Mareyuki Endo

Tohoku University, Sendai-shi, Miyagi-ken, Japan

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Publications (14)54.19 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: We reviewed the CT findings of the subtypes of papillary renal cell carcinoma (RCC), which behave differently clinicopathologically. CONCLUSION: The CT features of the two pathologic subtypes of papillary RCC differ, probably reflecting their different pathologic features. Type 1 tumors have more distinct margins than type 2 tumors and have homogeneous density. Although type 2 tumors in the early stages show findings similar to those of type 1 tumors, they are at more advanced stages on the whole, with CT features showing indistinct margins, frequent centripetal infiltration, and tumor thrombi in all pT3b cases. Radiologists should be familiar with the CT features of papillary RCC that suggest different pathologic behaviors, such as tumor stage, tumor proliferation, and microvascular or vascular invasion.
    American Journal of Roentgenology 12/2008; 191(5):1559-63. · 2.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the utility of a 12-core prostate biopsy protocol including apical anterior peripheral zone (AAPZ) cores. Between February 2002 and October 2006, 10-core and 12-core initial transrectal prostate biopsies were performed on 164 and 549 men, respectively. Two AAPZ-directed biopsies were included in the 12-core biopsy. During the same period, 12-core repeat biopsies including six AAPZ sites were performed on 118 men. Cancer was found in 66 cases (40.2%) in the 10-core biopsy group and in 252 (45.9%) in the 12-core biopsy group. In this latter group, 13 (5.2%) of the 252 men with positive biopsy had cancer exclusively in the AAPZ cores. When the cancer detection rate at initial biopsy in AAPZ alone was compared according to the digital rectal examination (DRE) findings, it was significantly higher in men with normal rather than abnormal DRE: 12/250 (3.4%) vs 1/185 (0.5%) (P < 0.01). In repeat 12-core biopsies, cancer was detected in 25 (21.2%) men and 9 of them (36.0%) had cancer exclusively in the AAPZ cores. The cancer detection rate from AAPZ sites was significantly higher in repeat biopsy than that in initial biopsy (P < 0.01). Addition of the AAPZ site-directed biopsy had greater utility in men with normal DRE and particularly in patients with a prior negative biopsy.
    International Journal of Urology 10/2008; 15(10):900-4; discussion 904. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Estrogen sulfotransferase (EST) and steroid sulfatase (STS) are known to be involved in in situ estrogen production in estrogen dependent human cancer such as breast cancer, but unknown in prostate cancer. We first examined whether these enzymes above were expressed and actually involved in estrogen production and metabolism in prostate cancer cell lines (LNCaP, DU-145, and PC-3). We than examined the expression of EST and STS in human prostate cancer tissues obtained from surgery (n = 52) using immunohistochemistry. mRNAs of both enzymes were detected in all prostate cancer cell lines examined, and the synthesis of estrone (E(1)) and estradiol (E(2)) was also confirmed in these cell lines. In addition, STS immunoreactivity was detected in 44 cases (85%) and EST in 39 cases (75%), respectively. STS and EST are expressed and may be involved in local production and metabolism of estrogens in human prostate cancers.
    The Prostate 07/2006; 66(9):1005-12. · 3.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 29-year-old woman presented with a 4 x 3.5 cm circumscribed mass located in the left upper lobe, which had not been detected in a chest roentgenogram that was taken 3 years prior. Bone scintigraphy using technetium-99m methylene diphosphonate revealed an increased uptake of the isotope in the mass, indicating increased osteoplastic activity. She underwent surgical resection of the mass and the pathologic diagnosis was endobronchially located pulmonary hamartoma, which contained bone marrow tissue. An extremely rare case of pulmonary hamartoma showing rapid growth and involving bone marrow tissue is presented.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 07/2006; 81(6):2287-9. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The management of regional lymph nodes in patients with clinical Stage I testicular carcinoma is a controversial problem. The authors investigated the feasibility and accuracy of radio-guided mapping of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) for men with clinical Stage I testicular tumors. Twenty-two patients with clinical Stage I testicular carcinoma were enrolled in the study. One day before surgery, (99m)Technetium-labeled phytate was injected around the testicular tumor. After undergoing radical orchiectomy, patients underwent laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (L-RPLND). All radioactive lymph nodes were marked in the L-RPLND procedure, and three-dimensional SLN maps were made. All resected lymph nodes were evaluated by routine histopathologic examination, and the clinical significance of intraoperative SLN mapping was evaluated. SLNs were detected in 21 of 22 patients (95%). Nearly all SLNs were detected at the ventral or lateral side of the vena cava or at the aorta between the levels of the aortic bifurcation. All SLNs were detected easily in a surgical procedure. Only 1 radio-positive area per patient was identified in 15 patients, and approximately 2-4 positive areas were detected in 6 patients. Two patients had micrometastasis only in SLNs. In 2 patients who had seminoma, lymph node recurrences (at the level of the renal vein and in the obturator lymph node area) occurred at 10 months and 20 months after surgery. Radio-guided mapping of SLNs with laparoscopy was feasible, and nearly all SLNs were detected accurately by the procedure. In the near future, the standard retroperitoneal lymph node dissection may be avoided in most patients with clinical Stage I testicular carcinoma by utilizing focused examination of SLNs.
