Peter Krauseneck

University of Tuebingen, Tübingen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany

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Publications (3)32.35 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The role of chemotherapy in the primary treatment of malignant glioma remains controversial. The results from the German-Austrian Glioma trial (GAG, 1983 to 1988) demonstrated a survival benefit for chemotherapy using carmustine (BCNU) plus teniposide (VM26) over BCNU alone in addition to radiotherapy in patients with a Karnofsky performance score (KPS) more than 60. The Neuro-Oncology Working Group (NOA) of the German Cancer Society therefore compared the efficacy of nimustine (ACNU) plus VM26 and ACNU plus cytarabine (Ara-C) chemotherapy in addition to standard radiotherapy in patients with newly diagnosed malignant glioma. From 1994 to 2000, 375 patients were randomly assigned to receive radiotherapy and cycles of ACNU 90 mg/m2 intravenously (IV) on day 1 and VM26 60 mg/m2 IV on days 1 to 3 (n = 183), or ACNU 90 mg/m2 IV on day 1 and Ara-C 120 mg/m2 IV on days 1 to 3 (n = 179), in 6-week intervals. Thirteen patients were not eligible after central neuropathology review. The remaining 362 patients had glioblastoma (n = 301) or anaplastic glioma (n = 61). Median survival and 2-year survival rates were 17.3 months and 25% for ACNU plus VM26, and 15.7 months and 29% for ACNU plus Ara-C in glioblastoma, and 60 months and 88% for ACNU plus VM26 and 62.5 months and 72% for ACNU plus Ara-C in anaplastic glioma. Multivariate analysis revealed no survival advantage for either arm or for subpopulations defined by histology, age, or KPS. Hematologic toxicity was more prominent in the ACNU plus Ara-C arm. The median survival times and 2-year survival rates for patients with anaplastic glioma and glioblastoma achieved in the NOA-01 trial compare favorably with historical trials and with the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group database. The toxicity profile favors ACNU plus VM26 for further evaluation.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2003; 21(17):3276-84. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prospective multicenter NOA-03 trial, conducted by the Neuro-Oncology Working Group (NOA) of the German Cancer Society, was initiated to define the feasibility and efficacy of single-agent high-dose methotrexate therapy without concomitant radiotherapy in immunocompetent patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma. Thirty-seven patients (median age, 60 years) received 179 biweekly courses of 8 g/m2 methotrexate. Response was assessed after 3 and 6 courses. We had planned to enter 105 patients into the trial. Since fewer than the projected 18 of 37 patients achieved a complete response after an intermediate analysis, the trial was closed. In intention-to-treat analysis, 11 of 37 patients (29.7%) achieved complete response, whereas 14 of 37 patients (37.8%) were found to have progressive disease. The median relapse-free survival among complete response patients was 13.7 months. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that corticosteroid application during the first methotrexate course was associated with complete response. The regimen was well tolerated, but, unlike previously reported results, the activity of high-dose methotrexate was only moderate.
    Annals of Neurology 03/2002; 51(2):247-52. · 11.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Immunocompetent patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) present with a median age of 55 years, immunosuppressed patients with a median age of 40 years. They show a broad range of signs and symptoms. Symptoms of increased intracranial pressure and personality change are most frequent, followed in frequency by ataxia and hemiparesis. The median time from onset of symptoms to diagnosis is 3-5 months in immunocompetent patients and 2 months in immunodeficient patients. The time to diagnosis can be considerably longer in patients with slowly developing personality change or fluctuating symptoms due to spontaneous or steroid-induced remission of so-called sentinel lesions. Native CT scans show iso- or hyperdense lesions with homogenous contrast enhancement. T1-weighted MRI scans show hypointense and T2-weighted scans hyperintense lesions. The definitive diagnosis of PCNSL requires biopsy. In some cases, however, the definitive diagnosis may exclusively be made by the demonstration of malignant B-lymphocytes in the cerebrospinal fluid.
    Journal of Neuro-Oncology 08/1999; 43(3):219-26. · 3.12 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

168 Citations
9 Downloads
122 Views
32.35 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1999–2003
    • University of Tuebingen
      • Department of Neurology
      Tübingen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany