ABSTRACT: The MUNICON trial confirmed prospectively the usefulness of early response evaluation by 2-deoxy-2-[F-18]fluoro-D-glucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) . Metabolic responders (R) showed initially a higher FDG uptake compared with nonresponders (p = 0.018). An association of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) 936C>T polymorphism and FDG uptake was reported for breast cancer. Therefore, we investigated the VEGF 936C>T polymorphism for an association with response and survival.
The study was based on 110 patients included in the MUNCON trial (103 male, seven female; 75 AEG I, 35 AEG II, event-free survival (EFS) median 21.1 ± 4.6 months). Response was significantly associated with EFS. The VEGF 936C>T polymorphism was determined by PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. For analysis, the T-variants were combined.
One hundred two patients were evaluable. Seventy-two patients showed the CC, 24 the CT, and six the TT genotype. Median EFS was 29.3 months for CC and 11.7 months for CT/TT (p = 0.04). No association of the genotypes (CC or CT/TT) with the SUV or response was found. Multivariate analysis revealed histopathological regression (p = 0.003) and genotype (p = 0.04) as independent prognostic factors. A combination of genotype and PET response (Gen-PET) defines three prognostic groups early in the course of treatment (p = 0.002). Cox regression analysis including clinical and histopathological response and Gen-PET reveals Gen-PET as independent prognostic factor (p = 0.003).
The VEGF 936C>T polymorphism is a prognostic factor in patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy, although it is not associated with FDG uptake and response. The combination of metabolic response and VEGF 936C>T polymorphism defines three different prognostic groups. These findings need to be confirmed prospectively. This study has been registered in the European Clinical Trials Database as trial 2007-003356-11.
Molecular imaging and biology: MIB: the official publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging 05/2010; 13(1):178-86. · 2.47 Impact Factor