Sonsoles García Rodicio

Hospital Universitario "Rio Hortega", Valladolid, Castille and León, Spain

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Publications (6)2.5 Total impact

  • Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología 01/2010; 45(1):51. DOI:10.1016/j.regg.2009.06.004
  • Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología 09/2009;
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    ABSTRACT: To present a protocol based on renal dosage adjustment developed to reduce the risk of adverse events in elderly people institutionalized in a geriatric centre and to determine the degree of adaptation to this protocol. First, we designed a renal adjustment protocol to identify residents with creatinine clearance below 60ml/min, review drug therapy and optimize dosage regimens, if necessary. Then, we evaluated the feasibility of this protocol and adaptation of clinical practice to this protocol through a cross-sectional study of all the residents in the centre. Among the 163 residents assessed by Cockroft-Gault, there were 126 residents with creatinine clearance below 60ml/min (77%; 95% CI, 70-83). Seventeen residents were excluded due to intake of protein supplements or to extreme body mass index. Once the treatments were reviewed, 152/876 (17%; 95% CI, 15-20) prescriptions suitable for renal adjustment were found. In 135/152 prescriptions (89%; 95% CI, 83-93) the dosage was appropriate to creatinine clearance and 17 (11%; 95% CI, 6-17) were considered as potentially optimizable. For these 17 prescriptions, a proposal for dosage adjustment or monitoring was made, which was accepted in 16 cases and rejected in 1 case (metformin in a patient with 44ml/min creatinine clearance and poor glycemic control). A high percentage of the institutionalized elderly have a creatinine clearance below 60ml/min. Given that a not inconsiderable proportion of their prescribed medication is susceptible to renal adjustment, the implementation of a protocol for renal adjustment and renal function follow-up could help to reduce the risk of adverse events.
    Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología 01/2009; 44(1):34-7. DOI:10.1016/j.regg.2008.05.002
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: 1) To assess the nutritional status of able elderly, institutionalized at a nursing home; 2) To propose the required nutritional interventions; 3) To establish a consensus protocol for nutritional assessment and follow-up at the Center. Method: Cross-sectional study on all able residents, carrying out: 1) Mini Nutritional Assessment Test; 2) Anthropometrical assessment; 3) Biochemical assessment; and 4) an additional questionnaire (gathering information on dental prostheses, swallowing difficulties, and special diets or oral supplements). Analysis of these data to implement appropriate recommendations and elaborating a nutritional protocol. Results: The mean age of the 50 residents assessed was 84 years [66-97], mean weight 62 kg [35-87], mean height 154 cm [140-175], mean body mass index 26 [15.6-36], mean tricipital fold 18.1 mm [4-36], and mean muscle arm circumference 20.6 cm [14.7-27.1]. By using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Test we identified 3/50 (6% [95% CI: 1-16]) malnourished residents, and 6/50 (12% [95% CI: 4-24]) residents at risk for malnourishment. The body mass index allowed to identify 11/50 (22% [95% CI: 11-35]) overweighed residents-body mass index 27-29-, 10/50 (20% [95% CI: 10-33]) with grade I obesity -body mass index 30-35 and 1/50 (2% [95% CI: 0-10]) with grade II obesity-body mass index > 35-. None of them presented values below the 5th percentile for both the tricipital fold and the muscle arm circumference. Values above the 95th percentile were found in 10/50 (20% [95% CI: 10-33]) residents for the tricipital fold and in 7/50 (14% [95% CI: 5-26]) for the muscle arm circumference, both criteria being present in 3 residents. In all of them the body mass index mayor was > 27. When analyzing the biochemical parameters, the results were not concordant, since laboratory workups analyzed were not always done at the same time as the interview. After analyzing the data obtained, a nutritional assessment and follow-up protocol was elaborated in collaboration with the physicians in charge of the Center, in which five categories were defined according to the nutritional status. Conclusions: 1) 3/50 malnourished residents were identified, 6/50 at risk for malnourishment, and 22/50 with overweight. 2) We proposed the performance of a whole laboratory work-up in these residents, reviewed their dietary habits in order to correct them or prescribe oral supplements, and recommended adapted physical exercise. 3) A nutritional assessment and follow-up protocol was elaborated.
    Nutricion hospitalaria: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Nutricion Parenteral y Enteral 04/2008; 23(2):100-104. · 1.25 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: 1) To assess the nutritional status of able elderly, institutionalized at a nursing home; 2) To propose the required nutritional interventions; 3) To establish a consensus protocol for nutritional assessment and follow-up at the Center. Cross-sectional study on all able residents, carrying out: 1) Mini Nutritional Assessment Test; 2) Anthropometrical assessment; 3) Biochemical assessment; and 4) an additional questionnaire (gathering information on dental prostheses, swallowing difficulties, and special diets or oral supplements). Analysis of these data to implement appropriate recommendations and elaborating a nutritional protocol. The mean age of the 50 residents assessed was 84 years [66-97], mean weight 62 kg [35-87], mean height 154 cm [140-175], mean body mass index 26 [15.6-36], mean tricipital fold 18.1 mm [4-36], and mean muscle arm circumference 20.6 cm [14.7-27.1]. By using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Test we identified 3/50 (6% [95% CI: 1-16]) malnourished residents, and 6/50 (12% [95% CI: 4-24]) residents at risk for malnourishment. The body mass index allowed to identify 11/50 (22% [95% CI: 11-35]) overweighed residents-body mass index 27-29-, 10/50 (20% [95% CI: 10-33]) with grade I obesity -body mass index 30-35 and 1/50 (2% [95% CI: 0-10]) with grade II obesity-body mass index > 35-. None of them presented values below the 5th percentile for both the tricipital fold and the muscle arm circumference. Values above the 95th percentile were found in 10/50 (20% [95% CI: 10-33]) residents for the tricipital fold and in 7/50 (14% [95% CI: 5-26]) for the muscle arm circumference, both criteria being present in 3 residents. In all of them the body mass index mayor was > 27. When analyzing the biochemical parameters, the results were not concordant, since laboratory workups analyzed were not always done at the same time as the interview. After analyzing the data obtained, a nutritional assessment and follow-up protocol was elaborated in collaboration with the physicians in charge of the Center, in which five categories were defined according to the nutritional status. 1) 3/50 malnourished residents were identified, 6/50 at risk for malnourishment, and 22/50 with overweight. 2) We proposed the performance of a whole laboratory work-up in these residents, reviewed their dietary habits in order to correct them or prescribe oral supplements, and recommended adapted physical exercise. 3) A nutritional assessment and follow-up protocol was elaborated.
    Nutricion hospitalaria: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Nutricion Parenteral y Enteral 01/2008; 23(2):100-4. · 1.25 Impact Factor
  • Judit Ceruelo Bermejo · Sonsoles García Rodicio
    FMC - Formación Médica Continuada en Atención Primaria 12/2007; 14(10). DOI:10.1016/S1134-2072(07)71951-5