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Publications (2)6.82 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: National Minami-Yokohama Hospital, Kanagawa, Japan. To compare the performance of a liquid medium system using the Mycobacteria Growth Indicator Tube (MGIT) with that of the conventional Japanese culture system using egg-based Ogawa medium, equivalent to Lowenstein-Jensen medium, in cases with pulmonary tuberculosis on chemotherapy. A single-centre prospective case study of 61 hospitalised patients from 1 May to 31 July 1998 on a standard 6-month regimen of anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy including isoniazid, rifampin, streptomycin or ethambutol, and pyrazinamide. Sputum cultures using both culture systems were performed bi-weekly up to week 16 of treatment, and were further monitored by MGIT alone at the end of chemotherapy and every 6 months after the end of chemotherapy up to 2 years. The detection time by MGIT gradually became longer with the progression of chemotherapy. The recovery rate at weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 by MGIT were significantly higher (P < 0.05) than on the Ogawa slants. Although one case was microbiologically diagnosed as a relapse, using the more sensitive MGIT system did not increase the relapse rate. The gradual prolongation of detection time with the progression of treatment and an attainment of negativity of sputum culture at 4 months after chemotherapy could be a useful intermediate marker to monitor the efficacy of treatment for patients with pulmonary tuberculosis by the MGIT system. Further evaluation is necessary to establish the utility of MGIT in monitoring the treatment process.
    The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 05/2002; 6(5):447-53. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mycobacterial antigen MPB64 has been identified as a Mycobacterium tuberculoisis complex-specific secretory protein since 1984. Recently, a simple culture confirmation test for M. tuberculosis complex has been developed by using lateral flow immunochromatographic assay (ICA) to detect MPB64 with anti-MPB64 monoclonal antibody. The current multicenter study evaluated the performance of an ICA slide test for MPB64 antigen in the clinical setting. Primary positive cultures from clinical specimens, as well as stock cultures, were tested. Approximately 100 microl of positive liquid culture medium or suspension made from colonies on solid medium was placed into the test well of the plastic slide devise, and the test was read after 15 min. No processing or instrumentation was required. A total of 304 mycobacterial isolates consisting of M. tuberculosis complex (171 isolates) and mycobacteria other than M. tuberculosis (MOTT) complex (133 isolates) belonging to 18 different species were tested. Growth in liquid media (Mycobacteria Growth Indicator Tube [MGIT] and Radiometric 12B), as well as in solid (Löwenstein-Jensen and Middlebrook 7H10 agar) media, was evaluated. Results were compared with those obtained with nucleic acid-based and/or high-pressure liquid chromatography identification. All MOTT were found to be negative on the ICA slide with no cross-reaction. All M. tuberculosis and M. africanum cultures were found to be positive, whereas the results of M. bovis and M. bovis BCG cultures were variable since some of the BCG strains are known to lack MPB64 antigen production. The results did not change with prolonged storage of cultures. This low-tech rapid test with high sensitivity and specificity could provide an alternative to currently available identification methods, particularly for recently introduced nonradiometric liquid culture systems such as MGIT.
    Journal of Clinical Microbiology 04/2002; 40(3):908-12. · 4.07 Impact Factor