Publications (2)9.74 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: In this paper, we show that ion trap mass spectrometers can differentiate acetylation and carbamylation modifications based on database search results for a lens protein sample. These types of modifications are difficult to distinguish on ion trap instruments because of their lower resolution and mass accuracy. The results were corroborated by using accurate mass information derived from MALDI TOF MS analysis of eluted peptides from a duplicate capillary RPLC separation. Tandem mass spectra of lysine carbamylated peptides were further verified by manual assignments of fragment ions and by the presence of characteristic fragment ions of carbamylated peptides. It was also observed that carbamylated peptides show a strong neutral loss of the carbamyl group in collision induced dissociation (CID), a feature that can be prognostic for carbamylation. In a lens tissue sample of a 67-year-old patient, 12 in vivo carbamylation sites were detected on 7 different lens proteins and 4 lysine acetylation sites were detected on 3 different lens proteins. Among the 12 in vivo carbamylation sites, 9 are novel in vivo carbamylation modification sites. Notably, in vivo carbamylation of γS crystallin, βA4 crystallin, βB1 crystallin, and βB2 crystallin observed in this study have never been reported before.International Journal of Mass Spectrometry - INT J MASS SPECTROM. 01/2007; 259(1):161-173.
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ABSTRACT: Large-scale genomics has enabled proteomics by creating sequence infrastructures that can be used with mass spectrometry data to identify proteins. Although protein sequences can be deduced from nucleotide sequences, posttranslational modifications to proteins, in general, cannot. We describe a process for the analysis of posttranslational modifications that is simple, robust, general, and can be applied to complicated protein mixtures. A protein or protein mixture is digested by using three different enzymes: one that cleaves in a site-specific manner and two others that cleave nonspecifically. The mixture of peptides is separated by multidimensional liquid chromatography and analyzed by a tandem mass spectrometer. This approach has been applied to modification analyses of proteins in a simple protein mixture, Cdc2p protein complexes isolated through the use of an affinity tag, and lens tissue from a patient with congenital cataracts. Phosphorylation sites have been detected with known stoichiometry of as low as 10%. Eighteen sites of four different types of modification have been detected on three of the five proteins in a simple mixture, three of which were previously unreported. Three proteins from Cdc2p isolated complexes yielded eight sites containing three different types of modifications. In the lens tissue, 270 proteins were identified, and 11 different crystallins were found to contain a total of 73 sites of modification. Modifications identified in the crystallin proteins included Ser, Thr, and Tyr phosphorylation, Arg and Lys methylation, Lys acetylation, and Met, Tyr, and Trp oxidations. The method presented will be useful in discovering co- and posttranslational modifications of proteins.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 07/2002; 99(12):7900-5. · 9.74 Impact Factor