[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare autosomal recessive disease, characterized by bone marrow failure and cancer predisposition. So far, 8 complementation groups have been identified, although mutations in FANCA account for the disease in the majority of FA patients. In this study we characterized the hematopoietic phenotype of a Fanca knockout mouse model and corrected the main phenotypic characteristics of the bone marrow (BM) progenitors using retroviral vectors. The hematopoiesis of these animals was characterized by a modest though significant thrombocytopenia, consistent with reduced numbers of BM megakaryocyte progenitors. As observed in other FA models, the hematopoietic progenitors from Fanca(-/-) mice were highly sensitive to mitomycin C (MMC). In addition, we observed for the first time in a FA mouse model a marked in vitro growth defect of Fanca(-/-) progenitors, either when total BM or when purified Lin(-)Sca-1(+) cells were subjected to in vitro stimulation. Liquid cultures of Fanca(-/-) BM that were stimulated with stem cell factor plus interleukin-11 produced low numbers of granulocyte macrophage colony-forming units, contained a high proportion of apoptotic cells, and generated a decreased proportion of granulocyte versus macrophage cells, compared to normal BM cultures. Aiming to correct the phenotype of Fanca(-/-) progenitors, purified Lin(-)Sca-1(+) cells were transduced with retroviral vectors encoding the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene and human FANCA genes. Lin(-)Sca-1(+) cells from Fanca(-/-) mice were transduced with an efficiency similar to that of samples from wild-type mice. More significantly, transductions with FANCA vectors corrected both the MMC hypersensitivity as well as the impaired ex vivo expansion ability that characterized the BM progenitors of Fanca(-/-) mice.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to develop a rapid laboratory procedure that is capable of subtyping Fanconi anemia (FA) complementation groups FA-A, FA-C, FA-G, and FA-nonACG patients from a small amount of peripheral blood.
For this test, primary peripheral blood-derived FA T cells were transduced with oncoretroviral vectors that expressed FANCA, FANCC, or FANCG cDNA. We achieved a high efficiency of gene transfer into primary FA T cells by using the fibronectin fragment CH296 during transduction. Transduced cells were analyzed for correction of the characteristic DNA cross-linker hypersensitivity by cell survival or by metaphase analyses.
Retroviral vectors containing the cDNA for FA-A, FA-C, and FA-G, the most frequent complementation groups in North America, allowed rapid identification of the defective gene by complementation of primary T cells from 12 FA patients.
Phenotypic correction of FA T cells using retroviral vectors can be used successfully to determine the FA complementation group immediately after diagnosis of the disease.