S. Vieira

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Madrid, Spain

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Publications (147)342.49 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We report in this paper the atomic level imaging in the polycrystalline film of titanium nitride. The crystalline boundaries are resolved at several places on the film surface, and the atomic positions are clearly seen with different orientations. We also observed presence of electronic charge density modulations, with their wave vectors varying over a large range, and in several directions. We associate the presence of charge density modulations to the disorder scattering of electronic waves at the low angle crystalline boundaries. We further consider the effect of Charge density modulations on the superconducting phase. In the STS measurement, we find that the conductance fluctuations at energies close to the superconducting gap are strongly influenced by the charge modulation patterns. At quasi-particle peak position and near zero bias, the conductance fluctuations are relatively suppressed.
    02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We report in this paper the temperature and mangetic field dependence of the conductance in the polycrystalline film of titanium nitride, before and after heating at ambient conditions. The difference between the two films is the room temperature sheet resistance which remains within 15 percent and both the films show superconducting transition at lower temperatures. The zero field and the high field data, respectively, corresponds to the superconducting and the normal states. Both the films display Atshuler-Aronov zero bias anamoly in their normal states, and the superconducting gap openeing up at low fields. However the heated film has a smaller gap owing to more pronounced zero bias suppression of the density of states. The normal states in both the films are similar to the quasi-2d-disordered metal and its behavior is studied with temperature. Our data suggests that the zero bias anamoly suppresses the superconducting gap with increase in the disorder.
    02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We present in this paper the conductance maps at 100 mK in the disordered polycrystalline film of titanium nitride (TiN). At 5 nm, the film is close to quasi-two dimensional limit and exhibits features pertaining to the superconductor to insulator transition. We measured conductance maps at zero field and at 4 T, which represent the superconducting and the normal phase, respectively. The conductance map at 4 T is uniform, in which the conductance behavior, with logarithmic variation, resembles to the disorder enhanced electron-electron interaction in the two dimensional metallic phase. At low fields we observe the spatial variations of the conductance in the superconducting phase. At several places the superconducting energy gap fluctuates to an extent that the quasi-particle peaks are absent in the conductance curves. The conductance map over a region encompassing only few crystallites suggests that the inhomogeneities in the superconducting phase related to the spatial variations of the electronic density are across the crystalline boundaries.
    01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We present resistivity, magnetization and specific heat measurements on flux grown single crystals of NiBi3. We find typical behavior of a type-II superconductor, with, however, a sizable magnetic signal in the superconducting phase. There is a hysteretic magnetization characteristic of a ferromagnetic compound. By following the magnetization as a function of temperature, we find a drop at temperatures corresponding to the Curie temperature of ferromagnetic amorphous Ni. Thus, we assign the magnetism in NiBi$_3$ crystals to amorphous Ni impurities.
    Physical Review B 10/2013; 88(18). · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present resistivity, specific heat and magnetization measurements in high quality single crystals of HoBi, with a residual resistivity ratio of 126. We find, from the temperature and field dependence of the magnetization, an antiferromagnetic transition at 5.7 K, which evolves, under magnetic fields, into a series of up to five metamagnetic phases.
    Solid State Communications 09/2013; · 1.53 Impact Factor
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    A. Maldonado, S. Vieira, H. Suderow
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    ABSTRACT: We report current driven scanning tunneling spectroscopy (CDSTS) measurements at very low temperatures on vortices in 2H-NbSe2. We find that a current produces an increase of the density of states at the Fermi level in between vortices, and a reduction of the zero bias peak at the vortex center. This occurs well below the de-pairing current. We conclude that a supercurrent affects the low energy part of the superconducting gap structure of 2H-NbSe2.
    Physical Review B. 09/2013; 88(6).
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    ABSTRACT: We present very low temperature (0.15 K) scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy experiments in the layered superconductor LaSb$_2$. We obtain topographic microscopy images with surfaces showing hexagonal and square atomic size patterns, and observe in the tunneling conductance a superconducting gap. We find well defined quasiparticle peaks located at a bias voltage comparable to the weak coupling s-wave BCS expected gap value (0.17 meV). The amount of states at the Fermi level is however large and the curves are significantly broadened. We find T$_c$ of 1.2 K by following the tunneling conductance with temperature.
