M. Stratmann

University of Tuebingen, Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

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Publications (109)173.05 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A polarized $ep/eA$ collider (Electron--Ion Collider, or EIC), with polarized proton and light-ion beams and unpolarized heavy-ion beams with a variable center--of--mass energy $\sqrt{s} \sim 20$ to $\sim100$~GeV (upgradable to $\sim 150$ GeV) and a luminosity up to $\sim 10^{34} \, \textrm{cm}^{-2} \textrm{s}^{-1}$, would be uniquely suited to address several outstanding questions of Quantum Chromodynamics, and thereby lead to new qualitative and quantitative information on the microscopic structure of hadrons and nuclei. During this meeting at Jefferson Lab we addressed recent theoretical and experimental developments in the spin and the three--dimensional structure of the nucleon (sea quark and gluon spatial distributions, orbital motion, polarization, and their correlations). This mini--review contains a short update on progress in these areas since the EIC White paper~\cite{Accardi:2012qut}.
    10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We present a new, comprehensive global analysis of parton-to-pion fragmentation functions at next-to-leading order accuracy in QCD. The obtained results are based on the latest experimental information on single-inclusive pion production in electron-positron annihilation, lepton-nucleon deep-inelastic scattering, and proton-proton collisions. An excellent description of all data sets is achieved, and the remaining uncertainties in parton-to-pion fragmentation functions are estimated based on the Hessian method. Extensive comparisons to the results from our previous global analysis are performed.
    10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: This document presents BNL's plan for an electron-ion collider, eRHIC, a major new research tool that builds on the existing RHIC facility to advance the long-term vision for Nuclear Physics to discover and understand the emergent phenomena of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), the fundamental theory of the strong interaction that binds the atomic nucleus. We describe the scientific requirements for such a facility, following up on the community wide 2012 white paper, "Electron-Ion Collider: the Next QCD Frontier", and present a design concept that incorporates new, innovative accelerator techniques to provide a cost-effective upgrade of RHIC with polarized electron beams colliding with the full array of RHIC hadron beams. The new facility will deliver electron-nucleon luminosity of $\sim10^{33} cm^{-2}sec^{-1}$ for collisions of 15.9 GeV polarized electrons on either 250 GeV polarized protons or 100 GeV/u heavy ion beams. The facility will also be capable of providing an electron beam energy of 21.2 GeV, at reduced luminosity. We discuss the on-going R\&D effort to realize the project, and present key detector requirements and design ideas for an experimental program capable of making the "golden measurements" called for in the EIC-White Paper.
    09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We discuss the impact of recent high-statistics RHIC data on the determination of the gluon polarization in the proton in the context of a global QCD analysis of polarized parton distributions. We find clear evidence for a non-vanishing polarization of gluons in the region of momentum fraction and at the scales mostly probed by the data. Although information from low momentum fractions is presently lacking, this finding is suggestive of a significant contribution of gluon spin to the proton spin, thereby limiting the amount of orbital angular momentum required to balance the proton spin budget.
    Physical review letters. 04/2014; 113(1).
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    Martin Hentschinski, Marco Stratmann
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    ABSTRACT: We revive the idea of using physical anomalous dimensions in the QCD scale evolution of deep-inelastic structure functions and their scaling violations and present a detailed phenomenological study of its applicability. Differences with results obtained in the conventional framework of scale-dependent quark and gluon densities are discussed and traced back to the truncation of the perturbative series at a given order in the strong coupling.
    11/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: We present a detailed phenomenological study of charged-current-mediated deep-inelastic scattering off longitudinally polarized nucleons at a future Electron-Ion Collider. A new version of the event generator package DJANGOH, extended by capabilities to handle processes with polarized nucleons, is introduced and used to simulate charged current deep-inelastic scattering including QED, QCD, and electroweak radiative effects. We carefully explore the range of validity and the accuracy of the Jacquet-Blondel method to reconstruct the relevant kinematic variables from the measured hadronic final state in charged current events, assuming realistic detector performance parameters. Finally, we estimate the impact of the simulated charged current single-spin asymmetries on determinations of helicity parton distributions in the context of a global QCD analysis at next-to-leading order accuracy.
    Physical Review D 09/2013; · 4.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This document summarizes recent achievements of the RHIC spin program and their impact on our understanding of the nucleon's spin structure, i.e. the individual parton (quark and gluon) contributions to the helicity structure of the nucleon and to understand the origin of the transverse spin phenomena. Open questions are identified and a suite of future measurements with polarized beams at RHIC to address them is laid out. Machine and detector requirements and upgrades are briefly discussed.
