Sonsoles García Rodicio

Hospital Universitario "Rio Hortega", Valladolid, Castille and León, Spain

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Publications (8)3.86 Total impact

  • Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología 01/2010; 45(1):51.
  • Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología 09/2009;
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    ABSTRACT: To present a protocol based on renal dosage adjustment developed to reduce the risk of adverse events in elderly people institutionalized in a geriatric centre and to determine the degree of adaptation to this protocol. First, we designed a renal adjustment protocol to identify residents with creatinine clearance below 60ml/min, review drug therapy and optimize dosage regimens, if necessary. Then, we evaluated the feasibility of this protocol and adaptation of clinical practice to this protocol through a cross-sectional study of all the residents in the centre. Among the 163 residents assessed by Cockroft-Gault, there were 126 residents with creatinine clearance below 60ml/min (77%; 95% CI, 70-83). Seventeen residents were excluded due to intake of protein supplements or to extreme body mass index. Once the treatments were reviewed, 152/876 (17%; 95% CI, 15-20) prescriptions suitable for renal adjustment were found. In 135/152 prescriptions (89%; 95% CI, 83-93) the dosage was appropriate to creatinine clearance and 17 (11%; 95% CI, 6-17) were considered as potentially optimizable. For these 17 prescriptions, a proposal for dosage adjustment or monitoring was made, which was accepted in 16 cases and rejected in 1 case (metformin in a patient with 44ml/min creatinine clearance and poor glycemic control). A high percentage of the institutionalized elderly have a creatinine clearance below 60ml/min. Given that a not inconsiderable proportion of their prescribed medication is susceptible to renal adjustment, the implementation of a protocol for renal adjustment and renal function follow-up could help to reduce the risk of adverse events.
    Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología 01/2009; 44(1):34-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: 1) To assess the nutritional status of able elderly, institutionalized at a nursing home; 2) To propose the required nutritional interventions; 3) To establish a consensus protocol for nutritional assessment and follow-up at the Center. Method: Cross-sectional study on all able residents, carrying out: 1) Mini Nutritional Assessment Test; 2) Anthropometrical assessment; 3) Biochemical assessment; and 4) an additional questionnaire (gathering information on dental prostheses, swallowing difficulties, and special diets or oral supplements). Analysis of these data to implement appropriate recommendations and elaborating a nutritional protocol. Results: The mean age of the 50 residents assessed was 84 years [66-97], mean weight 62 kg [35-87], mean height 154 cm [140-175], mean body mass index 26 [15.6-36], mean tricipital fold 18.1 mm [4-36], and mean muscle arm circumference 20.6 cm [14.7-27.1]. By using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Test we identified 3/50 (6% [95% CI: 1-16]) malnourished residents, and 6/50 (12% [95% CI: 4-24]) residents at risk for malnourishment. The body mass index allowed to identify 11/50 (22% [95% CI: 11-35]) overweighed residents-body mass index 27-29-, 10/50 (20% [95% CI: 10-33]) with grade I obesity -body mass index 30-35 and 1/50 (2% [95% CI: 0-10]) with grade II obesity-body mass index > 35-. None of them presented values below the 5th percentile for both the tricipital fold and the muscle arm circumference. Values above the 95th percentile were found in 10/50 (20% [95% CI: 10-33]) residents for the tricipital fold and in 7/50 (14% [95% CI: 5-26]) for the muscle arm circumference, both criteria being present in 3 residents. In all of them the body mass index mayor was > 27. When analyzing the biochemical parameters, the results were not concordant, since laboratory workups analyzed were not always done at the same time as the interview. After analyzing the data obtained, a nutritional assessment and follow-up protocol was elaborated in collaboration with the physicians in charge of the Center, in which five categories were defined according to the nutritional status. Conclusions: 1) 3/50 malnourished residents were identified, 6/50 at risk for malnourishment, and 22/50 with overweight. 2) We proposed the performance of a whole laboratory work-up in these residents, reviewed their dietary habits in order to correct them or prescribe oral supplements, and recommended adapted physical exercise. 3) A nutritional assessment and follow-up protocol was elaborated.