    Physical review. B, Condensed matter 06/2013; 87(21). · 3.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report on several low-temperature experiments supporting the presence of Majorana fermions in superconducting lead nanowires fabricated with a scanning tunneling microscope (STM). These nanowires are the connecting bridges between the STM tip and the sample resulting from indentation–retraction processes. We show here that by a controlled tuning of the nanowire region, in which superconductivity is confined by applied magnetic fields, the conductance curves obtained in these situations are indicative of topological superconductivity and Majorana fermions. The most prominent feature of this behavior is the emergence of a zero bias peak in the conductance curves, superimposed on a background characteristic of the conductance between a normal metal and a superconductor in the Andreev regime. The zero bias peak emerges in some nanowires when a magnetic field larger than the lead bulk critical field is applied. This field drives one of the electrodes into the normal state while the other, the tip, remains superconducting on its apex. Meanwhile a topological superconducting state appears in the connecting nanowire of nanometric size.
    New Journal of Physics 05/2013; 15:055020. · 4.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present measurements of the superconducting critical temperature Tc and upper critical field Hc2 as a function of pressure in the transition metal dichalcogenide 2H-NbS2 up to 20 GPa. We observe that Tc increases smoothly from 6K at ambient pressure to about 8.9K at 20GPa. This range of increase is comparable to the one found previously in 2H-NbSe2. The temperature dependence of the upper critical field Hc2(T) of 2H-NbS2 varies considerably when increasing the pressure. At low pressures, Hc2(0) decreases, and at higher pressures both Tc and Hc2(0) increase simultaneously. This points out that there are pressure induced changes of the Fermi surface, which we analyze in terms of a simplified two band approach.
    Physical review. B, Condensed matter 04/2013; 87(13). · 3.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A superconductor in a magnetic field acquires a finite electrical resistance caused by vortex motion. A quest to immobilize vortices and recover zero resistance at high fields made intense studies of vortex pinning one of the mainstreams of superconducting research. Yet, the decades of efforts resulted in a realization that even promising nanostructures, utilizing vortex matching, cannot withstand high vortex density at large magnetic fields. Here, we report a giant reentrance of vortex pinning induced by increasing magnetic field in a W-based nanowire and a TiN-perforated film densely populated with vortices. We find an extended range of zero resistance with vortex motion arrested by self-induced collective traps. The latter emerge due to order parameter suppression by vortices confined in narrow constrictions by surface superconductivity. Our findings show that geometric restrictions can radically change magnetic properties of superconductors and reverse detrimental effects of magnetic field.
    Nature Communications 02/2013; 4:1437. · 10.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report on several low temperature experiments supporting the presence of Majorana fermions in superconducting lead nanowires fabricated with a scanning tunneling microscope. These nanowires are the connecting bridges between the STM tip and the sample resulting from indentation processes. We show here that by a controlled tuning of the geometry of the nanowire region, in which superconductivity is confined by applied magnetic fields, the conductance curves obtained in these situations are indicative of topological superconductivity and Majorana fermions. The most prominent feature of this behavior is the emergence of a zero bias peak in the conductance curves, superimposed on a background characteristic of the conductance between a normal metal and a superconductor in the Andreev regime. The zero bias peak emerges in some nanowires when a magnetic field larger that the lead bulk critical field is applied. This field drives one of the electrodes into the normal state while the other, the tip, remains superconducting on its apex. Meanwhile a topological superconducting state appears in the connecting nanowire of nanometric size.
    02/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: We report a characterization of surfaces of the dichalcogenide TaSe2 using scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy at 150 mK. When the top layer has the 2H structure and the layer immediately below the 1T structure, we find a singular spatial dependence of the tunneling conductance below 1 K, changing from a zero-bias peak on top of Se atoms to a gap in between Se atoms. The zero-bias peak is additionally modulated by the commensurate 3a(0) x 3a(0) charge-density wave of 2H-TaSe2. Multilayers of 2H-TaSe2 show a spatially homogeneous superconducting gap with a critical temperature also of 1 K. We discuss possible origins for the peculiar tunneling conductance in single layers. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.87.094502
    Physical Review B 01/2013; 87. · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Superconductors with an odd number of bands crossing the Fermi energy have topologically protected Andreev states at interfaces, including Majorana states in one-dimensional geometries. We propose here that repeated indentation of a Pb tip on a Pb substrate can lead to nanowires such that the resulting superconducting system has novel topological properties. We have analyzed a number of conductance curves obtained in different nanowires, and observe, in a few cases, very peculiar dependence of the critical current on magnetic field. In these cases, the form of multiple Andreev reflections observed at finite voltages are compatible with topological superconductivity. The nanowires give a low number of 1D channels, large spin orbit coupling, and a sizable Zeeman energy, provided that the applied magnetic field is higher than the Pb bulk critical field.