    03/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: This White Paper presents the science case of an Electron-Ion Collider (EIC), focused on the structure and interactions of gluon-dominated matter, with the intent to articulate it to the broader nuclear science community. It was commissioned by the managements of Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) with the objective of presenting a summary of scientific opportunities and goals of the EIC as a follow-up to the 2007 NSAC Long Range plan. This document is a culmination of a community-wide effort in nuclear science following a series of workshops on EIC physics and, in particular, the focused ten-week program on "Gluons and quark sea at high energies" at the Institute for Nuclear Theory in Fall 2010. It contains a brief description of a few golden physics measurements along with accelerator and detector concepts required to achieve them, and it benefited from inputs from the users' communities of BNL and JLab. This White Paper offers the promise to propel the QCD science program in the U.S., established with the CEBAF accelerator at JLab and the RHIC collider at BNL, to the next QCD frontier.
    12/2012;
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    Johann Riedl, Marco Stratmann, Andreas Schafer
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    ABSTRACT: We present a phenomenological study of charm quark photoproduction in longitudinally polarized lepton-hadron collisions at next-to-leading order accuracy of QCD. Our results are based on a recently developed, flexible parton-level Monte Carlo program for spin-dependent heavy flavor hadroproduction, which we extend to deal also with both direct and resolved photon contributions. The subsequent hadronization into charmed mesons is modeled in our calculations, which allows us to compare with data on double-spin asymmetries for D0 meson production taken by the COMPASS collaboration. In general, next-to-leading order QCD corrections are found to be very significant and do not cancel in spin asymmetries. We elucidate the role of the individual hard scattering subprocesses and determine the range of parton momentum fractions predominantly probed for charm production at COMPASS. Theoretical uncertainties are estimated by varying renormalization and factorization scales and parameters controlling the hadronization of the charm quarks.
    European Physical Journal C 12/2012; 73(3). · 5.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present a detailed assessment of uncertainties in parton-to-pion and parton-to-kaon fragmentation functions obtained in recent global QCD analyses of single-inclusive hadron production data at next-to-leading order accuracy. We use the robust Lagrange multiplier approach for determining uncertainties to validate the applicability of the simpler but approximate Hessian method. Extensive comparisons of the results obtained within both methods are presented for the individual parton-to-pion and kaon fragmentation functions. We provide Hessian eigenvector sets of pion and kaon fragmentation functions that allow one to easily propagate their uncertainties to any observable. Various applications of these sets are presented for pion and kaon production in electron-positron annihilation, lepton-nucleon scattering, and proton-proton collisions.
    Physical review D: Particles and fields 09/2012; 86(7).
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    ABSTRACT: We present a quantitative assessment of the impact a future electron-ion collider will have on determinations of helicity quark and gluon densities and their contributions to the proton spin. Our results are obtained by performing a series of global QCD analyses at next-to-leading order accuracy based on realistic sets of pseudo-data for the inclusive and semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering of longitudinally polarized electrons and protons at different, conceivable center-of-mass system energies.
    Physical review D: Particles and fields 06/2012; 86(5).
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    ABSTRACT: We present a new global QCD analysis of nuclear parton distribution functions. In addition to the most commonly analyzed data sets for deep inelastic scattering of charged leptons off nuclei and Drell Yan di-lepton production, we include also measurements for neutrino-nuclei scattering as well as inclusive pion production in deuteron-gold collisions. The emerging picture is one of consistency, where universal nuclear modification factors for each parton flavor reproduce the main features of all data without any significant tension among the different sets.
    04/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: We present a new global QCD analysis of nuclear parton distribution functions and their uncertainties. In addition to the most commonly analyzed data sets for the deep-inelastic scattering of charged leptons off nuclei and Drell-Yan di-lepton production, we include also measurements for neutrino-nucleus scattering and inclusive pion production in deuteron-gold collisions. The analysis is performed at next-to-leading order accuracy in perturbative QCD in a general mass variable flavor number scheme, adopting a current set of free nucleon parton distribution functions, defined accordingly, as reference. The emerging picture is one of consistency, where universal nuclear modification factors for each parton flavor reproduce the main features of all data without any significant tension among the different sets. We use the Hessian method to estimate the uncertainties of the obtained nuclear modification factors and examine critically their range of validity in view of the sparse kinematic coverage of the present data. We briefly present several applications of our nuclear parton densities in hard nuclear reactions at BNL-RHIC, CERN-LHC, and a future electron-ion collider.