    Nutricion hospitalaria: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Nutricion Parenteral y Enteral 04/2008; 23(2):100-104. · 1.31 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: 1) To assess the nutritional status of able elderly, institutionalized at a nursing home; 2) To propose the required nutritional interventions; 3) To establish a consensus protocol for nutritional assessment and follow-up at the Center. Cross-sectional study on all able residents, carrying out: 1) Mini Nutritional Assessment Test; 2) Anthropometrical assessment; 3) Biochemical assessment; and 4) an additional questionnaire (gathering information on dental prostheses, swallowing difficulties, and special diets or oral supplements). Analysis of these data to implement appropriate recommendations and elaborating a nutritional protocol. The mean age of the 50 residents assessed was 84 years [66-97], mean weight 62 kg [35-87], mean height 154 cm [140-175], mean body mass index 26 [15.6-36], mean tricipital fold 18.1 mm [4-36], and mean muscle arm circumference 20.6 cm [14.7-27.1]. By using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Test we identified 3/50 (6% [95% CI: 1-16]) malnourished residents, and 6/50 (12% [95% CI: 4-24]) residents at risk for malnourishment. The body mass index allowed to identify 11/50 (22% [95% CI: 11-35]) overweighed residents-body mass index 27-29-, 10/50 (20% [95% CI: 10-33]) with grade I obesity -body mass index 30-35 and 1/50 (2% [95% CI: 0-10]) with grade II obesity-body mass index > 35-. None of them presented values below the 5th percentile for both the tricipital fold and the muscle arm circumference. Values above the 95th percentile were found in 10/50 (20% [95% CI: 10-33]) residents for the tricipital fold and in 7/50 (14% [95% CI: 5-26]) for the muscle arm circumference, both criteria being present in 3 residents. In all of them the body mass index mayor was > 27. When analyzing the biochemical parameters, the results were not concordant, since laboratory workups analyzed were not always done at the same time as the interview. After analyzing the data obtained, a nutritional assessment and follow-up protocol was elaborated in collaboration with the physicians in charge of the Center, in which five categories were defined according to the nutritional status. 1) 3/50 malnourished residents were identified, 6/50 at risk for malnourishment, and 22/50 with overweight. 2) We proposed the performance of a whole laboratory work-up in these residents, reviewed their dietary habits in order to correct them or prescribe oral supplements, and recommended adapted physical exercise. 3) A nutritional assessment and follow-up protocol was elaborated.
    Nutricion hospitalaria: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Nutricion Parenteral y Enteral 01/2008; 23(2):100-4. · 1.31 Impact Factor
  • Judit Ceruelo Bermejo, Sonsoles García Rodicio
    FMC - Formación Médica Continuada en Atención Primaria. 12/2007; 14(10).
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    ABSTRACT: In this report, we aimed to determine the availability of six antidotes for victims of accidents or attacks with chemical weapons. Telephone interviews with 6 Catalan hospitals and 8 hospitals from the community of Castilla y León. We evaluated the availability of antidotes in the hypothetical event of a massive intoxication with 600 affected people. Only 3 out of the 14 hospitals had all 6 antidotes. Only atropine and, in Catalan hospitals, sodium thiosulfate were available in enough quantities to treat all victims. With regard to the remaining antidotes, the percentage of treated patients would have been fewer than 50%. The less available antidote was hydroxocobalamine. We have found both qualitative and quantitative deficiencies of antidotes for the treatment of people intoxicated by chemical weapons.
    Medicina Clínica 06/2002; 118(17):650-2. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background In this report, we aimed to determinethe availability of six antidotes forvictims of accidents or attacks with chemicalweapons Material and method Telephone interviewswith 6 Catalan hospitals and 8 hospitalsfrom the community of Castilla y León. Weevaluated the availability of antidotes in thehypothetical event of a massive intoxicationwith 600 affected people. Results Only 3 out of the 14 hospitals hadall 6 antidotes. Only atropine and, in Catalanhospitals, sodium thiosulfate were availablein enough quantities to treat all victims.With regard to the remainingantidotes, the percentage of treated patientswould have been fewer than 50%. The lessavailable antidote was hydroxocobalamine. Conclusions We have found both qualitativeand quantitative deficiencies of antidotesfor the treatment of people intoxicatedby chemical weapons.
    Medicina Clínica. 118(17):650–652.