    Physical Review Letters 12/2012; 109(23):237003. · 7.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CeRu2Si2 and CeRh2Si2 are two similar heavy fermion stoichiometric compounds located on the two sides of the magnetic quantum critical phase transition. CeRh2Si2 is an antiferromagnet below T_N=36 K with moderate electronic masses whereas CeRu2Si2 is a paramagnetic metal with particularly heavy electrons. Here we present tunneling spectroscopy measurements as a function of temperature (from 0.15 K to 45 K). The tunneling conductance at 0.15 K reveals V-shaped dips around the Fermi level in both compounds, which disappear in CeRu2Si2 above the coherence temperature, and above the N\'eel temperature in CeRh2Si2. In the latter case, two different kinds of V-shaped tunneling conductance dips are found.
    Journal of Physics Condensed Matter 10/2012; 24(47). · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present measurements of the superconducting upper critical field Hc2(T) and the magnetic phase diagram of the superconductor ErNi2B2C made with a scanning tunneling microscope (STM). The magnetic field was applied in the basal plane of the tetragonal crystal structure. We have found large gapless regions in the superconducting phase diagram of ErNi2B2C, extending between different magnetic transitions. A close correlation between magnetic transitions and Hc2(T) is found, showing that superconductivity is strongly linked to magnetism.
    Solid State Communications 10/2012; · 1.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present measurements of the superconducting gap of URu2Si2 made with scanning tunneling microscopy using a superconducting tip of Al. We find tunneling conductance curves with a finite value at the Fermi level. The density of states is V shaped at low energies, and the quasiparticle peaks are located at values close to the expected superconducting gap from weak-coupling BCS theory. Our results point to rather opened gap structures and gap nodes on the Fermi surface.
    Physical Review B 06/2012; 85:214512. · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Liquid free cryogenic devices are acquiring importance in basic science and engineering. But they can also lead to improvements in teaching low temperature an solid state physics to graduate students and specialists. Most of the devices are relatively expensive, but small sized equipment is slowly becoming available. Here, we have designed several simple experiments which can be performed using a small Stirling refrigerator. We discuss the measurement of the critical current and temperature of a bulk YBa2Cu3O(7-d) (YBCO) sample, the observation of the levitation of a magnet over a YBCO disk when cooled below the critical temperature and the observation of a phase transition using ac calorimetry. The equipment can be easily handled by students, and also used to teach the principles of liquid free cooling.
    European Journal of Physics 04/2012; 33:757–770. · 0.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We discuss basics of scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy (STM/S) of the superconducting state with normal and superconducting tips. We present a new method to measure the local variations in the Andreev reflection amplitude between a superconducting tip and the sample. This method is termed Scanning Andreev Reflection Spectroscopy (SAS). We also briefly discuss vortex imaging with STM/S under an applied current through the sample, and show the vortex lattice as a function of the angle between the magnetic field and sample's surface.
    Physica C Superconductivity 01/2012; 479:19-23. · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We study the magnetic-field dependence of the conductance in planar ferromagnet-superconductor nanocontacts created with focused-electron/ion-beam techniques. From the fits of the differential conductance curves in high magnetic fields, we obtain the magnetic field dependences of the superconducting gap and the broadening parameter. Orbital depairing is found to be linear with magnetic field. We evaluate the magnetic field dependence of the quasiparticle density of states, and we compare it with the value obtained by scanning tunneling spectroscopy experiments.
    Physical Review B 12/2011; 84(23):233402. · 3.66 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
342.49 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1037–2013
    • Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
      • • Department of Condensed Matter Physics
      • • Department of Applied Physics
      • • Facultad de Ciencias
      Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  • 1989
    • Michigan State University
      • Department of Physics and Astronomy
      East Lansing, MI, United States