I. Skoularigis

University of Thessaly, Iolcus, Thessaly, Greece

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Publications (8)19.84 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is the most common arrhythmia after cardiac surgery. There exist consistent experimental and clinical data suggesting that aldosterone antagonists (AAs) may exert beneficial effects regarding electrical and structural remodeling in failing myocardium. Recently, eplerenone (EPL) has been found to reduce the incidence of nonsurgical AF when added to guideline-recommended therapy in patients with systolic heart failure. Based on these findings, we primarily aimed to evaluate by retrospective analysis the impact of the two AAs, EPL and spironolactone (SPL), given at standard therapeutic doses in preventing new-onset POAF in patients the majority of which had a preoperative ejection fraction (EF) below 40 %. A total of 332 patients (298 men/34 women, mean age 64.3 ± 9 years) without history of AF were included in this analysis; 132 of these patients received long-term EPL or SPL in addition to beta-blockade/statins therapy and 200 patients received neither EPL nor SPL. All patients underwent on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (80 %) and/or valvular surgery (20 %). In the nonAA group (EF = 35.8 ± 6 %) 90/200 patients (45 %) had POAF, while in the AA group (EF = 36.2 ± 5 %) only 40/132 patients (30.3 %) developed POAF (P < 0.01, χ 2 test). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that only AAs and left atrial diameter significantly affected the development of POAF even when adjusted for other clinical variables (P < 0.05). In conclusion, AAs significantly reduced the incidence of POAF when added to standard heart failure therapy in patients undergoing on-pump cardiac surgery.
    Clinical Research in Cardiology 08/2014; 104(1). DOI:10.1007/s00392-014-0754-7 · 4.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: to investigate the predictive value of arterial stiffness (AS) estimation for long-term recurrences in patients with type 2 diabetes (DM2) following acute coronary event. Patients and methods: prospective observational study involving 119 DM2 patients without history of coronary heart disease admitted with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Medical history, anthropometrics, smoking, HbA1c, lipid profile, troponine-I levels, and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were recorded. Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV) was measured 1 month after discharge. Patients were followed up for 36 months or to reach an end-point: cardiovascular death, acute coronary event, angioplasty or hospitalization for acute heart failure. To facilitate analysis, patients were divided into two groups according to cf-PWV, using the accepted cut-off value of 12m/s. Results: overall, 34 patients had a recurrence. In Kaplan-Meier analysis patients with cf-PWV>12m/s had mean time-to-event 353±43 days compared to 505±115 days for patients with cf-PWV≤12m/s, log rank=0.0252. In multivariate analysis factors independently associated with recurrence were age (66.53±6.87 vs. 61.54±10.77 years, p=0.015), LVEF (41.66±8.21 vs. 47.58±8.11%, p=0.001) and cf-PWV (13.94±2.91 vs. 12.35±2.77m/s, p=0.008). Conclusions: AS estimation in patients with DM2 after STEMI discriminate patients at higher risk for 3-year recurrence, and maybe valuable for distinguishing patients likely to require a more rigorous therapeutic intervention.
    Diabetes research and clinical practice 12/2012; 99(3). DOI:10.1016/j.diabres.2012.11.023 · 2.54 Impact Factor

  • Atherosclerosis Supplements 06/2010; 11(2):37-37. DOI:10.1016/S1567-5688(10)70168-9 · 2.29 Impact Factor

  • Atherosclerosis Supplements 06/2010; 11(2):148-148. DOI:10.1016/S1567-5688(10)70694-2 · 2.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Arterial stiffness (AS) is a risk marker of atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease, yet its association with metabolic syndrome (MS) in diabetic patients is not established. The aim of this study was to investigate possible association of MS or its components with AS in diabetic population and to identify the MS definition which better correlates with AS. Overall, 98 type-2 diabetic men, mean age 64+/-10 years, were classified into groups according to the presence of MS, using the National Cholesterol Educational Program-Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATPIII) and International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definition. AS was estimated using carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV). For between-group comparisons and correlations between MS and it's components with AS, t-test and Pearson's correlation coefficient were employed, respectively. For multivariable analysis a linear regression model was used. PWV in those with (72.5%) and without NCEP-ATPIII MS was 13.4+/-2.9 vs 12+/-3.2 m/s (P=NS) and in those with (79.6%) and without IDF MS 13.6+/-2.8 vs 11+/-3.2 m/s (P=0.036). AS positively correlated with IDF MS (r=0.332, P=0.036), increased blood pressure (r=0.324, P=0.037), and the combination of increased waist circumference according to IDF with hypertension (r=0.380, P=0.013); no correlation with NCEP-ATPIII MS was detected. In multivariable analysis, age, hypertension, and IDF MS were independently associated with AS (beta=2.52, P=0.039). IDF MS is independently associated with increased AS in diabetic men. Additionally, abdominal obesity, hypertension and older age were likely to be associated with increased AS. PWV measurement may be indicated in such patients.
    International angiology: a journal of the International Union of Angiology 12/2009; 28(6):490-5. · 0.83 Impact Factor

