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Publications (2)4.98 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Ca2+ sensitizers like EMD 57033 (EMD) and CGP 48506 (CGP) may be advantageous for the treatment of human heart failure, as they increase force of contraction without increasing the intracellular Ca2+ transients or energy consumption. However, whether or not Ca2+ sensitizers differ in their mode of action in human myocardium is not fully understood. The present study investigates the influence of EMD and CGP on force of contraction (FOC) and the intracellular Ca2+ transient (fura-2 ratio method) in left ventricular papillary muscle strips from left ventricular failing human myocardium (DCM, n = 28) as well as in right atrial trabeculae (RA, n = 21) obtained from patients undergoing cardiac bypass surgery. In isolated trabeculae of DCM, FOC was more efficacious and potently increased after application of EMD (EC50 EMD: 4.7 +/- 1.0 mumol/l, max. PIE EMD: + 12.0 +/- 2.0 mN/mm2) than CGP (EC50: 16.9 +/- 7.6 mumol/l, max. PIE: +6.4 +/- 2.8 mN/mm2). Similar results were obtained in RA. Application of carbachol (100 mumol/l) had no effect on the positive inotropic effect of EMD or CGP. Both Ca2+ sensitizers significantly increased time to half peak relaxation as well as diastolic tension in DCM. EMD (10 mumol/l) and CGP (30 mumol/l) did not affect the Ca2+ transients in RA. The Ca2+ sensitizers EMD and CGP increase cAMP and Ca2+ independently from the force of contraction in the human myocardium. However, their therapeutic use in human heart failure may be limited as they impair relaxation.
    Zeitschrift für Kardiologie 05/2002; 91(4):312-8. · 0.97 Impact Factor
  • Klara Brixius, Sebastian Reicke, Robert H G Schwinger
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    ABSTRACT: Levosimendan has been reported to increase cardiac Ca(2+) sensitivity, thereby not enhancing intracellular Ca(2+) or diastolic tension. This may be advantageous for the treatment of heart failure patients. Therefore, the present study investigates the mode of action of levosimendan in both failing and nonfailing (NF) human myocardium. The effects of levosimendan on contractile force, Ca(2+) transient (fura 2), and the force-frequency relationship (0.5-3 Hz) were studied in left ventricular terminally failing [dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM; n = 18)] and nonfailing (NF) myocardium (donor hearts, n = 6). Levosimendan (0.03-10 micromol/l) increased contractile force in NF (EC(50): 0.38 micromol/l). In left ventricular failing myocardium, levosimendan only increased force after prestimulation with isoprenaline (0.1 micromol/l, EC(50) levosimendan: 0.062 micromol/l) or after elevation of the extracellular Ca(2+) concentration from 1.8 to 3.2 mmol/l. After application of isoprenaline, levosimendan shortened relaxation and contraction kinetics. Levosimendan did not change the systolic Ca(2+) transient but it improved the force-frequency relationship in DCM. In conclusion, levosimendan improves contraction in failing human myocardium under conditions with already increased intracellular Ca(2+).
    AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology 02/2002; 282(1):H131-7. · 4.01 Impact Factor