ABSTRACT: Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is an immunological disorder caused by antigen exposure in susceptible individuals. The PDCD1 polymorphisms, PD1.3 and PD1.5 have been associated with the susceptibility to inflammatory disorders. This study was conducted to test whether the PD1.3 and PD1.5 polymorphisms are associated with HP in Mexican patients and to explore the distribution of these polymorphisms in different Mexican ethnic groups.
We studied 98 Mexican patients with HP and 92 healthy Mexican controls. Also, 156 healthy Amerindian individuals from two ethnic groups were included (96 Mayans and 60 Mayos). Polymorphisms were determined by TaqMan 5' nuclease assays.
Significant differences in the distribution of the PD1.3 and PD1.5 genotypes between HP patients and healthy Mestizo controls were not found. We observed a significantly different distribution of these polymorphisms in Mexican Mestizos when compared to the Amerindians.
We found no association between PD1 polymorphism and HP; however the distribution of these polymorphisms was different in Mexican Mestizos and Amerindians.
Clinical biochemistry 07/2010; 43(10-11):929-31. · 2.02 Impact Factor