[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are characterized by the accumulation of a proteinase-resistant isoform of the cellular prion-related protein (PrP(c)) within the central nervous system (CNS). The accumulation of scrapie-associated PrP (PrP(Sc)) within cells of the lymphoreticular system prior to its accumulation in the CNS is regarded as important for the development of neurological diseases after peripheral inoculation. Little, however, is known as to which cells are the targets for peripheral inoculation. Here, the presence of PrP(c) on murine Langerhans cells (LC), dendritic cells in the skin and mucosa, and keratinocytes (KC) is demonstrated by immunohistochemical staining, Western-blotting and FACS analysis. The expression of PrP(c) mRNA in freshly purified LC and KC was also detected by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. The expression of PrP(c) on LC was slightly increased during culture. These data suggest that LC and KC may be the targets for peripheral infection with prions.
Journal of Dermatological Science 03/2002; 28(2):126-34. · 3.52 Impact Factor