[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Evidence for ligand migration toward the xenon-binding cavities in myoglobin comes from a number of laser photolysis studies of MbO2 including mutants and from cryo- and time-resolved crystallography of MbCO. To explore ligand migration in greater detail, we investigated the rebinding kinetics of both MbO2 and MbCO under a xenon partial pressure ranging from 1 to 16 atm over the temperature range (293-77 K). Below 180 K xenon affects to a significant, but minor, extent the thermodynamic parameters for rebinding from the primary docking site in each Mb taxonomic substate. Above 200 K the ligand migrates to the proximal Xe1 site but when the latter is occupied by xenon a new kinetic process appears. It is attributed to rebinding from transient docking sites located on the path between the primary and the secondary docking site of both ligands. Ligand escape exhibits a more complicated pattern than expected. At room temperature O2 and CO escape appears to take place exclusively from the primary site. In contrast, at T approximately 250 K, roughly 50% of the CO molecules that have escaped from the protein originate from the Xe1 secondary site.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The kinetics of oxygen geminate binding with the taxonomic substates of MbO2 are reported. The maximum entropy method was used to analyze the rebinding kinetics of MbCO and MbO2 monitored in the Soret. The resulting rate distributions were found to consist of a small number of overlapping bands. A global parametric fit of a series of rate distributions recorded at several temperatures was performed using a Gaussian basis set to resolve the individual enthalpy distributions P(H). This approach was first validated by showing that the well-documented taxonomic substates of MbCO could be recovered. The method was then applied to MbO2. Three taxonomic substates were identified at pH 4.8, whereas only two of them contribute to oxygen geminate rebinding at pH 7.0. These findings show that, similarly to MbCO, MbO2 also exists as three photolyzable and kinetically different taxonomic substates and suggest reconsidering the issue of the photolysis quantum yield of MbO2.