    Cancer 06/2005; 103(10):2067-72. · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To elucidate the apparent contradictions in vascular remodeling in the lungs of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, we evaluated alveolar vascularity in relation to the various degrees of fibrosis in surgically biopsied lungs of usual interstitial pneumonia. Alveolar capillary endothelial cells were intensely immunoreactive with CD34 but not with von Willebrand factor. Vascular density, that is, the relative ratio of capillary area to total area of alveolar walls, was significantly higher at low grades of fibrosis than in control lungs, whereas vascular density gradually decreased as the degree of fibrosis increased and was lower than that of control lungs in the most extensively fibrotic lesions. No vessels were observed inside fibroblastic foci. The potent angiogenic factors vascular endothelial growth factor and interleukin-8 were abundantly produced by capillary endothelial cells and alveolar epithelial cells in highly vascularized alveolar walls. In contrast, venules with CD34-negative but von Willebrand factor-positive endothelial cells localized in the center of the fibrotic lesions were slightly increased and identified as postcapillary venules by three-dimensional reconstructed images. These results indicate the presence of heterogeneous vascular remodeling in usual interstitial pneumonia.
    American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 07/2004; 169(11):1203-8. · 11.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We performed contra-lateral testicular biopsies in 55 testicular tumor patients when high orchiectomy was performed. In these cases, two cases developed invasive testicular tumor later although the biopsies had not revealed testicular CIS. Then we re-examined the sensitivity of biopsies and judged if our results are contradictory against Skakkebaek's theory. The paraffin blocks of two cases who later developed testicular tumor were sliced again and re-examined by H/E staining and immunostaining with PLAP antibody (clone No. 8A9). The other 53 H/E samples were re-examined and the result of the contra-lateral testis was re-searched in the case that CIS was detected in the specimen. CIS was detected in one of the two cases who later developed contra-lateral testicular tumor and another case among the other 53 cases. We could not reveal the result of the testis of case No. 3 because of the patient's disappearance. CIS existed 3.6% (2/55) and two cases were found to have been false negative. It is important for both urologists and pathologists to know well about testicular CIS and to perform biopsy according to Skakkebaek's guidance for raising the sensitivity to detect testicular CIS.
    Nippon Hinyōkika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology 02/2004; 95(1):35-41.
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    ABSTRACT: Sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma (SRCC) is associated with an aggressive course, high incidence of bone metastasis, and an extremely poor prognosis. There are a few case reports concerning the effectiveness of chemotherapy on metastasis in SRCC. To our knowledge, however, there are no reports describing its effectiveness on bone metastasis. We report a 22-year-old woman with an 8-cm x 7-cm left renal mass. Left nephrectomy was done. The pathological diagnosis was SRCC, INF-beta, pT3aN2. Although, she received continuous infusion of interferon alpha-2a (INFalpha-2a) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) as adjuvant therapy, liver metastasis appeared 2 months later. Resection of the liver metastasis was done. After resection of the metastasis, multiple bone metastases appeared, in both humeri, the left chest wall, the left fourth rib, and the left iliac bone. The patient was treated with gemcitabine, 1000 mg/m(2) (days 1, 8), docetaxel 80 mg/m(2) (day 1), and carboplatin 300 mg/m(2) (day 1). A computed tomography (CT) scan after the first cycle revealed that the multiple osteolytic bone tumors had significantly decreased in size. Her ability of daily life (ADL) improved and this continued for almost 2 months. A second course of chemotherapy, with gemcitabine and IL-2 was given, but it was ineffective, and the patient died approximately 16 months after the initial diagnosis of SRCC. Combination chemotherapy with gemcitabine, docetaxel, and carboplatin was effective for the bone metastasis of SRCC.
    International Journal of Clinical Oncology 05/2003; 8(2):113-7. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The establishment of a sufficiently wide and functional blood-gas interface is of critical importance in lung development, but development of the intrapulmonary vascular system including alveolar capillary vessels still remains unclear. In this study, we first characterized the structural development of the vascular system in accordance with that of airways in human fetal lungs at the pseudoglandular phase (8, 13, and 16 weeks gestation) by examining the immunohistochemical distribution of CD34 and alpha-smooth muscle actin (SMA). Using double immunohistochemistry and 3-dimensional reconstruction techniques, endothelial cells in the developing lung could be classified into two different types according to the characteristics of their adjacent cells (presence or absence of SMA-positive cells) and their distribution (proximal or distal lung parenchyme). Endothelial cells without SMA-positive cells developed into a capillary network surrounding the budding components of distal airways during the mid-pseudoglandular phase before communicating with proximal vessels. We then examined the immunoreactivity of thrombomodulin and von Willebrand factor (vWF) in endothelial cells. Endothelial cells of the capillary network were mainly positive for vWF during the early gestational stages, but altered their phenotypes to those of mature lungs (vWF negative and thrombomodulin positive) during the terminal sac phase. We subsequently determined the immunohistochemical distribution of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Epithelial cells of the most distal airways were intensely positive for VEGF. These results suggest that VEGF present in airway epithelial cells is involved in the maturation as well as proliferation of capillary endothelial cells. Epithelial-endothelial interactions during lung development are considered very important in the establishment of the functional blood-gas interface.
    Laboratory Investigation 04/2002; 82(3):293-301. · 3.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 80-year-old male visited an outpatient department of a nearby hospital complaining of fever, cough, and poor appetite on June 2000. The patient was diagnosed as bacterial pneumonia and was treated with antibiotics although specific cause could not be identified. After one month, he was hospitalized due to lack of improvement. After admission, acid-fast bacilli (AFB) was found from the bronchial washing. The patient was then transferred to our hospital. Upon admission, sputum smear examination was positive for AFB and MTB was confirmed by PCR. Therapy was initiated with INH 300 mg, RFP 450 mg, EB 1000 mg, and PZA 1000 mg, orally daily. However, on the day following the admission, he became unconscious. Brain MRI showed several small granulomas on the cortex of the bilateral anterior and temporal brain. Although AFB was not detected from the cerebrospinal fluid, tuberculous meningitis was suspected and steroid was given. Nine days after admission, the patient died due to tuberculous meningitis. The isolation of MTB had been attempted on Ogawa culture medium using patient's sputum and liquor, and it took 14 weeks to find colony growth both from sputum and liquor. In the autopsy, numerous granulomas were detected in his lung, liver, kidney, and pancreas. These findings indicate that disseminated growth of MTB occurred in vivo in spite of very slow growth of MTB in vitro.
    Kekkaku: [Tuberculosis] 03/2002; 77(2):73-7.
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    ABSTRACT: The chromosomal inversion (16)(p13q22), which is associated with the M4-eosinophilia subtype of human acute myeloid leukemia, causes the fusion of two distinct genes. The polypeptide encoded by the chimeric gene, PEBP2p/CBFp-SMMHC, retains the ability to interact with, and dominantly interfere with the function of proteins possessing the Runt homology domain. The Runt protein homologs constitute the DNA binding subunit of the PEBP2/CBF transcription factor. We examined the subcellular localization of PEBP2beta/CBFbeta-SMMHC, as well as that of Runt protein homologs in leukemic cells carrying inversion 16 by immunoblot analysis. A significant amount of the PEBPbeta/CBFbeta-SMMHC protein was recovered from the nuclear fraction along with the Runt protein homologs. Furthermore, some of both polypeptides was retained in the DNA pellet that represents the material remaining after extraction of nuclear fraction with high salt. These observations suggest that the so-called dominant interfering effect of PEBPbeta/CBFbeta-SMMHC on PEBP2/CBF occurs inside the nucleus. In addition, we could detect PEBP2beta/CBFbeta-SMMHC in the cytoplasmic membrane fraction as well. The function of this membrane-located PEBP2beta/CBFbeta-SMMHC, if any, appears to be unrelated to that of Runt protein homologs.
    Leukemia 08/2000; 14(7):1253-9. · 10.16 Impact Factor
  • Leukemia 06/2000; 14(5):945-7. · 10.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The chromosomal inversion (16)(p13q22), which is associated with the M4-eosinophilia subtype of human acute myeloid leukemia, causes the fusion of two distinct genes. The polypeptide encoded by the chimeric gene, PEBP2β/CBFβ-SMMHC, retains the ability to interact with, and dominantly interfere with the function of proteins possessing the Runt homology domain. The Runt protein homologs constitute the DNA binding subunit of the PEBP2/CBF transcription factor. We examined the subcellular localization of PEBP2β/CBFβ-SMMHC, as well as that of Runt protein homologs in leukemic cells carrying inversion 16 by immunoblot analysis. A significant amount of the PEBP2β/CBFβ-SMMHC protein was recovered from the nuclear fraction along with the Runt protein homologs. Furthermore, some of both polypeptides was retained in the DNA pellet that represents the material remaining after extraction of nuclear fraction with high salt. These observations suggest that the so-called dominant interfering effect of PEBP2β/CBFβ-SMMHC on PEBP2/CBF occurs inside the nucleus. In addition, we could detect PEBP2β/CBFβ-SMMHC in the cytoplasmic membrane fraction as well. The function of this membrane-located PEBP2β/CBFβ-SMMHC, if any, appears to be unrelated to that of Runt protein homologs.
    Leukemia. 01/2000; 14(7):1253-1259.
  • Leukemia. 01/2000; 14(5):945-947.