    Physical review D: Particles and fields 12/2011; 85(7).
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    ABSTRACT: We discuss some recent developments concerning the nucleon's helicity parton distribution functions: New preliminary data from jet production at RHIC suggest for the first time a non-vanishing polarization of gluons in the nucleon. SIDIS measurements at COMPASS provide better constraints on the strange and light sea quark helicity distributions. Single-longitudinal spin asymmetries in W-boson production have been observed at RHIC and will ultimately give new insights into the light quark and anti-quark helicity structure of the nucleon.
    Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics 12/2011; 67(2). · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We discuss the current status of the DSSV global analysis of helicity-dependent parton densities. A comparison with recent semi-inclusive DIS data from COMPASS is presented, and constraints on the polarized strangeness density are examined in some detail.
    08/2011;
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    ABSTRACT: This report is based on a ten-week program on "Gluons and the quark sea at high-energies", which took place at the Institute for Nuclear Theory in Seattle in Fall 2010. The principal aim of the program was to develop and sharpen the science case for an Electron-Ion Collider (EIC), a facility that will be able to collide electrons and positrons with polarized protons and with light to heavy nuclei at high energies, offering unprecedented possibilities for in-depth studies of quantum chromodynamics. This report is organized around four major themes: i) the spin and flavor structure of the proton, ii) three-dimensional structure of nucleons and nuclei in momentum and configuration space, iii) QCD matter in nuclei, and iv) Electroweak physics and the search for physics beyond the Standard Model. Beginning with an executive summary, the report contains tables of key measurements, chapter overviews for each of the major scientific themes, and detailed individual contributions on various aspects of the scientific opportunities presented by an EIC.
    08/2011;
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    ABSTRACT: This report is based on a ten-week program on "Gluons and the quark sea at high-energies", which took place at the Institute for Nuclear Theory in Seattle in Fall 2010. The principal aim of the program was to develop and sharpen the science case for an Electron-Ion Collider (EIC), a facility that will be able to collide electrons and positrons with polarized protons and with light to heavy nuclei at high energies, offering unprecedented possibilities for in-depth studies of quantum chromodynamics. This report is organized around four major themes: i) the spin and flavor structure of the proton, ii) three-dimensional structure of nucleons and nuclei in momentum and configuration space, iii) QCD matter in nuclei, and iv) Electroweak physics and the search for physics beyond the Standard Model. Beginning with an executive summary, the report contains tables of key measurements, chapter overviews for each of the major scientific themes, and detailed individual contributions on various aspects of the scientific opportunities presented by an EIC.
    07/2011;
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    ABSTRACT: In the latest global analysis from DSSV the deltaG and its uncertainty are extracted based on polarized DIS and p+p collisions. Presently in the DSSV analysis the experimental uncertainties are all treated as uncorrelated. One way to improve our knowledge of deltaG is to get a more complete understanding of these uncertainties. We do this by expanding the analysis to include experimental correlated uncertainties (like polarization). The results from this work together with an overview of the global analysis from DSSV will be discussed.
    11/2010;
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    ABSTRACT: Fragmentation functions for eta mesons are extracted at next-to-leading order accuracy of QCD in a global analysis of data taken in electron-positron annihilation and proton-proton scattering experiments. The obtained parametrization is in good agreement with all data sets analyzed and can be utilized, for instance, in future studies of double-spin asymmetries for single-inclusive eta production. The Lagrange multiplier technique is used to estimate the uncertainties of the fragmentation functions and to assess the role of the different data sets in constraining them.
    Physical review D: Particles and fields 09/2010; 83(3).

Publication Stats

2k Citations
173.05 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • University of Tuebingen
      • Institute for Theoretical Physics
      Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 2011–2012
    • Brookhaven National Laboratory
      • Physics Department
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2010
    • Los Alamos National Laboratory
      Los Alamos, California, United States
  • 2009
    • University of Wuerzburg
      Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2000–2009
    • Universität Regensburg
      • Intitute of Theoretical Physics
      Ratisbon, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2008
    • University of Buenos Aires
      • Department of Physics (FCEN)
      Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires F.D., Argentina
  • 2007–2008
    • RIKEN
      • Radiation Laboratory
      Вако, Saitama, Japan
  • 1997–2008
    • Durham University
      • Department of Physics
      Durham, ENG, United Kingdom
  • 1992–1997
    • Technische Universität Dortmund
      Dortmund, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany