ABSTRACT: This is a study of a patient who manifests all of the features of a diffuse leiomyomatosis-Alport syndrome (DL-ATS), and her two-year-old son who has already been diagnosed with Alport syndrome. Fourteen years ago, the patient underwent a partial esophageal resection followed by a replacement with jejunum. Recently, she underwent a surgical resection of the esophagus due to esophageal dysfunction. Genetic analyses of COL4A5 and COL4A6 on the X-chromosome were efficiently performed using the genomic DNA of her son. We have identified a novel deletion of 194-kb in length, encompassing COL4A5-COL4A6 promoters as well as nearly the entire large intron 1 of COL4A5 and intron 2 of COL4A6. To uncover the relationship of the esophagus-specific occurrence of the tumor and the expression of those genes, immunohistochemical analyses of type IV collagen α chains were conducted in the non-affected individuals. The esophageal smooth muscle-specific expression of α5(IV) and α6(IV) chains in the gastrointestinal tract was observed. Moreover, CAG repeat analysis of the androgen receptor gene and an immunohistochemical analysis in the leiomyoma revealed clonal overgrowth of the cells which received X-inactivation on the non-affected allele. These results may suggest that the dominant effect was caused by the partial deletion of the esophageal smooth muscle-specific genes, COL4A5 and COL4A6.
Matrix biology: journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology 10/2010; 30(1):3-8. · 3.56 Impact Factor