Pro8Ser) are sequence variants with unknown functional significance, c.84delA is a mutation with a truncation effect on the predicted protein (p. Asn28fsX50). Expression studies by real-time RT-PCR on several normal and tumor cells revealed that CASC2a mRNA is downregulated in cancer, suggesting that it may act as a potential tumor suppressor gene. The very low mutation rate seems to also indicate that inactivation of CASC2a might probably be due to mechanisms different from genetic alterations.Human Mutation 05/2004; 23(4):318-26. · 5.69 Impact Factor
Article: Microsatellite instability and mutation analysis of candidate genes in unselected sardinian patients with endometrial carcinoma.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Microsatellite instability (MSI) is due mostly to a defective DNA mismatch repair (MMR). Inactivation of the two principal MMR genes, hMLH1 and hMSH2, and the PTEN tumor suppressor gene seems to be involved in endometrial tumorigenesis. In this study, Sardinian patients with endometrial carcinoma (EC) were analyzed to assess the prevalence of both the mutator phenotype (as defined by the presence of MSI and abnormal MMR gene expression at the somatic level) and the hMLH1, hMSH2, and PTEN germline mutations among patients with MSI positive EC. Paraffin embedded tissue samples from 116 consecutive patients with EC were screened for MSI by polymerase chain reaction-based microsatellite analysis. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) with anti-hMLH1 and anti-hMSH2 antibodies was performed on MSI positive tumor tissue sections. Germline DNA was used for mutational screening by denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography analysis and automated sequencing. Thirty-nine patients with EC (34%) exhibited MSI; among them, 25 tumor samples (64%) showed negative immunostaining for hMLH1/hMSH2 proteins (referred to as IHC negative). No disease-causing mutation within the coding sequences of the hMLH1/hMSH2 and PTEN genes was found in patients with EC who had the mutator phenotype (MSI positive and IHC negative), except for a newly described hMLH1 missense mutation, Ile655Val, that was observed in 1 of 27 patients (4%). Although MSI was more common among patients with advanced-stage EC and increased as the tumor grade increased, no significant correlation with disease free survival or overall survival was observed among the two groups (MSI positive or MSI negative) of patients with EC. In patients with MSI positive EC, epigenetic inactivations rather than genetic mutations of the MMR genes seem to be involved in endometrial tumorigenesis. No prognostic value was demonstrated for MSI in patients with EC.Cancer 07/2002; 94(12):3157-68. · 4.77 Impact Factor
Article: Microsatellite analysis at 10q25-q26 in Sardinian patients with sporadic endometrial carcinoma : identification of specific patterns of genetic alteration[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND. Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at chromosome 10q25-q26 has been reported previously in endometrial carcinoma (EC), suggesting the presence of tumor suppressor gene(s). Nevertheless, frequency of genome-wide microsatellite instability (MSI) has been demonstrated higher in EC than in other common malignancy, mostly due to defective DNA mismatch repair. The authors further evaluated the role of the chromosome 10q25-q26 in endometrial tumorigenesis as well as the clinical significance of any observed genetic alteration in sporadic EC. METHODS. Paired normal and tumor samples from 94 Sardinian patients with sporadic EC at various stages of disease were screened by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)–based microsatellite analysis. Genomic DNA was isolated from paraffin embedded tissues and amplified by PCR using microsatellite markers spanning approximately 14 cM at 10q25-q26. Microsatellite instability was studied at four loci mapping to different chromosomal locations. RESULTS. Thirty-two (34%) EC patients were found negative for genetic alterations within the 10q25-q26 region. Among the remaining 62 (66%) EC cases, the authors identified 1) a minimum consensus region of LOH of approximately 1 cM, between D10S610 and D10S542 markers; and 2) a subset of tumors with prevalence of instability at 10q25-q26 (10qMI +), as expression of the presence of a MSI + phenotype. CONCLUSIONS. The authors’ data establish the existence of significant correlations between disease stages and 10qMI + (with or without MSI +). However, longer follow-up and additional studies are required to define the clinical significance of these findings as prognostic factors. Moreover, the minimum region of LOH at 10q25-q26 will be further analyzed for identifying the putative tumor suppressor gene involved in EC pathogenesis.