[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To minimize any residual false lumen when operating on patients with an acute type A aortic dissection, we tried to perform extensive primary repair of the thoracic aorta with the modified elephant trunk technique. The early and midterm results of these surgical interventions are reported and evaluated.
Among the acute type A aortic dissections with extensive false lumen encountered since December 1997, 19 consecutive patients, 15 DeBakey type I with the tear in the ascending, transverse, or both aortas, and 4 DeBakey type III-D with the tear located in the descending aorta, underwent insertion of a synthetic graft with a distally anchored stent in the descending thoracic aorta. The interpolation method was used as an introducer combined with total replacement of the aortic arch by using a synthetic branching graft with only a median sternotomy.
One patient died, and 18 were discharged after full recovery. Postoperative computed tomographic scans showed that no residual false lumina were present proximal to the diaphragmatic level, and no false lumina were found in 10 patients. Two patients with acute ischemia of the right kidney caused by narrowing of the true lumen, as demonstrated by radiographic computed tomography, improved significantly after surgical intervention with restoration of blood flow in the true lumen. Paraplegia was not observed in any patient.
In emergency operations for an acute type A aortic dissection, the operation is often limited to replacing the ascending aorta because priority is given to saving the patient's life. However, it is possible to perform extensive primary repair of the thoracic aorta with relative safety by interpolating a synthetic graft with a self-expandable stent.
Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 07/2002; 123(6):1035-40. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The late results of direct open stent grafting of the aortic arch for aortic arch repair have not been reported previously.
Between September 1997 and December 2000 19 patients underwent open stent grafting with carotid artery bypass for thoracic arteriosclerotic aneurysms (TAA) of the distal aortic arch. In addition, 21 patients underwent open stent grafting with total aortic arch replacement for Stanford type A acute aortic dissection and 7 patients underwent stenting with carotid bypass for Stanford type B chronic aortic dissection.
The early mortality rate was 11% for TAA, 10% for type A dissection, and 0% for type B dissection. Whereas none of the TAA or type A dissection required a second operation on the thoracic aorta, 1 TAA patient died 6 months postoperatively after sudden aortic rupture and 1 type B patient required descending aortic replacement because of ulceration caused by the stent graft at 11 months postoperatively. On follow-up computed tomography scan, in TAA patients, true aneurysms excluded by the stent graft showed early thrombosis, but the absorption of thrombosed aneurysms started from 1 to 6 months postoperatively and gradually progressed. In patients with type B chronic dissection, the false lumen showed early thrombosis and the true lumen was dilated at the central portion of the graft, which might increase turbulent flow by interaction with the stent. In patients with type A acute dissection, the false lumen showed both early thrombosis and early absorption.
Early and late results of open stenting are acceptable and follow-up computed tomography scan may be able to predict late results of open stenting.
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery 03/2002; 73(2):444-8; discussion 449. · 3.45 Impact Factor