[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Protein interaction databases represent unique tools to store, in a computer readable form, the protein interaction information disseminated in the scientific literature. Well organized and easily accessible databases permit the easy retrieval and analysis of large interaction data sets. Here we present MINT, a database (http://cbm.bio.uniroma2.it/mint/index.html) designed to store data on functional interactions between proteins. Beyond cataloguing binary complexes, MINT was conceived to store other types of functional interactions, including enzymatic modifications of one of the partners. Release 1.0 of MINT focuses on experimentally verified protein-protein interactions. Both direct and indirect relationships are considered. Furthermore, MINT aims at being exhaustive in the description of the interaction and, whenever available, information about kinetic and binding constants and about the domains participating in the interaction is included in the entry. MINT consists of entries extracted from the scientific literature by expert curators assisted by 'MINT Assistant', a software that targets abstracts containing interaction information and presents them to the curator in a user-friendly format. The interaction data can be easily extracted and viewed graphically through 'MINT Viewer'. Presently MINT contains 4568 interactions, 782 of which are indirect or genetic interactions.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Peptide recognition modules mediate many protein-protein interactions critical for the assembly of macromolecular complexes. Complete genome sequences have revealed thousands of these domains, requiring improved methods for identifying their physiologically relevant binding partners. We have developed a strategy combining computational prediction of interactions from phage-display ligand consensus sequences with large-scale two-hybrid physical interaction tests. Application to yeast SH3 domains generated a phage-display network containing 394 interactions among 206 proteins and a two-hybrid network containing 233 interactions among 145 proteins. Graph theoretic analysis identified 59 highly likely interactions common to both networks. Las17 (Bee1), a member of the Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome protein (WASP) family of actin-assembly proteins, showed multiple SH3 interactions, many of which were confirmed in vivo by coimmunoprecipitation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Filamentous phage has been extensively used to implement various aspects of phage display technology. The success of these organisms as vectors to present foreign peptides and to link them to their coding sequences is a consequence of their structural and biological characteristics. Some of these properties, however, represent a limitation when one attempts to display proteins that cannot be efficiently exported through the bacterial membrane or do not fold properly in the periplasm. Thus, the desirability of developing alternative display systems was recognised recently and led to the development of a different class of display vectors that assemble their capsid in the cytoplasm and are released via cell lysis. This review describes and compares the properties of these alternative display systems.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A model of the tertiary structure of the Neurospora crassa carotenogenic prenyltransferase, geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase (GGPPS), is presented, based on structural homology with other prenyltransferases and on the crystal structure of recombinant avian farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase (FPPS). The conserved aspartate-rich motifs DDxx(xx)D and associated basic residues, considered to be the active sites for binding and catalysis in all prenyltransferases, are highly conserved in the N. crassa GGPPS protein, while other regions display a lower degree of sequence homology; thus the GGPPS model structure is predicted to be highly reliable in the active site region. A number of carotene-deficient mutants have been generated utilizing the repeat-induced point mutation (RIP) mechanism: mutant al-3RIP1 carries a Ser-to-Asn mutation in position 336 which falls within the predicted active site of the enzyme. Analysis of the model structure of this mutant indicates that Ser336 may be involved in substrate uptake. Two other mutants, al-3RIP3 and al-3RIP6, carry mutations in positions in the GGPPS protein, homologous to regions of the avian FPPS enzyme proposed to be involved in enzyme dimerization and substrate uptake, respectively, suggesting an explanation for the reduced carotene content of these mutants.
Protein engineering 10/1997; 10(9):1047-55. DOI:10.1093/protein/10.9.1047