  • Atherosclerosis Supplements 05/2008; 9(1):129-129. DOI:10.1016/S1567-5688(08)70520-8 · 2.29 Impact Factor

  • Atherosclerosis Supplements 05/2008; 9(1):123-123. DOI:10.1016/S1567-5688(08)70495-1 · 2.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Despite the increasing involvement of child athletes in intensive training regimens, little is known about the influence of such training on autonomic regulation and cardiac structure and function. Twenty-five highly trained (12-14 h weekly for at least 4 years) swimmers (aged 11.9 +/- 1.6 years; 15 males, 10 females) and 20 non-training normal children who served as controls (aged 11.3 +/- 0.6 years; 14 males, 6 females) were studied. Heart rate variability analysis in the time and frequency domains was performed on 15 min resting heart rate acquisitions. Left ventricular morphology and systolic function was studied with two-dimensional guided M-mode echocardiography. The transmitral flow velocity profile was assessed with pulsed Doppler. Parameters measured included the peak early (E) and peak late (A) transmitral flow velocity and their ratio (E/A). Left atrial (LA) volumes were determined at mitral valve (MV) opening (maximal, Vmax), at onset of atrial systole (P wave of the ECG, Vp), and at MV closure (minimal, Vmin) from the apical 2- and 4-chamber views, using the biplane area-length method. LA systolic function was assessed with the LA active emptying volume (ACTEV) = Vp-Vmin and the LA active emptying fraction (ACTEF) = ACTEV/Vp. Average NN (967.1 +/- 141.8 vs. 768.4 +/-85.6 ms, P < 0.0001), logSDNN (1.89 +/- 0.14 vs. 1.80 +/- 0.17 ms, P < 0.05), logPNN 50% (1.66 +/- 0.23 vs. 1.46 +/- 0.35, p < 0.05), and logHF power (3.13 +/- 0.32 vs. 2.95 +/- 0.26 ms2, p < 0.05) were greater in swimmers than in controls. Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter was greater (32.3 +/- 3.3 vs. 29.5 +/- 3.3 mm m(-2), P < 0.02) in swimmers than in controls, whereas the left ventricular septal (5.9 +/- 1 vs. 5.6 +/- 0.8 mm m(-2), P = NS) and posterior wall thickness (5.7 +/-0.9 vs. 5.4 +/- 0.8 mm m(-2), P = NS) were similar in the two groups. The E/A ratio was greater (2.2 +/- 0.49 vs. 1.78 +/- 0.36, P < 0.003) whereas the A velocity was lower (0.41 +/- 0.09 vs. 0.50 +/- 0.13 m s(-1), P < or = 0.02) in swimmers than in controls. Vmax was greater (18.6 +/-4.8 vs. 14.9 +/-5.3 cm m(-2), P < 0.03), whereas ACTEF was lower (36 +/- 12% vs. 44.2 +/- 12%, P < 0.04) in swimmers than in controls. Cardiac adaptation to intensive training in prepubertal swimmers includes vagal predominance, a mild increase in left ventricular dimensions without significant changes in septal or posterior wall thickness, and increased LA size associated with depressed LA systolic function. Evaluation of LA size and systolic function may contribute to a better understanding of the characteristics of the 'athlete's heart' in children and to the differential diagnosis between left ventricular adaptive and pathologic changes.
    European Journal of Clinical Investigation 01/2002; 32(1):16-23. DOI:10.1046/j.0014-2972.2001.00939.x · 2.73 Impact Factor